Problem And Prospect Of Local Government Autonomy (A Case Study Of Ilorin South Local Government Area, Kwara State)
1.0 Background of the Study
There have been several local governments in attempt to stabilize and rationalize government at local level.
All local government reforms that have been taken place in the country that of general Ibrahim Babangida regime of glaring reform in basic detect of previous local government reform in the ethics country is either mobility to do things on their own having to seek clearance from the state as well as federal government for this new reforms is a welcome development.
If the Nigeria government will read the hand writing on the wall and respond positively to the yearning of the masses in the country they will see the need of giving a free hand to the local government and encourage them give rural development a serious consideration.
The implication of the formal system of local government in Nigeria leave very much to be desired because local government people at the grass root level must enjoy a high degree of autonomy granted to the various local government, with particular reference to Ilorin West Local Government Area. It is my believe as well that these proposals are intended and leadership protection among the rural populace
What is being practiced in Nigeria unit now can rightly be referred to local administration and non local government. It is therefore and desired to study the political and administrative set of Ilorin West Local Government Administration and come up with recommendation that makes the operation of Ilorin local government to the people by people
1.2 Statement of the Study
The research work is necessary, because it has to do with the problems that our local government still faces till this time; some of these problems are bad unstable electricity, bad water supply, non-improvement in agriculture and bad education e t c.
Measures has been taken place in the past to solve problems, measure like electing of the local government chairman, councilor and other members to the local government council at the same time and allocation of revenue to the local government by the federal government through the state government. But those problems are still easiest because of the corrupt activities that our leaders has inherited form their successor and the level of illiteracy of the people in the local level.
1.3 Purpose / Objectives of the Study
The purpose of this study is to think a way of solving the problems that the people of Ilorin West Local Government face at this time and to know more about the problems of the local government autonomy, and to find out facts or prove existing and to enable me to develop the sense of critical analysis about the case study of these project work Ilorin West Local Government, Area Ilorin) lastly, to gain historical insight about the people of Ilorin West Local Government.
The significance of this study is to know the role, problems and prospect of local government autonomy in relevant to the area of Ilorin West Local Government Area Kwara State.
Further more, to find out a reasonable recommendation and conclusion relevant to the case study of those topics.
1.4 Significant of the Study
This work being an engagement in these directions will surely benefit sets of policy formulators, policy implementers, public managers and local government employee.
The various issues that are reviewed or analyzed and recommendations that are proffered shall certainly be of good assistance to the people in their official engagement. The research work may also benefit future researcher in their field serving as source of reference for their works.
1.5 Scope and Limitation of the Study
These project works concerned both the Ilorin West Local Government Area because of their chosen ethical social and religion affinity more so; Ilorin West Local Government Area is recently out of the old Ilorin Local Government Area equal importance is their political work and is encumbered by of time.
1.6 Organization of Study
The organizations of study of this project were arranged or complete as follows in the study paragraph.
- Chapter one, covers the introduction to the subject of the study, statement of the problem, purpose/objectives of the study, significance of the study, research hypothesis, scope and limitation of the study, organization of study, determination of the terms or operational term and references.
- Chapter two deals with literature review that is what is local government? With the aims of treating work of various authors on the related subject.
- Chapter three covers the research methodology itself, the introduction, sample and population of the study, sources of data, method of data, analysis of data and the research problem.
- Chapter four deals with the data presentation and analysis
- While the last chapter which is chapter five is used with summary, recommendation, conclusion and bibliography.
1.7 Definition of Term
It is considered as an administrative decision of a country, it can also be considered as the third tier of the government found in the grassroots level, and it is headed buy the local government chairman. The reason behind the creation of local government is to break the communities into smaller units for effective systems of administration
Local Government Autonomy:
It is the independence of local government in all state of federation of government for efficient and enhances or promotes political and economic development.
This is an ideal of what might happen in the future or it is the expectation looked forward, it is possible to these people or group who hope to gain something.
This means the equation to be silenced or decided especially is difficult. It can also be defined as a thing that is difficult to deal with or to understand.
5.0 Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion
5.1 Summary of Finding
The summarization of findings was observed that a large percentage of manager of the local government are non-indigene of the area though some have performed well. Seriously, the local governments are still practicing local administration due to the percentage of workers that are non-indigene of the local government area.
During the process of carrying out the research work of this project, it was observed that in spite the fact that Ilorin West Local Government Area came into being in 1991, its development growth of infrastructure wise has been compassed with other local government area such as Moro Local Government Area of Kogi State to mention but a few.
For growth and rapid development of Ilorin West Local Government Area, these presentations should devour to employ high qualified and personal skill that indigene of the area to head various department to enhance its service. It is by so doing that emphasis will shift from local administration to local government, only few inadequate of this area are appointed into key position in this service.
I think the commitment and dedication to the physical and infrastructural development of the area is likely to be achieved. Also the roles and functions of community development workers in the area can not be over emphasized.
Hence, it is strongly recommended that highly qualified and skill community development officer should employ to motivate project of the local government area. The role been presenting physical by community development officers in our various local government area serve much learns to be desired. The work of the members of the community are deciding more over, on leadership style is check mailed that best but participate leadership has been discovered to be effective grass root mobilization. This is a true statement and how community development officers in Nigeria will absolve this truth that their workers that are needed today are those that can manage conflict situation. If we are to win over effect of improving the development strategies in the rural area, the role of community development workers must be taken more seriously.
I would like to encourage Ilorin West Local Government to pursue aggressive rural development and participator with the aims and objectives of Ilorin West Local government Area, should endeavor to improve social services to the rural populace which are generously provided to the people of urban area in such a way that our people are not denied of their right from all indications in Ilorin West Local Government are badly denied the social service being of time present regime in the local government.
During the process of carryout the research work of this project, it was observed that in spite the fact that Ilorin West Local Government Area came into being in 1991, its development growth of infrastructure wise has been compass with other local government area such as Moro Local Government, Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kogi State to mention but few. It was also observed that a large percentage of managers of the local government area are non-indigene of the area, though some have performed well and seriously the local government are still practicing local administration due to the very large percentage of workers that are non-indigene of the local government area.
This research work has also afforded me the opportunity of the federal government to distribute development programme to every nooks and crannies of the country. It was discovered that the federal government recognizing that the local government being the thirds tiers of government and the closet to the people at the grass or local area, should be able to generate revenue through which its development programme should be carried out accordingly.
Hence, the government and Asa Local Government Area were carried out from Ilorin province.
Realizing the virtual role of local government has given it additional responsibility of high degree of independence and enhances to find a long way to improve the service of Ilorin West Local Government.
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