Factors Militating Against The Performance Of Students In Applied Electricity

Project and Seminar Material For Electrical Electronics Engineering EEE

Factors Militating Against The Performance Of Students In Applied Electricity


Abstract


Until recently applied electricity technical education was meant for those who could not cope effectively with conventional academic pursuits. In Nigeria today, applied electricity technical education had become a thing of National Interest because it has been realized that it has efficacy in producing the dreamed and desired manpower for the nation. It was on this stand that the researcher looked at the factors militating against the performance of Applied Electricity in technical colleges in Bayelsa state.

Thirty Technical Teachers were randomly sampled; research questions guided the study. Data were collected and analyzed. Based on the finding, it was discovered that lack of funds, teaching and learning facilities and obsolete curriculum affect the performance of Applied Electricity students, conclusion were made and recommendations proffered there after.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

At the twentieth century Nigeria with her abundant human and Natural resources has not been able to achieve much technologically. The inability to achieve much at this period is not unconnected with history since we attained independence; policies and strategies of the various levels government have not been far reaching enough to involve a sound technological foundation for the country.

Previous education policies have de-emphasized technical education in favour of the grammar school type of educational system. Until recently the courses and curriculum of the technical college in Applied Electricity departments across the country are stereotyped and not comprehensive enough to meet the technological needs of the economy for a rapid and meaningful development as witnesses in the advanced countries of the world (Olukosi, 1987). Since the advent of poor economy in Nigeria funding of education by three tiers of government (Federal, state and local government) has never been what it used to be in 70s particularly Applied Electricity in technical colleges which is capital intensive, consequently, the materials tools equipment and facilities required for training are sparingly provided. In these circumstances, it will be very difficult for Applied Electricity students to meet the maximum standard required for a meaningful Applied Electricity development.

With the introduction of the Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) in 1986 by President Ibrahim Babangida’s regime the already buttered economy further plunged to the point of no recovery, thereby forcing government and private sectors to tighten their belt move in all their operations without putting into consideration the great implication such irrational decision might have on private sectors.

Paramount among other sectors of the economy, we have technical education essential to technological breakthrough of the country if she has to meet up with present day development required of a country that survive the challenges of the new millennium.

The depreciation of Naira to affects technical students in Applied Electricity due to non-availability of the training equipment, tools and other facilities. Also, the abrupt stoppage of the foreign Applied Electricity studies are malfunctioning of the local alternative, Electrical Engineering (EE) offered in Nigeria, few universities, polytechnics and colleges of technology has fallen due to poor economy.

Furthermore, the withdrawal of external aid to Nigeria as a result of the political imbroglio between 1992 and 1998 did not help matters. Among the foreign organization, which withdrew scholarship opportunities from Nigeria are the United Nations education scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO) United National Development Programme (UNDP) World Bank and common wealth.

The welfare and motivation aspect of Applied Electricity Technical Student services was adversely affected by the ever-escalating dual exchange rate.

With the present changes of emphasis on the part of government, policy wise, electrical technology has been accorded the priority and the deserved attention to its relevance to the technology development and needs of the society as enshrined in the current national policy on education.

The societal attitude which perceives technical education as an education for the under privileged who cannot cope with academic rigours in the secondary school, college or technology also looks at the technology students as early levers of their academic pursuits.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Job satisfaction among Electrical Engineering Students after graduation from the technology school is very poor, also there is lack of tool and equipment to do their practical work in Electrical Engineering. Without these things there will be poor performance in practical work. The Electrical Students are also lacking of industrial training because of poor performance and poor standard workshop arrangement, curriculum arrangement on the performance of technological students.

In Applied Electricity is not well addressed. This student address these problems:

  1. Due to lack of learning environment which contributed to the performance of students.
  2. The job satisfaction of the electrical engineering student has affect the performance of electrical technology student.
  3. Lack of competent Electrical engineering teaching has affected the performance of technical students.
  4. Lack of electrical engineering workshop has affected the performance of Applied Electricity students.
  5. Lack of insatiable curriculum has affected the performance of students in Applied Electricity.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study

This study intends to investigate the factors militating against the performance of Applied Electricity students in Technical Colleges in Bayelsa State.

Specifically the study tends to:-

  1. Identify the problems posed by performance of the Applied Electricity workshop in terms of practical.
  2. To assess the condition of learning environment.
  3. To determine the working condition of Applied Electricity workshop in terms of practical.
  4. To asses the effectiveness and efficiency of the Electrical workshop teachers.

1.4 Significance Of The Study

The finding of the study will enable the government policy makers. Policy implementations, classroom teachers, industries and society at large becomes aware of certain problem in the programme which can man the march towards the country’s technological advancement. The result of the study will also keep the students abreast of the success recorded so far and to find ways of improving in their study.

The result of the study will keep to improve the practical work and learning of introductory technology specifically practical work will benefit from the result of this study that they will use the instrument to evaluate the students rather than the practical made test. Finally the result of this study will be immense benefit to the Applied Electricity engineering experts.


1.5 Research Question

  1. What are the effects of poor economy on provision of training facilities and equipment on Applied Electricity Students?
  2. What are the relevance of Applied Electricity students competence to the emergency of industrial growth of Nigeria.
  3. What are the effects of skilled manpower requirement for industrial growth?
  4. What are the important of (NBTE) National Business of Technical Education Syllabus to the manpower training need in Nigeria.

In the data analysis, the responses were scored to produce or like types of scale of summated rating and their mean were calculated.


1.6 Delimitation

The study was confirmed to four technical colleges randomly selected in Bayelsa State. Out of the four technical colleges selected known one is own by federal government, four are state owned technical college.

Limitation

The researcher was handicapped by both time and finances. The time was too short for a study of this magnitude. Also the non-availability of finance to enable the researcher move around was another limitation.


1.7 Assumption Of The Study

For the purpose this study, it was assured that:

  1. The information gathered from the respondents is authentic.
  2. The staff and students in this study are ideal respondents.
  3. The population sample is large enough to be representative of total population considering the limited time.

Chapter Five


Discussion, Conclusions, Recommendation and Summary

In this chapter, the researcher discussed the results of findings, conclusion, implication of the study, recommendation of the study, limitation of the study, suggestions for further studies and summary.


5.1 Discussion of the Study

From the finding, practical activities influence student academic achievement on applied electricity in senior secondary school in Bayelsa L.G.A. This is in agreement with that of Kiladare and okoro(2007) who established that student understands better when they involves themselves in practical experiment, thus matching theory with practical. This also affirmed that fact for an effective teaching to take place, the theoretical aspect must go inline with the practical aspect so as to attain a positive behavioral change in the life of the learner(s). Students understand well when they are been taught with practical. applied electricity practical helps to make abstract ideas more concrete for learners, such that basic concepts could be understood. The use of practical work in teaching applied electricity and other subjects make learning interesting and fun, keeping the student active, create a conductive atmosphere for a participation class during teaching, making students to discover facts and new ideas by themselves. The finding revealed that despite the importance of the use of practical work in the teaching and learning of applied electricity in senior secondary schools in Bayelsa. There are some problems that are still militating against it the problems are teachers incompetency in the use of laboratory equipment, student wrong attitudes towards applied electricity practical, inadequate supply of applied electricity equipment and poor method of teaching in senior secondary school.

From the finding applied electricity teachers are still unable to prepare and design a robust practical or experiment for the applied electricity lesson. applied electricity teachers should proficient on how to plan better steps. According to Erin and Alicia (2009) designing learning instructions, setting goals and structuring teaching steps are important; the study shows that teachers are still inefficient in handling laboratory equipment and could not manage a systematic and effective experiment.

From the finding the word gender does not mean that there are clear difference between female and male on academic achieved in applied electricity . If there are difference, they are based on hierarchical structures within the culture of what is suitable for male and female respectively.

Considering the findings of different people, it is clear that there is not yet a consensus as to whether gender influences academic achievement in applied electricity .


5.2 Conclusions

The conclusion of the research were as follows:

  1. Influence of applied electricity practical activities increase student academic achievement in applied electricity in Bayelsa technical colleges of Bayelsa State.
  2. Teachers incompetence in the use of laboratory equipment negatively affect students achievement in applied electricity .
  3. The wrong attitude of students towards applied electricity practical influence them in a negative way within the area.
  4. Influence of gender on academic achievement of student in applied electricity .

5.3 Implication of the Study

The finding of this study have some educational implications for students, teacher and government. Active participation of the students in the class and retention makes the lesson more meaningful. This is because as the student participate and manipulate equipment/materials, they apply their five senses and other skills to their lessons more than when they would have learned in abstraction or remained less active in class.

The finding of this study have implications on the teachers who should adopt practical activity method of teaching which is the student centered method. Students learn better when they are involved in the laboratory activity. Activity-based methods enhance understanding of biological concepts and increase the ability to acquire scientific skills by the learners.

Furthermore, the finding of the study showed that there is no clear different between female and male on academic achievement in applied electricity . The implication of this finding is that most instructional approach used in teaching applied electricity does not take care of gender difference in student. Therefore gender has to be considered during instructional delivery so that both male and female students will have equal opportunity to learn.

The finding of this study also have implication on the curriculum planners who are expected to plan for conceptual change over period of years. This is because learning involves the restructuring of prior knowledge to gain new ones for effective learning to take place. Therefore, since the use of practical activities enhances students’ high performance in applied electricity , it follows that curriculum planners can create the awareness of this method in teachers by including it in the applied electricity curricula. Also they should include within the existing subjects contents of the applied electricity curriculum, some corresponding indigenous knowledge. They can do this by re-examining existing units of the subject matter taught in schools and identifying their corresponding indigenous knowledge and instructional materials. This will make the teaching of applied electricity interesting and more meaningful.


5.4 Recommendation of the Study

Based on the finding, the following recommendations were made:

  1. Teachers should encourage students to develops interest in practical activities by engaging them in practical and providing instructional materials that will challenge them to be actively involved during practical lessons.
  2. Ministry of Education and professional organization like STAN should organize workshops, seminars and conferences for applied electricity teacher.
  3. Applied electricity concepts should be taught with practical activities so that the students will do science instead of learning about science.
  4. The government/ministry of education should provide more adequate qualified competent applied electricity teachers to all the public secondary schools in Bayelsa technical colleges .
  5. The government should provide fund for schools so as to enable them procure the relevant resources for effective teaching and learning of applied electricity in all the public secondary school in Bayelsa technical colleges .

5.5 Limitation of the Study

The generalizations made with respect to this study are however subject to the following limitations.

  1. Since different teachers were used for different groups, it could be assumed that they might not have been of equal attributes in terms of cognitive, personality and affective functioning, this might have introduced error in the study.
  2. There was also the problem of absenteeism among the students. The fact that some students skipped classes may have influenced their performance.

5.6 Summary of the Study

The study investigated the influence of applied electricity practical activities on academic achievement of senior secondary school. Four research question guided the study.

The review of literature in the study was organized under conceptual framework, theoretical framework and review of empirical studies. In the conceptual framework, concept of applied electricity was reviewed, applied electricity practical teaching and concept of academic achievement was reviewed and factors affecting the achievement of secondary school applied electricity students. Pieget’s cognitive constructivist learning theory and vygotsky’s social learning theory were also reviewed under theoretical framework. The empirical study examined studies on influence of applied electricity practical activities on academic achievement of student in applied electricity , and studies on gender and academic achievement in applied electricity .

Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The study was carried out in Bayelsa technical colleges of Bayelsa state. The sample for the study comprised of one hundred and fifty (150) students drawn from the population of study using simple sampling techniques. The instruments for data collection in this study is questionnaire and analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The results revealed that students understand better when they involve themselves in practical experiment, thus matching theory with practical. applied electricity practical activities, stimulate creating, curiosity and critical thinking, there is no clear different between female and male on academic achievement in applied electricity . The studies also revealed that there are some problems that are still militating against it, the problems are teachers incompetence in the use of laboratory equipment, students wrong attitudes towards applied electricity practical and inadequate supply of applied electricity equipment.

In line with the finding of the study, the educational implications of the findings were highlighted and the recommendations were equally proffered among others that science (applied electricity ) teacher should encourage students to develops interest in practical activities by engaging them in practical and providing instructional materials that will challenge them to be actively involved during practical lessons, Ministry of Education and Professional Organizations like STAN should organized workshop, seminar and conferences for applied electricity teachers, the government should provide more adequate qualified competent applied electricity teachers to all the public secondary schools in Bayelsa .

Finally, the limitation of the study and suggestion for further studies were equally made.


Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Factors Militating Against The Performance Of Students In Applied Electricity

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.