Availability And Utilization Of Instructional Material For Teaching Basic Electricity In Government Science And Technical College In Igbo Etiti Local Government Area Of Enugu State

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Availability And Utilization Of Instructional Material For Teaching Basic Electricity In Government Science And Technical College In Igbo Etiti Local Government Area Of Enugu State


Abstract


This study was carried out on the availability and utilization of instructional material for teaching basic electricity in government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of students and teachers in government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 200 respondents and 150 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi- square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that instructional technology tools are made available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state. The study also revealed that the type of instructional technology tools are available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state includes: digital meter, continuity tester, transformers, alternator. Further findings showed that the type of instructional material used by students in learning includes: measuring tape, circuit breaker, continuity tester, Fuses, Television, Mock-up, Diagram, Still Picture. And the usage of instructional material enhances the effective teaching of basic electricity in government science and technology in Igbo Etiti local government area. Therefore, it is recommended all stakeholders including the federal, state and local governments and private sector should contribute financially and materially in the provision of instructional facilities for teaching basic electricity. Regular workshops/seminars should be organized for basic electricity teachers by head teachers and principals on the importance and current developments and process.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organization of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • 5.4 Suggestion for Further Studies
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE 

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

According to Aguokogbuo (2000) says that educational experiences involving the learner actively participating in concrete examples are retained longer than abstract experiences.

Instructional material elements of reality by providing concrete examples to learning many authors have written on the use of instructional materials both in teaching of basic electricity and other related subjects in order to enhance teaching for desired social and behavioral change. These authors include Greenwood (2001) Nwanna Nzewunwa (2003) and Adekeye (2008) more specifically; it was emphasized in the works of these authors that the use of instructional materials is a sine qua non in affecting behavior of learning’s of every field, especially basic electricity.
It was equally shown by some of the authors that these materials are important catalysis of social re-engineering and changes; according to the researcher, it is found that basic science teaching and learning cannot be well accomplished without the use of instructional materials.

Advanced in technology have brought instructional materials especially the projected and electronic materials to the forefront as the most radical tools of globalization and social development which have affected the classroom teaching-learning situation positively. The availability of instructional material in teaching and learning of the student, have made both teaching and learning become very pleasant to basic electricity teachers. A study by Owolabi (2004) revealed that the performance of Nigerian students in ordinary level basic science was generally poor. This was attributed by the author to many factors of teaching strategy, teaching strategy itself was considered as an important factor. Jegede et. al (1992) reported factors responsible for students’ academic performance in learning of basic electricity. The factors can be said to be poor laboratory facilities, inability of the basic electricity teachers to put across ideas clearly to the students and inadequate number of learning facilities in school in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state. Basic science cannot be fully taught without the availability of instructional material; the teaching of basic electricity without learning materials will certainly result to poor performance in the course.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The relevance of education in any society cannot be understood. It is regarded as the single potent factor that leads to the improvement of the individual as well as the society. The need to provide basic formal educational instructional material in teaching of basic electricity in government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti L.G.A of Enugu. The lack of availability and the credibility of instructional material in teaching of basic electricity in terms of effectiveness and appropriateness of instructional material have remained a major problems and issues of interest in Igbo Etiti local government area.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The purpose of this study was to assess the availability and the credibility of the use of instructional material in teaching of basic electricity in government science and technology in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state. Other objectives of the study are:

  1. To determine whether instructional technology tools are available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state.
  2. Assess instructional technology tools available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state.
  3. Determine instructional material used by student in learning.
  4. Determine if the usage of instructional material enhances the effective teaching of basic electricity in government science and technology in Igbo Etiti local government area.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions will be answered in this study:

  1. Are instructional technology tools available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state?
  2. What type of instructional technology tools are available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state?
    1. Digital meter
    2. Continuity tester
    3. Transformers
    4. Alternator
  3. What type of instructional material used by students in learning?
    1. Measuring tape,
    2. Circuit breaker
    3. Continuity tester
    4. Fuses
    5. Television
    6. Mock-up
    7. Diagram
    8. Still Picture
  4. Does the usage of instructional material enhance the effective teaching of basic electricity in government science and technology in Igbo Etiti local government area?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following null hypothesis will validate this study:

  • H01: Instructional technology tools are not available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The research will be of significance to the entire government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti L.G.A. of Enugu, especially to the student in there learning field of study.

It will help the educational’s in providing, utilizing and improving the use of instructional material in teaching of the student in schools. In the other hand, it will direct and encourage government science and technical college on the use of instructional material in teaching and learning of basic electricity.

The benefit of effective use of instructional material as a tool for teaching and learning of the student cannot be over emphasized, poor academic achievement of the student will be minimized.

The study would also benefit the future researchers who would be interested in carrying out a further research work in the same field.

Finally, this study has also been a source of inspiration and the researcher found it very helpful to her academic advancement it has exposed her to so many things.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the the availability and the credibility of the use of instructional material in teaching of basic electricity in government science and technology in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state. Specifically, this study focuses on determining whether instructional technology tools are available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state, assessing instructional technology tools available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state, determining instructional material used by student in learning and identifying ways teachers used technology material for teaching of basic electricity in government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti L.G.A.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Availability:

The quality of being able to be used or obtained

Utilization:

The action of making practical and effective use of something.

Instructional Materials:

Instructional material, also known as teaching/learning materials, are any collection of materials including animate and inanimate objects and human and non-human resources that a teacher may use in teaching and learning situations to help achieve desired learning objectives.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the availability and utilization of instructional material for teaching basic electricity in government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State.The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on availability and utilization of instructional material for teaching basic electricity in government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State. The study is was specifically set to determine whether instructional technology tools are available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state, assess instructional technology tools available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state, determine instructional material used by student in learning, and determine if the usage of instructional material enhances the effective teaching of basic electricity in government science and technology in Igbo Etiti local government area.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent arestudents and teachers in government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. Instructional technology tools are made available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state.
  2. The type of instructional technology tools are available to teachers at government science and technical college in Igbo Etiti local government area of Enugu state includes: digital meter, continuity tester, transformers, alternator.
  3. The type of instructional material used by students in learning includes: measuring tape, circuit breaker, continuity tester, Fuses, Television, Mock-up, Diagram, Still Picture.
  4. The usage of instructional material enhances the effective teaching of basic electricity in government science and technology in Igbo Etiti local government area.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

All stakeholders including the federal, state and local governments and private sector should contribute financially and materially in the provision of instructional facilities for teaching basic electricity.

Regular workshops/seminars should be organized for basic electricity teachers by head teachers and principals on the importance and current developments and process


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Frequently Asked Questions


Do teachers use instructional equipment and materials in teaching basic electricity?

Teacher utilization of instructional equipment and materials in teaching basic electricity in urban and rural technical colleges. International Journal of Scientific Research in 53 f Education, 2 (2), 88-95, Retrieved December 24, 2010 from httpwww.ijsre.com. Uzuegbu, C.P., Mbadiwe, H. C., Anulobi, J. C (2013).

What instructional materials in available not teaching basic technology?

Availability of Instructional Materials in Available Not teaching Basic Technology Available 1. G.S.M (mobile phone) 2. Computer 3. Radio 4. Television 5. Satellite system 6. First aid box and materials 7. Sterilized dressings 8. Furniture 9. Toothpick 10. Drawing instruments and materials 11. Floor tiles 12. Odd-leg caliper 13.

How can we improve teaching and learning of basic technology principles?

Furthermore, better teaching and faster learning of basic technology principles can be facilitated by careful selection, development and skillful utilization of appropriate instructional materials by the competent teachers.

What is the utilization of instructional materials in teaching and learning?

However, the utilization of instructional materials in teaching and learning situation involves not only the sense of hearing but also the sense of sight and touches, looking at educational practices, the Chinese proverb conclude that. 

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