Evaluating The Problems Of Water Supply In Lagos State

Project and Seminar Material for Environmental Science

Evaluating The Problems Of Water Supply In Lagos State


Abstract


The major objective of the study is evaluating the problems of water supply in Lagos state. The research focuses on evaluating water supply problems in Lagos State. The population of this study consisted of twenty-one (21) staff of Lagos State Water Corporation. Data were collected through questionnaires carefully designed and administered to the respondents, as well as through personal interviews. The results of the research show that the level of the problem of water in Lagos is high. The level of water problems in the study area is very high. Therefore, the results of this research may help in providing access to adequate potable water supply and a better sanitation through the use of research and advocacy. This research was conducted using a regional groundwater system simulation model, with model inputs provided by the alternative plans, thus, providing an estimate of probable future groundwater level conditions under each plan. In addition to the groundwater and surface water modeling analyses, two special hydrogeologic studies were conducted as part of the regional water supply planning program to assist in the development and evaluation of alternative plans and the selection of a recommended plan.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Water is life: adequate supply of water is central to life and civilization. The five basic human needs namely air, water, food, light, and heat. Water is common factor to other four. It is therefore not an understatement to say water is life, because it forms an appreciable proportion of all living things including man. In fact, water is very critical to human life. Water constitutes about 80% of animal cells. The human body by weight consists of about 70% water and several body functions depend on water (Human development report 2006).

According to the popular Nigerian musician Fela Kuti who in his song “water no get enemy” reiterated that all human activities cling on water and that man will go to any length to search for water in times of scarcity and this has proven the slogan “water is life” right. In the third world countries of the world with Nigeria inclusive, the problem of portable water supply in slum area (Kpakungu, Niger State) have poised a lot of challenges with task of collecting water falling largely on women and children and their journey to collect water is long, tiring and often dangerous, it prevents millions of mothers from working and lifting their families out of poverty. It keeps millions of children out school and from playing, depriving them of the wellbeing and education necessary to become healthy adults. Where there are clean water sources, inadequate sanitation threatens them and spreads diseases such as diarrhoea and cholera. People are forced to walk for water because governments fail to prioritise water and sanitation for all (The World Walks for Water, 2010).

According to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Report 2012, 783 million people, or 11% of the global population, remain without access to an improved source of drinking water. Such sources include household connections, public standpipes, boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs and rainwater collections. The world has met the MDGs drinking water target five years ahead of schedule but work is not yet completely done. Also, there are regions particularly delayed such as Sub-Saharan Africa where over 40% of all people without improved drinking water live.


1.2 Problem Statement

Lagos State has witnessed remarkable expansion, growth and developmental activities such as buildings, road constructions, deforestation and many other anthropogenic activities. In this regard lagos state has been facing a lot of problems such as over population, poor water supply and sanitation, environmental problems of air and noise pollution, uncollected refuse, flooding due to inadequacy or absence of drainage facilities in some parts.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The major objective of the study is evaluating the problems of water supply in Lagos state.


1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is water supply?
  2. What are the sources of water supply in Lagos state?
  3. What are the problems of water supply in Lagos state?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The findings of this research may help in providing access to adequate potable water supply and a better sanitation through the use of research and advocacy. It also help to identify the pattern of access to public water supply and sanitation in Lagos state. So also to create a database of the existing water source and their problems and to identify the problems of water and sanitation in Lagos state.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The research focuses on evaluating the problems of water supply in Lagos State.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

The result of the research shows that the level of the problem of water in Lagos is high. This is attributed to a number of reasons. Lagos State has witnessed remarkable expansion, growth and developmental activities such as buildings, road constructions, deforestation and many other anthropogenic activities. In this regard lagos state has been facing a lot of problems such as over population, poor water supply and sanitation, environmental problems of air and noise pollution, uncollected refuse, flooding due to inadequacy or absence of drainage facilities in some parts. However in view of the importance of water there is the need to plan and implement policies to increase and sufficiently provide water to the people of lagos. Water is life: adequate supply of water is central to life and civilization. The five basic human needs namely air, water, food, light, and heat. Water is common factor to other four. It is therefore not an understatement to say water is life, because it forms an appreciable proportion of all living things including man. In fact, water is very critical to human life. Water constitutes about 80% of animal cells. The human body by weight consists of about 70% water and several body functions depend on water. Industrial activities also need water.

Therefore it is recommended that

  1. The government should review all existing policies on water in Lagos with the aim of formulating and implementing new policies to ensure adequate supply of water in Lagos.
  2. Practical steps should be taken to identify broken facilities and water channels with the aim of effecting repairs and replacement.
  3. The rate of water by water companies should reviewed and made affordable to all
  4. All environmental issues such as waste, pollutions etc should be addressed with all the needed solutions so as to clear water channels and facilities
  5. Proper monitoring and evaluation strategy be implemented to ensure that construction works do not destroy water facilities in Lagos.

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