An Assessment Of Government Effort On The Provision Of Portable Water Supply
In this study attempt was made to asses government effort in the provision of portable water water supply in Bida local government area. The study investigates the extent and condition of water supply as well as source of portable water in the study area. However, in the course of the study, questionnaire was developed and used to generate data. The data obtain from the administration of questionnaire was presented and analyzed using both descriptive and influential statistics. The study found that large proportion of the house hold in bida local government relies on public water sources. The hypothesis formatted was rejected was rejected in favor of H1 hypothesis.
1.1 Background of the Study
Nigeria has enormous quantity of water resources, surface and underground, that requires a well-articulated administrative structure that can manage the resources effectively. The present position of water supply in Nigeria is grossly inadequate. The Federal, States and Local Governments have over the years been intervening from time to time in terms of the provision of potable water to the people through the Federal Ministry of Water Resources, Petroleum Trust Fund (PTF), River Basin Authorities, DFRRI, National Water Supply Rehabilitation Project, National Borehole programme and of course, the present government‘s Legislative Boreholes. Despite these efforts, potable water supply is still poor and grossly inadequate. In reality, the problem of water supply in Nigeria is enormous and can only be solved through properly coordinated approach so as to overcome the problem.
According to Babatola (1997), Offodile (2003, 2006), Nwankwoala &Mmom (2008), water supply lies at the heart of development whether it is urban or rural. Water supply and development of any nation are continuing long-term process which requires careful planning and implementation geared towards achieving improved conditions of life. Consequently, there should be an overhaul/review of the existing water policy or a new national water policy that would involve a comprehensive hydro geological mapping of the country. The exercise must be based on known groundwater and surface water sources (Mobogunje, 1975).According to Uwais, (2004) man cannot survive longer without food than water. But because water is freely available through rainfall, man has until fairly recently, taken this unique resources for granted.
Although more than 70% of the earth surface is water, water has become a scarce commodity in many part of the world. The threat of a world water crisis becoming increasingly real in the face of increase demand, relatively statistic supply and deteriorating quality due to over exploitation. It is universally accepted that an adequate supply of water for drinking, personal hygiene and other domestic purposes is essential to public health and wellbeing. It is well known fact that large number of people in Nigeria mostly those in rural area lack safe portable drinking water, in about 90% of the rural communities in Nigeria are lacking portable for their domestic activities. (uwais, 2004)
1.2 Statement of the Research Problem
Over 90% of deaths from diarrheal diseases in the developing world today occur in childrenunder 5 years old (Salman 2004). Malnutrition, especially protein-energy malnutrition, candecrease the children’s resistance to infections, including water-related diarrheal diseases.From 2000-2003, 769,000 children under five years old in sub-Saharan Africa died each yearfrom diarrheal diseases. As a result of only thirty-six percent of the population in the subSaharan region have access to proper means of sanitation. More than 2000 children’s lives arelost every day. In South Asia, 683,000 children under five years old died each year fromdiarrheal disease from 2000-2003. During the same time period, in developed countries, 700children under five years old died from diarrheal disease. Safe drinking water is therefore aprerequisite for good health.(USEPE2010).
Therefore improved portable water supply reduces the frequency of water related illness anddeaths, especially in area like Bida local government area.
Therefore it is essential to find out;
- What is the source of water supply in Bida Local Government?
- Are these sources of water supply safe for drinking and other domestic uses?
- Was there any effort made by Niger State and Bida local Government council in improving water supply in the study area?
These form the research Question that will be pursued in this study.
1.3 Aim and Objectives
The primary objective of the study is as follows.
- To identify source of water supply in Bida local Government.
- To identify the origin of water supply facilities.
- To examine the functionality of water supply facilities.
- To identify the ease with which people access these sources.
- To find out who is responsible for maintaining water sources.
1.4 Research Hypothesis
HO; There is no any effort made by Government in providing portable water supply in Bidalocal government
H1; There are a lot of effort made by Government in providing portable water supply in BidaLocal Government.
1.5 Significant of the Study
Virtually, it is justifiable to carry out a tentative research works on the assessment of government effort in provision of portable water supply in Bida town, so as to be used as tentative guide in the provision of portable water. This study wills also reveals the efforts made by Niger State government in previous years in the provision of portable water, particularly in Bida Local Government Area.
1.6 Scope of the Study
The study focuses on the assessment of government effort on the provision of portable water supply with reference to Bida local government area of Niger state
1.7 Limitation of the Study
For the researcher. This study was constrained by a number of factors which are as follows:
just like any other research, ranging from unavailability of needed accurate materials on the topic under study, inability to get data
Financial constraint , was faced by the researcher ,in getting relevant materials and in printing and collation of questionnaires
Time factor: time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
In this study, our focus was on the an assessment of government effort on the provision of portable water supply using Bida lga as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at highlighting source of water supply in Bida local Government. The study also identify the origin of water supply facilities. The study further examine the functionality of water supply facilities. More so the study identify the ease with which people access these sources. Lastly, the study find out who is responsible for maintaining water sources . A total of 77 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from residents of Bida lga.
Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:
The findings and recommendations stated below are meant to solve or reduce the problem affecting the people of Bida local Government area of Niger state as regard to the provision of portable water and way in which water supply in Bida can be effective, regular and reliable. These recommendations will certainly assist in solving people’s problems as regard to portable water if authorities or Agencies concern with administration of water issues adhered to them.
Finally it is hope that, by implementing the recommended strategies, the need for adequate and portable water supply in Bida local government area will be achieved.
Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:
- Government should increase it effort towards ensuring the provision of portable water within the area as there is a lot of people who are still suffering the used of contaminated water from an unsecure source within the study area.
- Government should also try to see that the supply of water in the study area meet up with the increasing population as a result of high birthrate in the area due to the practice of early marriage.
- Also the inhabitant on their own should further more straitening the initiation of community development programmers to help in the construction of another sources of water such as boreholes in other to check into the effort of government.
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