Teenage Prostitution In Secondary School
The project focuses on teenage prostitution in secondary school in Ndokwa east local government area of Delta state. The study was carried out in five (50 randomly selected schools call girls street walkers, brothels and some hid-out. The main instrument used for the research was the questionnaire. There hundred questionnaire were administered collected and analyzed, using T-test analysis four research question and hypothesis were formulated to guide the study, relevant literature were reviewed. Survey research designed was employed questionnaire were the instrument used and was validated by the research supervisor the secondary school. Finally the researcher made some statement of recommendation. If implemented will review the homes, school the state the nation and the society at large.
1.1 Background of the Study
Prostitution is an age long problem which has remained irrespective of different promulgation of law codes, decrees, etc to bring about its decay. Encyclopedia of health and education for the family has noted that right from Hammurabis code (17th Century B.C) considered to be the most ancient legal code in recorded history, we know that prostitution existed (both religious and secular). It could be noted that in the old testament, God asked Hosea to marry Gomer a prostitute to predict how unfaithful the Israelites were to him (Hosea 6: 1-11, 14). We could say perhaps, that prostitution has existed after the fall of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. In our contemporary world, prostitution has taken a new style and a new dimension, getting sophisticated as each day passes by the capitalist continue to build new infrastructure to expand their frontier and further their interest. Young graduate from the university are explored by the capitalist market mainly the financial sector to act as corporate commercial sex hawkers to their big time customer. These event are no longer news as they make headline on magazines, newspaper, radio and television. Irrespective of the heavy campaign on sexual trafficking, a situation where Nigeria young girls especially students are transported to western world for prostitution purpose the ugly events still persist. The Africa Journal of reproductive health in its finding on human sex trafficking in Nigeria prostitution in particular, support claim that poverty and unemployment remained the primary contributes to success of global trafficking. Prostitution is the act of indulging in sexual intercourse for payment or material needs. According to the encyclopedia of health and education for the family, prostitution is defined for the family, prostitution is defined as the practice, on the part of an individual, of continual and repeated sexual relations kin a random way with everyone who asks with the main goal being that of economic gain and not pleasure on the part of the one receiving payment. Webster’s Dictionary (2003) noted that prostitution is the offering by a woman of her body for the purpose of intercourse with men her. The encyclopedia Britiianna (2005) noted that prostitution is the offering by woman of her body for the purpose of intercourses with men for hire. The encyclopedia Britannica (2005) sees prostitution as the practice of engaging in general with someone who is not a spouse or a friend in exchange for immediate payment in money or other valuable. Inspite of the sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as HIV/AID, Gonorrhea, etc that have dominated the sexual world the act of prostitute still flourished in many part of the world. We have made an attempt to look at the history of prostitution and its nature. But for the purpose of this study, prostitution shall be narrowed down to secondary school students. Prostitution among secondary school student is in no doubt a worrisome phenomenon. It is the act engaged by student between the age brackets of 12 years to 20 years, theses student indulge themselves in prostitution for the purpose of financial benefit not purpose perse. This phenomenon may have started out of promiscuity on the part of the student or violence which they might have been exposed to or more peer pressure as the case may be. The parents teacher media government and the society at large perhaps, may not be left but when pointing an accusing finger. Since the up-bringing and training of these young stars in terms of value and norms fall in the domain of each of these agent of SOCIALIZATION. Although encyclopedia Brittannica (2005) Observes that among some people prostitution has been required of young girls as a puberty rite or as a means of acquiring a do way and some religious require prostitution of a certain class of priceless. The society frown at this evil (prostitution) yet some of our lawmakers and part of member of the society is promoters and perpetrator. This ugly event characterized todays home videos depicting these unfortunate student as they are being exploited sexually by these aviants of our society all in the name making quick money. However, effort are being made to bring to an end teenage prostitution following the out-cry of meaningful citizens non-governmental organization and lawmakers in Nigeria. The truth remain that, just like any other social problem in our society and the worlds at large, prostitution wherever it occur cannot be eradicated I all its ramification. But can reduced to the bearest. Minimum it conscientious effort made on the part of government agents of socialization and the society at large. Therefore, this research work shall focus on the causes and effects of teenage prostitution in secondary school in Ndokwa-east local government Area of Delta state. It shall examine the inherent nature causes and affect in student themselves their parent the schools in Ndokwa east local government area.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The study intends to find out the cause and effect of teenage prostitution in secondary school in Ndokwa east local government area of Delta state. Inspite of the sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as HIV/AID, Gonorrhea, etc that has dominated the sexual world the act of prostitute still flourished in many part of the world. We have made an attempt to look at the history of prostitution and its nature
1.3 Objective of the Study
The objectives of the study are;
- To examine the causes of teenage prostitution in secondary school
- To identify the danger of secondary school student in prostitution
- To ascertain the relationship between teenage prostitution and academic performance
- Suggest solution to the problems of prostitution.
1.4 Research Hypotheses
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
- H0: there are no causes of teenage prostitution in secondary school.
H1: there are causes of teenage prostitution in secondary school
- H02: there is no relationship between teenage prostitution and academic performance
H2: there is relationship between teenage prostitution and academic performance
1.5 Significance of the Study
This study will give a clear insight on teenage prostitution in secondary school. The study will be beneficial to educational sector, secondary school students and parents. The study will suggest possible solution to teenage prostitution in secondary school. It will also serve as a reference to other researchers that will embark on this topic
1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study
The scope of the study covers teenage prostitution in secondary school. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) Availability of Research Material:
The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational Privacy:
Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities
1.7 Definition of Terms
Causes.com is an online campaigning platform. Causes platform enables people who support a common social cause and to take action together. Causes is primarily used for grassroots campaigns, and to organize awareness campaigns
Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment. Prostitution is sometimes described as commercial sex or hooking. Prostitution occurs in a variety of forms.
Teenage children are aged between thirteen and nineteen years old. I was on my way home when two teenage girls joined me at the bus stop. Adjective [ADJECTIVE noun] Teenage is used to describe things such as films, magazines, bands, or activities that are aimed at or are done by teenage children.
1.8 Organization of the Study
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
- Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
- Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
- Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
- Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
- Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain teenage prostitution in secondary school. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of teenage prostitution in secondary school
This study was on teenage prostitution in secondary school. Four objectives were raised which included: To examine the causes of teenage prostitution in secondary school, to identify the danger of secondary school student in prostitution, to ascertain the relationship between teenage prostitution and academic performance, Suggest solution to the problems of prostitution. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 students of selected secondary schools in Ndokwa east local government of Delta state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made sss iii students, sss ii students, sss i studentsand jss iii student were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
The magnitude and extent of girls involved in prostitution in schools is wide and deep, and if serious measures are not affected the situation could be rather intense and hard to control. From a research done from January to July 2011, much has been learnt and it is of the fact that girl prostitution problem is much deep and it is much linked with poverty which correlates with family misery, disunity and limited family earnings. With this situation being rampant in many rural areas of Ndokwa east local government lead to children migrating to urban areas where among other activities prostitution awaits them. Other causes were also identified as being a thrust to early prostitution by the girls like, lack of parent responsibility, peer influence, globalization, culture, and also unemployment in rural areas to mention the few. The teenage in this prostitution complained of facing a lot of challenges at this tender age. They grumble of different social, health, physical and psychological problems they encounter in their daily life. It is in line with these challenges that the study found out that different stakeholders are trying to curb these challenges but in reality much has to be done to make the situation more favorable for these girls
Without doubt, the menace of prostitution is quite glaring and unless the practice is checked or controlled, the consequences will remain with us. It is suggested that the family unit should wake up to its responsibility of inculcating the right values into its members. Family values must be reintroduced and entrenched at the very tender age with close monitoring through the formative years into adulthood. If the family is watchful, it can detect negative or prostitution tendency early and tackle it very early. The role of the religious institution in curbing the menace of prostitution cannot be over emphasized. For one thing, the various religious leaders are supposed to be held in awe and their wards respected. It is suggested here that they should be bold in denouncing the act while stressing the importance of morality. Similarly, the various countries and opinion leaders should take the bull by the horn by openly condemning the practice of prostitution. The prostitutes come from communities and if properly oriented or socialized by the society, they will abhor the act of prostitution. The mass media has an equally sensitive role to play in enlightening the populace about the social and health consequences of the act of prostitution
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List of Related Works
Review Of Related Literature
Prostitution is one of the social ill that threatens man’s existence because of its accompanied effects like disease, traumatization of the prostitutes themselves stigma suffered by their family member etc the study has it as its focus on teenage prostitution in secondary school in Ndokwa east local government area which shall be reviewed under the following sub-heading. • Meaning of prostitution • Forms of prostitution/categorization • Client of prostitute • Teenage prostitution • Profile of teenage prostitution • Empirical study of teenage prostitution • Summary of the review of literature 2.1 Meaning of prostitution Prostitution has been with the world for so long through on one can lay claim as to how long. Example abound in the bible when God aroused the Israelites for prostitution and instructed Hossea to marry Gomer a prostitute to the unfaithfulness of the people (Israelites). Kirk Patrick B (2004) refer to prostitution as whoredom whoring, street-working. It is the oldest profession. This attest to the fact that prostitution has being prevailing over time and women has practiced it either for money or pleasure seeking. Word book (2004) sees prostitution as the performance of sexual acts for payment. It exist throughout the word, large of in urban areas. Most prostitutes are women though prostitutes include men and children. Some prostitutes work for themselves while some work for pimps or madams. Encyclopedia Britonnica (2005) defined prostitution generally as the provision of sexual services for money is illegal. Prostitution is the performance of sexual act with another person in return for the pay or fee. Prostitution involves payment for specific act e.g. a call girl responds to a telephone solicitation to engage in sexual act with a client in his hotel room, and paid for doing so (Encyclopedia America, 2004). According to Ewhrudjakpor C. (1998). Prostitution means sexual relation done on a promiscuous and mercenary basis with no emotional or moral attachment. It further, noted that prostitute make their living by selling sexual favour to any who will pay in cash or in kind. Forms of Prostitution/ Classification Prostitution is diversified and called by various means according to their characteristics. Destinations are between the buyer or girlfriend and prostitutes in the brother than there is the street worker or street prostitution. The waitress in a club: the mass media use who advertise in the daily news paper (also known as modus); the exertive escort (with good cultural up bring); the “non-professionals” who looks for extra money and who, if she advertises herself this way attract certain client. Within the categories prostitution further distinguish among themselves, street workers who are called (“hass”, “whores”, the word rhymes with rose). Ewhrudjakpor (1998) observed that in Nigeria there are five “classes” or categories of prostitutes namely: • Senior babes • Hustler or club babes • Ashewo or Opio • Along the road or street worker • Sharpilee or blood tonic Senior Babes Prostitutes who are “senior babes” are regard in Europe and America as “call girl” there are the aristocrats. They are well educated with even university degrees, expensively dressed and of course most attractive. The most of them have boutiques or are involve in modeling. Hustler or Club Babes These are lower in the five dimension of sophistication aforementioned. Most of these class of prostitutes, do not have tertiary education, their minimum fee is five hundred naira (N500. 00) per night. It is conceivable that some club babes charge lower depending on the bargaining power and possible weather condition. Opio or Ashewo These prostitutes are stark illiterates, most are retired mother are frigid and have reached menopause. They are normally housed by a hotel manager their fee is fixed by the hotel manager in conjunction with the prostitutes. Street walkers Some who looked down upon by all other prostitutes is the “along the road or street walker she solicits customer wherever she can find them. In most cases they strong around gates of hotel that have lodging facilities. This kind of prostitutes can cross the educational starter, from illiterate to university under-graduates. Street walker are temporary. It is when they are broke financially, that they take to the street to look pay. Some even get married in the process, their minimum fee (N 200. 00) two hundred naira (500.00) per night. Sharpilee or “Blood Tonic” The fifth category of prostitutes is a recent phenomenon from 1990 called the “blood tonic or sharpilee. These prostitutes are between the age of 13 and 23 (The amorphous stage of human psychological development. In other words they are adolescent most are still in school. Like their label “Sharpiless” they are very sharp, smart and childish. In the cases they are dressed gorgeously in the latest clothes and shoes. In fact they are prostitutes because they want the latest fat to be in their wardrobe and to entry fleeting youth before the prison marriages. 2.3 Client of Prostitutes The profile or the client or prostitutes need not be overlooked because without them there would not employment for these categories. For there are still many men who begin their sexual life with prostitute. Normally they are pushed by their friends or even their close family member to demonstrate their “manhood”. Among men who are marry, many try to resolve sexual problem within their marriage by going to a prostitute, has its peculiar history and etiology the urges to achieve necessary of life, pleasurable relaxation without necessarily passing through cultural approved process in achieving their social goal led many teenage to prostitution. Adotomere, S. O. (2005) refer to teenage prostitution as prostitution associated with teenagers who give out themselves for sexual intercourse in request for money material gains. The implication of above is that many who go into prostitution do so as a result of financial difficulties. They find no other easy way of acquiring money to alleviate poverty hence they resort t selling of their bodies for monetary gains. Okorodudu J. (2006) that teenage prostitution is relative to the individual groups vulture and time. The concept of time is very important in the acceptance of behavior as normal, so long as norms and values have become dynamic. Teenage prostitution is an act of indulging in sexual acts for financial and material benefit among teenagers. Teenage prostitution is relative not merely to establish social laws but also to generate practice (Agular, I. Garbes it and Morish N. 2004) It is used in relating to an individual behavioural departure from well established norms. These norms rarely state exactly usually attended the public schools secondary education, or sometimes she attended a religious school where rules regulating sex were extremely strict. Empirical Study of Teenage Prostitution Teenage prostitution has attracted to a lot of concern from various researcher and the society in general. This is partly as a result of evil associated with prostitution and its attendant violation of the society norm and value on the other hands these teenagers who involve themselves in prostitution are of the generation the society depend on for its continuous existence and could nt afford to allow them waste. As a result many mother have expressed their view on the topic “teenage” prostitution. According to Carlebach, J. in Morde P.O (2004). She observed in her study of juvenile prostitutes in Nairobi that many of these prostitutes were from inadequate or dispute family background. In a similar study for women escaping prostitution. Promise (1977) stated that 30% at a sample of women in San Francisco catered prostitution at the age of 15 or younger and described themselves as runaways. In a study Ayonumare A. A. (1999) posted that sexual films on our television promotes curiosity and which makes them to carry out the fact of prostitution for the fun of it. He also attributed the member of increasing teenager in school involving in prostitution to poverty which has a strong correlated with the rapid increase in teenage prostitution. Teenagers exposed to pornographic films are likely to try out what they have seen or heard just for the fun at it, (Laidpo A. O. 2002). He also blamed the situation on lack of basic sex education at home and at school; in another study Mackinvon C. A. and Dworkin A. (1997) noted that pornographic has been used as recruitment into prostitution. Adedoyin and Adegoke A. A. (1995) identified child sexual abuse as a precursor to prostitution among 50% of 150 Nigeria prostituted teenagers. Farely and Kelly (2000) reported that researcher and clinical reports have documented the prevailed childhood sexual abuse and chronic fraumalization among prostitutesd women. Form the foregoing; it can be viewed from the opinion of writer that teenage prostitution has its roots from poverty runways from homes, pornography, child abuse self will, parents background etc.