Causes And Effects Of Prostitution Among Youths

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Causes And Effects Of Prostitution Among Youths


Abstract


This study considered and sought to find out the causes and problems of prostitution among youths in Obollo Afor community of Udenu Local Government Area in Enugu State. Five research questions were developed in consonance with what the study sought to find out. Questionnaire and oral interview were used to elicit the required information from married and unmarried people. Two hundred people were the respondents and out of this, one hundred and fifty (150) were unmarried while fifty (50) were married men and women. The responses were presented in tabular from using (x) mean. Findings from the study indicated that poverty, unemployment, inadequate up bringing and broken homes were responsible causes of prostitution.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Prostitution has been viewed as a social taboo for a nation both developed and undeveloped. Are, Iffih and Gibben (1997) pointed out that prostitution is contrary to the culture norms and values of the society. According to Academic American Encyclopedia (1980) “The practice of prostitution dates back to the medieval period”. It is not only associated with the modern world and it’s technology.

The history of the Romans stipulated that prostitution is subjected to public mockery where they are made to dance naked in the public before they are subjected to other punishment. However, prostitution According to Obienye in (2003) is the act of indulging to sexual intercourse for money. According to Academic Encyclopedia (1980) prostitution is the sale of sexual services.

A prostitute is an individual who engage in sexual activities with strangers or other persons with whom the individual has no affectionate relationship but in exchange of money or other valuable materials that are given at or near the times of the act (Paul, 1981). However, the rapid increase of this business in our country Nigeria can be attributed to poverty, unemployment, inadequate parental upbringing.

Poverty according to Adejo (1985) is the absence of fundamental human needs and expectation.

It is the inability to provide materially for oneself and family. Most times, some people go into prostitution in order to meet up with their needs. However, there are other causes and consequences of prostitution which this study aims at finding out.


1.2 Statement of the Problems

Prostitution is one of the social vices which is common in Udenu Local Government Area of Enugu State and in Nigeria in general.

Inspite of it, contamination in all quarters including the church has continued to be on the increase, the resultants consequences is the unabated spread of sexually transmitted diseases e.g. AIDS, HIV and candidiasis. Despite all these problems encountered by the people who engage in prostitution, people still indulge in the and so we tends to investigate this problems to find out solutions.


1.3 Objective of the Study

  1. To identify the causes of prostitution.
  2. To identify the problems associated with prostitution.
  3. To identify the effect of prostitution on the Obollo Afor.
  4. To determine the social class of people in prostitution.
  5. Suggest solution to the problems of prostitution.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there are no causes of prostitution.
    H1: there are causes of prostitution
  2. H02: there is no effect of prostitution on the Obollo Afor.
    H2: there is effect of prostitution on the Obollo Afor.

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study will be of significant to the parent and to the society. It will help the parent to know the teenager need generally for the proper upbringing of their children in the scene that when they are given adequate care during the tender age, they will not deviate from it. It will be of benefit to the teenager in that case they will be careful in making choice of friends because, most of these problems normally associated with the type of friend they keep.
It will help the interested reader (Public) to be aware of health problems associated with prostitution and also make every effort to be innocent of such act.

This study will also benefit to all the people of Udenu Local Government especially the rural communities to get acquainted with the problems of prostitution so that they will know what to do to eradicate prostitution in their communities.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study will be limited to sample drawn from only Udenu Local Government Area. The sample will be drawn from five communities in Udenu local government of Enugu State. This is Amalla community, Ohulor community, Obollo-Eke community, Obollo Etiti community and Obollo Affor community. This sample will be obtained from unmarried people, literate and illiterate ones. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability Of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities


1.7 Definition of Terms

Causes:

Causes.com is an online campaigning platform. Causes platform enables people who support a common social cause and to take action together. Causes is primarily used for grassroots campaigns, and to organize awareness campaigns

Prostitution:

Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment. Prostitution is sometimes described as commercial sex or hooking. Prostitution occurs in a variety of forms.

Youth:

Youth is the time of life when one is young, and often means the time between childhood and adulthood. It is also defined as “the appearance, freshness, vigor, spirit, etc., characteristic of one who is young”


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain causes and effect of prostitution among youths. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of causes and effect of prostitution among youths


5.2 Summary

This study was on causes and effect of prostitution among youths. Four objectives were raised which included: To identify the causes of prostitution, to identify the problems associated with prostitution, to identify the effect of prostitution on the Obollo Afor, to determine the social class of people in prostitution, Suggest solution to the problems of prostitution. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 residents in selected five villages in Udenu local government of Enugu state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made youths, students, married men and married women were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

We believe that only by going to the root cause of prostitution and trafficking, which are the factors that make up the demand, will we end the sexual exploitation and abuse of women and children through prostitution and trafficking. We need to urge all governments, NGOs, and religious communities to focus on reducing the demand for victims of sex trafficking and prostitution. All the components of the demand need to be penalized-the men who purchase sex acts, the exploiters, the traffickers and pimps who profit from the sale of women and children for sex, and the culture that lies about the nature of prostitution. The number of victims will be reducing if the demand for them is penalized. If there is no man seeking to buy sex acts, no woman child will be bought and sold. If there is no brothel waiting for victims, no victim will be recruited. If there is no state that profit from the sex trade, there will be regulations that will facilitate the flow of women from poor towns to wealthier sex industry centres. If there were no false messages about prostitution, no woman or girl would be deceived into thinking prostitution is a glamorous or legitimate job.


5.4 Recommendation

Without doubt, the menace of prostitution is quite glaring and unless the practice is checked or controlled, the consequences will remain with us. It is suggested that the family unit should wake up to its responsibility of inculcating the right values into its members. Family values must be reintroduced and entrenched at the very tender age with close monitoring through the formative years into adulthood. If the family is watchful, it can detect negative or prostitution tendency early and tackle it very early. The role of the religious institution in curbing the menace of prostitution cannot be over emphasized. For one thing, the various religious leaders are supposed to be held in awe and their wards respected. It is suggested here that they should be bold in denouncing the act while stressing the importance of morality. Similarly, the various countries and opinion leaders should take the bull by the horn by openly condemning the practice of prostitution. The prostitutes come from communities and if properly oriented or socialized by the society, they will abhor the act of prostitution. The mass media has an equally sensitive role to play in enlightening the populace about the social and health consequences of the act of prostitution. The three broad categories of the media viz: the print, broadcast and new media should be used to discourage young ladies from practicing the profession as well as potential customers of these prostitutes. If there is a drastic reduction of patronage, they will have no choice but to look for more legitimate jobs. Emphasis should be placed on its hazardous nature through jingles, drama and the likes. The media should reduce its sensational portrayal of sex as a tool for exploitation and achievement. The government should try to create employment opportunities to the teeming youths in our society. Besides, poverty alleviated and women empowerment programmes should be initiated and sustained. Government should ensure that those who exploit others sexually for greed or money should be brought to book and border control should be enforced in order to checkmate human trafficking. Moreover, the government and non-governmental organizations should establish counseling and rehabilitation centres for both preventive and corrective measure.


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