The Role Of TETFUND In The Rehabilitation, Restoration And Consolidation Of Tertiary Education In Nigeria (A Case Study Of UNN)

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The Role Of TETFUND In The Rehabilitation, Restoration And Consolidation Of Tertiary Education In Nigeria (A Case Study Of UNN)


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the role of TETFUND in the rehabilitation, restoration and consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria using University of Nigeria, Nsuka Enugu State as a case study. The study is was carried out identify the reasons for the establishment of TETFUND by the Federal Government of Nigeria, ascertain whether TEDFUND significantly facilitates the rehabilitation and restoration of tertiary institutions in Nigeria, ascertain whether TEDFUND significantly contributes to the development of tertiary institutions in Nigeria and ascertain whether TEDFUND significantly contributes to the consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of management staff of the University of Nigeria, Nsuka Enugu State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 65 respondents and 50 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the reasons for the establishment of TETFUND by the Federal Government of Nigeria includes: to provide funding for educational facilities and infrastructural development, to promote creative and innovative approaches to educational learning and teaching and even services, to stimulate, support and enhance improved activities in educational foundation areas like teachers’ education, teaching practices, library development etc. and championing new literacy-enhancing programmes such as scientific information and technology literacy. Furthermore the result of the findings reveals that TEDFUND significantly contributes to the development of tertiary education in Nigeria. Therefore, it is recommended that TETFund should also be provided with appropriate legislations that will make it easier for them to carry out their various activities not limited library development and staff training within and outside the country. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organizations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE 

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

Education is often seen as a vehicle for advancing a country’s development goals, such as socioeconomic, political, and cultural liberation. Education is divided into three stages: primary, secondary, or post-primary, and tertiary. Tertiary education, which includes universities, polytechnics, and colleges of education, is required to accelerate social transformation, economic sustainability, and human growth. University education in Nigeria, according to Ibukun in Ekundayo and Ajayi (2006), supplies much-needed manpower for all fields of human need. Among the expectations of university education, the Federal Government of Nigeria (2004) mentioned the following:

  1. Contribute to the development of relevant manpower at the national level;
  2. Develop and instill adequate valves for the individual’s and society’s survival;
  3. To grasp and appreciate one’s local and external environment, one must develop one’s intellectual capability.
  4. Acquire physical and mental skills that enable individuals to be self-sufficient and helpful members of society;
  5. Promote and encourage community service and scholarship;
  6. Create and maintain national unity;
  7. Promote understanding and interaction on a national and worldwide level;

According to Edem (1987), university education can be seen in light of the provisions of the National Policy on Education.

  1. Should be made available as a tool for broadening an individual’s knowledge and fostering his full potential.
  2. Assist him in completing certain tasks that are critical to his own surroundings.

Tertiary education is a consumer and a capital good, respectively, in economic terms. Continuing on universities, Edem (1987) sees them as a place where instruction and research in the arts and sciences are done at a higher level than in secondary schools, and where students are expected to do a lot of independent work. Because it influences other areas of the national economy, education is a prerequisite for national growth (Okebukola, 2002). As a result, the educational sector’s neglect has ramifications in other areas of the country. According to Mgbekem (2006), the most significant difficulty facing the management of Nigeria’s university system is a lack of financing. TETFund was established as an intervention agency under the TETFund ACT-Tertiary Education Trust Fund (Establishment Act, 2011-to address the problem of funding specifically tertiary education. The Act repeals the Education Tax Act Cap. E4, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004 and the Education Tax Fund Act No. 17, 2003, which were the enabling legal foundations for ETF (TETFund, 2017). Sponsorship of postgraduate professors, funding of building and refurbishing of educational facilities, promoting creative and innovative approaches to learning, provision of higher educational literature and funding of libraries, and provision of learning equipment are among its areas of action.

The TETFund was founded at a time when successive administrations had neglected the tertiary education sector for many years. It is “mandated to administer, manage, and disburse the 2 percent Education Tax collected from registered companies in Nigeria for the primary purpose of providing auxiliary support for the general improvement of education in public tertiary institutions,” according to the guidelines for accessing TETFund intervention funds (TETFund, 2015, p.2). As a result, TETFund distributes cash to all Nigerian public tertiary institutions, whether at the federal, state, or local government level. All that is required of public tertiary institutions is to follow the requirements for obtaining money from TETFund by submitting a viable proposal (s) for the project they wish to carry out. This creates a slew of obstacles for fund managers as they attempt to address the sector’s plethora of issues. Beneficiaries of the funding must put the money to good use by repairing, restoring, and consolidating educational infrastructure and facilities, as well as other learning resources such as manpower, libraries, and laboratories. Institutions that have previously benefited from the Fund must provide a good and credible account of previous support in order to be considered for additional funding. This is to assure the growth of the educational sector in Nigeria, with a particular concentration on public tertiary institutions (TETFund, 2015, p.2).


1.2 Statement of Problem

Poor funding has caused a general decline in human and material resources in Nigerian academic institutions. The TETFUND is a project-based intervention organization that aims to aid university growth. The total abdication of responsibilities on the part of the state government, such that TETFUND is left with the burden of providing infrastructure for tertiary institutions, contradicts the philosophy of setting up TETFUND, which envisaged an intervention agency that would complement what the various tiers of government are doing, according to the Nigeria education report (2012). TETFUND distributes funding to beneficiaries related to specified projects, which the beneficiaries award under TETFUND’s tight supervision. It should go without saying that TETFUND has a revenue equal to its assets.


1.3 Objective of Study

The main aim of this study is to examine the role of TETFUND in the rehabilitation, restoration and consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria (a case study of UNN). Other aims of this study are:

  1. Identify the reasons for the establishment of TETFUND by the Federal Government of Nigeria.
  2. Ascertain whether TEDFUND significantly facilitates the rehabilitation and restoration of tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
  3. Ascertain whether TEDFUND significantly contributes to the development of tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
  4. Ascertain whether TEDFUND significantly contributes to the consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Question

The following research question guides this study;

  1. What are the reasons for the establishment of TETFUND by the Federal Government of Nigeria?
  2. Does TEDFUND significantly facilitates the rehabilitation and restoration of tertiary education in Nigeria?
  3. Does TEDFUND significantly contributes to the development of tertiary education in Nigeria?
  4. Does TEDFUND significantly contributes to the consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Ho: Tertiary Education Trust Fund does not significantly contribute to the development of tertiary education in Nigeria.

Ha: Tertiary Education Trust Fund significantly contribute to the development of tertiary education in Nigeria.


1.6 Significance of Study

This study will be of significance as it concludes that TETFUND as an interventionist agency should be retained. It recommends that TETFUND allocation must be directed at projects and programmes that would add value to public tertiary education in Nigeria. On the one hand, TETFUND’S funding base should be further strengthened, and, on the other hand, TETFUND needs to put in more effort towards solving the number of problems at the public tertiary level in the country. This study will further add to the existing literature on this study domain and as well serve as a reference material for scholars, researchers, and students who may want to carry out further research on this topic or related area in the future.


1.7 Scope of Study

This study focuses on examining the role of TETFUND in the rehabilitation, restoration and consolidation of Tertiary Education in Nigeria. The study will therefore be carried out in University of Nigeria, Nsuka, Enugu State.

The management staff of the University of Nigeria, Nsuka will form the respondents for this study.


1.8 Limitation of Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

TET Fund:

Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund) is a body set up by the Federal Government of Nigeria ostensibly to arrest the rot and deterioration in the educational infrastructure occasioned by long period of neglect and very poor resource allocation.

Rehabilitation:

The action of restoring something that has been damaged to its former condition.

Restoration:

The action of returning something to a former owner, place, or condition.

Consolidation:

The action or process of making something stronger or more solid.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the role of TETFUND in the rehabilitation, restoration and consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria using University of Nigeria, Nsuka Enugu State as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the role of TETFUND in the rehabilitation, restoration and consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria using University of Nigeria, Nsuka Enugu State as a case study. The study is was specifically focused to identify the reasons for the establishment of TETFUND by the Federal Government of Nigeria, ascertain whether TEDFUND significantly facilitates the rehabilitation and restoration of tertiary institutions in Nigeria, ascertain whether TEDFUND significantly contributes to the development of tertiary institutions in Nigeria and ascertain whether TEDFUND significantly contributes to the consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria.
The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are management staff of the University of Nigeria, Nsuka Enugu State.


5.3 Conclusions

In the light of the analysis carried out, the following conclusions were drawn.

  1. The reasons for the establishment of TETFUND by the Federal Government of Nigeria includes: to provide funding for educational facilities and infrastructural development, to promote creative and innovative approaches to educational learning and teaching and even services, to stimulate, support and enhance improved activities in educational foundation areas like teachers’ education, teaching practices, library development etc. and championing new literacy-enhancing programmes such as scientific information and technology literacy.
  2. TEDFUND significantly facilitates the rehabilitation and restoration of tertiary education in Nigeria.
  3. TEDFUND significantly contributes to the development of tertiary education in Nigeria.
  4. TEDFUND significantly contributes to the consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings the researcher recommends that;

  1. TETFund should also be provided with appropriate legislations that will make it easier for them to carry out their various activities not limited library development and staff training within and outside the country.
  2. National Universities Commission (NUC) should ensure strict adherence to the existing financial policies, rules and regulations and to check from time to time against mismanagement and misappropriation of funds in Nigerian Universities.
  3. More funds should be allocated with proactive monitoring team for transformation of inadequate and sustainable project facilities within the university system, so that the challenges of underfunding can be addressed for effective development.
  4. The intervention agency to achieve meaningful on its constituents fund allocations should commensurate with modern research and publications tools in order to cope with research dynamism tertiary institutions in Nigeria.

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