Predisposing Factors Towards The Organization Of Youths Sports Programme In Selected Private Secondary Schools

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Predisposing Factors Towards The Organization Of Youths Sports Programme In Selected Private Secondary Schools


Abstract


The purpose of this study is to investigate the predisposing factors towards the organisation of Youths Sports Programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State. A total of Two hundred (200) samples of the population from selected Private Secondary Schools in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State using stratified random sampling techniques.

Data was collected with the use of structured self-developed questionnaire. Data collected were analysed using the frequency counts and simple percentage for demographic data while the inferential statistics of Chi-square (X²) were used to test the four (4) hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings from reveal that, funds, adequate facilities and equipments, corporate sponsorship and competent coaches were predisposing factor towards the organization of youths sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State. Based on this, conclusions and recommendations were made.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Sport participation is as old as man itself. In the Stone Age era, man had to strive hard for food, hunt animals, farm and look for shelter. During his adventure for daily bread, he might likely be chased by animals (wild), thereby forcing him to run for his dear life. Hence, the early man participation in sporting activities was an instrument for survival. United Nations Inter-Agency Task Force for Development and Peace defined Sports “as the activity that contributes to physical fitness, mental well-being and social interactions such as play, recreation, organised or competitive Sport and indigenous sports and games”. Adedeji (2007) described sports as a sub-division of games which have common characteristics like physical performance, standard set of rules to be followed by all concerned form of opposition.

The emergence of youth sport organizations during the past half century has resulted in a new aspect of socialization of children and the nature of their leisure (Coakley 2006). Organized youth sport in particular is highly valued by many children as a popular extracurricular activity, with both ‘fun and participatory’ and/or ‘competitive and winning’ aspects.

Many parents also value organized youth s]port and purposively seek out programs for their child’s involvement, parents perceive that organized sport programs may help enhance their child’s physical and social growth and development (Iwasaki, 2005; Coakley, 2006). Organized youth sport is also believed to facilitate important cultural lessons in the areas of character building, teamwork, responsibility, cooperation and competition; all attributes that are valued within a capitalist society (Kinney and Hofferth, 2003).

The importance of sports to a country cannot be ignored especially among the youth which serves as prime movers in diverse national issues. Sports develop the youths physically, socially, mentally and emotionally. Butcher (2008) opined that sporting activities provides situations that are physically wholesome, mentally stimulating and society sound. When youths sports are organized, participation in such sports is seen as a means of correction illness, a medium for cultural change and a source of revenue generation for the nation (Odejide, 2006).

Organized youth sport has been a topic of considerable research in recent years, particularly in demonstrating the benefits of participation. Research has examined the psychological, moral and physical importance of the sport experiences as it relates to the child’s growth, development, and performance. Of significant note are the physical benefits of sport in combating childhood obesity and countering negative risk behaviors such as alcohol and drug use (Iwasaki, 2005).

As Coakley and Donnelly (2009) point out: “organized sports is often a family affair.From a routine activities perspective, participation in sports programs reduces boredom and the amount of time youth spend in idle, unsupervised social contexts. In other words, compared with their uninvolved peers, sports participants simply have less unsupervised leisure time in which to engage in risky activities – including violence (Bailey, 2005).

Ogundare (2007) stated that since sports provide experience that helps achieve purposeful living, it should thus, form an integral part of National Education Programme. The idea is that if organized youths sports programs operate in high-risk communities where vandalism, property crime, drug dealing and gang activity persist, the physical presence of participants (including adult supervisors and athletes) will discourage youth from offending in that area (Nichols and Crow, 2004). Sports might have on the psychological development of young people. Some theorists, for example, claim that since delinquent youth often seek excitement and stimulation, sports can offer an alternative to anti-social behavior.

Family exerts a powerful influence is shaping activity interest and individual dreams of youths (children) to participate in sports. Yusuf (2203) and Urom (2002) found out that parents of the Olympic athletes tend to engage in similar activities.

Organized youths sports equip individuals with sports skills which he or she use during leisure time, engage in as a profession or a health enhancing measure; many youths are made through sports participation. Berger and Littlefield (2005) pointed out that participation in sports may encourage the development of favourable personality traits that may enhance popularity. It is therefore the concern of the researcher is to investigate the predisposing factors towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state.


1.2 Statement of Problem:

Private secondary schools in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state do organize inter-school sports competition and inter-house sports Among the Universities. Sport is organized by the Nigerian Universities’ Games Association, among the Colleges of Education, sport is co-ordinated by the Nigerian Colleges of Education Games Association (NICEGA), and the Nigerian Polytechnic Games Association (NIPOGA) organizes sports competitions among students from different polytechnics. All these are organized in order to encourage youth’s performance and also to promote oneness.

In addition to the growing popularity, youths sports is also significant because parents are now increasingly involved in and concerned about the participation of their children in organized youths sports.

In spite of the above, the organization of youths sports programme has still been unproductive due to some factors. This study is therefore designed to determine the predisposing factors towards the organization of youths sports programmed.


1.3 Purpose of Study:

The purpose of this study is to investigate the predisposing factors towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state.


1.4 Research Questions:

Below are the research questions that will be explored in this study’

  1. Will lack of fund be a predisposing factor towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state?
  2. Will lack of adequate facilities and equipments be a predisposing factor towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state?
  3. Will lack of corporate sponsorship be a predisposing factor towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state?
  4. Will lack of competent coaches in sports club be a predisposing factor towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state?

1.5 Research Hypothesis:

  1. Lack of fund will not be significantly a predisposing factor towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state.
  2. Lack of adequate facilities and equipments will not be will not be significantly a predisposing factor towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state.
  3. Lack of corporate sponsorship will not be will not be significantly a predisposing factor towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state.
  4. Lack of competent coaches in youth’s sports club will not be significantly a predisposing factor towards the organization of youth sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state.

1.6 Significance of Study:

It is widely believed that participation of youths in sports offers them opportunities to compete favourably in a cordial atmosphere of healthy, mutual and competitive understanding. From recent trends of events, sports have proved that it has something to offer the society. It has been accepted as a means of fostering the development of physical, mental, emotional and social efficiency as well as recreational skills.

This study will provide the benefits of youth sports in private schools in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state and also reveal the predisposing factors towards the organization of youths sports in private schools in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state.

This study is expected to point out to the factors that stand as obstacles to making the organization of youth sports programme possible and successful. It will also recommend some ways to mitigate or deal with those obstacles, thereby leading to a positive result that will be beneficial to the youths, the government and the society at large.

This study to the society cannot be over emphasized. When youths engage in organized sports, it helps a great deal in relieving the society of social misconducts. Organized youths sports is also believed to facilitate important cultural lessons in areas of character-building, team work, responsibility, co-operation and competition; all attributes that are valued within a capitalist society (Hofferth, 2003).

To the Government at the local, state and national levels, youths sports are of great benefits. The youth’s participation in sports and sporting events has taken the nation’s name to greater heights. Nigeria has been recognized through sports and sporting events.


1.7 Delimitations of the Study:

This study will be delimited to the following;

  1. All private secondary schools in Surulere Local Government Area in Lagos state.
  2. Three (3) Private Secondary Schools within Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos state were selected using purposive sampling techniques, fifty (50) students from each school making a total of two hundred (200) respondents from the sampled local government using Stratified Random Sampling Techniques.
  3. The use of well structured questionnaire form as an instrument for data collection.
  4. A total of two hundred (200) copies of questionnaires were administered to the respondents by the researcher and his assistants. The entire administered questionnaires were retrieved the same day to avoid loss.

1.8 Limitations of the Study:

The following limitations are perceived in the course of this study;

  1. Negative attitudes of some students towards research work, the researcher would encourage the respondents to be optimistic about filling the questionnaire.
  2. Reluctancy of some students to fill some parts of the questionnaires or supply of false information. Researcher guarantees respondents that all information collected will be used for research purpose.

1.9 Operational Definition of Terms

Youth:

The time of life between childhood and adulthood (maturity).

Sport:

This involves all form of competitive activity through casual or organized participation aim to use, maintain or improve ability and provide entertainment to participants.

Organization:

To organize means to put together into an orderly, functional and structured whole.

Programme:

A written or printed list of events, performers, etc in an event.

Factor:

A latin word meaning “who or which acts”.

Predispose: to influence.

Facilities:

These are permanent and usually more durable sports structure such as gymnasium, swimming pool, tenis court, etc.

Equipments:

These are moveable sports materials such as racket, ball hockey sticks, etc.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

The purpose of this study is to investigate the predisposing factors towards the organization of Youths Sports Programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State using selected secondary school as case study. The study ascertained if lack of fund, sponsorship, competent coach and adequate facilities can serve as predisposing factors towards organization of Youths Sports Programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State.

The study adopted a survey research design. A total of Two hundred (200) samples of the population from selected Private Secondary Schools in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State using stratified random sampling techniques. Data was collected with the use of structured self-developed questionnaire.Data collected were analysed using the frequency counts and simple percentage for demographic data while the inferential statistics of Chi-square (X²) were used to test the four (4) hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.


5.2 Conclusion

In conclusion, it is clear that for effective youth sport programme to be conducted effectively in Nigeria, the youth must be actively involved and participate in sports. They are the lifewire of the nation. Since education is regarded as a vital means of achieving national development. Therefore the youths through education should be giving an opportunity to develop skills for a better youthful society.

The findings from reveal that, funds, adequate facilities and equipment, corporate sponsorship and competent coaches were predisposing factor towards the organization of youths sports programme in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State. Based on this, conclusions and recommendations were made.


5.3 Recommendation

Based on the findings and the limitation of the study, the following recommendations are made: –

  1. The Lagos State government should build a standard sports complex with standard sport facilities to cater for athletics, awimming pool, sports halls, as well as for ball game and racket games. The State government should make available sports facilities and equipment in the secondary schools in the 122 state.
  2. The Lagos State government should provide for sports in the budgeting allocation and more fund should be given to the state Sports Council so that it will be able to execute sports programmes in the state.
  3. The Lagos State government should revive the local and state government sports festivals which will be used to mobilize athletes in preparation for the National Sports Festival.
  4. The LaZonal and Inter Zonal Secondary School Sports Competition should be revived by the state government.
  5. Athletes should be motivated and camped when preparing for the National Sports Festival. Allowances and accommodation should be given to athletes when training in preparation for the National Sports Festival.
  6. Sports Council officials should embark on recruitment drive for potential athletic talents in the local government areas and secondary schools of the state when preparing athletes for the National Sports Festival.
  7. The Lagos State Sports Council should empower Zonal Coordinators with more funds and responsibility in order to organize sports at the local government level. The state government should appoint sports committees headed by a specialist in sports organization and administration to run the affairs of sports in the state and in the local government areas.

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Frequently Asked Questions


Do the Benefits of youth sports participation exceed the risks?

Research shows that there may be negative impacts of youth sports participation; however, the benefits outweigh the risks. The benefits are not automatic with participation but depend on a variety of factors discussed in Chapter 7. Opportunities to Increase Youth Sports Participation. The National Youth Sports Strategy

What does the National Youth Sports strategy require?

The National Youth Sports Strategy Require and provide access to training or certification programs for coaches, socials, and volunteers. Provide adequate equipment, training, and other necessary resources to adapt or modify sports activities to meet the needs of youth of all abilities.

What is the concept of sports-based youth development?

Additionally, the concept of sports-based youth development has emerged. Sports-based youth development programs provide a holistic approach, using sports as a mechanism to engage youth and promote positive youth development. 142,143 Although sports-based youth development programs may provide youth with a substantial amount of physical activity,

What is the role of government in promoting and supporting youth sports?

Support an entity with the responsibility to organize and coordinate sports within and across sectors to foster and expand youth sports participation. Support policies that facilitate access to youth sports and facilities (e.g., shared use agreements, Complete Streets, master development plans, Safe Routes to School). 

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