The Influence Of Parents Educational Background On The Academic Achievement Of Primary School Pupils

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

The Influence Of Parents Educational Background On The Academic Achievement Of Primary School Pupils


Abstract


This project was designed to research into the influence of parent’s educational background on the academic achievement of primary schools pupils in selected schools in Abuja Municipal Area Council. In doing this, three research questions were stated and some basic assumptions made. A sample of one hundred students were drawn out of five selected schools; the research instrument used was the questionnaires while the data analysis involved the use of the research questions.


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

Over the years, the nation has been experiencing a drastic fall in the academic achievements of pupils and students at the various level of education. Scholars of different school of thought has attributed this ugly trend to many factor such as poor teaching methodology, inadequate instructional facilities and a lot more from the look of things, these scholars seems to heap the blames either on the student or the teachers who most times are not actually the immediate causes.

However, a chose observation reveals that this trend has an undeniable relationship with one parental educational background in terms of their socio-economic status. Only recently the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria President Olusegun Obasanjo in his monthly presidential media chat, held in October 2003, cried out in regards to the poor academic situation terms that our graduates are fast becoming more of half-baked graduated” what a mess.

Meanwhile, as this scenario continues to thrive, many more meaningful individuals both from the academic and non-academic field of the society not only shared their grievances they also point accusing fingers towards the teachers and the students. They give little or no attention to the student’s socio-economic background, which from act appearances seem to be one fundamental cause of poor academic achievement in school.

We have it on records that a child spends more time at home with his or her parents than he or she spends in school. This makes the home of greater influence in this regard. Little or no wonder it is said ”charity begins at home”

Be that as it may, we cannot over labour the fact that poor performance of a country’s citizens at various level of education has a way of tarnishing or beautifying that countries image.

Considering the magnitude of this problem, it therefore becomes very expedient that this project be carried out as it is hoped that it will help in savaging the problem or situation as it were, to a very reasonable extent.


1.2 Statement of Problem

It is almost becoming a common and accepted knowledge the poor performances of student in our school is due to the inadequacies of teachers or student non-challant attitude to study. This is purely a wrong assumption that needs an investigation as we cannot afford to lose sight of the drastic effect that one’s parental background have on the academic performance of the child.

It is in cognisance of this that the following questions become very important.

  1. What role does the socio-economic position of parent’s play in the academic performance of the child?
  2. To what extent does the level of education of parents affect the academic performance of pupils
  3. Is there any relationship between living condition at home and academic performance of pupils?
  4. How does the family structure in terms of monogamy, polygamy and size affect the academic achievement of student
  5. How far does the attitude of parents and guidance affect the academic performance of students?

1.4 Purpose of Study

The purpose of this study is one to establish the effects that one’s parental background poses on the academic performance of the child. And to to suggest possible solutions on how student from poor homes can get along

Specifically, the study is set to

  1. Ascertain if the socio-economic position of parents influences children academic performance.
  2. Determine if the level of education of parents affect the academic performance of pupils.
  3. Determine if any relationship exist between living condition at home and academic performance of pupils.
  4. Determine if the attitude of parents and guidance affects the academic performance of students.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

In the course of this study, the following statements will be validated;

H01: The socio-economic position of parents does not influence children academic performance.

H02: The level of education of parents does not affect the academic performance of pupils.

H03: No significant relationship exist between living condition at home and academic performance of pupils.

H04: The attitude of parents and guidance does not affect the academic performance of students.


1.5 Significance of the Study

This researcher work shall be of up most significance to three (3) categories of persons.

  1. Curriculum/Educational planners
  2. Teachers
  3. And of course parent/guidance it will be significant to curriculum or educational planners in that it will help them in planning adequately for students from different homes.

In the same vein, it will enable the teachers to know that students are not solely responsible for their poor performance thereby creating an avenue for the teacher to come to grips with some of the impact that parents background poses avail the teacher the opportunity to design a corrective measure which if adhered to, would spur both the teachers and pupils to greater academic achievement.

Over and above all, this study will serve as a challenge to parents to improving the conditions of the home thereby propelling their child (pupil) to greater heights.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The general target of this study is to ascertain if and how parents educational background affects the academic performance of primary school pupils. However, the study is narrowed down to ascertaining if the socio-economic position of parents influences children academic performance, determining if the level of education of parents affect the academic performance of pupils, determining if any relationship exist between living condition at home and academic performance of pupils, and if the attitude of parents and guidance affects the academic performance of students. The study will be carried out in five selected schools in Abuja Municipal Area Council, Nigeria.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.


1.8 Definition of Terms

There are certain terms used in this study that have specific connotation to the study. Some of the terms include; academic, educational discrepancy, academic background, parents, pupil performance, education and teachers.

Academic:

This is concern about teaching or studying those subject taught to provide skills

Educational Discrepancy:

People who have sound academic background and who also have adequate opportunities but achieve considerably less than what could be predicted.

Academic Background:

The detail of a person’s education

Parents:

Person’s father or mother

Pupil:

A person who is being taught especially a child in school.

Education:

A process of teaching, training and learning especially in school or colleges to improve on knowledge and develop skills.

Teacher:

Person who inculcate knowledge into another person.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the influence of parent’s educational background on the academic achievement of primary schools pupils using selected schools in Abuja Municipal Area Council as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the influence of parent’s educational background on the academic achievement of primary schools pupils using selected schools in Abuja Municipal Area Council as case study. The study is was specifically aimed at ascertaining if the socio-economic position of parents influences children academic performance, determining if the level of education of parents affect the academic performance of pupils, determining if any relationship exist between living condition at home and academic performance of pupils, and if the attitude of parents and guidance affects the academic performance of students.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are students of the five selected schools in Abuja Municipal Area Council, Nigeria.


5.3 Conclusions

In the light of the analysis carried out, the following conclusions were drawn.

  1. The socio-economic position of parents influences children academic performance
  2. The level of education of parents affects the academic performance of pupils
  3. A significant relationship exist between living condition at home and academic performance of pupils
  4. The attitude of parents and guidance affects the academic performance of students

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings the researcher recommends;

  1. Principals of schools should discuss the importance of parental education/involvement in the academic development of pupils during Parent Teacher Association (PTA) meetings
  2. Young parents who are less or not educated should be encouraged to enroll for adults education so as to get involved in the educational development of the children.
  3. Illiterate parents should always seek for the service of capable home teachers so as to aim adequate educational enhancement of their children.
  4. Government should grant free education for pupils whose parents cant afford their education and ensure adequate provision of learning materials in schools

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