The Impact On Management Of Abandoned Project In Nigeria

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The Impact On Management Of Abandoned Project In Nigeria


Abstract


The abandoned government projects are considered to be one of the serious problems affecting the development of Nigeria, Nigeria given the numbers and the value of the projects involved. The study Investigated and determined the various causes of government industrial abandoned projects in Nigeria. The total population for the study is 200 staff ministry of works Edo State. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up senior instructors,computer engineers, senior technical officers and higher technical officers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The unceasing abandonment of residential buildings and development projects is so shocking in the developing countries such that Nigerian has remained one of the countries in such difficulty (Ayodele and Alabi, 2011; Kotangora, 1993; Osemenan, 1987). Therefore, the significance that the incessant abandonment of residential buildings and projects would bring several effects on real properties and its values and the economy cannot be overemphasized since some of the abandoned buildings and development projects provide the basic services that should enhance the real properties developed.

Abandoned residential building is a building whose occupant has moved out basically due to poor maintenance and infrastructure, security, dilapidation, natural disaster which has made the building not to be habitable. The abandonment of residential properties and development projects is the act of isolating the building or discontinuing any activities or maintenance works on such development project within a time frame of the contract agreement and with no intention of returning back to the development (Spelman, 1993). Similarly, O’Flaherty (1993) while reflecting on property development projects suggest that it is when an owner or developer is ceasing to provide the required maintenance management to a developed property. abandoned project.

However, real property development and maintenance being a capital intensive undertaking should be critically analyzed to ascertain its feasibility and viability before embarking on it. But, on several occasions and as it had been observed, governments, contractors and agencies have abandoned old buildings and development projects mid-way into construction and completion.

The causes and effects of these residential building abandonments are not just peculiar to a particular reason rather cut across several reasons (Ayodele and Alabi, 2011), and as well as creating a total dwindling effects on the values of developed properties located close and within the vicinity. Most of this abandoned residential building usually turned into hideout for criminals. abandoned project
Although, the location of the abandoned property and demand is equally important but accessibility and the availabilities of the infrastructures in the real property location and in the surrounding built environment should be of much more significant determinants in this study context. Values in itself are not intrinsic (Schram, 2012) rather depends on the benefits derivable from that property.

While this remained the case for real properties, it is essential for any real property to have sustained improved values, and this is assumed to be influenced by the availability of the earlier mentioned infrastructures in the real property location. So, if the needed infrastructures are imperious in determining the property values. Benin City is the State Capital of Edo State, Nigeria is characterized with lots of abandoned residential building due to urbanization, poor infrastructures and roads. Residents of Benin City living in erosion prone areas have to pack out of their houses because of flooding and fear of reptiles. Some school buildings have been abandoned due to neglect by successive government which has turned into hideout for criminals and cultists. abandoned project.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The abandonment of government projects have resulted into many adverse effects which had affected the economic growth, social and environmental conditions of Niger. It’s on this background the researcher wants to investigate the impact on management of abandoned project in Nigeria


1.3 Objective of the Study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain the impact on management of abandoned project in Nigeria
  2. To ascertain the causes of project abandonment
  3. To ascertain the effect of project abandonment on socioeconomic of Nigeria
  4. To ascertain the relationship between project management and project abandonment

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there are no causes of project abandonment
    H1: there are causes of project abandonment
  2. H02: there are no effects of project abandonment on socioeconomic of Nigeria
    H2: there are effects of project abandonment on socioeconomic of Nigeria

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study, which is primarily aimed at explaining management of abandoned project in Nigeria, will provide an insight into the problems associated with project abandonment.It would be useful to the government and the project contractors to enable them adequately understand factors responsible for and how to manage project.The findings will be useful for researchers to further generate knowledge in the field.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of the study covers the impact on management of abandoned project in Nigeria. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Management:

Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its employees (or of volunteers) to accomplish its objectives through the application of available resources, such as financial, natural, technological, and human resources.

Abandon:

Give up completely (a practice or a course of action)


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  1. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  2. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  3. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  4. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  5. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain impact on management of abandoned project in Nigeria

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of management of abandoned project in Nigeria


5.2 Summary

This study was on impact on management of abandoned project in Nigeria. Four objectives were raised which included: To ascertain the impact on management of abandoned project in Nigeria, to ascertain the causes of project abandonment, to ascertain the effect of project abandonment on socioeconomic of Nigeria, to ascertain the relationship between project management and project abandonment.In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff ministry of works Edo State. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection.

Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up senior instructors, computer engineers, senior technical officers and higher technical officers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

Improper project estimate have been found to be mainly responsible for the government abandoned projects, followed by the fraudulent practice and bribery, bureaucratic bottleneck in managing the projects, lack of clear responsibility, poor resource management and shortage of the site workers. The above factors have been investigated using the mean and standard deviation and found out to be the major causes of government abandoned projects in Nigeria while there was also an increase in unemployment. Cost of rehabilitation is very high due to these projects abandonment. It is therefore recommended that government should make sufficient fund available to revive the abandoned projects, competent and reputable contractors should be awarded the contract. Policy that support infrastructural projects development continuity is imperative as this will improve the socio-economy development of the state and finally there should be proper planning, budgeting, control and monitoring and evaluation of projects


5.4 Recommendation

To drastically reduce the effects of project abandonment clients should undertake an adequate planning for the project at inception and make should enough fund available based on reliable estimate made by the Quantity Surveyor at the inception. The client should engage services of competent construction professionals; the Architect should at once and at inception produce economic design as dictated by cost plan prepared by the Quantity Surveyor who also controls cost from inception and throughout the duration of the contract. The client should not necessarily vary project scope. Prompt payment to the contractor as dictated by Quantity Surveyors valuation and Architect’s certificate. The government should also put in all efforts to reduce inflation and when there is change in political government, previously started job should not be abandoned for their new idea. Government should also make sure competent contractor that have strong financial stand are employed to execute contract works


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