Influence Of Tribalism Of Election Participation

Project and Seminar Material for Political Science

Influence Of Tribalism Of Election Participation (By Etubom Smith)

Table of Content

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:


  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review
  • 2.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • 5.4 Suggestion for Further Studies
  • References

Influence Of Tribalism Of Election Participation

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Influence Of Tribalism Of Election Participation


This research material “Influence Of Tribalism Of Election Participation” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as will not be liable for any who copied the material.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the factors that affect political participation?

The social and economic factors such as (gender, age, education, place of residence, family, tribal affiliation, unemployment, income, poverty, economic growth, social relationships, and regional affiliation) affected political participation, especially voting in elections.

What are the factors that affect voting behavior?

In addition, they pointed out that there were some political factors affected voting in elections, such as the constitutional right to vote, performance of the elected councils and candidates, political trust, party activities, etc. The present study focuses on four factors: gender, age, family income, and regional affiliation.

How does family income affect political participation?

Pyeatt and Yanus (2018), Palmer and Simon (2008) indicated that the difference in family income affected political participation. So, the higher the income, the higher the participation rate was. Brady et al. (1995) emphasized that there were three sources affecting political participation: time, money and social skills.

Does regional affiliation affect voting in elections?

This was consistent with the studies of Pyeatt and Yanus (2018), Palmer and Simon (2008) that emphasized that the difference in regions, districts and regional affiliation affected voting in elections. The reason for the low voting ratio of the Palestinians in Jordan was due to the fact that they saw the candidates’ inefficiency. 

What are the nine factors influencing political participation?

The nine factors influencing political participation are as follows: 1. Psychological or cognitive traits 2. Social environment 3. Political environment 4. Level of modernization and urbanization 5. Political socialization 6. Modes of participation 7. Voting 8. Campaign activities 9. Co-operative activity.

How does the social environment affect political participation?

Social environment: The social environment definitely has an impact on political participation. Social environment includes elements like education, occupation, income, age sex, race, caste, ethnicity, mobility and habitation.

What is the importance of citizen participation in politics?

By involving people in the affairs of the state, participation promotes stability and order in the system. It not only stimulates political learning but also makes citizens responsible. It deepens the political awareness and increases the sense of political effectiveness.

What is the role of the individual in politics?

In this political system, participation by the individual in political activity is considered a virtue, a sign of political health and the best method of ensuring one’s private interests. Participation gives an opportunity to express one’s own point of view and secure the greatest good for the greatest number.

What are the factors that influence voters to vote?

These factors include: The voter’s background and identification with the candidates The voter’s party identification The voter’s view of the incumbent’s previous performance

How does party affiliation affect voting behavior?

Party affiliation also impacts voting behavior. It has been found to be a significant influence on behavior (Page, Shapiro, & Dempsey, 1987: in Singh et al, 1995). Carreirao (2007) also found party affiliation to be one of the most influential factors in voting behavior.

How does a voter’s party identification influence voting decisions?

A voter’s party identification directly influences that voter’s decision. By party identification, we mean not just a voter’s party affiliation but also a voter’s psychological attachment to a particular political party. Notably, close to 90% of voters affiliated with a political party vote for that party’s candidate in presidential elections.

How do attitudes and evaluations influence voting behavior?

These orientations and evaluations in turn are influenced by two more general attitudinal factors: party identification general ideological orientations Party identification and ideology are more general, long-run factors that influence the attitudes that are more immediate to the vote decision in a particular year.

How does family income affect voting behavior in elections?

Third: The more the family income varies, the more the voting in the elections differs in favor of the high-income students, as there were differences in the voting ratio in the elections according to the level of family income.

What are the factors that affect political participation?

They concluded that the social and economic factors such as (gender, age, education, place of residence, family, tribal affiliation, unemployment, income, poverty, economic growth, social relationships, and regional affiliation) affected political participation, especially voting in elections.

Do wealth and welfare affect political participation?

This was consistent with the studies of Brady et al. (1995), Lawless and Fox (2001) that concluded that wealth, welfare and money affected political participation process. The reasons for the low voting ratio of less than 500 dinars category in Jordan was due to the fact that they saw the candidates’ inefficiency.

Does the age difference between individuals affect political participation?

Some studies concluded that the difference in age between individuals affects political participation as the ratio of political participation between young and older people is high ( Pyeatt and Yanus, 2018, p. 189).

Do students with different regional affiliation vote in elections?

The more the regional affiliation varies, the more students voting in the elections differs.

What affects my voting eligibility?

The type of primary or caucus your state holds can affect your voting eligibility: During an open primary or caucus, people can vote for a candidate of any political party. During a closed primary or caucus, only voters registered with that party can take part and vote.

Can a voter change their party affiliation during the calendar year?

After affiliating with a party by voting in a party’s primary or by taking an oath of affiliation with a party, a voter cannot change their party affiliation during the calendar year. (§162.010) However, affiliation will automatically expire at the end of the calendar year.

Can I vote in the primary if I am not affiliated?

If a voter has not yet affiliated with a party, they are able to vote in either party’s primary election. However, if a voter votes in the primary of one party, they will only be able to vote in that party’s primary runoff election. (§§162.012, 162.013). 

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