The Bases For Market Segmentation In A Service Organization In Enugu Metropolis (A Case Study Of Etisalat Nigeria Limited)
Today in the global market environment, there are many buyers, these buyers differ in one or more variable. Thus, the differences may include the wants, purchasing power, geographical location, buying attitudes, any of these variables stand as a basis of segmenting a market. Segmentation is a marketing terminology used in the marketing field and is of great importance for any product that dreams of passing through the preliminary growth stage to the maturity stage in the product life cycle. This research work is meant to critically appraise the bases for market segmentation in a service organization focusing on Etisalat, Enugu. For a successful completion of this research work, the researcher will make use of both primary and secondary methods of data collection for gathering information. Primary data were collected through.
- Questionnaire administration
- Oral interview, and
- Personal observation
Secondary data were collected through
- Periodicals and journals
- Textbook and lecture notebooks and
The data collected were presented in tasks and analyzed with simple percentage. Having carefully carried this study on the bases for market segmentation in a service organization, it was found out. That market segmentation as practiced by Etisalat lead to increased patronage of their products and services. Based on the findings of the study the research made the following recommendation marketing organization including the telecommunication industries are advised to practice market segmentation because it reduces the risk which the organization experience when not practiced.
1.1 Background Of The Study
According to Edoga (2003: 86) marketing segmentation is the process of dividing the total market into relatively homogenous groups with similar product interest. This process according to marketers requires identifying factors that affect purchasing decision so that consumers can be grouped accordingly.
Adirika and Nnolim (1996: 39) noted that most marketers are too large for organizations to provide all the needs of the buyers of the market, some delimitation of the market is necessary for the sake of efficiency and because of limited resources, this makes segmentation inevitable.
Adirika and Nnolim (1996: 39) see market segmentation as the sub dividing of a heterogeneous market into homogeneous subset or groups of customers so that each subset or groups can conceivably be selected as a separate market target to be reached with a distinct marketing mix. They further noted that in segmentation and consequently target marketing organizations endeavor to serve target markets that they are able to satisfy efficiently and d not just any group of buyers that seem to represent a sizeable market.
Segmentation strategy is based on the promise that customers have different preferences which changes over time. Organizations including banking industry must make decisions on two areas of needs:
- What needs to serve, and
- Whose need to serve
Markets consist of buyers who differ in wants, purchasing power, and geographical location, buying practices. Any of the variable can be used to segment a market in to today’s marketing environment. We have group economy segmentation which is giving a better view of what marketing concept is all about. A company that decides to operate on a broad or differential market, whether consumer, industrial, reseller or government recognizes that it cannot serve all consumers in a given market.
Onyeke (2008: 254) said that in employing this strategy a seller recognize that his total heterogeneous market is made up of many smaller heterogeneous Units. Each of these smaller units have a different sets of wants.
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