Assessment Of Dividend Of Politics In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Political Science

Assessment Of Dividend Of Politics In Nigeria


Abstract


This study was on assessment of dividend of politics in Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up legal officers, information officers, camera men and ICT officers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies. The results showed that people with special needs are keenly aware of absurdities in the present Nigerian political and democratic arena. There should be viable political parties as political parties are the platforms used by politicians to reflect their political ideas and context for elections in a democratic dispensation.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The importance of government in any society is to enhance human condition through people’s involvement in the determination of various decisions that affect their lives. All over the world, this viewpoint accounts for the reason why democracy is regarded as the best form of government that allows man to fully actualize his potentials and opportunities. Thus, democracy is both an expression and expansion of man’s freedom and is akin to man’s progress and societal sustainability. Ighodalo (2006) stated that a democratic government releases the total energy of all citizens for development rather than the restraint, curtailment, suppression and oppression associated with an authoritarian regime.

Oyugi (1988) defined democracy as the open polity that is accessible to the general citizenry. Likewise Ajibewa *Corresponding author Email: ajayi2009@yahoo.com (2006) described it as the ability of the electorate to choose freely on a regular basis between competing groups of potential leaders who want to conduct the affairs of the state. Huntington (1991) described it as the institutional arrangement for arriving at political decisions in which individuals acquire the power to decide by means of a competitive struggle for people’s vote. Obasanjo and Mabogunje (1992) defined democracy as ideology and politics. As an ideology, democracy is the philosophy of governance, which puts a high premium on the basic freedom, or fundamental human rights of citizens, the rule of law, the right to property, the free flow of information and the right to choose between alternative political options.

However, as politics, democracy is concerned with institutions and procedure of governance which foster consensus while simultaneously promoting and sustaining respect for the ideology of democracy. Dahl (1971) discussed certain elements that sustain a democracy. These include effective participation, equality in voting, gaining enlightened understanding, control of agenda and inclusion of adults. Obasanjo and Mabogunje (1992) highlighted other elements such as: right of choice. Freedom from ignorance and want. Empowerment and capability, respect for the rule of law and equality before the law; promotion and defense of human rights, creation of appropriate political machinery, sustained political communication to create trust among populace, accountability of leadership to followership, decentralization of political power and orderly succession through secret ballot. Council of Foreign Relations (2006) added that a democracy might not worth its salt without a firm and fearless judiciary, efficient and impartial electoral system, a visionary and effective executive, a committed and responsible legislative, a forthright and courageous press and an active and tolerant multi-party system.

However, Gbadebo (2001) berated all previous elections into different elective offices in the country since the time of independence in 1960 describing it as a grave manipulation against the will of the electorate. He revealed that the 1964 and 1965 regional elections in country were marred by mistrust and chaos. The 1979 elections were also characterized by large-scale malpractices. The 1983 elections were also alleged to have been falsified beyond measure, which led to a military takeover. However, the 1993 elections were considered free and fair, it was nevertheless annulled by the military under general Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida (IBB). The 1999, 2003 and 2007 elections were also greeted with criticisms of massive rigging. Then came the latest April 2015 elections that remained the most condemnable by local and international observers in our national history.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The emergence of democratic governance in Nigerian political system in 1999 was a land mark in the political development of Nigeria. After fifteen years of persistent dictatorship, the return of democracy was received with pump and peagentry by civil societies, labour union, civil rights organization etc. Hope was very high in the area of human right which was completely absent during the dictatorship rule. It was expected that the dividend of democracy would be realized through the political parties which are the means through which the politician reach the public and make their promises and manifestoes available to the people.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The study sought to assess the dividend of politics in Nigeria. Specifically, the study sought to;

  1. Identify the benefits of politics in Nigeria.
  2. Examine the dividend of politics on the citizens of Nigeria.
  3. To ascertain the impact of lies by politicians to the citizens

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there is no dividend of politics on the citizens of Nigeria.
    H1: there is dividend of politics on the citizens of Nigeria.
  2. H02: there are no benefits of politics in Nigeria
    H2: there are benefits of politics in Nigeria

1.5 Significance of the Study

This work has two aspect of significance: firstly, it will theoretically increase the existing body of knowledge in the scholarship on politics and governance in Nigeria. Secondly, the research will practically be of immense value to political leaders and policy makers in Nigeria and will also enlighten and educate the masses on the dividend of politics, by so doing; it will go a long way in providing practical solution to some of the problems of politics in Nigeria.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

This study is on assessing the dividend of politics in Nigeria. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities


1.7 Definition of Terms

Politics:

Is the process of making uniform decisions applying to all members of a group.

Governance:

Refers to “all of processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, market or network, whether over a family, tribe, formal or informal organization or territory and whether through the laws, norms, power or language.

Democracy:

A system of government in which power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  1. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  2. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  3. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  4. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  5. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain assessment of dividend of politics in Nigeria

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of dividend of politics in Nigeria


5.2 Summary

This study was on assessment of dividend of politics in Nigeria. Three objectives were raised which included: Identify the benefits of politics in Nigeria, examine the dividend of politics on the citizens of Nigeria, to ascertain the impact of lies by politicians to the citizens. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of national assembly, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up legal officers, information officers, camera men and ICT officers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

The importance of democratic government lies in the benefits that the citizenry stand to enjoy in a representative democracy. Therefore, for a democracy to be worthy, there are certain elements and structures to hold to and to hold by. These elements include: rule of law, electoral process, human rights, governance and co-existence. The moment these things are abused or out of place, then democracy is non-existent, or in proper language, a mockery of itself. Since people with special needs have inalienable rights as other people, their views and opinions about democratic dividends in Nigeria are crucial in national development. It is only then our society can boast of participatory and meaningful democracy. Going by the results of this study, it is clear that people with special needs are keenly aware of absurdities in the present Nigeria’s political and democratic arena.


5.4 Recommendation

Government should ensure that the system is free from corruption. There should be sound anti-corruption policies that will be devoid of rhetoric. There should be transparency and accountability in the policies adopted. There should also be popular participation. People should be carried along in decision making processes without ethnic or religious bias. When every member of the society is carried along irrespective of his/her class, status, religious or ethnic background, there will be development which will deliver dividends of democracy. Government should ensure that cost of governance is reduced to the barest minimum. Reducing the cost of governance by limiting the size of the National Assembly and that of the President’s cabinet will make governance more efficient. It will reduce deficit budgeting particularly on personnel and in general on recurrent expenditure. There should be viable political parties as political parties are the platforms used by politicians to reflect their political ideas and context for elections in a democratic dispensation. Viable, strong political parties are needed as they are the foundation of good democracy. The more viable political parties are, the more the democracy is strengthened. Individuals too should find a way of contributing positively to the development of the nation’s democratic institution. Individuals should make sure that they vote for the right person. Voting should not be based on religious and or ethnicity. It should be based on personal qualification of the candidate. When the right person is put in the right post, he/she will do things correctly. Citizens should shun corrupt practices. They should resist giving and taking bribes. They should fulfill their civic responsibilities. They should stand up for their rights.


Project Material Download

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 120 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Assessment Of Dividend Of Politics In Nigeria

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.