An Appraisal Of The Nature And Significance Of Management Accounting (A Case Study Of Dunlope Nigerian Plc)

Project and Seminar Material for Accountancy / Accounting

An Appraisal Of The Nature And Significance Of Management Accounting (A Case Study Of Dunlope Nigerian Plc)


Abstract


The research proffers an appraisal of the nature and significance of management accounting . it analyses the nature of management accounting

And portrays its significance in aiding management decision making.it provides management information used to measure progress towards

Organizational objectives and highlight any potential problem ahead.

A Case study is provided on the nature and significance of management accounting in Dunlopenig PLC.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Management accounting is the development of information for insiders such as company managers. Managers use this information to measure the progress toward their goals and highlight any potential problems in advance. For example, managers want to know which products have the best sales

And which are selling poorly. Which products tend to sell together? How is inventory being managed? What about cash? Will the firm have enough cash to pay its upcoming debt payments?

Acountants answers these questions with budgets , variance reports, sensitivity analysis, revenue reports, cost projections, and even analysis of competitors. When firms consider how to expand products and services, managerial accountants help formulate profit projections from revenue and cost projections. In short, managerial accounting has historically played a large part in the control and evaluation of the business and its performance.

Financial accounting provides information for outsiders. Whereas managerial accounting reports may break down performance for

Managers by individual products or regions of the country, financial reports summaries the business as a whole, although they can be broken into

Business segments and regions. In the case of Publicly held companies, these reports are the quarterly and annual financial statements that they must file with the securities and exchange commission (SEC).

During the last two decades ,the role of accounting departments within companies has changed. Instead of simply providing information to insiders and outsiders , accounting departments have begun the transition into being profit centers, instead of simply reporting the quarterly profits of the firm, accounting departments are asked to increase profits through application of accounting methods. Different methods often lead to different

Levels of reportable profits. The reporting of profits, therefore can be both an art and a science. This process is known as managing earnings.

For example, accountants may feel pressure to meet internal targets .Managers may want to show their employees and the board of directors that they were able to increase revenue and decrease cost.

The research seek to provide an appraisal and of the nature and significance of management Accounting with a case study of Dunlope Plc.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

The inability of many organization to afford the service of A MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTANT is depriving many organization the needed data and information for quality management decision making. such organization lack the needed accounting report s such as budgets, variance reports, sensitivity analysis, revenue reports, cost projections etc. The effect is poor management decision leading to waste and improper use of resources, high cost expenditure, low revenue and loss of profit. Management accounting is the development of information for insiders such as company managers. Managers use this information to measure the progress toward their goals and highlight any potential problems in advance. For example, managers want to know

  1. Which products have the best sales and which are selling poorly?
  2. Which products tend to sell together?,
  3. How is inventory being managed?
  4. What about cash?
  5. Will the firm have enough cash to pay its upcoming debt payments?

Accountants answers these questions with budgets , variance reports, sensitivity analysis, revenue reports, cost projections, and break even analysis of competitors. When firms consider how to expand products and services, managerial accountants help formulate profit projections from revenue and cost projections. In short, managerial accounting has historically played a large part in the control and evaluation of the business and its performance.

Therefore the problem confronting this research is to provide an appraisal of the nature an significance of management accounting with a case study of DUNLOP PLC


1.3 Research Question

  1. What is the nature and significance of management accounting
  2. What is the nature and significance of management accounting in Dunlop plc.

1.4 Objective Of The Research

  1. To determine the nature of management accounting
  2. To determine the significance of management accounting
  3. To determine the nature and significance of management accounting in DUNLOP PLC.

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The study shall provide the principles and methodology of management accounting statements

It shall state its significance and provide use information to managers and accounting officers on the use of management accounting.


1.6 Statement Of Hypothesis

  1. Ho quality of management decision in Dunlop is low
    Ho quality of management decision in Dunlop is high
  2. Ho management accounting is not significant in Dunlop
    Hi management accounting is significant in Dunlop
  3. Ho Impact of management accounting on management decision in Dunlop is low
    Hi Impact of management accounting on management decision in Dunlop is high

1.7 Scope Of The Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of the nature and significance of management accounting with a case study of Dunlop plc.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Management Accounting Defined

Management accounting is the development of information for insiders such as company managers.

Financial Accounting

Financial accounting provides information for outsiders, whereas management accounting reports may break down performance for managers by individual products or regions of the country, financial reports summaries the business as a whole eg income statement, balance sheet, statement of cash flow.

Auditing

This is an independent examination of and expression of opinion on the financial statement of an enterprise by an appointed auditor in pursuance of that appointment and in compliance with any relevant statutory obligation.

Internal Auditor

Their responsibility is to oversee the firms financial and operating procedures, to check the accuracy of the financial recordkeeping to implement improvements with internal control to ensure compliance with accounting regulations and to detect fraud

External Auditor

External auditor are accountants from outside the firm who review the firms financial statement and its procedures for producing them. Their Job is to attest to the fairness of the statement and that they materially represent the condition of the firm.


An Appraisal Of The Nature And Significance Of Management Accounting (A Case Study Of Dunlope Nigerian Plc)


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