The West And Politics Of Technology Transfer In The Third World Countries; Nigerian Experience

Project and Seminar Material for International Relations

The West And Politics Of Technology Transfer In The Third World Countries; Nigerian Experience


Abstract


This study is on the west and politics of technology transfer in the third world countries. The total population for the study is 200 staff of InterSwitch Limited, Lagos state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made storage engineers, network engineers, developers and risk managers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The importance of international technology transfer (international transfer of technology) for economic development can hardly be overstated. Both the acquisition of technology and its diffusion foster productivity growth. As invention and creation processes remain overwhelmingly the province of the OECD countries, most developing countries must rely largely on imported technologies as sources of new productive knowledge. However, considerable amounts of follow-on innovation and adaptation occur in such countries. Indeed, these processes effectively drive technological change in developing nations.

Developing countries have long sought to use both national policies and international agreements to stimulate international transfer of technology. National policies range from economy-wide programs (e.g., education) to funding for the creation and acquisition of technology, tax incentives for purchase of capital equipment and intellectual property rights. A prominent episode of international efforts to encourage international transfer of technology came in the late 1970s, when many developing countries sought a Code of Conduct to regulate technology transfer under United Nations (UN) auspices. It is difficult to regulate international transfer of technology effectively given the incentives for owners not to transfer technology without an adequate return and the problem of monitoring compliance with any rules that might be imposed.

This helps explain why international transfer of technology is predominately mediated by national policies rather than by international disciplines. While some policies are subject to multilateral disciplines (e.g., subsidies, trade and IPR policies), the rules in place are primarily constraining in nature they define limits on what is allowed. Multilateral efforts to identify actions that governments should pursue to encourage international transfer of technology are largely of a best-endeavor nature. Starting in the mid 1990s, multilateral disciplines on international transfer of technology-related policies began to deepen. The WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) calls on countries to enforce comprehensive minimum standards of IPR protection on a nondiscriminatory basis. It also has provisions relating to international transfer of technology.


1.2 Statement of the General Problem

The poor development of the third world countries has seen most of these countries being at the lowest level of world economics. This has resulted to western countries granting aids to these third world countries to improve their economics. In Nigeria, the lack of effective and efficient technology transfer from developed countries has been low and this has partly resulted to the current economic recession currently underway in the country. the lack of efficient technology transfer has been viewed differently by several school of thoughts, some school of thoughts are of the opinion that this is as a result of the deceit and lack of transparency by advanced countries in ensuring effective technology transfer while some others blame the poor working system of the country that has made in almost impossible to ensure receptivity.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The major objective of the study is to examine the west and politics of technology transfer in the third world countries.

Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To examine the importance of technology transfer in third world countries.
  2. To examine the challenges of effective technology transfer in third world countries.
  3. To determine the level of technology transfer evident in third world countries.
  4. To assess the major international players in the west world as regards technology transfer.
  5. To recommend ways of ensuring effective technology transfer in third world countries

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there is no importance of technology transfer in third world countries.
    H1: there is importance of technology transfer in third world countries.
  2. H02: there are no challenges of effective technology transfer in third world countries
    H2: there are challenges of effective technology transfer in third world countries

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study would be of immense importance to government at all levels and relevant stakeholders as it would examine the involvement of the western world and their politics to technology transfer in the third world countries, Nigeria inclusive. The study would also be of importance to students, researchers and scholars who are interested in developing further studies on the subject matter.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study is restricted to the west and politics of technology transfer in the third world countries with special emphasis of Nigeria. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.


1.7 Definition of the Study

Politics:

Politics is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group. It refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance organized control over a human community, particularly a state.

Technology Transfer:

Technology transfer, also called transfer of technology, is the process of transferring technology from the places and ingroups of its origination to wider distribution among more people and places

Third World Countries:

The term Third World was originally coined in times of the Cold War to distinguish those nations that are neither aligned with the West (NATO) nor with the East, the Communist bloc. Today the term is often used to describe the developing countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America and Oceania.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  1. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  2. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  3. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  4. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  5. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the west and politics of technology transfer in the world countries. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challengesof the west and politics of technology transfer in the world countries


5.2 Summary

This study was on the west and politics of technology transfer in the world countries. Four objectives were raised which included:To examine the importance of technology transfer in third world countries, to examine the challenges of effective technology transfer in third world countries, to determine the level of technology transfer evident in third world countries, to assess the major international players in the west world as regards technology transfer, to recommend ways of ensuring effective technology transfer in third world countries. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of InterSwitch Limited, Lagos state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made storage engineers, network engineers, developersand risk managers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

The difficulties that many third world nations have experienced with transfers of technology and technological development have not gone unrecognized. They have produced a wealth of literature detailing ways to improve these transactions in the future. Many of these proposed solutions apply as well to the situation of the East European nations. This Recent Development outlined a number of methods of improving on .the third world’s experience with technological development. The precise methods used by an individual country will differ depending on its unique characteristics. The only generalization that can be made at this point, therefore, is that all of these methods may have some place in a successful process of technology transfer. Before selecting specific methods and rejecting others, any nation intent on technological development is encouraged to consider establishing a national, comprehensive technological developmental scheme.


5.4 Recommendation

Before selecting specific methods and rejecting others, any nation intent on technological development is encouraged to consider establishing a national, comprehensive technological developmental scheme.


Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: The West And Politics Of Technology Transfer In The Third World Countries; Nigerian Experience

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.