Counselling Training For Coping With Stress In Counselling Relationship
This study examined the counselling training for coping with stress in counselling relationship using some selected intern and professional counselors in Ogun State as a case study. Specifically, the study examined aimed at identifying causes of stress among trainee counselor, investigate whether stress can impede counselling relationship between counsellor and client, and establish what kind of counselling services are used by trainee counsellor to manage stress. The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 30 responses were validated from the survey. From the responses obtained and analysed, the findings revealed that stress does impede counselling relationship between counsellor and client. Furthermore, counselor’s knowledge on stress management improves counselling relationship. The study recommend counselor educators should provide counselors with the skills of effective stress reduction techniques in order to cope with the high stress associated with people-work.
1.1 Background of the Study
People all over the world experience one form of stress or the other irrespective of their race, color and ethnicity, professional or academic background. Maxwell (2018) shared the view that stress came in several forms and affected people of all ages and walks of life. One’s knowledge and experiences of stress should also expose one to the causes of stress, such as time constraints, workload, health-related problems and financial difficulties which may exert more pressure on the individual than he/she can really cope with. It is in this light that Abu Yazid (2016) agreed with Deepthi et al, (2019) that stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceived that demands exceeded the personal and social resources that the individual was able to mobilize. To them, people feel little stress when they have the time, experience and resources to manage a situation. On the other hand, job demands or workload at workplace may sometimes exert too much pressure than one can bear, leading to physical fatigue and breakdown thus it is necessary for one to understand this and carve out a coping strategy for managing stress which is otherwise known as stress management technique .
Stress management refers to a broad range of approaches and psychotherapies aimed at reducing a person’s level of stress, particularly chronic stress, with the goal of enhancing daily functioning. According to Deepthi Vinay & Gowramma ( 2019), Stress management was established and is based on the theory that stress is not a direct reaction to a stressor, but rather that one’s resources and capacity to deal regulate the stress response and are changeable, enabling stress to be regulated and maintaining a good work-life balance.
Conversely, Counselor education programs strive to teach the skills and knowledge necessary to develop competent and effective counselors, which includes fostering the personal development of counseling students. The deeply held belief that who a counselor is as a person is an important factor in the counseling process is embedded in the code of ethics and standards for counselor education programs. The American Counseling Association (ACA) Code of Ethics (2005) states that counselor trainees “refrain from offering or providing counseling services when their physical, mental, or emotional problems are likely to harm a client or others” (Section F.8.b. Impairment). While the profession is guided by the ACA Code of Ethics, counselor educators are similarly guided to focus on personal factors of counseling trainees. The Association for Counselor Education and Supervision (ACES) Ethical Guidelines for Counseling Supervisors (1995) cited in (Deepthi et al, 2019) states that counselor educators have a responsibility to “be aware of any personal or professional limitations of supervisees which are likely to impede future professional performance” (Section 2.12). obviously, counselling encompass a special kind of relationship that involves an interaction between the client and the counsellor. Therefore it is expected of every counsellors to use their professional training, skills, expertise and experience to help their client to overcome any area of conflict or stress which hitherto has hindered their inter and intra-personal relationships growth and development (Bardhoshi et al, 2014) however no study has considered the burn out the counsellor faces in their professional life.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Personal development is a part of counselor training and this becomes especially salient during the practicum and internship experiences. During these experiences, counselor trainees establish relationships with their clients and their supervisors which will have a direct impact on their mental and personal development. Some day, due to the technical and different issues that comes to them, they are either stressed or fatigued after the days job. This clearly shows that the task of a counselling is not easy as they need to deal with the various challenges of these diverse client. Therefore, it is important to consider what factors influence counselor trainee’s relationships with their clients. According to Skovholt, Grier, & Hanson, (2001) cited in (Rahul, 2015), in order for counselors to continually be successful, it is necessary to continually maintain professional vitality and self-care. Finding balance between self-care and other care is a constant struggle that helping professionals experience, e. This phenomenon affects an individual‟s life in a broad, allen compassing fashion. It can have a devastating impact not only on work performance, but in one‟s social and love relationships as well (Forney, Wallace-Schutzman, & Wiggers, 1982) cited in (Inman,2006).
Despite this, there is limited literature that has directly considered the impact of stress and coping on the working alliance and supervisory working alliance. The purpose of this article is to explore counselling training for coping with stress in counselling relationship.
1.3 Objective of the Study
The broad objective of this study is to examine counselling training for coping with stress in counselling relationship. Specifically, the study seek to:
- Identify causes of stress among trainee counselor.
- Investigate whether stress can impede counselling relationship between counsellor and client
- Establish what kind of counselling services are used by trainee counsellor to manage stress.
1.4 Research Question
The study will be guided by the following questions;
- What are the causes of stress among trainee counselor?
- Can stress impede counselling relationship between counsellor and client?
- Does counsellor’s knowledge on stress management improve counselling relationship?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
- HO1: Stress does not impede counselling relationship between counsellor and client.
- HO2: Counsellor knowledge on stress management does not improve counselling relationship?
1.6 Significance of the Study
The study will be significant to counselors in training, to professional counsellor and contribute to the body of existing literature. It will enlighten those in counselling profession on the need to personal development especially in the area of stress management technique in other to help them improve their relationship with client especially while practicing. this study will contribute to existing literature, serving as a reference material to both students and academia in related studies and creating opportunity for further studies in related field.
1.7 Scope of the Study
The scope of this study is to examine counselling training for coping with stress in counselling relationship. The study identified causes of stress among trainee counselor. It investigated whether stress can impede counselling relationship between counsellor and client and established what kind of counselling services are used by trainee counsellor to manage stress. The study is however delimited to Ogun State.
1.8 Limitation of the Study
Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.9 Definition of Terms
Stress is a feeling of emotional or physical tension. It can come from any event or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous.
Stress management is a wide spectrum of techniques and psychotherapies aimed at controlling a person’s level of stress, especially chronic stress, usually for the purpose of and for the motive of improving everyday functioning.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
The broad objective of this study is to examine counselling training for coping with stress in counselling relationship using Ogun State as case study. The study identified causes of stress among trainee counselor. Also, the study investigate whether stress can impede counselling relationship between counsellor and client. The study established what kind of counselling services are used by trainee counsellor to manage stress.
Survey research designed was employed for the study with the aid of convenient sample technique, thirty-six (36) intern counsellor and professional counselors in Ogun State was selected for the study. Well structured questionnaire was issued to the participant of which 30 were returned and validated for the study. Descriptive analysis was presented using frequencies and tables which provided answers to the research question. Hypothesis was tested using Chi-Square statistical package for social science. (SPSS 2.3)
Counselling encompass a special kind of relationship that involves an interaction between the client and the counsellor. Howbeit, it is expected of every counselor to use their professional training, skills, expertise and experience to help their client to overcome any area of conflict which hitherto has hindered their inter and intra-personal relationships growth and development but no one actually consider the burn out counsellor faces in their daily professional life. Stress is one of the anxieties of any counsellor in the modern practices. Threat stressors result in anger, hostility, frustration or depression. Challenge situations promote either growth or pain, and these stressors mostly involve major life changes which include taking a new job, attending a new school, graduating from college, leaving home and getting married. Challenge situations are usually seen as being good but involve stress, because they disrupt homeostasis and require considerable psychological and physical adjustment through drafting a coping strategy. Coping strategies are an important element for counsellors in particular to be in a good state of mind and to maintain good mental health which would also affect work performance in counselling services.
Finding of the study reveals that When a counsellor is stressed this can impede or alter counselling relationship between the counsellor and the client. More so, the result of the study concludes that the ability of the the counsellor to have in-depth knowledge on stress management can improve counselling relationship and help them to render effective service to their client.
Due to findings of the present study suggesting that counselors are experiencing a great deal of work-related stress, it is important that counselor educators should provide counselors with the skills of effective stress reduction techniques in order to cope with the high stress associated with people-work. Counselors in training are often taught how to use stress reduction techniques with clients, however, the knowledge of these methods is not enough to guarantee application of these techniques to the self. Training in stress reduction skills would best be facilitated by opportunities to actively practice these skills. For example, counselor training programs have built-in stressful experiences such as comprehensive and licensure examinations, practicum, and internship. Each of these provides an opportunity to assist counselor trainees in awareness of their reactions to stress and to suggest methods of stress reduction that work best for each individual
It may be necessary for counselors to learn these skills, and counselor educators are shouldered with the responsibility to teach these skills. Counselor educators could assist students in identifying appropriate areas of social support that could be utilized. In this study, social support was identified as being an area that was beneficial for coping with the stress of working as a counselor. A work environment that is cohesive and includes colleagues and supervisors who are open to providing feedback and emotional support is important for counselors. Identifying those within the work environment who may provide support is necessary for counselors to be able to access and utilize this area of support. Counselor educators could assist in this goal by discussing with students ways to approach colleagues to seek out appropriate support.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is counselling counselling and how can counselling help?
Counselors help couples enrich their lives by aiding the development of friendship and ways to show affection. By providing exercises to increase mutual support, therapists teach couples how to overcome existing issues and how to make relationships resilient.
When is couples’ counseling necessary?
Couples’ counseling is an important tool if those conflicts are starting to jeopardize the relationship as a whole. An occasional argument is probably healthy, but if it’s all the time, it’s a source of stress and unhappiness.
How do you deal with stress in a relationship?
Things you can do to effectively deal with relationship stress. Calm yourself or do whatever you can to calm your partner – as human beings we’re much better at finding solutions when we’re calm. Accept that your partner can’t read your mind. There is now evidence that ‘reading someone’s face can be unreliable.
What are the best couples counseling techniques?
Best Couples Counseling Techniques and Why You Should Try Them 1 Gottman Method. 2 Narrative Therapy. 3 Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy. 4 Positive Psychology. 5 Imago Relationship Therapy.