The Impact Of Construction Industry In The Development Of Nigeria (A Case Study Of Imo State)

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Project and Seminar Material for Building Technology BT

Project and Seminar Material for Building Technology BT


This work is dedicated to God almighty the owner and giver of knowledge, and to my parents Sir Francis Ojukwu and Nneoma Justina Ojukwu.


I wish to express my profound gratitude to all those individuals and bodies whose contribution made this project a reality.

First and foremost as is always the case, I remain grateful to the Almighty God for his divine inspiration, strength and sustained grace while writing this project.

I wish to acknowledge my parents, brothers and sisters for their contribution towards the success of this work.
I also acknowledge my supervisor Mr. ANDY OSUAGWU of building technology dept. for his expert advice given to me while writing this project.

I equally acknowledge the immeasurable help given to me by my Head of department (HOD), Bldr. G.C. Ukah and all building department lecturers who in one way or the other had contributed to the success of this work.

Finally, I thank my fellow colleagues for the support towards the completion of this project.


In both developing and developed countries, the construction industry constitutes an important sector of the economy.

The development process depends to a large extent on the efficiency and capability of a country’s construction industry. In view of these, various Nigerian governments has embarked upon a number of policies aimed at improving construction activities.

The project identifies several ways by which the construction industry had contributed to the development of Nigerian. The extent and assessment of these contributions of the industry would be considered in terms of output, employment generation and export.

Chapter one of this project is an introduction which gives a general background of the research. It also defines the problem as well as aims and objectives of this project. The limitation and scope were also included.

Chapter two reveals the major literature on the subject matter.

Chapter three carries out research on the subject matter and reveals the findings of the research.

Chapter four of this project analyzes the findings of the project while,

Chapter five gives the conclusion and recommendation to be adopted to ensure more future impact by the industry.

Table Of Content

  • Title page i
  • Certification ii
  • Dedication iii
  • Acknowledgment iv
  • Abstract v
  • Table of content vii

Chapter One

  • 1.0 introduction 1
  • 1.1 background of the study 1
  • 1.2 statement of problems 2
  • 1.3 purpose of study 3
  • 1.4 significance of study 3
  • 1.5 research question 4
  • 1.6 delimitation/scope 5
  • 1.7 limitations- 5

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 literature review 6
  • 2.1 nature and size of the construction industry 7
  • 2.2 construction industry and national development 8

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 research methodology 31
  • 3.1 design of the study 32
  • 3.2 area of the study 32
  • 3.3 population of the study 32
  • 3.4 sample method 32
  • 3.5 method of data collection and analysis 33
  • 3.6 sources of data 33

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 data presentation and analysis 35
  • 4.1 presentation of data 35
  • 4.2 discussion of findings 47

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 summary, conclusion and recommendations 51
  • 5.1 summary of findings 51
  • 5.2 conclusion 51
  • 5.3 recommendations 53
  • References  55
  • Appendix 57

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Since the time of creation, man has been known to have a sense of living in a comfortable environment. To achieve this, a lot of developments have been carried out over the countries.

These developments have been tailored towards achieving good roads, drinkable water supply, easy means of communication and transportation, and clean and healthy habitant.

The idea of constructing houses, roads, bridges and so on can be traced to the time when man developed the instinct to improve his standard of living. As has been demonstrated by other countries of the world, the construction industry could contribute to a large extent in the National development.

For the industry to contribute towards national development it will be as result of their ability to manage resources.
The effect of the construction industry is important enough but they take an added importance in the context of developing economy like (Nigeria) where the sole objective is rapid economic development and achievement of which on practical terms involve the use of scarce resources for the building and construction of physical infrastructures. It is seen that the poor performance of the Nigerian construction industry could be related in some of the poor state of the overall economy.

Not withstanding, the prevailing economic climate, the performance of the industry can be improved through the implementation of appropriate and relevant management practices by operators within the industry.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

The statement of the problem in the economic construction development of Nigeria is that which threatens any countries economic growth and development. This problem often causes worries to both the government and the public.

This also led to determining the role of construction industry and enhancing the development of Nigeria economy/National development. I also emphasize on the national development plan aimed at effectively developing the country physically and otherwise.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study

The research is aimed at depicting the significance of the construction industry in the development of Nigeria.

The objectives are as follows:

  1. To investigate the action/output of professional bodies engaged in the construction industry.
  2. To check the level of civilization within the metropolis.
  3. To ascertain the job opportunity rate provided by the industry.

1.4 Significance Of The Study

The significance of this study is to enable students appreciate the impact of  construction industries, their roles, advantages to the development of Nigeria and to know the problems the industry is facing in Nigeria.

Furthermore, it is to assist students who research more on this work in future.

It is also worthy to note that the project highlights some of the companies/firms in a developing economy which will provide material guide and therefore be of immense benefit to the developing country such as Nigeria.

It also gave various ways of enhancing the economy and how to improve standard of living of the masses.

1.5 Research Questions.

The research questions are as follows:

  1. What are the impacts of construction industry in the development of Nigeria?
  2. What are the problems of construction industry in Nigeria?
  3. What are the merits of establishing construction industry in Nigeria?
  4. What are the contributions of the construction industry within the metropolis?
  5. What are the roles of construction industry in Nigeria?

1.6 Delimitation (Scope)

The research work is narrowed to study the impact of construction industry activities in Owerri the capital of Imo State.

The study is further limited to cover the activities of construction industry in Imo State capital, Owerri. The reason of carrying out this study is to know the contributions of the industry towards the development of Owerri.

1.7 Limitation Of The Study

The major limitation of this study is time and limited financial resources which undoubtedly contribute to the hard trial in the production of this work some of the limiting factors is inadequate finance (i.e. for transportation, cost and other incidental cost) time, poor responses from respondents and general economic conditions.

I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic

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How to nail it on the head during your project defence

You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.

Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.

Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.

Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.

Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.

Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.

Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.

Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.

These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.

The structure of a good project work

Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.

A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are

1. Introduction

The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.

Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;

  • Background of the study,
  • Statement of the problem,
  • Objectives or aims of the study,
  • The research questions,
  • Research hypothesis,
  • Significance of the study,
  • Scope of the study,
  • Limitations of the study and
  • Operational definition of terms.

2. Literature review

Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.

3. Research Methodology

This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected.  This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.

4. Results & Discussion

This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question.  Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported.  In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.

5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations

This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner.  It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.


This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.

Choosing A Good Project / Research Topic

Students in Nigerian universities these days wish to choose a very simple project topic/material. There is no issue choosing a simple project topic; the only problem is your ability to choose a good project or research topic that your supervisor will easily approve for you.

Most project supervisors really want to see how good his or her project student understands his or her surrounding through the kind of topic he or she chooses for their project work.

There are some project topic that are not reject-able; for instance in Nigeria of today; what do you think is the major issue on ground now?

If a project student can choose or craft a topic on the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. Such project topic will be very interesting to write on.

Now what are the qualities of a good project topic?

  1. The materials for the project topic must be easily assessable.
  2. The project topic itself must be meaningful.
  3. The variables must be able to give a clear aim of the project topic.

What do I mean by variable?

Well I am deriving my point from the area of project writing; the variables here are those main words in the project topic.

Like the above project topic; the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. You can see the main variables that really define this project topic are:dollar, increment and economy.

Before you present your topic to your project supervisor, first of all understand your project topic, and then secondly try to do some research for your topic to see if at least you can get up to 60% of what you need to write the complete project.

I said that above because you might have a very nice topic that the materials are not available online and there are no books as regard the topic; in this case the project topic becomes difficult for you even though the topic is catchy.

What do I mean by your topic being assessable?

Well what I mean is very simple and easy to understand. Simply pick your project topic, type it on google and see if you will have at least a good background for the topic you are writing on.

If you can have a good background for your project topic and you can understand the problem associated with the project topic, then I believe the aim of the project is not far-fetched.



Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of Samphina Academy ( a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials, a musician as well as a pro developer with the interest of Nigerian students at heart.

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