The Effect Of Industry Conflict On The Performance Of Government Prostates (A Case Study Of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation NNPC River State)
Actually the effect of industrial conflict on the performance of government prostates (a case study of the Nigeria national petroleum corporation NNPC) in river state, was thoroughly research by the research to give out her but, why conflict in industrial , why of improves or discourage worker performance in Nigeria national corporation NNPC.
Industrial conflict is defined as, a disagreement between two or more persons contesting for a common goal or interest. It can be group or personal in organization as a matter of fact .
Secondly, centurial conflict can also be defined as a clash of interest among group in an organization.
Therefore, the effect of industrial conflict on the performance of government parastatal in Nigeria national petroleum corporation is to contribute heavily towards the overview or all development in river state.
In writing this project work, the researcher source form different or various means of information which the researcher data was collected. Primary and secondary source were used questionnaires and external material were also used as a method of data collection. Finally, the researcher try as much as possible to reduce cost and minimum ambiguity and delay.
Before introducing industrial conflict as an selective impact or performance of government parastatals,. We should first of all look into Marxist and conflict theory . this theory believe that the workers are always exploited and marginalized by employers. The they believe that employees should be challenge and of possible overthrown management when this is done, the capitalist arrangement should have being dismantled and there will be a classes society. They citizen will become cor owner of these industries and everybody will be equal.
Meanwhile conflict in this contest is inevitable in any organization, be it by implication, it healthy there performance of an organization therefore bring out the best on worker. Some measure of grievances are been raised to ensure that G.W atmosphere or some bad impressions are definitely corrected either it be management or employees. Grievant and dispute in an organization. That is labour ( worker and labour union in any work organization) however workers will always disturb management by telling them what they need to want. Industrials relation came as a result of conflict that exist between management and labour in an organization. Its mainly as wage payment and work condition.
Thus industrial conflict on the performance of government parastatals in Nigeria national petroleum corporation, NNPC, rives state should not be over looked because government regulation on the basis of their production in delivering. It objective is so scaptic and unbelievable. Government parastatals like ministry of petroleum, labour and employment, production had contributed deftly to effect of it’s performance not standing. Government portfolios and parastatals has seen here as the major actor of the economic, therefore proven it not workers able by introducing all manner of problems to those who find themselves non this categories of organization.
In river state NNPC (Nigeria National petroleum corporation) should not be put aside quickly. Sourcing from Onwuchekwa (2002) state it clearly that the effect of Nigeria National Petroleum corporation depends on the impact of the government parastatals, meaning that the efficiency and effectiveness in its performance lies on the hands of this so called potosios of the government.
Convict on this category stigslates from the attitude of governmental parastatals towards workers or labour of this corporation sometime makes it incapacitated to function effectively during to clashed of interest by worker or the officers of this parastatals.
These corporation is located in river state, south region or geo-positional zone of Nigeria. It’s main function is to regulates the act write of petroleum production and it’s utilization in Nigeria monitor and also control the in regularities of officer and government parastatals pertain on petroleum operations. It also serve as a body which collaborate bring all private and public petroleum dealers in Nigeria. Lastly Nigeria national petroleum corporation government activities of patron system in Nigeria.
According Omoubiko (2001) before attainment of independent , oil boom of 1980’s had the role aim of giving ways the Ngiera citizen the revellage to make an excess mney fom oil business while othe sector of the economy was generally left aside.
In this case the researcher will state it’s concern with latent problem or context, which the problem is produced thus, this problem is produced as a result of political power being held by a relatively small wealthy group of people sharing similar privilege background.
Now effort have been made to stop this industrial conflict on the pertromanc of government parastatals by bring the eyes to the knowledge of the effect of this in the counting. It does help in the effectiveness and smooth running of Nigeria national petroleum corporation (NNPC) and the performance process is also not straighten forward. These elates should try to allow this establishment independent to ensure that government programmes and policies are carried out and also to maintain place while minimum industrial conflict is reduced to barest level in Nigeria national petroleum corporation (NNPC).
1.1 Background Of The Study
It is pertinent to mention that, the discovery of oil in Nigeria a mass wealth for the counting at large. Precisely oil was formed in southern part of Nigeria called Oliribiri in current Bayelsa state which has seemed to hold out the promise of rapid development for the ethic minorities. This oil in Nigeria were discovered in the year in 1958 which gave an immediate boom of oil in Nigeria in the year 1980. this parenthesis heighten the rivers umpost welcome acknowledgment in the country disciple they were not compensated adequately by the government of Nigeria.
Perhaps this oil discovery in Niger came up with a lot of conflict in Delta state which some when region of the south started giving more oil well like Akwa ibom Imo state, delta bonny Abia and other ears which oil was formed.
But we will never over emphasis that the presence of the transactional oil companies in joint venture with the Nigeria state?
The Nigeria national petroleum company instead produced enormous environmental dipolation and a crisis of forms of traditional live hood. oil has converted the Niger delta into what the European union called ecological night mare” this foundation of oil discovery in1958 substituted aemergy of other oil venture called NNPC Nigeria National petroleum corporation) and because of the challenger to shell for environmental compensation and the Nigeria state for direct control of their oil.
As that of soil boom of 1980 necessitated the assumption of strictly regulation by the Nigerian goverment ensuring the adequate control are placed by oil producing comaries in Nigeria by an established body called Nigeria national pertorleum corporation. Mush as being done by this so called NNPC due to government parastatals frustration and disbanded in area of their operation.
In Nigeria oil sector tidy more than 2 million barrels of oil are produced each day by the collaborated oil companies in Nigeria and their mount . this country a goat among the other oil producing state which definitely ranked her the 10 best and rich oil producing state. But in Africa they serve as the giant of Africa by ranking as the best oil state in Africa at large. By statement as the country of the world said that this has transit the necessary ideology inference on collusion that Nigeria in a figure piece of strike can be sub-class in the are of the oil boom towns.
Finial river state serves as the center piece of oil producing state in a country which is raised to misplace a the on Niger Delta most Nigeria citizens and otherwise believed that rives is the only area were oil is located ad produced no knowing fully well that some areas like Akwa Ibom and the rest are also oil producing areas in Nigeria with standing on the emphasis laid. River is not supported to be undermined when we are talking about NNPC or oil producing nation because it serves as a factor or mouth piece of oil development in Nigeria.
Its contribution in Nigeria has yielded a more than benefit or development in oil sector today in Nigeria government should endeavor to provide her with all necessary amenities to make the area controtable or conductive for citizens residing such cities like port Harcourt, Bayelsa, AkwIbom, Bonny and other to bring the promise of deviation principles to its fulfillment in such zone.
1.2 Statement Of Problem
The term industrial conflict can be seen in an organization cause of conflict and dispute in an organization is as follows.
Condition of work hour of work shift or holiday. All these are work condition that lead to conflict in an organization of not properly handled by government parastatals in Nigerian national petroleum corporation in river state.
Remuneration:- these has to do wish salaries, , wages level and grade method of payment which actually can lead to conflict if the government parastatals fail to reward employees priestly well in a organization grievance and when emotional drum will being to surface reflecting on the behavior or attitude.
Safety: when safety measure of a worker is not guarantee or ensure on performing his duty then there is bound to be dispute between employer and employees in an organization .it here fore it possible for them not to produce a beastly working environment.
Social security when a worker is sick injure old age fringe benefit maturity , leaves are not assure conflict is bound to arise between group or more person in an organization.
Employee development and promotion when development and promotion process is not well follow up as constituted them there is problem in an organization.
Finally government parastatals should allow the employees to perform the duties in line with the statutory re commendation of the state without interference in its performance. Some of these industrial conflict in Nigeria national petroleum corporation are been called by government officers due to the fight of favoritism or nepotism. As perhaps rive state NNPC should not be understated in this case because most of it’s performance depends on so called position elites not as an existing or established rules and regulation of the government.
most officers in this category has final se it as a place where they can a mass wealth by so doing workers under this cooperation arise with conflict on the performance of the duties.
1.3 Objective Of The Study
Objective is as follows.
- To ascertain the factor that effect on the nature of industrial conflict on its performance in Nigeria national petroleum corporation in river state.
- To look into if there is any relationship between industrial conflict an. Its performance on government parastatals.
- Asses and verify the level of corporation between employees and government parastatals
- Review it’s pattern and style of operation of the Nigeria National petroleum corporation in river state.
1.4 Research Questions
- What are the major factors that effect on industrial conflict on the performance of government parastatals in NNPC rivers ate
- Is there any relationship between industrial conflict and government parastatals performing?
- What are the collapse of or pitfalls of employees conflict in an industries?
1.5 Statement Of Hypothesis:
- Ho: Low productivity is a result o organization’s or industrial conflict in the Nigeria National Petroleum corporation River State.
Hi: Low productivity is not as a result or organization’s conflict in the public sector 3NNPCS.
- Ho: Performance government prostates has a relationship to poor management of Nigeria National petroleum corporation, Rivers State.
Hi: Performance of government prostates has no relationship to poor management of NNPC, Nigeria water/ Petroleum corporation.
1.6 Significance Of The Study:
This study is very significant because of will contribute positively to an existing material to academics in Nigeria. This will also overview the effected performance by the government prostates to industrial conflict stimulate further investigation or inquiry on effect of industrial conflict.
It will lead to resolving the issue of effectiveness and efficiency based on a democratized work force-workers have shown that work ethics is fully maintained and observed where there is motivation.
1.7 Scope Of The Study:
The study covers with Nigeria National petroleum corporation (NNPC) in River State. The study within its coverage exposes the effect of industrial conflict in the performances of government parastatals which has direct or indirect effect on the activities of such corporation in public sectors of an economy.
Infact, within it’s scope this work reported the factors responsible for such act in Nigeria then how and why it is so it also exposes on how to curb it.
1.8 Limitation Of The Study:
In pre-determined objectives, there are always obstacles, setbacks that hinders the achievement of such goals and this work are not to be overemphasized against such constraints.
Vividly, he researcher faced with the problem of transportation fare because of it’s distance, in the course of writing this project. timeframe was another problem associated with the writing of this project work. Infact finally year programme were too short to look for more were affair to answer simple and direct questions because of tean that they may loose their jobs.
1.9 Definition Of Terms:
- Clashes of interest
- Disagreement between two or more
- Grievances among set of people
- Arise of dispute
- Disobedience to duties
- Neligidents work
- Government interaction or influence.
5.0 Summary, Recommendation And Conclusions
This chapter restates the original problems that research set out to solve gives a comprehensive summary of the research findings, draws, conclusion of the research suggestions on how best to improve the existing practice and theory in the discipline and also for further research / study.
Over the years, there seems to be no good relationship existing between the union and the management. This has in a way affected the delay in implementing agreement between the bath parties, thereby leads to poor performance of the workers it adversely disrupts essential services of the corporation.
However, researches in the field shown that Nigeria National petroleum corporation (NNPC) like other parastatals has been suffering from poor funding from the federal government since 1982 the gap between the vote approved for its in each financial year and what it actually receives has been widening over the years for instance, early 1987, N300million was approved for it by the federal government aid not een one kob of this amount was received by the corporation. Government parastatals, particularly the oil sub-sector therefore, continue to become drain popes as they would continue to perpetually relay on government for subventions even to meet recurrent costs.
On the other hand, not foreign invested will invest in an atmosphere that is infested with labour unrest, just like indigenous ones, either privately or publicly owned wil produce below capacity.
Subsequently, management have tried to sanitize the oil industrial sector, by adopting effective techniques and better procedures of handling conflicts in a work place such as joint consultation, collective bargaining and others. Also, attempts have been made to improve and enhance the worker’s performance through provision of good condition of services, proper channel of communication, good remuneration as well as effective dialogue. Undoubtedly, many residents hold the opinion that the above scenario are the most valuable means to actualize the specific objectives of the organization and equally maintain a cordial relationship in a work palce.
Finally in the coruse of the investigation work, he been confronted with some obstacles such as financial constraints, hearding of management information for him to venture into some areas that might contribute to the quality of this study.
Industrial democracy is the best system to achieve equal power between the management and the labour. Therefore in the true spirit of industrial democracy, a water has the right to choose who to manage the workplace just as a citizen has the right to choose/elect the governor of his state or the president of the country.
Nevertheless, against the backdrop of the problems and effects identified in this discourse which include, insufficient delegation of authority from the centre, lack of confidence, government under funding lack of autonomy, lack of management information system, delay in implementation of agreement by the management or the government etc, for the purpose of office, effectiveness and industrial relations, the following among other possible strategies are therefore suggested for the way forward.
- Workers should be allowed and encouraged to buy shares int heir workplace and become part owners. Secondly, participation of workers in the enterprises in which they work will definitely make them feel free and will equally, contribute to the success of such enterprise.
- There should be full autonomy in the government parastatals esepcialy in terms of recruitment, promotion etc.
- An effective worker performance requires motivation, and a reward system. Generally, workers will show greater commitment and less tendency to industrial action if they have sometimes at state in the organization other than their regular salaries and other remunerations and in turns encourages quality work.
- There is an urgent need for sufficient delegation of authority from the centre. This is to improve and enhance the performance off the eprating divisions of the enterprised corporation.
- There is need for proper and adequate channel of communciaiton, good remuneration and improved conditions off service for employees with emphasis on incentives that would make them more innovation in order to enhance the quality of labour available in the parastatal.
- These is need for adequate financial management base. Activities of my prastatal can only fucntionvery well if there is enough finance.
- Also there should be efficient management of government labour-relations to stem incessant industrial strife and its attendant consequences.
- There should be provision and maintenance of the required facilities and innovative modern management system that would engender efficient performance in the nation’s oil industrial sectors.
- The activities of the oil marketers and industry sources in Nigeria have to be closely monitored and viewed seriously to keep them within the framework of the industrial peace and harmony.
- This, most of the government police should be closely monitored to ensure that such policies are not selfishly felted at the implementation stage.
- Lastly, organization or enterprises should expend considerable efforts in the deisgn and implementation or reward system that will lead to achievement of corporate goals and as well improve the welfare of employees.
There is no doubt that the above measures would help to enhance efficiency and effectiveness in the government parastatals particularly in the nations oil industrial sectors.
We have argued inthis study that the industrial conflict in government parastatals especially in Nigeria National Petroeum corporation (NNPC) has adversely affforted the industries, the individual worker and the economy itself. It has quite substantially and significantly impaired the industrial activities, constrained their performances, including the nations oil industrial sector thereby reducing the standard living of the masses in terms of paying more than before (directly or otherwise) for petroleum prodcuts such as kerosene, diesel and petroleum.
Succinctly, unnecessary interference by the government, political instability, fear of job insecurity, poor motivation, and incomprehensible industrial climate impacts negatively on the performance and the labour productivity, particularly in the public parastatals.
However, conflicted relationship between the tripartite (government, management, and labour) groups in the productive enterprise affects the levels of productivity and resulted to poor performance by the government parastatals in the country. Therefore, employers of labour should see union leaders as partners in progress and not as their enemies. Union on the other hand, should be articulated in their demands rather than using the opportunity given to them to cause troubles or unnecessary industrial actions. Instead, they should work for the actualization of the goals off the enterprise.
To crown it all, the practice of industrial democracy, peace and harmony are needed for growth and enhancement. Therefore, there is need to imbibe the spirit of tolerance, appreciation, understanding, cooperation efficiency, understanding, cooperation, efficiency and effectiveness in our government parastatals NNPC to be précised. To this end, the impact of industrial conflict on performance in a workplace would be eliminated.
The Effect Of Industry Conflict On The Performance Of Government Prostates (A Case Study Of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation NNPC River State)
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