The Assessment Of Information Housing Development (A Case Study Of Owerri Urban).

Project and Seminar Material for Estate Management

The Assessment Of Information Housing Development (A Case Study Of Owerri Urban).


Abstract


Owerri urban the capital of Imo State have over the years being witnessing a progressive increase in population growth with the attended incidences of urbanization which have resulted in the rapid rise in housing demand. The housing program introduced at different times at the various levels of government could not afford its citizens adequate and conducive accommodation. This mobility of the government to meet accommodation needs gave using rise to informal housing development in Owerri urban.

Informal housing development is a process of constructing housing or settlement by individuals without approval or permission from the appropriate authorities.

With respect to the above this project work aim to access the informal housing development in Nigeria using Owerri urban as a focal point which will involving investigating the following.

  1. The housing situation in Owerri,
  2. Housing problems in Owerru ruban,
  3. Government response or intervention in provision in Owerri.

Factors that are frequently responsible for the housing need in Owerri urban and finally, suggest and recommend steps to be taken in solving identified problems in housing needs in Owerri urban.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • List of tables and graph
  • Abstract

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Aim and objectives
  • 1.4 Research Questions / Hypothesis
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study
  • 1.6 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 housing the general perspective
  • 2.3 Importance of housing to man
  • 2.4 Housing and Technology
  • 2.5 Housing provision by private and populations sectors
  • 2.6 History of private sector contribution in housing provision Owerri.
  • 2.7 Housing provision in the third world
  • 2.8 national housing policy in Nigeria
  • 2.9 Problem housing development in Nigeria
  • 2.10 History of government intervention in housing provision
  • 2.11 Housing in Owerri Uban
  • 2.12 Conventional and non-conventional housing.
  • 2.13 Assessment of information sector in Housing Development
  • 2.14 Site Development
  • 2.15 Site and Services
  • 2.16 Housing Development in Nigeria the way forward
  • 2.17 Definition of terms.

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Study Area

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.4 Sources of data
  • 3.5 Determinants of sampling size
  • 3.6 Instrument for data collection
  • 3.7 Method for data analysis
  • 3.8 Study Area Owerri Urban

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Questionnaire Administration distribution and collection
  • 4.3 Presentation and Analysis of data according to responses to Research question
  • 4.3 Calculations
  • 4.4 Analysis of data to test of hypothesis
  • 4.5 Interpretation of Results.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Recommendations
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Appendices

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of Study

Housing is recognized would-wide as one of the basic necessites of life and a pre requisite to survival of man (Onibokun, 1983; united Nations 1992, Saln (1990). A house is a place in which it provides sheltes, refuge, comfort, security, and dignity. The housing industry can be a stimulus to national economy (onibokun, 1983). A house also provides the physical framework in which human, social economic and cultural resources are realized and integrated. In the traditional African setting in particular housing is infact, one of the greatly cherished material properties. This is because of the other functions that a house performs in the traditional society includes the protection of family cohesion and values, taking care of the aged through the protection of the ancestral values, among others.

Over year now, Owerri urban has been witnessing sporadic increase in population which gave rise to rapid high demand of housing. The inability of the government to meet housing needs through the housing programs it introduced at different times at various levels of government coupled with the shambles of the city made it very difficult for citizens to afford adequate, accepted and conducive housing accommodation and it also gave rise to irregular housing developments.

Irregular settlements also have become so pervasive that they seem to outnumber legally, planned development, and their social legitimacy appears to be no longer in question. Unfortunately, the appalling environmental conditions associated with informal sector activities and settlements constitutes a major threat to he health and wellbeing of Owerri urban life.

The weaknesses of government planning controls and the haphazard developments associated with the informal sector have created disorderly and unhealthy urban environments.


1.2 Statement Of Problem:

There is a shortage of legally planned housing in Owerri urban, which impacts on the opportunities and choices for the people. Without a range of suitable properties within a city, it is difficult to encourage sustainable community and maintain a urban, living country side. Developing a well-planned housing is one of the crucial issues that influences the economic and social strength of urban communities, and is a major contributor to long-term community sustainability.

There is also challenge of how to support and regulate the housing development in Owerri urban in order to promote employment, productivity, and income for the poor, and at the same time ensure a safe, healthy and socially acceptable environment. Informal sector enterprises, especial those located in residential areas, pose real health hazards for the urban community, particularly for the urban poor who can least afford the high cost health care.

Also there is problem of how to contain the adverse environmental impacts of many of the activities caused by the informal housing situation in Owerri urban without disrupting livelihoods, and causing social distress.


1.3 Aim And Objectives Of Study:

The aim of this project is to assess the informal housing development in Owerri urban and for us to achieve this aim, the following objectives are identified,

  1. Knowing the housing situation in Nigeria
  2. Assessing how people cope with housing situation in the study are.
  3. Examining government intervention towards hosing provision in Nigeria.
  4. knowing the factors that are frequently responsible for the housing need in Owerri urban.
  5. Assessing the informal sector in housing development .
  6. Suggesting and recommending steps to be taken in solving the problems.

1.4 Research Hypothesis:

This work reviews factors that participated in the expansion of irregular settlements in the city of Owerri. The central hypothesis is that popular urbanization in Owerri has gone through 3 stages. The first stage is characterized by the state and municipal governments authoritarian resonses to a settlement.

The second stage is characterized by the autonomy granted to the owners to sell parts of their lands and in the third stage, speculation or acquisition of more than one property becomes a motive for the appearance of more irregular settlement.


1.5 Scope Of Study:

This study is concentrated on informal housing development in Nigeria with Owerri urban as the case study. They study covers mainly informal housing developments of individuals and private sectors in terms of residential buildings industrial, commercial properties and provision of modern amenities and conveniences in Owerri Urban precisely Owerri Nchi-ise which includes umuoroujo (aouglas( Amauwon (Tetlow0 umuoyima (Christ church) umuonyeche.


1.6 Limitation Of Study:

Some factors had caused some constraints in the course of this study, constraints like;

Time:

The duration for this research work is to short for the study to be carried out in a more complex scope. In other words, the time needed to survey the area and collect data from sources is limited.

Resources:

The limited resources available for carrying out this research work posed constraint during the research. There was data to be collected and interviews to be conducted but no enough resources to see me through it all.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Recommendations And Conclusion

5.1 Summary Of Findings.

After a thorough survey and investigation was conducted, the surname of findings as follows:

  1. According to responses to research questions, majority of the respodnents are predominately low income earners which is a characteristics of occupier with informal housing sector
  2. According to responses, the problems of the scope of study are problem of electricity, water, inadequate health care, transportation and poor drainage system. The mentioned problem amount to poor infrastructural facilities, which is also a characteristics of informal housing sector.
  3. It was discovered that the factors responsible for informal housing problem is in the non participation of government, lack of cooperation amongst occupants inadequate finance and the problem of location of the area while the solution given are the involvement of the public and private sectors through provision of montage loan, increase in personal savings and the practice of cooperative housing amongst occupants.
  4. The rate of reoccurrence of informational housing problem has a lot to do with the level of government intervention. Based on the responses, it shows that there will be a decrease in the problem of informal housing if there is an increase in the level of government intervention.

5.2 Recommendations

Having analyzed the assessment of informal housing development in Nigeria, the father are the recommendations towards the assessments at hand.

  1. Land owners and property developers should carryout their activities in conformity with the laid down regulation and meet the set standard.
  2. The major interest for planners is to ensure that planning, laws, documentation and other regulatory framework guiding development and association control are in with physical environment with modern realities.
  3. Cooperative savings and credit institutions are complementary organizations in the informal housing sector. That is savings and loans investment funds may be better able to serve low income individual if they are channeled through cooperatives.
  4. The role of governments should be to lay emphasis on creating an enabling environment to stimulate private sector participation in long term housing finance. This includes provision of physical infrastructure enhancing the soundness and competitiveness of montage finance institution and developing property rights.
  5. The government should also lay their concern on the need for constant re-engineering of policies in order to cope with the renewal of problems of infrastructural facilities in private sectors.
Implication Of Findings To Estate Management:

The knowledge of estate management will show proper a planned area should look like in the informal housing sector. The individual land use policies for proper use of land. Indeed, he role of government should be emphasized in creating a land use decree policies, provision of adequate infrastructural facilities to enhance informal housing development by the individuals in Nigeria.


5.3 Conclusion:

The fact remains that informal housing is usually measured by low difficulties as infrastructure comes last in their development of settlements.

The private sectors should be encouraged to provide the bulk of actual investment funds for housing the population. Empirical evidence shows that the private sector participation in housing stock is the most assured way to undue stability in housing provision.

Based on the findings of this research, it shows that the rate of the problems of informal housing is not independent of government it intervention. This means that the rate of the problems of informal / housing is increase proportional to the level of government intervention. Thus, if there is little or will be little or no improvement in the problems and vice versa.

This elves the people of owerri urban at the mercy of the government. Hence if a government that is not interested in the problem of informal/ housing is in power the people of Owerri urban will continue to suffer the adverse effect of the problem.


The Assessment Of Information Housing Development (A Case Study Of Owerri Urban).


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