Teachers’ Quality And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools (A Study Of Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State)

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Teachers’ Quality And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools (A Study Of Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State)


Chapter One


Introduction

Background to the Study

Sound secondary education is an indispensable tool to a meaningful development of youths who are the respective leaders of tomorrow. As a matter of fact, the learning and nurturing that occur during these years have a profound impact on each student’s performance, as the quality of students’ education at the secondary school level has much to do with the quality of their adult life. Besides, secondary schools are also elaborated, complex mini-societies whose internal organizational structures have a direct impact on the lives of the individuals, and groups of individuals who inhabit them (Lee, Bryk & Smith, 2003).

In addition to their formal organizational structures, secondary schools are equally inherent cultural entities replete with amazing arrays of artifacts, rituals, and rites of passage all of which impact directly on the manner in which their inhabitants negotiate the terms of their existence within those institutions (Hemmings, 2000; Hoffman, 2003).

In Nigeria, public discussions frequently focus on educational standards. The public’s unhappiness becomes more prominent following the annual release of the West African Senior School Certificate Examination results. Student outcomes do not match the government and parental investment. All stakeholders are concerned about why the system is turning out graduates with poor results. To them, it is questionable whether or not teachers are factors that determine the effectiveness of schools and a qualified teacher in education should be competent to teach effectively. The Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004) in the National Policy of Education states that no education system can rise above the quality of teachers in the system. Ogunsaju (2004) stated that the academic standard in all Nigerian educational institutions has fallen considerably below societal expectations. Blumende (2001) stated that the decline in the quality of education cannot be ignored by anyone who is aware of the significant role of education as an instrument of societal transformation and development. There is a need to focus on teachers’ quality, adequacy and competency in respect to their pedagogical practices and strategies and mastery of the curriculum and subject content (Stuart, 2004, Rodgers, 2001).

Ijaiya (1998) concurred and opined that improving the quality of the teaching force in schools is seen as the key to raising students’ achievement. Thus, raising educational standards should be the government’s number one priority. Lassa (2000) claimed that education cannot be provided by just anybody, it requires a qualified and competent teacher who plans and delivers the lessons or instruction in such a way that objectives can be achieved. An uncertified teacher cannot prepare students for WASCE/GCE because it is unlikely that they could pass. Owolabi (2007) stated that government should find all possible means to retain veteran and experienced teachers who are still willing to serve so that they can contribute their wealth of experience to improving the system. Therefore, the kind of teachers trained and posted to schools may well determine what the next generation will be like and the level of students’ academic performance.

Adeniyi (2001) argued that the falling standards in Nigeria’s educational system can also be traced to cultural, religious, social, technological and above all economic reasons. Standard in this context is the degree of excellence required for a particular purpose; it is an accepted or approved example against which others are judged or measured. However, this study takes another dimension with the main focus on the role of teachers and their influence on the quality of teaching and learning.

In addition, it has been alleged that what is wrong with secondary education cannot be fixed with teachers alone, yet there is no doubt that man’s contemporary existence is dominated by teaching. There is also a universal recognition of the need to use professionally qualified teachers in instructional processes as an era of globalization where school effectiveness and quality improvement is the order of the day. Up until now, Nigeria is on the wrong side of the international effort of secondary school reform movement. Because, Nigeria has failed to actively engage in such reform movements. The reason for secondary school reform for example, is a significant aspect in the maintenance of balance between greater institutional self-sufficiency and public accountability. International reforms of schools aimed at creating school effectiveness and quality improvement is an effort in the 21st century to improve quality in education. However, Nigeria cannot afford to be on the erroneous surface (Adeniyi, 2001). Moreover, secondary schools in Nigeria are not given adequate funds to provide furniture, relevant textbooks, sponsor teachers for professional course and adequate classroom let alone being given adequate fund to purchase modern equipment to aid instruction that will go a long way to fast track and improve the quality of teachers in schools (Aduwa-Ogiegbaen&Iyamu 2005; Adeniyi 2001).

The development of a national core curriculum for science to both the primary and the secondary school level has helped to specify the area of competency required by students in order to develop the correct attitude to science. Gongden and lohdip (2011) stated the curriculum however well planned, developed and interpreted will come for short of our hopes unless it is applied by teachers who are themselves the product of its philosophy.

For many years educators and researchers have debated and pointed out so many factors which influence student’s academic performance. Kennedy (2010) stated school factors ( e.g work load, class size, laboratories and distance from schools), teachers qualification, teachers teaching experiences, teachers gender and teachers attitudes as a factors which influence academic performance of students in chemistry. Jimoh (2008) revealed that students and examiners perceived topic as difficult, and teachers perceived 8 topics as difficult in applied electricity and showed that inadequacy of teaching materials, texts books, poor student-teacher mathematics ability were variables responsible for perceived difficulties indicate. Jimmy (2014) concluded that teacher’s competency in teaching and learning is an important factor in determing the success to a teaching session. Their ability and wisdom in handing learning activities will have a direct impact on student’s active involvement in learning activities.

Teachers have been know to have important influence on students academic performance and they also play a crucial role in educational attainment because the teachers is ultimately responsible for translating educational policies and principle into actions based on practice during interaction with the students (Afe,2001). Both teaching and learning depend on teachers: no wonder an effective teachers has been conceptualized as one who produces desired issues in the course of his duty as a teacher (Uchefuna, 2001).Considering governments huge investment in public education, its output in terms of quality of students has been observed to be unequal with government expenditure consequent upon the observed deterioration in the academic achievement, attitude and value of secondary school students in public secondary schools, one wonder if the high failure rates and the failure of the students especial in external examinations is not a reflection of the instructional quality in the schools. Therefore, the negative attitude of teachers in classroom interaction with the students could be responsible for he observed poor performance of students and the widely acclaimed fallen standard of education in Nigeria.

Maria and Marie (2012) claimed that female students with an unobserved propensity for achievement are more likely to be matched with female teachers (and vice versa for male students), not at all by the positive impact of matching a students to same gender teacher. According to Thomas (2006), students are more engaged, behave more appropriately and perform at higher level when taught by one who are of the same gender. The quality of education and performance of students depends on the teachers as reflected in the discharge of their duties. Over times students academic performance in both internal and external examination in chemistry had been used in determine the variable of teachers and teaching (Ajao, 2001). This was buttressed by Ogunsaju (2004) that the academic standard of students in all Nigeria educational institutions has fallen considerably below societal expectations.
Therefore, this study investigated teachers’ quality and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State.


Statement of the Problem

The success of teaching- learning process is dependent upon the characteristics of teachers. It is agreeable and believable that students’ achievement is a corporate responsibility among teachers, parents, and the school principal. There have been incessant complaints and comments from stakeholders that the standard of education is falling due to poor performance of secondary school students’ in public examinations like WAEC, NECO, and JAMB on yearly basis. Yahaya (2003) stressed further that the high rate of maladjusted behaviours among students (e.g. cultism, examination malpractice’s, drug and sex abuse) are attributable to the mass failure in some core school subjects.

Rosenholtz (2001) asserted that students, who are curious stakeholders in educational enterprise, have long suspected and speculated their schools lack some elements of school culture, hence, some of their teachers lack the necessary quality and professional (not academic) qualification (that is, skills, techniques, strategies, temperament etc.) required to communicate, concepts, ideas and principles in a way that would facilitate effective learning. Bamidele and Adetunji (2013) claimed that teachers do not expose the students to meaningful learning due to their desire to cover the syllabus. The researcher further explained that the economic situation of the country did not encourage Nigerian teachers to try out new methods of teaching.

Olatoun (2002) carried out research on teachers’ quality and students’ academic performance in public secondary schools in a sample of Local Government Areas (LGA) of Ogun State. The study has shown that there was a positive and significant relationship between teachers’ characteristics and students’ academic performance in the secondary schools. In this study, the researcher sought to establish if there was significant relationship between teachers’ quality and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State.


Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to investigate teachers’ quality and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State. Specifically, the purposes were to

  1. Establish the relationship between teachers’ academic qualifications and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State
  2. Find out the influence of teachers’ years of teaching experience and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State
  3. Investigate teachers’ exposure to in- service training and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Secondary Area Schools, Oyo State
  4. Investigate teachers’ professional qualification and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State

Research Questions

The following research questions were raised to guide the conduct of the study:

  1. What is the teachers’ quality inherited in teachers in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State?
  2. To what extent does teachers’ quality improve students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State?
  3. What is the impact of teachers’ academic qualifications on students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State?
  4. What is the influence of teachers’ years of teaching experience on students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State?
  5. Does teachers’ exposure to in- service training have impact on students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Secondary Area Schools, Oyo State?
  6. What is the influence of teachers’ professional qualification on students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State?

Research Hypotheses

Ho: There is no significant relationship between teachers’ quality and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State.

Operational Hypotheses

Ho1: There is no significant relationship between teachers’ academic qualifications and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State

Ho2: There is no significant relationship between teachers’ years of teaching experience and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State

Ho3: There is no significant relationship between teachers’ exposure to in- service training and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State.

Ho4: There is no significant relationship between teachers’ professional qualification and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State


Scope of the Study

The research work focused on teachers’ quality and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State. The study was limited to public secondary schools in the L.G.A. Also, the study covered the variables of teachers’ academic qualification, teachers’ years of teaching experience, teachers’ exposure to in- service training and teachers’ professional qualification. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used for data analysis.


Significance of the Study

The findings of the study would be beneficial to students, teacher, curriculum planners, school administrators, ministry of education and future researchers in education.

The finding will be useful to students to indentify students’ factors that influence their performance which include, attitude to learning, background knowledge in integrated science, lack of interest on the part of students and so on

This will re-orient students with negative attitude toward subjects especially the way students perceived some subjects a very difficult subject to understand.

This study has the potential to guide educational managers and secondary teachers about the role of teachers in the educational process. They make the vision about teachers from the present scenario and how to improve the qualities of teachers and the situation through adopting a better policy about teachers.

The result of this study will assist educational managers, administrators, and technocrats in the formulation and execution of educational policy towards the attainment of the overall educational goals and objectives as stated in the National Policy on Education (FGN, 2004) so that, teachers’ characteristics in educational system can be improved efficiently and effectively.


Operational Definition of Terms

For this study, this section defines the variables and the important terms as they are used in this study.

Teachers’ Quality:

These are attributes that describe the teachers. They include teachers’ qualifications, experience, teachers’ exposure to in- service training and classroom management.

Teachers’ Experience:

Teacher experience will be considered in terms of the period or number of years teachers spend in a teaching profession in schools. For example 5-10 years, 11years & above

Teachers’ Qualification:

Refers to pre-service qualification and the frequency of attending in-service training. They include a bachelor of education science degree, Bachelor of Science degree; diploma in education or masters degree. For example (B.ED), NCE, Bachelor Degree (B.Ed ),B.Sc with PGDE also qualifies for this category, M.Ed etc

Teachers’ In-Service Training:

This is a continuous exercise for school teachers towards education and related subject matter both short-term and long-term programme to fulfil their needs for teachers’ professional development i.e. attending workshops, seminar and orientation.

Teachers’ Professional Qualification:

Refers to the additional qualifications acquired by a teacher in the teaching profession; i.e. postgraduate study and its effect to educational benefit in school.

Students’ Academic Performance:

This is regarded as the display of knowledge attained or skills shown in the school subjects such performance are indicated by test scores or by marks assigned by teachers. Students’ Academic Performance Proforma to collect students’ WAEC results from 2014 to 2016.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

This chapter presents summary and conclusion drawn from the research carried out on teachers’ quality and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State. Recommendations are also made based on the findings of the study


Summary

This study was carried out to determine the relationship between teachers’ quality and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State. The teachers’ quality was examined in terms of academic qualifications, years of teaching experience, exposure to in- service training and professional qualification. On the basis of literature wa reviewed on the variables of the study. One main hypothesis and four operational hypotheses were formulated and statistically tested using inferential statistics of Pearson product moment correlation statistic at 0.05 level of significance. Teachers’ Quality Questionnaire” (TQQ) and Students’ Academic Performance Proforma were used to collect results from 2014 to 2016 sessions. Ten public secondary schools were sampled for the study. One hundred and fifty teachers were selected for the study. The summary of the findings are as follows

  1. There was significant relationship between teachers’ quality and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State.
  2. There was significant relationship between teachers’ academic qualifications and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State
  3. There was significant relationship between teachers’ years of teaching experience and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State
  4. There was significant relationship between teachers’ exposure to in- service training and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State.
  5. There was significant relationship between teachers’ professional qualification and students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State

Conclusion

This study has shown that teachers’ quality have a positive and significant relationship with students’ academic performance students’ academic performance in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area Secondary Schools, Oyo State. This implies that the quality of teachers in terms of their academic qualifications, years of teaching experience, exposure to in- service training and professional qualification will drastically improve the educational standard as well as students’ academic performance in secondary schools.

It is obvious that education generally cannot be totally free if the teachers’ quality are to be assured. Thus, the importance of teachers’ quality is on students’ learning achievement. Teachers’ quality is described as the most important key to improving learning achievement. In fact, some scholars are of the view that teachers’ quality is more strongly related to academic achievement than such variables as reduced class size, funding or increase in teacher salaries. It argues that teachers’ quality are so central to the academic achievement and that lack of it is detrimental to the achievement of functional secondary education in Nigeria. The study also confirmed that teachers’ quality and competency are a panacea for attainment of educational goals and objectives.


Recommendations

The following recommendations were made to enhance teachers’ quality and to improve academic performance of students in secondary schools

  1. Teachers should endeavour to improve themselves professionally by acquiring more qualifications in the teaching profession.
  2. Teacher training institutions such as National Teacher Institute (NTI) should ensure that teachers’ preparation programs are revisited to remove old contents, add new and relevant contents to ensure the production of quality teachers and eventual functional education for all students by considering years of teachers’ experience.
  3. Teachers themselves should not be stagnant but strive to upgrade their skills on a continuous basis to make them more competent in the delivery of educational services as curriculum implementers and this should be done through in- service training.
  4. Public and private school management should always endeavour to organize refresher courses and workshops for further training so as to equip teachers with modern teaching skills .This will contribute to improve the quality of education at all levels.
  5. In addition, teachers need motivation for improvement and should be provided by the government with all the necessary incentives such as adequate salaries, good working conditions and other fringe benefits that compare favourably with what their counterparts in other professions receive so that teachers’ quality could be improved efficiently and effectively.

Teachers’ Quality And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools (A Study Of Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State)


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Teachers’ Quality And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools (A Study Of Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State)

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Teachers’ Quality And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools (A Study Of Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State)


Disclaimer

This research material “Teachers’ Quality And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools (A Study Of Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State)” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Teachers’ Quality And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools (A Study Of Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State)” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Teachers’ Quality And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools (A Study Of Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State)“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Teachers’ Quality And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools (A Study Of Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State)” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.