Teachers’ Communication Skills And Effective Teaching And Learning In Primary School

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

Teachers’ Communication Skills And Effective Teaching And Learning In Primary School


Abstract


The purpose of the study was to undertake a critical analysis of teachers’ communication skills and effective teaching and learning in primary schools in Ikorodu Local Government area of Lagos State. Thus, a descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population for this study comprised of all primary school teacher in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State, while a total of 100 teachers were random selected across the public school to serve as the sample of the study. A self constructed questionnaire titled Teachers’ Communication skill and effective teaching and learning questionnaire was the instrument used to gather relevant data for the study. However, three research hypothesis were postulated and analysed using the mathematically method. The study reveal that teacher communication skill is very essential for the successful of teaching and learning in primary school education. Also the teacher should make use of relevant material for effective teaching and learning process, likewise for effective communication skills teacher should be able to control the wise factor arises around the school environment. The teacher should be well good in communication during teaching and learning process for effective teaching and excellent performance of students. Hence, it is recommends that government should endeavour to make educational finance for the provision of different educational infrastructure facilities and equipments especially provision of communication equipments.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Effective communication has always been and still an important aspect of human daily living.Its place is so central not only in the formal organisation but in every human society. More than ever before, its importance is heightened by the fact that the whole world has now become a global village due to the development of modern technology. Good as communication is, its effectiveness could be hindered by any existing gap.

Communication skills can be defined as the transmission of a message that Communication skills can be defined as the transmission of a message that involves the shared understanding between the contexts in which the communication takes place (Saunders and Mills, 1999). In addition, teacher communication skills are important for a teacher in delivery of education to students (McCarthy and Carter 2001). Communication skills involve listening and speaking as well as reading and writing. For effective teaching a teacher need to be highly skilled in all these areas. Teacher with good communication always make the things easier and understandable (Freddie Silver). Effective communication skills are really important for a teacher in transmitting of education, classroom management and interaction with students in the class. Teacher has to teach the students having different thinking approaches. To teach in accordance with the ability and capability of the students a teacher need to adopt such skills of communication which motivate the students toward their learning process (Sng Bee,2012). Good communication skills of teacher are the basic need of academics success of students, and professional success of life.

Teacher communicates more instructions orally in classroom to students. Teacher with poor communication skills may cause failure of students to learn and promote their academics. Student need to understand that what is right, and what is wrong while it totally depend upon the communication skills of teachers which he adopt in class-room (Sherwyn P. Morreale, Michael M. Osborn Judy c. Pearson, 2000). Good communications minimize the potential of unkind feeling during the process of teaching. For learning the learner must be attentive toward their teacher during the lecture. Loss (2000), recommended that teacher communicate in clear and understandable manner


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Teaching-learning situation in the school requires skillful and effective communication. In the school system, quite a number of pupils fail not because they have low mental ability to cope academically or lack readiness for learning but because of ineffective communication of some teachers in the classrooms, coupled with the fact that most often the teaching language is secondary and foreign to the learners. A study conducted by Ehindero & Ajibade, (2000)cited in Alamgir K., Salahuddin K, Syed Zia-Ul-Islam & Manzoor Khan (2017), indicates that for effective teaching, teacher requires good communication skills such as good communication, good classroom management, updating knowledge and maintaining personality. No one can teach effectively until having these basics skills of teaching.

The place of effective communication is so central and indispensable in the classroom teaching and learning process. Teachers in the classroom require effective communication skills in marshaling their points before effective learning that could lead to the attainment of educational aims and objectives in the school can take place. Some of the problems that has led to poor academic performance of student in primary schools is attached to ineffective communication skills among teachers thus effective teaching and learning process is not achieved.

Communication does not only connote transmitting a message, rather, it entails understanding of the transmitter’s message by the receiver. Effective communication in the classroom therefore, is the act of teacher inducing the pupils to interpret an idea or a concept taught in the manner intended by the teacher. For learning to take place among the pupils in the classroom, the pupils must have a clear- cut interpretation of the teacher’s teaching.

Therefore it is upon this premise that this study is set to examine the teachers’ communication skills and effective teaching and learning in primary school.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main focus of this study is to examine teachers’ communication skills and effective teaching and learning in primary school. Specifically it seeks:

  1. To investigate if communication is so central and indispensable in the classroom teaching and learning process.
  2. To determine the role of teachers communication skill during teaching-learning process.
  3. To determine the extent in which primary school teachers has communicated effectively during teaching-learning process.
  4. To investigate if there is any significant effect of teachers communication competence on primary school student academic performance.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research question guide the study

  1. Is communication central and indispensable in the classroom teaching and learning process?
  2. What is the role of teachers’ communication skill during teaching-learning process?
  3. What is the extent in which primary school teachers has communicated effectively during teaching-learning process?
  4. Does teachers communication skill has no significant effect on primary school student academic performance?

1.5. Research hypothesis

HO: Teachers communication skill has no significant effect on primary school teaching-learning process and student academic performance?


1.5 Significance of the Study

The study will be significant to both teachers, curriculum developers and educational stakeholders. To teachers, the study will enlighten them on the need to adopt effective communication techniques, through their gestures, body languages, tones and method through which they pass as instructions as this often determine the way which pupil understand the concept under study. Thus there no need to resort to ambiguous terms rather break subject matter down so that learning outcome will be achieved. To curriculum developers and educational stakeholders, the study will enlighten them on the need to schedule regular training on communication competence for teachers so as to help them do their job effectively. Lastly the study will be relevant to researchers and student seeking to gain more insight on the discourse, thus this research will contribute to the body of literature and serve as a reference material.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study will border on teachers’ communication skills and effective teaching and learning in primary school. It will investigate if communication is so central and indispensable in the classroom teaching and learning process. It will determine the role of teachers communication skill during teaching-learning process. it will examine the effect of teachers communication competence on primary school student academic performance. The study however limited to Ikorodu Local Government in Lagos State.


1.8 Limitation of Study

Financial Constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time Constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

However in the midst above mentioned limitation the researcher devotedly ensured that the purpose of the study was actualized.


1.9 Definition of terms

Communication:

Communication is the act of developing meaning among entities or groups through the use of sufficiently mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic conventions. Communication is simply the act of transferring information from one place, person or group to another.

Communication Skill:

Effective communication or communication skill involves the art or a process of exchanging ideas, thoughts, knowledge and information such that the purpose or intention is fulfilled in the best possible manner. In simple words, it is nothing but the presentation of views by the sender in a way best understood by the receiver.

Effective Teaching:

Effective teaching can be defined in many ways including teacher behavior (warmth, civility, clarity), teacher knowledge (of subject matter, of students), and teacher disposition. Effective teaching is the ability of the teacher to pass knowledge and instruction in a way that the learning outcome is met so as to improve student achievement.

Learning:

Learning is the process of acquiring new understanding, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, attitudes, and preferences.


Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendation

5.0 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on teachers’ communication skills and effective teaching and learning in primary school using Ikorodu Local government in Lagos State as a case study.


5.2 Summary

The aim of this study will focused on teachers’ communication skills and effective teaching and learning in primary school. It investigated if communication is so central and indispensable in the classroom teaching and learning process. It determined the role of teachers communication skill during teaching-learning process. it examined the effect of teachers communication competence on primary school student academic performance. Survey research design was adopted for the study and convenience sampling method was used to select 100 teachers from ten (10) selected primary school in Ikorodu Local Government in Lagos State. Data was analyzed using frequency and tables. Hypothesis is tested using Chi-Square statistical tool.


5.3 Conclusion

Findings from the study reveals that good communication skills strengthen the relationship among the students and teachers by improving the level of understanding among teacher and students. Study conducted by Sng Bee.(2012), also supported the present study by stating that good communication skills not only important for teacher but it is also important for students for their academic success.

The result of the study indicated that effective teaching not only depends upon the knowledge base of the teacher but also it is related with method and style of teacher communication skills. The findings of the study conducted by Cohort Nominate (2016) ,also inline of the present study because he concluded Teaching is generally considered as only fifty percent knowledge and fifty percent interpersonal or communication skills.

Finding from the study reveals that the role of communication skill include, being used to encourage learners effort and using to transmit in depth knowledge of the subject matter. Communication is also used to modify learner’s attitude, thus the extent to which primary school teachers explore effective communication skills learning outcome will be met and academic performance improved. Same result also found by David Andrade,(2015) according to that Communication is dominant factor effecting the academic achievements of the students. The author further argued that good communication not only important for a teacher but it is also very important for students for promoting their academics.


5.3 Recommendation

From the findings of the study, the researcher recommends that teacher should make use of relevant material for effective teaching and learning process, likewise for effective communication skills. Teacher should be able to control the wise factor arises around the school environment which can pose as barrier to effective communication in the teaching-learning process. The teacher should be well good in communication during teaching and learning process for effective teaching and excellent performance of students. Teachers should adopt effective communication techniques, through their gestures, body languages, tones and method through which they pass as instructions as this often determine the way which pupil understand the concept under study. Thus they should not resort to ambiguous terms rather break subject matter down so that learning outcome will be achieved. Curriculum developers and educational stakeholders and school managements, should schedule regular training on communication competence for teachers in schools so as to help them do their job effectively. Government should endeavour to make educational finance for the provision of different educational infrastructure facilities and equipment especially provision of communication equipment.


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