Teachers’ Attitude On Academic Performance Of Pupils In Early Childhood Education

Project and Seminar Material for Child and Basic Education

Teachers’ Attitude On Academic Performance Of Pupils In Early Childhood Education


Abstract


Attitude is important in all walks of life; of which the profession of teaching is no less important. This project assessed how the attitude of teachers influences the academic performance of pupils in Early Childhood Education. It is delimited to pre-primary schools in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos state. The sample population were 200 teachers selected from 10 pre-primary schools in the above-mentioned local government area. The Chi-square statistical tool was employed in data analysis.

The following recommendations, among others, were made:

  1. The National Policy on Education should be reviewed to include among others the education of the Nigerian child from 0 – 2 years;
  2. The government should of necessity establish free pre-primary schools to cater for all Nigerian children of the required age;
  3. More Teacher Education Schools for the pre-primary should be established to produce the required number of teachers and steps should be taken to ensure adequate teacher preparation;
  4. A uniform curriculum geared towards the needs of Nigerian children from different backgrounds should be produced and its use should be enforced both in the government established schools and in the private schools;
  5. The school environment should be made conducive for teaching and learning by providing a well-motivated workforce with necessary equipment and facilities put in place;
  6. There should be adequate supervision to ensure the achievement of objectives.

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Teaching is both an art and a science. According to him, it is an instrumental, practical art rather than a fine-art. That is teaching “requires an improvisation, spontaneity, the handling of a vast array of considerations of form, style, pace, rhythm and appropriateness in ways, so complex that even computers must lose the way” (Anyanwu, 2000).

Tumble (2003) states that teaching process is too complex, with a nearly infinite variety of circumstances, subjects, student groups, and age groups to be reduced to simple, how-to-do-it recipes.

Gage (2004) opines that teaching can and should have a scientific basis. Science deals with relationships between both input (independent) variables and output (dependent) variables. According to Ernest (1990), a sizeable amount of good research has been carried out that relates teaching and administrative practices to students’ achievement as well as motivation, attitudes and self-esteem.

Ideally, with emphasis on ideal, an effective, successful teacher would create a good academic atmosphere and good school attitudes, maintain high academic engagement and successfully manage the classroom to prevent inattentive, off-task and distruptive behaviour.

Realistically, however, misbehaviour will occur and the teacher must plan in advance for handling it (Berliner 2001). Children must be oriented to learn new material such as orientation by the teacher, often includes a review of home work, a review of previous materials and skills, an explanation of the purposes and objectives of the new material, and a statement of the relationship of the current lesson to previous material. Asubel (2005) says that such orientation or comments serve as advance organizers that help the children, easier to relate to what children already know and therefore more learnable.

There are many teacher characteristics and teaching patterns that correlate with higher children achievement and or improved school attitudes, that is, with effective teaching. Most relate to improvement of classroom climate, management and feedback and reinforcement practices, involvement in self­ improvement and improvement of other teaching practices that increase pupils engagement and content courage and improve organisation, structuring and clarity, expectations or children interest and motivation (Ayo, 2000).

The personality of the teacher matters a lot in the classroom. According to Musson (2004), personality of the teacher includes his emotion, motivation, values, goals and general ways of perceiving his environment, have become moulded up and processed through training that he can be relied upon as a teacher. This also includes method of conducting oneself that is, what one should do and what one should not do as a member of teaching professions.

According to Akande (1999) other qualities of the teacher that can affect his performance at work and pupils’ academic achievement includes: Scholarship, cheerfulness, firmness, tolerance, democratic attitude, impartiability, loyalty, having the knowledge of the child’s psychology, honest, self discipline, sociability, creativity, resourcefulness, neatness, good sense of homour, simplicity, adaptability etc. Beside all these, the teachers should have a command of theoretical knowledge about learning and human behaviour. He should possess the technical skills of teaching that facilitate students’ learning achievement (Adeleke, 2002).

Furthermore, a teacher ought to display such attitudes that promote learning and good human relationship, and should have perfect mastery of facts of his subject matter as this will enhance his/her teaching and pupils’ academic achievement.

In the work of Gourneau(2005), he identified five attitudes of effective teachers which may affect pupils’ academic performance, they are:

  1. Demonstrating Caring and Kindness
  2. Sharing Responsibility
  3. Sensitively Accepting Diversity
  4. Fostering Individualized Instruction
  5. Encouraging Creativity

Gourneau reiterated that the component of pupils’ academic performance that are influenced by teachers’ attitude should be tested, based on teachers’ possession on non-possession of the above-mentioned factors; and that is the theoretical framework that this study will adopt.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Attitude is an integral part of human character. According to Bartlett(2000), Good attitude is made up of attributes such as zeal, love for the job, and the desire to improve. In the teaching profession, these attributes cannot be overemphasized. The reverse of the above-mentioned attributes, which would be indifference, dislike for the job and lack of desire to improve, might, needless to say, have negative implications for the job. The problem of this study, therefore, is to investigate the implications of teachers’ attitude on the academic performance of pupils in early childhood education.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to find out teacher’s attitude on academic performance of pupils in early childhood education in Ikeja Local Government Area of Lagos State.

Other specific objectives of the study are:

  1. To identify the effects of teachers’ personality on academic performance
  2. To identify basic teachers’ attitudes that enhance academic performance.
  3. To identify the areas of teachers’ personality that needs to be improved upon.
  4. To identify the aspects of teachers’ attitude that are detrimental to pupils’ academic performance.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions will be posed in this study.

  1. What are the effects of teachers’ personality on academic performance?
  2. What are the basic teachers’ attitudes that enhance academic achievement of pupils?
  3. What are the areas of teachers’ personality that need to be improved upon?
  4. What are the areas of teachers’ attitude that are detrimental to pupils’ academic performance?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

These hypotheses were formulated and tested in this study:

  1. The lifestyle of teachers will not significantly influence the academic performance of pupils.
  2. The negative character traits of teachers will not significantly influence the academic performance of pupils.
  3. Teachers’ attitude to work will not significantly influence the academic performance of pupils.

1.6 Significance of the Study

  1. Teachers would benefit from this study, because its findings and recommendations will direct them on how well to become an effective teachers with good characters. The findings of this study will equally help teachers to have better insight on the essence of good behaviour in the teaching profession.
  2. This study will assist the upcoming researchers to carry out more work on the issues being treated in this study. Also researchers and readers would find this work very important because, it will serve as a reference material to their work.
  3. Pupils would benefit from the findings and recommendations of this work because it would assist them to work hard, identify teachers perceived to be either good or bad in the school the recommendations of this study would help pupils/children to change their attitudes towards their studies.
  4. The society will also benefit from this study immensely, including parents, the school administrators etc.

1.7 Scope of the Study

This study covers teacher’s attitude on academic performance of pupils in early childhood education in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Teaching styles:

It is an embracing concept referring to the teacher’s ways of getting pupils to learn through structured methodology.

Early childhood education:

This means formal education that is received from 0 – 8 years.

Teaching effectiveness:

The ability of the teacher to achieve the stated objectives at the end of the teaching.

Teaching techniques:

Teacher’s ways or method of teaching.


1.9 Organization Of The Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.

Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.

Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.

Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.

Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to examine teachers attitude on academic performance of early childhood educational program.

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of parent and teachers attitude towards early childhood care.


5.2 Summary

Early childhood education has a significant role to play in perpetuating the desirable changesin society. Preschool is the Childs first step towards organized care and learning in the larger society. It provides a major influence on the development of Childs intellectual capacities, interpersonal skills, social behavior and personality of children. Early child hood education in its wider sense implies not only on acquisition of knowledge but also the development of abilities, skills and qualities of character(Shabnam 2003).Findings of the present study indicate significant differences in the opinion of parents regarding early childhood education. Majority of parent’s visualized preschool education is a combination of concepts. It is the initial preparatory step towards primary schooling. They felt that when children receive education at an early age in an interactive and learning manner they are better equipped to handle schools in later years. Majority of parents thought that children get multiple benefits from early childhood education.25% of parents emphasis on the need to develop concepts related to color, shape, texture, number, alphabetical, counting etc. Most of the parents felt that when children attend preschool centre they learn to discover new things by exploring the environment For some, children develop ability to communicate, when they get al.ong with others and express their views and ideas with each other’s.


5.3 Conclusion

The study concluded that parenting should be enhanced because it nurtures the preschools children through, providing housing for the children, health care, nutrition, clothing, and safety, and creating home conditions that support children’s learning such as purchasing necessary books and other school supply, providing a place to study would 58 create a conducive learning environment for children and enhance teaching and learning process and eventually promoting socialization of the children. The respondents also indicated that parent involvement through attending school meeting, assisting children doing their homework, allow children to have time for the school work, motivate children to work hard, and support school programs will influence children retain what they were taught and performs better in schools. The study also concluded that communication between the parents and teachers is important because it helps in establishing how their children are doing academically and in other school activities and seek better measure to improve on their socialization.


5.4 Recommendations

The study recommends that parental communication should be enhanced in preschool as this will involve parents in reading with their children, supporting their work on homework assignments, or tutoring them, using materials and instructions provided by teachers, show particularly impressive socialization The study recommends that parenting children help all families establish home environments to support children to learn and improve their socialization. The study recommends that teachers and parents communication from home to school and school to home about school programs and student progress should be made effective as it hasten decision making process and taking of measures to improve children socialization in preschools.


Teachers’ Attitude On Academic Performance Of Pupils In Early Childhood Education


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