Teachers’ Assessment Of Impact Of School-Based Management Committee On Social Studies Students’ Academic Performance In Ilorin West Local Government Junior Secondary Schools, Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Teachers’ Assessment Of Impact Of School-Based Management Committee On Social Studies Students’ Academic Performance In Ilorin West Local Government Junior Secondary Schools, Nigeria


Abstract


It was observed that poor students’ academic performance in junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State could be due inadequate human and material resources, infrastructural facilities, maintenance of physical facilities and ineffective counseling and supportive services. Hence, this study investigated the teachers’ assessment of impact of school-based management committee on social studies students’ academic performance in Ilorin West Local Government junior secondary schools, Nigeria.

The study adopted descriptive research design of survey type. The population for the study consisted of all the Social Studies teachers in the entire 46 junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area. Fourteen public junior secondary schools were randomly selected out of the 46 in this area. Purposive sampling technique was used to select all the 65 teachers of Social Studies in the selected schools as respondents for the study. Researcher-designed questionnaire titled “School-based Management Committee and Students’ Academic Performance Questionnaire” (SBMCSAPQ) was used to collect data from the respondents while frequency count, percentage andt-test were used to analyze the collected data.

The findings of this study among other things were: There was no significant difference in the assessment of the male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of human and material resources for the schools; there was no significant difference in the assessment of the experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of human and material resources for the schools; and there was no significant difference in the assessment of the male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of infrastructural facilities for the schools.

Based on the findings and conclusion of the study, it was recommended among other things that; School-based management committee should ensure adequate provision of human and material resources for the schools to enhance improved students’ performance in Social Studies. SBMC should intensify its efforts in the provision of instructional facilities for the schools so that there could be improvement in the students’ performance in Social Studies.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The importance of education to socio-economic development of any nation cannot be over-emphasized. This justifies the basis why the government of any country always makes education the centre-piece of its programmes to be implemented. Henry (2002) stated that upper basic education is very important because it is the level that prepares children for secondary education and based on this, government should be highly committed to it by ensuring that adequate resources are provided.

However, with recent economic recession in the country, it is obvious that government alone cannot adequately provide all the needs of junior secondary schools, members of the community should avail themselves chance to join hands with the government so that the goals of education at this level could be achieved. Olayinka (1985) explained that school-based management committee means involvement of members of the community in the running of the school. The school management cannot achieve the goals with only the resources made available by the government unless the community puts forward their support. Raymond (2003) opined that it should be noted however that the need for effective teaching learning process calls for school-based management; that is, involvement of the community in the school maintaining, running, monitoring and administration. Community has however become an important aspect of school administration. It deals with deliberate and sustainable efforts to establish and maintain mutual understanding between the school and community. The essence of this relationship is to establish a good report between the school and community in order to achieve educational goals.Ojedele (2000) described school-based management as a way by which parents/guardians, philanthropists, and corporate organizations involve in the school operation. However, through the relationship that exists between the schools and communities, the school heads tend to provide lasting solutions to some problems facing the school.
Agbaje (1996) noted that school-based management committee helps in bridging the gap between the towns and gowns. Suleiman (2001) stated that the importance of having community to participate in school affairs is to enhance effective goals achievement. Schools ensure renewal of the society’s culture. In view of this, the community needs to support the schools so that the purpose of their establishment could be realized. Bello (2011) believed that open relationship between the school and community could bring about high opportunities that will allow community resources to be optimally utilized so that goals set for the school could be realized. Yusuf (2000) opined that community participation is a strong avenue for achieving effective school administration. This could help the schools in getting cash, facilities, and the likes. Olohundare (2001) observed that students’ academic performance connotes outcome of the students’ achievements in a particular examination or test. It is essential that we determine the level at which goals of a particular course(s) or subject(s) undertaken by the students have been accomplished and this can only be realized through the measure of students’ academic performance. The purpose of conducting examinations either internally by the school or by an external examination body is to determine the level of students’ academic performance.

Abdul (2000) stated that to facilitate realization of improved students’ academic performance in schools, the communities where the schools are located have to play their own part. FRN (2004) also stated that education cannot be free at all levels. Agbaje (1996) believed that school-based management enhances community involvement in school development not only by providing educational facilities but also by maintaining the school plant and maintenance school discipline. The school does not exist in vacuum and its development is not only the responsibility of the school authority or government but also the community in which the school is situated (Kimbrough & Burkett, 1990). Therefore, this study investigated teachers’ assessment of impact of school-based management committee on Social Studies students’ academic performance in Ilorin West Local Government junior secondary, Nigeria.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

It was observed by the researcher that academic performance of junior secondary students in Social Studies has not been encouraging over the years and this could be due numerous challenges facing the school. These challenges include inadequacy of human and material resources, infrastructural facilities, counselling and supportive services and ineffective maintenance of school facilities. Johnson (2005) conducted a study to examine the impact of school-based management committee on students’ academic performance in Social Studies in Orire Local government junior secondary schools, Oyo State. The study found out that school-based management has significant impact on students’ academic performance in Yoruba Language in Orire Local Government junior secondary schools, Oyo State. Olanipekun (2011) carried out a study on the impact of school-based management committee on students’ academic performance in Islamic Studies in Asa Local Government junior secondary schools, Kwara State. The study also found out that school-based management committee has significant impact on students’ academic performance in Islamic Studies in Asa Local Government junior secondary schools, Kwara State. This study is different from the previous studies in the sense that it will be carried out in the environment different from the areas covered by the previous studies. Also, the subject this study wants to focus upon is also different from that of the previous studies.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study was to examine teachers’ assessment of impact of school-based management committee on Social Studies students’ academic performance in Ilorin West Local Government junior secondary, Nigeria.

Specifically, the study assessed:

  1. The impact of SBMS in the provision of human and material resources for junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara state, Nigeria;
  2. The impact of SBMS in the provision of infrastructural facilities for junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara state, Nigeria;
  3. The impact of SBMS in the maintenance of school facilities in junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara state, Nigeria; and
  4. The impact of SBMS in the provision of Counselling and supportive services for junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara state, Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions were raised to guide the study:

  1. What is the impact of SBMS in the provision of human and material resources for junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara state, Nigeria?
  2. What is the impact of SBMS in the provision of infrastructural facilities for junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara state, Nigeria;
  3. What is the impact of SBMS in the provision of Counseling and supportive services for junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara state, Nigeria?
  4. What is the impact of SBMS in the maintenance of school facilities in junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara state, Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses were formulated to guide the study

Ho1: There is no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of SBMC in the provision of human and material resources for the school.

Ho2: There is no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of SBMC in the provision of human and material resources for the school.

Ho3: There is no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of SBMC in the provision of infrastructural facilities for the school.

Ho4: There is no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of SBMC in the provision of infrastructural facilities for the school.

Ho5: There is no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of SBMC in the provision of counseling and supportive services for the school.

Ho6: There is no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of SBMC in the provision of counseling and supportive services for the school.

Ho7: There is no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of SBMC in the maintenance of school facilities.

Ho8: There is no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of SBMC in the maintenance of school facilities.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study focused on the impact of school-based management committee on Social Studies students’ academic performance Ilorin West Local Government junior secondary schools, Kwara State. The scope of the study covered all the 46 public junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area Kwara State (Ilorin West Local Government Education Authority, 2017). All the 65 Social Studies teachers were used for the study (Ilorin West Local Government Education Authority, 2017). The measures of school-based management committee were its involvement in the provision of counseling and supportive services, provision of human and material resources and infrastructural facilities. Questionnaire titled “School-Based Management Committee Questionnaire” (SBMCQ) was used to collect data for study the while descriptive statistics of frequency count, percentage and t-test were used to analyze the data collected.


1.7 Operational Definition of Terms

The following terms were operationally defined as used in the study:

School-Based Management Committee:

Means a committee set up to ensure junior secondary schools get support from members of the public so that goals could be achieved. It includes the principal, representatives of the teachers, parents, students, community, faith-based organizations, old students’ association, traditional institution, artisans and civil society.

Counselling and Supportive Services:

Mean academic advice given to the school by the members of the community to enhance effective academic activities in school.

Human and Material Resources:

Mean the teachers and materials which are mainly used during teaching-learning processes.

Infrastructural Facilities:

They are buildings and other equipment used in carrying out the school activities. These include classrooms, library, laboratories and their equipment and the likes.

School Plant Maintenance:

Refers to the process of ensuring proper of the school plant.

Students’ Academic Performance:

Is the performance of the students in Social Studies in Junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State.

Less Experienced Teachers:

These are social studies teachers that have spent 5 years in Junior Secondary Schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State.

Experienced Teachers:

These are social studies teachers that have spent 6 years and above in Junior Secondary Schools in Ilorin West Local Government of Kwara State.


1.8 Significance of the Study

  1. It is hoped that the findings of the study would benefit the government, school managers, students, community members and other researchers.
  2. It will make the government see more, the importance of school based management community to students’ academic performance in Social Studies.
  3. It will encourage the school managers to be more committed to the smooth operation of school-based management committee because of its relationship to the students’ academic performance in Social Studies.
  4. It would give more sensitization to the community members on why they should continually be of adequate support to the school to enhance students’ academic performance. It would serve as a reference point to other researchers who may want to carry out a study related to this study.

1.9 Project Organisation

This work is divided into five chapters including this introduction. Chapter two is on the literature review and method of data collection are in chapter three. Results of findings are discussed in chapter four. The way forward is and conclusion in chapter five.


Chapter Five


5.0 Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendations

This chapter presents the discussion, conclusion and recommendations based on the findings of this research.


5.1 Discussion of Findings

Based on the findings of the study carried out on the assessment of the impact of School-based management committee on students’ performance in Social Studies in junior secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government of Kwara State, it was discovered that:

There was no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of human and material resources for schools. This finding is in line with view of Oluchukwu (2010) that adequate supply of human and material resources to the schools plays significant role in the realization of improved students’ academic performance. Hence, the school managers should be more committed to ensuring that school-based management committee is effectively operated to assist the schools in the area of human and material resources provision. There was no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of human and material resources for schools. This finding agrees with the view ofOjedele (2000) it is very evident that many public primary and secondary schools do not have adequate human and material resources but if the managers could effectively explore SBMC, some well-to-do members of the community could be derived to assist the school in the provision of these resources so that the stated goals could be more achieved.

There was no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of infrastructural facilities for schools. This fine corroborates the view Martin (1998) that inadequacy of the infrastructural facilities like library, classrooms, laboratories and so on could be one of the factors responsible poor academic performance and based on this, SBMC should ensure that it renders assistance to the schools in this aspect to facilitate improvement in the students’ academic performance.

There was no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of infrastructural facilities for schools. This finding is in consonance with the view of Nakpodia (2013) that one of the areas where SBMC needs to play its part is school is provision of infrastructural facilities. This is because; it could be difficult for a school to actualize its goals with insufficiency of facilities.
There was no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of counseling and supportive services for schools. This finding corroborates what Wilson (2008) stated for counseling services to be effective in public primary and secondary schools SBMC should be well partnered by the schools.

There was no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of counseling and supportive services for schools. This finding is in agreement with the view of Oluchukwu(2010) one of the factors responsible for poor students’ academic performance of the students in both internal and external examinations is inadequate counseling of the students. Hence, members of the SBMC should be dedicated to joining hands with the schools in providing effective counseling to the students so that this problem could be solved.

There was no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the maintenance of school facilities. This finding is agreement with the view of Peretomode and Nakpodia (1991) that adequate maintenance of school facilities has significant relationship with students’ academic performance. In view of this, SBMC should always ensure adequate maintenance of the school facilities

There was no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the maintenance of school facilities. This finding is in tandem with the view of Wilson (2008) that schools facilities serve both the school and members of the community. Hence, SBMC should be already ready to play its part in the maintenance of schools facilities for the goals to be more realized


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the findings of that study, it was concluded that:

  1. There was no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of human and material resources for schools.
  2. There was no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of human and material resources for schools.
  3. There was no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of infrastructural facilities for schools.
  4. There was no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of infrastructural facilities for schools.
  5. There was no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of counseling and supportive services for schools.
  6. There was no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the provision of counseling and supportive services for schools.
  7. There was no significant difference in the assessment of male and female teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the maintenance of school facilities.
  8. There was no significant difference in the assessment of experienced and less experienced teachers on the impact of the SBMC in the maintenance of school facilities.

5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings and conclusion, it was recommended that:

  1. School-based management committee should ensure adequate provision of human and material resources for the schools to enhance improved students’ performance in Social Studies.
  2. SBMC should intensify its efforts in the provision of instructional facilities for the schools so that there could be improvement in the students’ performance in Social Studies.
  3. There is need for SBMC to be more dedicated to the provision of counseling and supportive services for the students to make the more serious to their studies.
  4. SBMC should be more committed to the provision of assistance to the schools in the area of school facilities maintenance to help improve the students’ performance in Social Studies.

5.4 Suggestion for Further Studies

Further studies could be carried out in the following areas:

  1. Assessment of the impact of School-based management committee on students’ performance in Social Studies in junior secondary schools in Kwara State.
  2. Assessment of the impact of School-based management committee on students’ performance in Social Studies in junior secondary schools in North-central Nigeria.

Teachers’ Assessment Of Impact Of School-Based Management Committee On Social Studies Students’ Academic Performance In Ilorin West Local Government Junior Secondary Schools, Nigeria


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Teachers’ Assessment Of Impact Of School-Based Management Committee On Social Studies Students’ Academic Performance In Ilorin West Local Government Junior Secondary Schools, Nigeria

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Teachers’ Assessment Of Impact Of School-Based Management Committee On Social Studies Students’ Academic Performance In Ilorin West Local Government Junior Secondary Schools, Nigeria


Disclaimer

This research material “Teachers’ Assessment Of Impact Of School-Based Management Committee On Social Studies Students’ Academic Performance In Ilorin West Local Government Junior Secondary Schools, Nigeria” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Teachers’ Assessment Of Impact Of School-Based Management Committee On Social Studies Students’ Academic Performance In Ilorin West Local Government Junior Secondary Schools, Nigeria” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Teachers’ Assessment Of Impact Of School-Based Management Committee On Social Studies Students’ Academic Performance In Ilorin West Local Government Junior Secondary Schools, Nigeria“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Teachers’ Assessment Of Impact Of School-Based Management Committee On Social Studies Students’ Academic Performance In Ilorin West Local Government Junior Secondary Schools, Nigeria” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.