Teachers Development Programmes And School Effectiveness In Senior Secondary School In Kwara State
Background of the Study
School effectiveness depends to a great extent on the personnel’s expertise and productivity couple with motivation strategies put in place by the government. According to Bayo (2001) the attainability of the educational goal is a product of interplay factors of the school and the teachers. In this regard, Development Programmes occupy a central place in a result oriented educational institution. Teaching services reforms indicated that emphasis has been placed on the Development programme of teachers (Bayo 2001). This constitutes a significant factor in the school setting drive toward teaching (Yusuf, 2002). Similarly a substantial amount of fund is supposed to be voted for Teachers’ development programme in the annual budget of educational system. To this end, teachers of different cadres will be opportuned to improve their proficiency through short or long term courses. Adeboye (2000) argued that in the federal or state education system, development programm personnel receive adequate attention of the Ministries or Parastatals with a view to inject necessary skills and knowledge prerequisite to meet the growing challenges at all times.
Brown (2000) and Ogunshola (2002) opined that teaching is dynamic and involve a lot of changes that required a well enlightened, knowledgeable skillful tactful, innovative and dynamic personnel. According to them, viable and result oriented teaching services must acknowledge: the essence of development programme and re-development programme of the teachers. It was thus emphasized that, development programmes is the “engine room” of any dynamic, effective and result oriented educational sector, stressing the importance of training and retraining of personnel in the public service, Adeoye (2002) posited that the amount spent on Teacher’s Development Programme is never a waste but necessary input for optimum productivity.
Teaching, like other service is a dynamic activity and a professionalized duty that requires constant and periodic exposure to current innovations in educating the young. According to Fafunwa (2002), teaching is a noble job that must be carried out by intelligent, knowledgeable, skillful, and dedicated personnel, to achieve ethical and moral transformation of Nigeria society. He stressed further that, what the teachers require for these transformations are adequate exposure to refresher courses that will enable them function effectively in this era of globalization. In this regard, priority is given to teachers development programme. Today, teachers benefit maximally from development programme facilities provided in the budget. Substantial numbers of secondary school teachers in Kwara State are not sponsored to attend different development programm e. g seminars, workshops, conferences, in- service courses ranging from three months to three years.
Teacher development programme is a process not an event. That involves change over time and is achieved in stages. The stages are related to teachers’ experience gained in instructional and management practice over their career. The stages are also related to the degree of service and support a country’s level of economic and political development allows it to provide.
Effective implementation of any programme, especially that of improving the performance of teachers, no doubt depends largely on continuous development and update of teachers’ knowledge. However, the broad goals of secondary education in Nigeria as stated by the federal government of Nigeria (2004) in the National policy on education are to prepare the individual for useful living within the society and for higher education. To achieve these goals therefore, some personnel, especially teachers, are required. This is because the success or otherwise of secondary education depends very much on the quality and caliber of the teachers. To achieve sustainable development in education, there should be an opportunity created for teachers to improve on the existing methods of teaching and learning by providing innovations that can be useful to the entire school system. Continous teachers’ development programme is required because the knowledge and skills that teachers acquired during their initial training are unlikely to last them through their entire career (Fafunwa 2002).
In recent years, a variety of teachers’ development programme have been fashioned out to upgrade the serving teachers in secondary schools. Some agencies such as ministry of education, Teaching service commission, state universal basic education Board and SUBEB, professional organizations, organized workshop, seminars, conference and computer training for practicing teachers. Many teachers across the country have seized this opportunity to embark on teachers’ development programmes to acquire more experiences and upgrade their teaching qualifications. During the development programme there were exchange of ideas among the teachers in which they acquire authentic learning experience which according to lave and Blenger (2001) allow students to genuinely engage in processes which can lead to meaningful and long lasting learning for sustainability. It was against these background that the researcher intends to investigate teachers development and school effectiveness in senior secondary schools in Kwara State.
Statement of the Problem
The issue of teachers’ development programme in Nigeria has been of much concerned to all and sundry. The problem is so much that it has resulted to decline in educational standard and school effectiveness.
Teaching is a complex and demanding task that requires highly specialized and knowledgeable persons to impact significantly on student learning. It is a dynamic profession and as new knowledge about teaching and learning emerges, new types of expertise are required by educationist. It is however, a general belief of the educationists, philosophers, psychologists and school administrators that teachers development programmes are factors for school effectiveness, competence and students performance in the classroom.
Human resources development in education are the students teaching staff, non-teacher staff, bursar, libarian, laboratory, attendants, clerks, messenger, mail runners, gatekeepers, gardeners and cooks as well as educational planners a administrators (Ebong, 1999). It can be resources cannot be effective without the involvement of education, because education bring about a globalised trend that produces a demonstrable effect which can lead to economic success.
The study investigated teacher development programmes and school effectiveness in Ilorin West Local Government Area, kwara state it is this gap the researcher intended to fill, through, many researchers or have studied on human development such as (Bello, 2018) human resource development. A panacea for goal achievement in local government education authorizes in kwara state, (Adedeji (2010) teacher demand supply and training in senior secondary school Safara state, non of these this research as studied teacher develop in relation to school effectiveness it is this gap research intended to fill
Purpose of the study
The purpose of this investigate teacher development programmes and school effectiveness in senior secondary school in kwara state especially the purposes are to:
- Examine influence of conference training for teacher on school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State.
- Determine the excess training workshop for teachers on school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State.
- Find out level of study leave for teachers on school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State.
- Investigate influence of seminar organize for teacher on the school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State
- What is influence of conference organization for teachers on school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State?
- How does training workshop influence teachers on school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State?
- What is the level of study leave organize for teacher on school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State?
- How does seminar influence teachers on school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State?
The researcher formulated and tested one main hypothesis and four operational hypotheses in the study:
HO: There is no significant relationship between teacher development programmes and school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State.
HO1: There is no significant relationship between training conference for teachers and school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State?
HO2: There is no significant relationship between training workshop for teachers and school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State
HO3: There is no significant relationship between on the level of study leave for teachers on school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State?
HO4: There is no significant relationship between seminar training organize for teachers and school effectiveness in Senior Secondary School in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State?
Scope and limitation of the study
The study is meant to investigate teachers development programme and school effectiveness in senior secondary schools in Kwara state. The study would however be limited to 20 senior secondary schools in Kwara State. All the senior secondary school in kwara state are 340, Ilorin South 21, Ilorin East 29, Ilorin West 28, Asa 16, Baruten 17, Edu 20, Ekiti 15, Ifelodun 44, Irepodun 40, Isin 17, Kaiama 8, Moro 22, Offa 14, Oke-Ero 14, Oyun 20, Patigi 15.
Significant of the Study
The finding in this study would be of immense benefits to educational planners, policy makers, school managers, principals and researchers. It equally thrown more light on the benefits of teachers’ development programme to the government so as to determine the worthiness of granting the teachers the opportunity to undergo further training and development programmes.
School proprietors would also benefit from the findings of the study. This is because it would sensitize them to see the need for development programme of their teachers with a view to promote their effectiveness and effective service delivery.
The findings would assist the school principals to be in a better disposition to recommend teacher for leave of studies to allow them to undergo development programmes like: seminars, workshops and conferences to enhance quality of their teaching. It would equally serve as a basis for further studies to other researchers who may want to investigate on the relationship between Teachers’ development programme and school effectiveness in Nigeria.
Operational Definition of Terms
The following terms were operationally define as used in the study:
A professionally trained person that transmits knowledge, skill, value and attitude needed by the students.
Teachers Development Programme:
A short or long term courses undergone by practicing teachers such as seminars, workshop and conferences or training to upgrade their knowledge and ensure effective service delivery.
This refers to a formal academic environment or an institution design for the transmission of knowledge, skill and value under the direction of teachers.
This is the ability or propensity of a school, institution to improve students, pupils abilities, academically which can be translated into a higher quality and standard in the overall academic performance.
This refers to the ability of the teacher to control the class effectively in order to promote learning.
Mastery of the subject:
his refers to the ability of the teacher to be adequately informed of his/her subject.
Method of Teaching:
This refers to ways and manners employed by the teachers to impact knowledge, skill or bring about behavioural changes in students.
Senior Secondary Schools:
This is an educational institution that provides secondary education where the final stage of schooling take place within a specified age usually range between the age of 18.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
This chapter presents the summary of the study with conclusion and recommendation made from the discussion.
Summary of finding
The study examined the influence of teachers development programme on school effectiveness in senior secondary school in kwara state. Relevant literature regarding the study wee examined and reviewed to the study were equally discussed.
The study used sampling techniques to select 20 senior secondary schools and 260 respondents comprising 20 principals, 200 teachers and 40 carrier officers in he sampled schools in kwara state. The data for the study were gathered through a questionnaire tagged “teachers development programme and school effectiveness questionnaire (TDPSEQ)” to collect relevant data from the respondents.
Five research questions were raised and answered while one main hypothesis and four operational hypotheses were tested using pearson product moment correlation statistics at 0.05 level of significance.
The finding of the study were summarized below:
- There was significance relationship between teachers development programme and school effectiveness in senior secondary schools in kwara state.
- There was significant relationship between teachers development programme and teacher methodology
- There was significant relationship between teachers development programme and teachers mastery of subject matter.
- There was significant relationship between teachers development programme and students academic performance
- There was significant relationship between teachers development programme and classroom management
Teachers development programme is a necessity for practicing teachers in order to enable them acquire knowledge and skill in meeting to numerous challenges of their professional duties. Teachers’ development programme is a panacea to raising educational standard in our schools. Effective classroom management can be enhanced by teachers through development programme.
Teachers’ methods of teaching are better facilitated and become more effective through teachers development programme even though it focused on academic or areas of socialization.
Conclusively teachers’ development programme does not have appreciable impact on students’ performance in the class, the reason for these outstanding result may be another research topic.
Based on the finding of the study, the following recommendation were mad:
Teachers development programme should be tailored towards improving practicing teachers’ performance in the class. Effort should be made or organizer seminars, conferences, workshop and orientation programme on effective service delivery in teaching profession to update teachers nationally and internationally.
Teacher on the development programme must be adequately motivated during the course of their training in order to enhance their performances and service delivery.
Teachers’ development programme should be used as a criteria for teachers promotion.
Finally, sufficient allocation should be provided by the government on the annual budget for teachers development programme as no educational system can rise above the quality of its teachers.
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