Survival Strategies For Libraries In A Depressed Economy (A Case Study Of Imo State Library Board Owerri)

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

Survival Strategies For Libraries In A Depressed Economy (A Case Study Of Imo State Library Board Owerri)


This research work investigated the survival strategies for libraries in a depressed economy. A case of Imo State library board Owerri. The data collection instrument used for this work is questionnaire. The research population comprised of management director and Head of Department of Imo State library board Owerri.

The findings revealed that the library in Nigeria needs improvement. It was discovered that the problem encountered in the survival of libraries is lack of fund from the government. Another finding is that modern information and communication technology has affected the survival and operating of Imo State library board Owerri base on the findings recommendation were made on how to improve the survival of libraries in Nigeria.

The recommendations are government aids libraries should aim at providing affective services to the library user. Modern information and communication technology, current publication should be frequently acquired.

Table Of Contents

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 The historical background to the library under study
  • 1.3 Statement of the problem
  • 1.4 Objective of the study
  • 1.5 Research questions
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Significance of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of the key terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Suggestion on the survival for libraries in depressed economy repacking information
  • 2.2 Problems militating against the Imo State Library board
  • 2.3 Prospects for the future
  • 2.4 Reasons why library must survive
  • References

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Instrument for data collection
  • 3.5 Method of data collection
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Analysis and Presentation

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Analysis of data
  • 4.3 Findings of the study
  • 4.4 Discussion of findings

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaires

Chapter One


1.1 Background Of The Study

A library is a collection of books and books material organized for use in addition to begin an organized collection. It is an agency that put us touch with sources of information whether the happen to exist in book or not.

Public library according to Harrods (1977) is the library wholly or partly from public fund and use which is not restricted to any class of reasons in the community but is freely available to all public library that has it’s branches that provide library service to various communities that are located within the state and they can be found in the rural communities like Okigwe etc. It is a major agency of enlightenment for adult and it provide for children the experience of other which will help them to grow into useful adult.

Despite there are problems militating against the survival of libraries like finance, library service etc. it when considered and solved the libraries will survive even in a depressed economy and some of the survival strategies for libraries to survive in a depressed economy are advertising and exhibiting, inter-library loan charges, assistance and co-operation from other libraries.

Library publication etc. because of the importance of libraries which serve as a place where book and non books material are organized for use, the above survival strategies must be implemented for it to survive in a depressed economy.

1.2 The Historical Background To The Library Under Study

The historical background of the case of this research is Imo State Library Board Owerri from the year 1976-2014.
Imo State library board came out from the eastern central library on the 3rd of February 1976, more state were later created in Nigeria and Imo State one of them. It was carved out of the former eastern central state as a result of this creation the east library board.

However, it was only in September 1976 that the indigenous Imo staff in Enugu was transferred to Owerri to establish the administrative head quarters of Imo State library board. The mobility was in part because printing, building and reprography staff were the last to move by the end of September 1976. The Anambra State library board retained the building and fitted asset while fiscal cash and information resource were shared.

Consequently Owerri divisional library which was under completion was horridly finished and used as the headquarter. The new library was opened to the public of the 12th of November1976 by then military Governor Commander Godwin Ndubuisi Kanu. The building was designed to accommodate 85,000 volumes, the sum of N35,909.84 was said to be spent on the building at that time of its opening. Apart from additional building have been added. There are handicapped building which were later taken over by the N.T.A.

The history will also be incomplete without the mentioning the carryout of Abia State from Imo State. In September 1991 the resistance effect of this is the emergence of Abia State library board. This led to the sharing of the assets and liabilities between the new Imo State library board and Abia State out of 17 divisional. Imo State library board then inherited only seven (7) branches, but now Imo State has ten (10) branches libraries.

The first director of Imo State library was appointed on the 10th November 1976 in the person of Prof. A.O. Anya and the present director of Imo State library service is Dr. Mrs. Ngozi Amadi and the new site is located at No. 3 Assumption Avenue/Bank road.

1.3 Statement Of The Problem

The public library has been describe as peoples university the local passage of knowledge, providing opportunities for life long learning, independent decision making and cultural development of the people.

The major problem hindering the development of libraries in Niger include law, paginate, lack of adequate number of trained personnel and above all inadequate funding.

1.4 Objectives Of The Study

The purpose of this research is to find out the following:

  1. To know if Imo State library board is in existence
  2. To identify the survival strategies of library in a depressed economy.
  3. To find out the problem militating against the survival of Imo State library board.
  4. To identify the solution to the problem of the depressed economy.

1.5 Research Questions

The following questions were draw and structured by the researcher as follows:

  1. Are there libraries existing in Owerri, Imo State.?
  2. Are there survival strategies for libraries in a depressed economy?
  3. What are the problem militating against the survival of the Imo State library board?
  4. What are the solutions to the problem of depressed economy?

1.6 Scope Of The Study

This work on the Survival Strategies of Libraries in a Depressed Economy with Imo State as a case study. In other words, the research work is on the survival strategies and the study was restricted to Imo State library board Owerri.

1.7 Significance Of The Study

The study will enable us to know the problem facing libraries in Nigeria and how they survive. It will help the researcher or any other person who is interested in findings out the researcher to appreciate library as an agent of political, social and religious development of a judgment and taking the right decision that affect their existence.

1.8 Definition Of The Terms


Free Merriam Webster dictionary define assets as a property of a deceased person subjected by law to payment of his/her debt and legacies liabilities: According to Business Dictionary, it is a claim against the assets or legal obligation of a person or organization arising out of past or current transaction.


Learners Dictionary defines it as having or showing good judgment.


According to learner Dictionary, it is an act of reproviding and duplicating of document written material etc. by the use of certain equipment and machine.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary Of Findings, Conclusion And Commendations

5.1 Summary Of Findings

The above analysis of the survival strategies of libraries in a depressed, a case study of Imo State library board Owerri with relevant findings and statement by management.

Analysis of the findings revealed that the library in Nigeria needs improvement it was also discovered that the problem encountered in the survival of library is inadequate materials. It was also discovered that through the library receives financial support, from government, it is not adequate.

From the analysis, it was found that the frequently of collection development is irregular and as a result, the library lack enough material in its stock. Another finding is that modern information and communication technology has not affected the survive and operation of the Imo State library board Owerri and the major way towards is to provide adequate material, support from government. Provision of library service and to attract readers more to the library by providing more information material.

5.2 Conclusion

Libraries are said to be necessary dissemination and utilization of information resources which help library user to attain technological, political, economical and social advancement. The major way of bringing about the survival strategies of libraries is government intervention.

5.3 Recommendations

It will be as incomplete work if there is no recommendation on how to improve the survival of libraries in Nigeria. Having examined some literature on the problem besting the survival strategies of a public library in Nigeria. If the suggestions offered here are taken and implemented it will definitely go a long way in alleviating the suffering of a library in Nigeria.

The basic finding, the following are recommended:

1. Government Aids:

As has been discovered through the response from the respondent government can help to improve the survival of libraries in a numbers ways. One of the ways through the provision of adequate funds, provision of information material and training facilities for staff.

2. Public Libraries:

The public library should aim at providing effective services to library users. This is because effective services will make the public see the public library as a place they should approach for their information needs.

3. Modern Information and Communication Technology:

This should be made available in libraries. Since the world is becoming a global village, the library should not be left out.

4. Currents Publication:

This should be frequently acquired in order to meet the varying needs of the library users.

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