A Survey Of Teenage Problems In Nigerian Secondary Schools

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A Survey Of Teenage Problems In Nigerian Secondary Schools


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine a survey of teenage problems in Nigerian secondary schools with special reference to secondary schools in Niger State. Specifically, the study examined examine the need for effective counseling in secondary schools. The study also determine the impact of counseling services on teenage problems in secondary schools. Lastly, the study recommend ways of improving counseling to teenagers in secondary schools. The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 30 responses were validated from the survey. From the responses obtained and analyzed, the findings revealed that the problems of teenagers in secondary schools in Niger state is learning gaps from elementary education,drug addiction, Drama with peers and Mental health disorder. Also the need for effective counseling in secondary schools are for student to be able to develop problem solving skills, provide emotional need of the student, provide behavioral need of the students and to create a seamless and friendly environment to help each one of them with different approaches. Lastly, the impact of counseling services on teenage problems in secondary schools is that counseling has helped students take the right approach towards solving issues,counseling has helped with dealing with peer groups pressure, counseling has helped student going through changes in identity and counseling has helped students with mood swings. The study thereby recommend that counselors and public health personnel should utilize all the potentials in the school environment to enable everyone realize that the passage from infancy to childhood and from adolescence to adulthood is natural and should be managed with a sense of commitment. Also there should be strict supervision for secondary school student in other to reduce their indulgence in substance abuse and other forms of vices.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The problems the average teenage or youth in secondary schools in Nigeria has reached an alarming rate thus leading to the urgent need for effective counseling to help guide and nurture these young minds to avoid been overwhelmed by these problems which may lead them to making costly mistakes for their future.

It has been very glaring that Guidance and Counseling which helps in the identification of teenage problems and rendering possible support were necessary has been lacking in our educational system especially in the secondary schools, until recently, this discipline has been grossly omitted in the system. Due to the absence of career guidance, many students have not got the proper skill to function effectively among her contemporaries. A good number of students have not been able to examine their potentialities and attempt to find career that will bring them job satisfaction; this may be attributed to either not Listening to a guidance counselor not receiving counsel at all. It is therefore imperative to expose students to various methods or ways of solving their problems, this cannot be over emphasized. It has been discovered that most schools do not have a functional guidance and counseling in solving teenage problems rather what exist is a miniature office occupied by teaching staff who offers skeletal guidance occasionally to students a wall as still teach his/her complete weekly periods, hence not having time for the guidance and counseling services.

In view of this schools are encouraged to have a solid and functional guidance and counseling program being headed by qualified counselor to meet the individual needs of the students.


1.2 Statement of the General Problem

The poor academic performance of the teenager in examinations in secondary schools should not be blamed on either the teaching pattern of the child’s lack of receptiveness to teaching it may have been caused by the enormous problems confronting the teenager which in most cases may not be noticed by teachers and thus these problems has adversely affected these youths in secondary schools and has made them join bad peers in other to confide in someone which most of the times has led to the increase of cultism, prostitution and other vices in secondary schools which has by extension led to the decline in the product of teenagers who graduate from the secondary school annually.


1.3 Aims and Objectives of the Study

The major aim of the study is to examine teenage problems in secondary schools in Niger state with the aim of rendering an effective counseling to eradicate if possible these problems faced by the teenager. Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To examine the need for effective counseling in secondary schools.
  2. To determine the impact of counseling services on teenage problems in secondary schools.
  3. To recommend ways of improving counseling to teenagers in secondary schools

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the problems of teenagers in secondary schools in Niger state?
  2. What is the need for effective counseling in secondary schools?
  3. What is the impact of counseling services on teenage problems in secondary schools?
  4. What are the ways of improving counseling to teenagers in secondary schools?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

H0; there is no significant impact of counseling on the problems of teenagers in Niger state.

H1; there is a significant impact of counseling on the problems of teenagers in Niger state.


1.6 Significance of the Study

The study would be of immense importance to the leadership of secondary schools in Nigeria as it would reveal the need for adequate counseling services in our secondary schools in other to tackle the problems faced by teenagers. The study would also benefit students, researchers and scholars who are interested in developing a further study on the subject matter.


1.7 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study is restricted to the survey of teenage problems in Niger state secondary schools and the need for counseling.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on the a survey of teenage problems in Nigerian secondary schools using secondary schools in Niger State as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at highlighting the need for effective counseling in secondary schools, determine the impact of counseling services on teenage problems in secondary schools and recommend ways of improving counseling to teenagers in secondary schools. A total of 30 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from teachers of the selected secondary schools.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. The problems of teenagers in secondary schools in Niger state is learning gaps from elementary education,drug addiction, Drama with peers and Mental health disorder,
  2. The need for effective counseling in secondary schools are for student to be able to develop problem solving skills, provide emotional need of the student, provide behavioral need of the students and to create a seamless and friendly environment to help each one of them with different approaches.
  3. The impact of counseling services on teenage problems in secondary schools is that counseling has helped students take the right approach towards solving issues, counseling has helped with dealing with peer groups pressure, counseling has helped student going through changes in identity and counseling has helped students with mood swings

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Counselors and public health personnel should utilize all the potentials in the school environment to enable everyone realize that the passage from infancy to childhood and from adolescence to adulthood is natural and should be managed with a sense of commitment
  2. There should be strict supervision for secondary school student in other to reduce their indulgence in substance abuse and other forms of vices.

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