Survey Of Divorce Among Women And It’s Effects On Children’s Academic Achievement

Project and Seminar Material for Child and Basic Education

Survey Of Divorce Among Women And It’s Effects On Children’s Academic Achievement


This project is set to deal with the marked rise in the rate of divorces and its effect on children’s education. It is contended that much of confusion is studying the effect of divorce on children has been a result of a failure to view divorce as a process involving series of events and changes in life circumstances rather than as a single event. At different points in this sequence children are confronted with different coping strategies. The data for this project was gotten from a questionnaire distributed and it was analyzed through percentage which led to the conclusion that adverse the effect of parental breakup on a Child’s education is one of those social contexts in which the experience of divorce is more common.

Chapter One


1.1 Background to the Study

Man is an entity but does not survive alone, that is he does not live in isolation but lived in relationship with those around him. This idea of living together calls for cooperation which is expressed in all the institutions man has ever known. The family is the institution. Since the inception of marriage which was ordained by nature, it has gone a long way of influencing the society both positively and negatively depending largely on the co-actors. Marriage though defined by the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of current English is an instance of legal union of a man and a woman as husband and wife that is a state of being married. On the other hand, marriage is a basic institution of any culture. The state and the church powerfully support it. It is a cornerstone of any culture through which companionship and sex relationship of man and woman achieve their fullest and richest expression. It is through it that children are revival maintain.

The marriage institution dates back as far as the creation of man according to Christian religion belief and stated in Genesis when God said let make man in his image after our own likeness. And God said “it is not good that man should be alone, I will make a help mate for him” and he made a woman and brought her into man to be his wife. God institutionalized marriage. Historically, most societies encourage marriage and give high status to married persons. Parents particularly, fathers are actively involved in the choice of marriage partners for their children (both male and female) especially females. This is because women do not only marry their husband but the whole of its extended family. They do not join since the woman’s future is wrapped up in her choice and often which the woman lies access to maintain their judgment. The parents have lived longer than have seen more deeply or more days than them (children) because they know the people and know the families into which the girl is going because the couple have to marry with full approval of their families or will break away sharply and probably painful.

The role of the husband and wife were predetermined that the husband is to cam the wing and act as a protector and channel of communication with the outside world. That of the wife being to maintain the well being of the family and household and that these roles were expected by society to the extent that it was prepared to take little or no responsibility in the extent of tension and unhappiness. Perhaps in some ways the rigidity determined boundaries. The African society (of which Oredo is a typical example) is very complex at least spiritually. Many things that happen in the water world where there exist match making and marriage which they consider age, proximity, social class, education, physical character, family influence and care to make the marriage successful.
Today, the ideal of the arranged marriage seem old and the recently avoided Asian immigrants who still follow this practice are regarded by their fellow citizen as primitive and behind the time. Yet it has many advantages, one of the importance of which is the likelihood of greater tolerance of disharmony simply because the unhappy spouse does not feel the need for self-blame and can project the responsibility for the unhappiness upon the parent who choose unwisely. According to Lyn Gill (1980) as a Gird for unhappiness and psychologically ills rage scene from divorce stated that “the generation ago, divorce was so scandalous and out the originally that it was scarcely even conventional misery within a respectable marriage”.

Divorce according to Stars, the Rockefellers who no longer had to care about what other people taught of them and were powerful enough to energy the publicity. Even at this, divorce still leaves indelible mark on some. It is on record that divorce damaged Aldai-Stevenson’s presidential in the 1960s. According to Nita Kolen (1981) “society up till today maintain that the main shadows of a husband quadrants security, respect and pride for the women”. But with all these privilege that goes with marriage, sociologists have found to their dismay that there are six (6) basic classes of family disorganization of which divorce is a prime factor. Individual factors would include the various physical intellectual and personality components that comes into play whenever two or more people interacts in so far as individual factors are concerned, the limit seems to be interminable, social incompatibility, personality problems, infidelity excessive drinking, financial difficulties, in-law relationship, etc.

One or more studies for example indicate that the following are associated with divorce:

  1. Low socio-economic status.
  2. Pair divorce
  3. Early age of marriage
  4. Certain kinds of cross-clan marriage
  5. Premarital pregnancy
  6. Being raised up in broken homes

However, divorce is a grave social-misdemeanor, agonizing, suspect and against the moral grain but unfortunately, divorce figures continue to climb and couples split effects their actions will have on the academic achievement of their siblings. They take the wrong step to solving maternal problem. These divorce hide under the motion that marriage has always been a shifting transitory arrangement. “Till death do us part” used to be a realistic assessment of the registry in local government secretariat to complete the marriage ritual. After all the above aforementioned issues, it will be very imperative for us to ask what then are the problems or effects of divorce in our society in general, with regard to the child’s advice achievements. It seems to be the question that needs answer and solution.

Divorce may not only mean the end of living together between a man and a woman but also breeds instability in the society such as problem of delinquent children and some other complete cities, one increase in the rate of suicide, drunkenness, promiscuity and so on. These problems affect the socio-economic and political life of any society coupled with the child’s academic achievement. Most importantly and publicized aspects of divorce is the effects on children of such parents since the divorce rate itself has risen dramatically. The actual number of children affected has correspondingly reached a staggering proportion. Some of them turn out to become robbers, thieves and notorious when they experience hardship. All these constitute unhealthy social atmosphere in the society, hence the retard progress of the nation in all realm since they serve as log in the wheel of progress.

1.2 Statement of the Problems

Divorce in our society today has given rise to problem of various dimensions. They include growth of indiscipline and lawlessness in our society, armed robbery, thieves, drug abuse and addiction, sex abuse, the indiscriminate behaviour such as branchy in school, pick-pocketing, lying, examination malpractices and disrespect to constituted authority.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The objectives were to:

  1. Examine primary school teachers’ perceptions on the effects divorce among women on children’s academic performance.
  2. Explore the effects of divorce on their children’ academic performance
  3. Explore community members’ views on their role in the effects of divorce among women on pupils’ academic performance.

1.4 Research Questions

This study was guided by the following research questions:

  1. What are the teachers’ perceptions on the effects of divorce among women to children’s academic performance?
  2. What are the effects of divorce among women to their children’s academic performance?
  3. What are the perceptions of the community members on their role in minimizing the effects of divorce among women on children’s academic performance?

1.5 Significance of the Study

Although, divorce has been in existence from time immemorial, little or nothing has been done to remedy its effect s on the educational and development of the children. As a matter of fact, the effect on children’s academic achievement as a result of divorce cannot be over-emphasized. This survey of divorce among women on children’s academic achievement will help to resuscitate marriage and improve marriage relationship in order to eliminate the high rate of divorce especially.

This study will be of immense benefit to the following areas. It will help the educational planners and ministry of education to device a means of helping these children to improve in their academic achievement by organizing individual instructions for the victims. It will help to bring to the awareness of such parents the damages and harm they have caused to the children they have raised up or brought to the world. Education curriculum planners will find it very important based on this study to incorporate instructional technology in school system for the benefit of such people.

1.6 Assumptions of the Study

Certain assumptions are made with regard to the divorce on women and its effects on children’s academic achievements. It is assumed that divorce among parents greatly affects their academic achievement. Another assumption is that girls rather than boys are the main victims of various influences on children’s academic achievement which normally affects them in future.

1.7 Delimitation of the Study

This study focuses attention on students in primary and secondary schools. This study was delimited to 5 primary and secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State namely, Idia Secondary School, Payne Primary School,, Edo College, Eware Primary School, Itohan Secondary school. These schools have been chosen because they are all from different locations in Oredo Local Government Area.

1.8 Limitation of the Study

One limitation of the study was the difficulty in securing accurate and honest responses from respondents. Some respondents might not have disclose all their problems while some might neglect the use of respondents’ perceptions to judge the accuracy of parents’ perceptions. On the other hand, they themselves might have tricked them which they felt were likely to, but which did not really bother their children. Another limitation of this study is that the result and findings may not be generalizable to the whole of Edo State, let alone Nigeria, and for all children problems, especially at itemized and categorized n the other sections of the questionnaire as well as for all ages of divorce victims.

1.9 Definition of Terms

As a first step to understanding the problems and some causes of divorce as well as its effects on children’s academic achievements, it is necessary to define various terms that can be encountered. Thee terms could mean another thing outside the context:

1. Divorce:

Is the legal ending of marriage between couples so that husband and wife are free to remarry again.

2. Divorcee:

This is either a divorced woman or man who is free by law to remarry.

3. Marriage:

This is the act of two partners living together as husband and wife.

4. Academic Achievement:

This is the performance of children in a given examination or test after receiving series of lectures.

5. Sorogate:

This is a custom in which a widowed man gain access to his wife’s sister.

6. Juvenile Delinquency:

This is the failure of the given person or youth to do what the law of duty requires.

7. Shaky Marriage:

This is situation whereby a marriage is not stable as a result of constant quarrels, nagging and fighting.

8. Infidelity:

This is lack of religious fault of partners.

9. Desertion:

Unlawful abandonment of one spouse and children (if any) by another spouse.

10. Wife Abuse:

Unlawful battery of wives by their husbands/spouse which may result to physical bodily harm.

11. Illegitimate Children:

Children born out of wedlock.

12. Vagabonds:

Children that are lacking proper home upbringing.

13. Spouse:

Legal husband or wife.

14. Addiction:

This is a condition of being a slave to a habit and strong inclination.

15. Separation:

Arrangement ordered by a court of law which does end a marriage but requires married persons no longer to live together.

16. Truancy:

This is an act to habit of staying away from school without permission.

1.8 Organization of the Study

The study comprises of five chapters. Chapter one consists of the background to the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, objectives, research questions, significance, limitation of the study, delimitation of the study, basic assumptions, definitions of key terms and organization of the study. Chapter two comprises of literature review theoretical and conceptual frameworks. Chapter three deals with research methodology, covering research sampling, procedures, research instruments and their validity and reliability, procedures for data collection and data analysis. Chapter four comprises of findings and discussions which were generated by the study. Chapter five presents summary, conclusions and recommendations.

Chapter Five

Summary of Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1 Summary of Findings

This study sought to investigate the perceptions of teachers, children and the community members on the effects that divorce among women have on children’s academic performance. Specifically the study soughtto:

  1. Examine primary school teachers’ perceptions on the effects divorce among women on children’s academic performance.
  2. Explore the perception of children in divorce among women and the effects of their status on their academic performance.
  3. Explore community members’ views on their role in the effects of divorce among women on pupils’ academic performance.

Chapter 1 concentrated on exploration of the concept of divorce among women and its effects on children. Chapter 2 dwelt more on the literatures and studies on the effects of divorce among women on children’s academic performance. It also reviewed the literature on the perceptions of children on the effects of divorce among women on their life and the role of community in minimizing the effects of divorce among women on children. Chapter 3, research methodology presented the research design for this study. This is mixed method design where quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed. Chapter 4 is confined in data presentation and analysis.

The following findings were revealed by this study:

There are two opposing sides on the negative effect of divorce among women on children’s academic performance. These opposing sides could be explained as an influence of the media, the church and the school, which see marriage as a norm, where two parents are supposed to live together and rear their children and broken one are going against the norm. Literature consistently shows that divorce among women has negative effects on children’s growth physically and psychologically but it is silent on positive effects of divorce among women on children’s development. Although there are those who believe a divorce among women is better than exposing children to adult violence, they also believe that marriage is a good thing for nurturing the family, regardless of other gender-based exploitation. Children who have experienced violence feel better when the marriage eventually is broken, but they suffer negative identification as developing bad manners due to lack of one figure, father or mother.

These findings have further shown that community members perceive themselves as with a role to ensure the welfare of the children from divorce among women although this role vary. There were those who felt they are responsible because they are Africans, and those who thought they have a role to play because of religious teachings. This concurs with the literature reviewed in chapter two as well as other literature referred to in chapter five under discussion. It was also noted that children were not informed by their parents on the prospects of separation.

Based on these findings, however, it cannot be confirmed with certainty that children from broken homes are worse off than those from intact marriage because some may be experiencing violence, which has more negative effect than living peacefully with one parent. All in all, parents need to ensure the safety of their children whether they are in marriage or outside of it for a simple reason that children need to be brought up in peaceful environment if we want to have an upright future generation.

5.2 Recommendations

5.1.1 Recommendations for Action

On the bases of the results obtained in the research and the literature reviewed, the following are recommended.

  1. The community members including teachers, neighbors and all children lovers should make it their responsibility for all the children regardless of being their biological parents.
  2. Schools at all levels should have a strong guidance and counseling unit to help all the children in need of special attention.
  3. The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (MoEVT) in collaboration with Universities and religious organizations should work together and develop training programme on love, marriage and care for parents in order to educate the society on the importance of love and family care for healthy families, communities and society in general.

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