A Survey Of Attitude Of Students Towards School Counselor In Secondary School In Oredo LGA, Edo State.

Project and Seminar Material for Education

A Survey Of Attitude Of Students Towards School Counselor In Secondary School In Oredo LGA, Edo State.


This study investigated survey of attitude of students towards school counsellor in secondary school in the Oredo L.G.A in Edo state. The study aimed at finding out the available counselling services in schools, the frequency of access to counselling in schools, and the attitude students hold about the role of counsellors in the choice of careers. The descriptive research design was used in this study. Student respondents numbered 349 while 2 counsellors were involved in the study. Questionnaires and an interview guide were used to gather the necessary data for the study. The study revealed that counselling services are available in schools and include educational, vocational, and person-social counselling. Secondly, the study found that students had access to counselling but their frequency of access was inhibited by counsellor characteristics and other factors. Lastly, the study uncovered that students thought counsellors to be central to the process of making career choices. The government, Nigeria Education Services, and school authorities should give much heed to counselling especially career guidance by making resources available to counsellors for work. Career guidance programmes should be routinized in schools for greater benefits to students. Counsellors should also endeavour to seek opportunities for skill upgrade and higher training so that they can become more relevant to the needs of students.

Chapter One


1.1 Background to the study

The field of school based guidance and counseling programs have been designed to help students gain career awareness within the educational system. Over the years the field has been confronted with great challenges that make it more difficult to provide students with strong career guidance. Guidance professional in many public schools are often assigned large work loads. The average US students counselor ratio is 479 to 1and it grows to more than 1000 to 1 in some schools (American school counselor association, 2010). This contrasts greatly with what is necessary to ensure adequate students services. The American school counselor association recommends a student counselor ratio of 250 to 1. In order to implement comprehensive developmental school counseling program designed to meet the needs of all students. (American School Counseling Association, 2010).

Further complicating these high ratios, guidance professionals are at times redirected to assignments that do not match or need their professional counseling skills. Responsibilities may include such diverse activities as conducting testing programs, registering students for courses, filling out college application, handling disciplinary issues and monitoring student’s records. Some of these activities such as coordinating and administering cognitive, aptitude and achievement tests have been declared inappropriate by the American School Counselor Association, while others merely stretch the limit of any individual professional, leaving less time to focus on direct student services such as career guidance. A survey of high schools counselor in Florida found that more than 30% reported that “actual career counseling” occupied very little of their time (Osborn, Debra and Baggerly, 2004)

There is also a dichotomy between what counselor need to know about helping students make good educational and career decision and what counselors learn in their counselor preparatory programs. Many counselor preparatory programs focus predominantly on mental health models rather than academic and career development models (Martin 2002). Thus some guidance professionals lack current and accurate knowledge concerning career guidance and emerging career opportunities and may have outdated attitudes about post secondary options that impact the information they share with students (Mitkos, et. al. 2008).

The term “school counseling” broadly refers to the process of meeting the needs of students in several areas of development, such as academic career and personal. Experts agree that professional school counseling program should be “comprehensive in scope, preventive in design and developmental in nature”.

The term “Guidance” refers to a more specific trajectory within the field of counseling a pathway to helping students choose a vocational or career path “guidance is the processes of helping people make important choices that affect their lives such as choosing a preferred life style.” One distinction between guidance and counseling is that while guidance focuses on helping individual choose what they value most, counseling focuses on helping them make changes.

Several changes have taken place in the evolution of counseling and guidance program in schools around the world. Counseling and guidance appeared to have moved from a single vocational counselor in schools to an organized program that focuses on; content (core competencies that all students can acquire)

Organizational framework (structural component and program component) and resources (human and political). Gysbers and Henderson, 2000.

As such Counseling and guidance experts are increasingly emphasizing the need for program planning and evaluation and improving effectiveness of programs and accountability of counselors.

In establishing carefully planned counseling and guidance programs in post primary education, the idea of gender responsiveness is critical.

High school drop-out rates result in unemployment, poverty, low quality of life, high dependency ratio and many other social problems which call for an effective career guidance programme in schools. Ocansey (2001) observes that making a correct or realistic career choice as well as planning for it is a difficult or delicate task. It is therefore important that school guidance programmes keep up with the latest trends, so that guidance services are provided in our schools to equip students to make them well prepared to make better choices in life. Whether students make use of school counsellors or not depends on how students perceive these counsellors‟ roles in the choice of a career (Mittendorff, Beijaardb, den Brokb, & Koopman, 2012).

In the school system, the ultimate aim of both teaching, and guidance and counselling is to prepare and guide students into a better future. Though guidance and counseling may not be a time-tabled activity as teaching, McLaughlin (1999) asserts that it carries an educational function. This means its place in the school system is no less important. The failure to offer or effectively provide guidance services has often led to wrong career path decisions that have adversely affected the victims and the nation. Lack of enthusiasm in a chosen field, low productivity at work, emotional depression, and lack of focus in life are some of the consequences of bad career decisions made by students (Fox & Butler, 2007). The need to maximize the benefits of school-based services like guidance and counselling therefore becomes ever important. But getting students to talk to counsellors remains unrealistic given the varying attitudes students hold about counsellors which hinder the natural human conversation process between both parties (Fox & Butler, 2007). Without such a conversation, good career decisions, which are a product of the conversational process, will not be possible. And since counsellors hold great secrets and information in store, these treasures are lost forever to these students.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Lack of preparation to navigate the changing workplace can be tied specifically to a lack of career knowledge and awareness. More than half of high school students say no one in their school has been helpful in advising on career options or option to further their education. (Hurley et.al, 2002). Without structured guidance activities, young people tend to drift through their high school education without gaining knowledge of all the career opportunities available to them or the skills that are required. Some will become discouraged and drop out of high school; others may miss the connections between high school, post-secondary education and the workplace and make career decision based on inaccurate or incomplete information.

In a survey carried out by the state of our nation’s youth, the top career choices among students in an open ended question were doctor or surgeon (10%), teacher of professor (8%), engineer (6%), nurse/medical assistant (6%), arts or entertainment (5%), lawyer or attorney (5%). (Horatio Agler Association of Distinguished American, Inc 2008-2009}. Most of these choices require a number of years of post secondary education. Yet only 70% of students graduate from school on time and only 34% graduate ready for college. (Alliance for Excellent Education, 2000). This disconnects between aspiration and educational performance set students up for personal or financial disappointment as they are faced with the realities of the job market.

Many other students enter college without a clear career goal. resulting in indecision and the costly prospect of excessive time spent in post- high school institution as they drift from one program to another or pursue courses of study that do not align with employer need. Students over the age of 25 are now one of the fastest growing populations in community colleges. (Gateway Community College, 2006). They often enroll to get additional skills to be competitive in the workplace. Many of these students have already completed some college or even a 4-year degree, but have found it inadequate or inappropriate for the career opportunities that are available to them.

Engaging in post secondary education without a clear purpose does not use public or private resources as effectively as possible and these students would have greatly benefited from stronger career guidance early in their educational experience.

1.3 Objectives of the study

The main objective of the study is to examine the attitude of students towards school counselor in secondary school in Oredo LGA, Edo State.

  1. To examine the guidance and counselling services available in Senior secondary schools in the Oredo L.G.A in Edo state.
  2. To investigate how often senior secondary school students access guidance and counselling services in their schools.
  3. To examine senior secondary school students’ attitudes of school counsellors‟ role in the choice of a career.

1.4 Research questions

The following were questions that were used to guide the study:

  1. What are the guidance and counselling services available in Senior secondary schools in the Oredo L.G.A in Edo state?
  2. How often do senior secondary school students access guidance and counselling services in their schools?
  3. What are senior secondary school students‟ attitudes of school counsellors‟ role in the choice of a career?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The findings of this research will reveal to students, teachers administrators, parents, government and employer of labour the importance of school counselors in secondary schools as regards students choice of career. Students would benefit by understanding how important and indispensable the counselor is in their choice of a career.

It will make parents and teachers understand the essence of early grooming of their children and ward regarding career choices and the role of the counselor towards achieving success and satisfaction for their children/students professionally.

The administrator would be able to provide materials that would facilitate positive counselor/student relationship in order to be more productive.

Government and employer of labour on their part will enjoy a better well prepared and packaged work force with necessary orientation and experience that will help in nation building and greater efficiency.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The study covered secondary school students that reside in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. This research looked at Students attitude of the role of the school counselor in the choice of career and how they can be improved. The effect of counselor’s advice on the choice and decisions of students in the area will be taken into account during the course of this research.

1.7 Limitation of the Study

A study of this nature would not be complete without discussing some of the problems encountered by the researcher. The various problems that limit the outcome of this research work are therefore discussed below;

This research depends mainly on the responds of the students and teacher/counselors. The time set aside for this study was too short; as a result, the researcher had no opportunity to make all intensive and extensive study on the topic.

Again there was period of long holiday for teachers and students in the local government area used as a case study of this research work.

Finally teachers, students and counselors could not return all the questionnaires distributed to the researcher.

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

This chapter summarizes information obtained from the study. It is also used to draw conclusions on the study and proffers recommendations based on the findings of the study.

5.1 Summary

The study‟s aims were to investigate the attitude of students towards school counselor in secondary school in Oredo LGA, Edo State. Descriptive survey was the research design used for the study. Questionnaires and in-depth interviews were used to collect data. A sample of 351 respondents was employed in the study. Descriptive statistical method was used in analyzing the data making extensive use of frequencies and percentages. The study‟s summary held that:

  1. Guidance and counselling services are available to students in schools and that students have experienced these services. Most of the contacts between the students and the counsellors were one on one contact rather than group or conferential. The meetings between the two players were however not routinized to enable a constant relationship that offers a helping input into students‟ overall academic, social and career needs for high school students in the Oredo L.G.A in Edo state.
  2. The guidance and counselling services in schools were accessed by students though not without some difficulties. Issues of confidentiality, the training of the counsellor, the degree of shyness, and the professional availability of the counsellor were said to be inhibiting factors to the urge to frequently access counselling services in schools though such services were readily available in schools in the Oredo L.G.A in Edo state.
  3. Counsellors are important in the process of making a career choice. The consensus was that though the counsellor is important, their personality and professional bearing determines whether they eventually had a role to play in students‟ career choice decision making. The counsellor‟s knowledgeability, promptness in responding to students‟ inquiries, and the extent of uniqueness they see in each student formed a bedrock that determined if students came for counselling and whether they involved the counsellor in the making of career decisions.

5.2 Conclusion

The study arrived at some conclusions. Firstly, it was realized that guidance and counselling services are available in schools in the Oredo L.G.A in Edo state. Students also accessed counselling though the frequency of access was not encouraging. Thirdly, the study showed that students took a positive view of the role counsellor in making career choice especially if the personality and professional commitment of the counsellor were very attractive and convincing.

5.3 Recommendations

From the outcome of the study a number of recommendations were proffered.

  1. Guidance and counselling services should not only be available in schools but that counsellors must routinize their activities to benefit students the more. Conferences on career opportunities as well as group counselling should be encouraged.
  2. Counsellors and school authorities should create the necessary institutional and psychological foundations that enables students find it easier to access professional counselling. The location of counselling offices should be encouraging to students to want to seek professional advice.
  3. Counsellors must do well to improve their personality and professional know-how to woo more students to the counselling centres in schools. The more personal, professional, attentive, and flexible counsellors are, the greater the students will involve them in the making of decisions about the future.

How To Get The Complete Material For “A Survey Of Attitude Of Students Towards School Counselor In Secondary School In Oredo LGA, Edo State.“

Project Material Download

3,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…

Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦3,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank Plc Acc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith Bank Acc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account
PalmPay Main Logo Acc No: 8143831497
Samphina Academy
Digital Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card

CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
Make Payment of 80 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: A Survey Of Attitude Of Students Towards School Counselor In Secondary School In Oredo LGA, Edo State.

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply

  Contact Our Help Desk

Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search

List of Related Works

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a survey of secondary school students’ attitude towards science?

Thus the statement of this research project is, “A survey of secondary school students’ attitude towards science” Significance of the Study The attitude of a learner towards a subject determines, to a large extent, his/her success and consequently his/her choice of a profession. In most cases this attitude is formed during secondary classes.

Is the school attitude questionnaire suitable for students?

The School Attitude Questionnaire was found to be suitable in the light of the findings of our study, and its scales are thought to affect students’ attitudes towards school. Content may be subject to copyright. Content may be subject to copyright. student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. 

Which of the variables concerning attitudes towards school cannot be?

The variables concerning attitudes towards school cannot be environment and classroom climate. Attitudes towards school are related to not only the classroom learning environment but also the school environment. on students’ attitudes towards school. The focus of the present study was the development potential to influence these attitudes.

Does school type affect students’ expectations from teacher at secondary level?

There is no effect of school type on students’ expectations from teacher at secondary level. Ho5. There is no effect of father education on students’ expectations from teacher at secondary level. Ho6. There is no effect of mother education on students’ expectations from teacher at secondary level. 


Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.