A Stylistic Analysis Of A Selected Campaign Speech Of President Goodluck Jonathan

Project and Seminar Material for Linguistics and Communication

A Stylistic Analysis Of A Selected Campaign Speech Of President Goodluck Jonathan


Language and style are the basic modes of communication and information. They centre on words and utterances and focus beyond these two aspects, that is, words and utterances. Stylistics is based mainly on the interpretation of texts from a linguistic perspective. A stylistic analysis of the selected election campaign speech of President Goodluck Jonathan is carried out in this research. The data used in this work to illustrate the stylistic effects on speech is the Campaign speech of President Goodluck Jonathan. The five stylistic devices identified in this research are the main elements used to prove our claim. Finally, we found that each of these elements functions well enough to contribute to the effective use of words in speech delivery. It can therefore be concluded that these elements trigger and play important roles in passing the intention of the writer or speaker across to the reader or hearer.

Chapter One

General Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Language is a fascinating study. This is because of the roles of performs. It captures all the aspects of human thought and endeavours. Language is concepts which many attempt have been made to define. To some people’s point of view, language is a means of communication. To some, it’s a way of expressing our views, ideas, wishes and emotions. But to be more specific about this definition, language is what is spoken or written; it consists of the use of word in a meaningful and agreed order. This definition makes language a rule governed activity.

The first two definitions of language by Chomsky and Cruse suggest that each speech community possess a repertive interest, world vocabulary covering the social concern, political interest, occupational interest, world view and physical environment of the people to fulfill their communicative needs and meet their interactive demands it is this inventory that constitutes the codes with which a community communicates.

Speech on the other hand is a connected discourse. It is a faculty of expressing thoughts, feelings or perceptions by articulation of word. It is spoken formerly to an audience. There are various a type of speeches out of which is the presidential speech.

This speech is the one delivered by a president to the general public or to the members of his cabinet. It can be acceptance speech, presentation speech, campaign speech and many others. Out of these speeches, our focus for this research is on campaign speech.

What is campaign speech? What are the features? What factors are to be considered in delivering the speech? What method of presentation is it going to take? All these are the questions that must be answered in explaining what a campaign speech is. This will be examined in the cause of the cause of this study.

1.2 Purpose of the Study

The principal aim of this study is to examine the stylistic effects on the selected presidential campaign speech of President Goodluck Jonathan in Nigeria through the description and analysis of this speech.

In the same vein, this research will examine the difference in the use of language of the selected speech with the use of stylistic tools in analyzing the selected speeches. It will identify the have devices linguistic and literally and discuss how they have contributed to the beauty of the language use in the selected speeches.

1.3 Scope and Delimitation of the Study

The research titled ‘stylistic analysis of a selected campaign speech of President Goodluck Jonathan’ is aimed at studying the use of language in the selected campaign speech of president good luck Jonathan. The areas to be covered in the stylistic analysis of this speech are phonology, morphology, cohesion, graphology and lexico- syntactic structures. The nature of this research is empirical which has to do with general and extensive study of a particular field or area. For example H.G widow son’s ‘stylistic and the teaching of literature’ are both previous works in this field. They both deal with the analysis and pedagogical treatment of literary texts from a view point of stylistics.

On the contrary, this research is unique –that is, different from other previous works because it focuses mainly on the stylistics analysis of presidential campaign speech of president good luck Jonathan and not just on stylistics analysis and this will makes readers of this work not to only look at the text of any speech what so ever, but also the context in which lies the style of language.

1.4. Justification of the Study

Several works have been done on the stylistics analysis of some selected presidential campaign speeches in Nigeria in which the one selected for this research can be inclusive. But this research is necessary because not all these works were able to pin-point the main idea behind campaign speeches especially that of the president and because just few of these works are centered on campaign speeches all others are just on stylistics or stylistic analysis.

It is not this study of stylistic or stylistics analysis that borders the readers but the details, the break down (anatomy and physiology) of the given speeches. To this effect, some gaps have been left unfilled by these previous works. Gaps like detail stylistic analysis on campaign speeches the analysis of the mode by which it is delivered and many others will prove the authenticity of this research.

Chapter Four

Summary, Finding and Conclusion

4.1 Summary

This study has used the elements of stylistic under phonology, morphology, graphology, lexico-syntactic and cohesion to analyze one of the campaign speeches of President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan. Stylistic displays in the speech and its effect on the readers have been the main focus of this research.

The first chapter is an introduction to the whole body of the study under which the introductory background to the study, purpose of the study, scope and delimitation are discussed.

A review of the related literatures to the study and theoretical framework upon which the analysis is based is done in chapter two.

The third chapter got pre-occupied with the thorough analysis of the stylistic devices used in the datum.

In conclusion, this study reveals that thoughts, feelings and messages could only be effectively expressed when words are chosen correctly, to that effect.

4.2 Finding and Conclusion

Nothing else could be in place of a right and appropriate use of language in order to achieve the purpose of informing or stirring up the emotion of listeners or readers and making a striking impression on them.

This research on stylistic analysis if the selected Presidential campaign speech of President Goodluck Jonathan reveals that there is more to speeches in term of message and content than what a stains when a speech is merely spoken or written and read or heard by the audience and hearer respectively. The distinctive choice of words, creative

phonological use and correct sentential structures work together to attain meaning and Communication.

This speech analysis is found to be loaded with stylistic devices and elements at all levels of analysis. Each of the elements however has functions which contribute to effective, communication and occurrence between the speaker, his intention (message) and the targeted audience.

The speaker addresses the condition he and his predecessor met the state of the nation and the development they were able to bring to its He also expresses his grieve for the deceased predecessor and promises a brighter failure if he is voted into power as the President of the Country.

The speaker exposes the evil doers in the society. For example, he used “Sacred cows” to refer to some rich influential personalities in the country who think they are free to do whatever they please to do.

Lexico-syntactic patterns and Choices elements show that choices of words have been purposely selected to enhance intelligibility between the writer or speaker and reader or hearer respectively.

The sentential structure reveals the intention of the speaker / writer to communicate intelligible to his reading audience. Thus he employs profuse use of simple sentences.

On the context of situation in the speech, the field of discourse is generally political. Tenor of discourse is ‘spoken’

With obedience to precision and clarification of thought. Readership and interpretation are being enhanced by these findings.

This work will enlighten the students studying literature and language in the essence of language and style in any text that is stylistically explored as this work. The phonological, morphonological, graphological levels of analysis and aspects of lexicon-syntactic patterns and choices and cohesion may form inspiration for other language researchers depending on interest and focus.

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