A Study Of Select AKBC Programmes And Character Moulding Amongst Youth In Uyo Metropolis
This study was conducted primarily to ascertain the extent to which (Youth Corner Programme of the Akwa Broadcasting Co-operation channel 45 Uyo have helped in moulding the characters of youths in Uyo metropolis. To accomplish this, an opinion survey was conducted using questionnaire method. Finding from the questionnaires revealed that the programmes were acceptable to youth in Uyo metropolis. Also average of 45% of the respondents teach good moral behaviour. It was also discovered that the programmes did not place enough emphasizes on the encouragements of good social relationship in youths. it was also discovered that age level of education and sex affected audience perception of the programmes. Generally, heart to heart youth programmes should place more emphasizes on character moulding message while de-emphasizing other objectives they presently fulfill.
Table Of Contents
- Cover page
- Title page
- Table of Content
- 1.1 Background to the Study
- 1.2 Statement of the Problem
- 1.3 Objectives of the study
- 1.4 Research questions
- 1.5 Significant of the Study
- 1.6 Delimitations of the study
- 1.8 Definition of Terms
Review of Related Literature
- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 The television as an effective medium of communication
- 2.3 Effectives of television on youth
- 2.4 Theoretical framework
- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 Design of the Study
- 3.3 Population of the Study
- 3.4 Description of data gathering instrument
- 3.5 method of Data Collection
- 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
Data Presentation, Analysis and Discussion of Findings
- 4.1 Introduction
- 4.2 Presentation of Data
- 4.3 Discussion of Findings
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
- 5.1 Introduction
- 5.2 Summary
- 5.3 Conclusion
- 5.4 Recommendations
1.1 Background to the Study
Communication is a vital tool for human survival, without efficient information services no society, organization, clubs, institutions etc. can function properly because they all depend on communication for their existence. To cope with rapid change in the world communication has continued to change the society. This has ensured a constant exchange of knowledge and ideas to improve our ability to receive and assimilate information about our surroundings.
Today, advancement in science and information technology have given rise to more complex means of communication whereby information and events are simultaneously disseminated to a dispersed and heterogeneous audience through the electromagnetic spectrum or airwave.
This development has reduced independently functional societies to a mass unit otherwise referred to as a global village. Thus, the term mass media has become a household word. However, mass media refer to the organs of mass communication usually categorized into a print and electronic media.
The electronic media comprise among others, cinematography, radio and television. The television which forms the focus of this study is defined by Tucker (2000). As the art of instantaneously producing at a distance, a translent visible image of an actual or recorded scene by means of an electrical system or telecommunication.
The ability of this medium to combine sound vision and motion makes it a more influential of social change as opposed to the radio and printed word. Because of these appeals, planning and packaging of television programmes, therefore become a process of careful manipulation and segmentation of broadcast time to suit and cater for its diverse tastes and convenience. Among these various programmes, are those designed to cater for the social needs of youth. However, some youth programmes may not fully achieve their desires objectives because of any combination of some problems faced by Nigerian television operators. These problems range from lack of fund, technical adequate production facilities and skilled problems. youth programmes should aim at inculcating in youth, those social, cultural and moral values that will enable them function as effective members of their society.
According to MacBride et al (2001). Television has a powerful socializing effect that it could tell its audiences how to think and behave. It has the capacity not only to reflect but also to shape opinion and to play a part in forming attitudes.
This reason prompt the decision to study youth Rendezvous co-operation (AKBC) channel 45 with a view to ascertaining the extent to which they have helped in shaping the characters of youths in Uyo metropolis to conform with societal approved way of behaviour.
According to Mboho (2002:102) television in Nigerian is expected to aim at presenting the types of programmes that would help create awareness especially in youths and promote expression and mastery of skills.
This view must stemmed form understanding of the importance of youths in any given society and the need to direct their affairs in a way that will be beneficial to the society. This is because as John Denvey rightly states in Vol. 33 of journalism educator. In directing the activities of the youth, society determines its own future. Since the youth at a given time will as some later date compose the society of that period.
This means that youth programmes should be capable of shaping youths into responsible and patristic leaders who can steer the affairs of their societies in the right direction.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Television as a socializing tool of mass communication cannot by itself bring people to think and behave according to society’s dictates unless such mediating factors as selective exposure and crebility of communicators are taken cognizance of. Therefore in order that the television can play a role in shaping the characters of youths and other values in the society, television operators have to understand the make-up of the societies in which they find themselves as well as the specific need of youths in that society. This will help them know how to go about satisfying those needs through careful designing and packaging of youth programmes, need not be designed or package in a hurry or produced as a routine everyday practice rather they should involve deep-rooted research and analysis of the sociological and psychological demands of the youths, what society expect of them and how society goes about satisfying their needs.
In designing and packaging these youth programmes, producer are constrained to follow what is legally acceptable as entrenched in the constitution as well as other socio-cultural and ethnical behavioral norms that gives people within culture. but much as youth programmes try to inculcate moral and ethnical values ion youths, they should be equally entertaining so as to sustain the interest of youths, but often, youth programmes are merely entertainment oriented. And at other times, they tend to be merely informative tools. One them wonders if the provision of entertainment and informative are sufficient assistance towards the moulding of youth characters.
Therefore, given the inherent objectives of television youth programmes as an attempt at moulding their character to conform with societalapproved ways of behavioral, this study possess the question to what extent have youth rendezvous helped to shapes the characters of youths in uyo metropolis to conform with acceptable behavior patterns?
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The objectives of this research were to:
- Determine the extent to which youth rendezvous programme are acceptable by youths in Uyo metropolis;
- Determine the extent to which these programmes have helped in the inculcation of moral in youths in uyo metropolis
- Ascertain the extent to which the programmes under study have helped to promote our culture, norms and values among youth in Uyo metropolis
- Know the extent to which youth rendezvous programmes encourage good social relationship in youths in uyo metropolis and
- Determine which of the programmes is geared more towards character moulding.
1.4 Research Questions
- To what extent is youth rendevouz programme accepted by youths in uyo metropolis?
- To what extents have youth rendevouz programmes helped in the inculcation of good moral behaviour in youths in Uyo metropolis?
- To what extent does this programme promote our culture, norms and values among youth in Uyo metropolis?
- To what extent do the programmes under study encourage good social relationship in youths in uyo metropolis?
- Do this programmes geared more towards youth’s character moulding?
1.5 Significance of the Study
Youths constitute as significant proportion of society and this probably accounts for why their interests are considered worth satisfying by the mass media communication. And bearing in mind that today’s youths are the leaders of tomorrow, it became necessary that the mass media should provide adequate forum where they could be informed, educated, entertain and moulded into acceptable members of the society.
Inspite of all these television youth programmes, with particular references to the one under study have been enableto fully help surmount, this, growing challenge of grooming capable future leaders.
This research, however, hopes that by carefully researching into the programmes and then providing feed back to the producers of youths rendevouz programme improvement geared towards attainting greater success will be effected.
1.6 Delimitations of the Study
For wider applications of the result of this study, it would have been work while to extent the study to other states. But due to cost, study is limited to the literate youths in Uyo metropolis.The choice of only the literate youths stems from the fact that youth rendevouz programmes is broadcast in English languages. This makes the non literate youth unable to comprehend fully, the intellectual contents of these programmes.
1.7 Definition of Terms
The definition of some recurring words and phrases in this work will be undertaken thus:
Are the broadcast station activities which they offer to the public inform or informing educating, entertain.
Inculcating in youths acceptable moral behaviours and other socio-cultural norms to en able them function effectively in a given social systems.
Young people between the ages of fourteen and thirty (14-30 years).
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
This study aimed at determining the extent to which youth corner and Heart to Heart programmes or the Akwa Ibom Broadcasting Cooperation Channel 45 Uyo have helped in moulding the characters of youth in Uyo metropolis.
The sample population comprising literate youths between the ages of 14 and 30 and resident in Uyo metropolis were drawn based on their occupations.
Questionnaire was the major Research two used for this study and it was designed in a way that the research questions were answered.
Finding from the research however revealed that youth corner and Heart to Heart programmes are acceptable to majority of youths in Uyo metropolis it was observed that 18.6% of the entire respondents liked youth corner, 23.2% liked Hear to Heart programmed while 48.9% indicated that they liked both 70.8% and 75.8% and respondents were noted to watch youth corner and Heart to Heart programme respectively either weekly or bi-weekly. It was also observed that the programme gave priority. Attention to the inculcation of morals in the youths since it was discovered that as mush as 153(41.8%) respondents watch youth corner and 174(47.5%) Watch Heart to Heart programmed because of there moral lessons irrespective of other objectives the programme aimed at achieving.
Again it was revealed that the programme to a large extent promote our culture norms and values among youths in Uyo metropolis. This is because 240(65.6%) respondents indicated that both programme have promoted our culture norms and values while 63(17.2%) and 56 (15.30 Indicated that youth corner and Heart to Heart programme respectively have promote our culture norms and values. Although one of the many objectives of the programme was to promote and encourage good social relationship among the youths in Uyo metropolis findings pointed to the fact that this aspect of youths characters molding was no highly emphasized. Generally, your corner was found to be more concerned with youths characters molding then Heart to Heart.
Youth corner and Heart to Heart are good programmes that can help shape the characters of youth in Uyo to fit into an acceptable pattern of social behavioral in the country .Unfortunately such demographic factors as age, level of education and sex were found to influence youths perception of the messages in the programmes. The research for instance discovered that part of the inconsistency that characterized the responses of those youth of different age ranges pointed to the duct that there ages had a role to play in there ages interpretation of the messages of the programmes. For example, in answer to the questions an why they watch youth corner, it was discovered that out of the 93 respondents who indicated that that they watched it for entertainment, 58(64.4) were between 14 and 17 years of age. Also out of 153 who said that they watched the programmed because it teaches acceptable behavioral patterns,82(53.6) were between the ages of 25 and 30, 52(34%)were between 18-24 years, while the remaining 19(12.4%)were 14 and 17 and so unveiled that they equally tallied along educational lines thus leaving the research with conclusions that level of education equally influenced accidence perception of the programme. Again it was discovered that to a significant extent answer to the question in what way are the programmes useful to youths? It was discovered that out of 57 respondents who said that the programmes kept them abreast of current events 45 were males while 12 were females. Also out of 101 respondents who indicated that the programmes encouraged them to study, 63 were males while 38 were females. Again, answering whether they considered the programmes useful or not, it was discovered that 19 males as against, 7 females said that the programme were not in anyway useful to them that they do not see any way useful to them and they do not see any reason for the continued existence of the programme. The lead to the conclusion that sex influence message perception of the programme.
These programme however, were meant not merely to brush the sense of the youths thus leaving their minds empty but were designed to burn deep into their consciousness, teaching, designing and molding their characters to fit into an already acceptable social pattern. Basically, they are to groom them into amiable and capable future leaders in a society characterized by social and moral decadence. To proclaim these aims means knowing the effects their messages have on the youths. Incidentally, this falls beyond the scope of this study.
Based on the finding the following recommendations are put forward with a view to ensuring better results from the programme.
- Bearing in that, the primary aim of expose youths corner and Heart to Heart programme should place mores emphasis on the character molding message of their programme.
- They should also research unto the nature and composition of their audience to know what they want and how to go about satisfying them.
- They should establish a feedback mechanism through which they can assess the success of their programme and what necessary modifications need be made in the programme form time to time.
- More youths programme should be introduced in the station to ensure that youths are adequately exposed to event beyond their immediate cultures and environments.
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