A Study Of The Problem Of Truancy Among Secondary School Students In Some Selected Schools In Ondo West Local Government Area Of Ondo State

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A Study Of The Problem Of Truancy Among Secondary School Students In Some Selected Schools In Ondo West Local Government Area Of Ondo State


Indiscipline includes lawlessness; examination malpractice absenteeism etc is one of the major problems threatening our educational institution in Nigeria. The research therefore aimed at identifying the causes and problems of truancy in Ondo Secondary School. To achieve the above objective are three hypothesis and the three hypothesis formulated were accepted. The questionnaires were used to elicit response from the respondents finding revealed that indiscipline prevails among students in our secondary school. Based on the findings, recommendations were made by the researcher. It is my order hope that this recommendation will be fully implemented by the schools, state and local government, as well as the supervising ministry of education.

Chapter One


1.1 Background to the Study

It has been observed that a number of students in institutions of learning are truant. They become truant in order to engage in activities which are neither under the control of the home nor of the school. To defend himself or herself. The truant decoys his parents and teachers and frequent truancy may lead to vagrancy. Truancy is more a proof of the inadequacy our present educational system than an evidence of any propensity to crime.

It is a system, which attaches little importance to individuality. The ways in which children exhibit their truancy are many. An example can be cited in Irele in Ondo state where students usually go to the bush to search for snails, killing rabbits and collecting fruits, going to hidden places without any purpose. Some finds their way to the rivers to swim while others engage in petty jobs to get money for buying snacks, minerals, ice cream etc some even engage in secrete love that always makes them to leave the school premises. There are some students who cannot bear or remain in the corrective atmosphere at home or in the school such students will have to explore other places to relax and satisfy their curiosity. Obviously, such students will truant in the school. A truant can also be described as the person that stays away from school without good reasons. He or she is irregular at school attendance for he finds other places more attractive than that school and all. It stands for truancy is one of the offences which students in institutions of learning commit. From research work carried out it was discovered that truancy is of varying degree in institutions of learning and it is comparatively greater in the secondary schools than the high institutions of learning.

Researches have shown that the rate at which staff and students in our society are committing truancy is alarming. This probably gives a strong indication as to the effectiveness of externally motivated factors; to makes individual conform to the norms of society. In this research, I would like to look at the child’s personality, the parents, the child development stages and the possible causes, effects and solutions of truancy, which is not due to single isolated factors, but a combination of factors. These causal factors are by no means the only factors that have been fingered for the high rate of truancy amongst students.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Truancy poses a se4ious threat to learning in most schools, the school on the other hand, do not seem to be able to cope with the problem,. Because no sufficient attempts has been made to reach its root. One thing that is clear in this issue. There is a growing tendency for schools children to be involved in social vices, such as stealing, smoking etc. this is because most home no longer play their traditional function to rear and bring up the child in an upright manner. This is because many parents are sop preoccupied with duties (working, travelling) outside the homes that they have little or no time to keep watch over the action and behaviour of their children.

In most of their schools, there is no conducive atmosphere for learning. This is due to the fact that schools are highly populated, poorly equipped and under staffed. Since students cannot cope with their unfavourable conditions, which these schools are placed, this eventually leads to truancy and other social vices found in our society today. Broken home can also be attributed to the cause of truancy because children from a single parent need to be more exposed to the danger of the society, for example a single parent child will leave the mothers house and say he or she is going to the father house thereby using the opportunity to go and stay in her boyfriends house for the boys, they so and join bad peer group without the mother and father knowing, because they would think she is in the father house and vise visa.

1.3 Objective of the Study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain whether inadequate equipment facilitate truancy among students of various groups
  2. To ascertain whether poor classroom management leads to truancy in school
  3. To ascertain whether lack of parents care causes truancy

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: inadequate equipment does not facilitate truancy among students of various groups
    H1: inadequate equipment facilitate truancy among students of various groups
  2. H02: poor classroom management do not leads to truancy in school
    H2: poor classroom management leads to truancy in school

1.5 Significance of the Study

The purpose of this study is to identify the causes of truancy among secondary school students apart from this, the result of this study will be useful to education planners, administrators of school and parents and as well as the general public. It will contribute to the few existing literature on truancy.

1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study would be limited to Irele West Local Government Area of Ondo State and would focus on the effect of truancy on the academic performance of students in Irele West Local Government Area of Ondo State. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities

1.7 Definition of Terms


A truant is a child who stays away from school without good reasons in order to avoid classroom work that seen unpleasant to time. According to Herbert (1994) defined truancy “as a child who absent himself from school without a legitimate cause and without the permission of this parents or the school authorities.


Frequent absence from school without permission is known as truancy. This affects learning as lesson are missed by students who stayed away from school as a result of truancy.

1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to a study of the problem of truancy among secondary school student in some selected schools in Ondo west of Ondo state. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of problem of truancy among secondary school student in some selected schools in Ondo west of Ondo state

5.2 Summary

This study was on a study of the problem of truancy among secondary school student in some selected schools in Ondo west of Ondo state. Three objectives were raised which included: To ascertain whether inadequate equipment facilitate truancy among students of various groups, to ascertain whether poor classroom management leads to truancy in school, to ascertain whether lack of parents care causes truancy. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in Ondo west local government of Ondo state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made principals, vice principals, senior staff and junior officers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies

5.3 Conclusion

The study concluded that truancy hinders effective learning and could lead to poor academic performance of truants. Constant absence from school has serious negative consequences both for truant youth themselves and for communities, which suffer both short and long‐term threats to public safety

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the results, the following recommendations were made:

  1. The authorities should provide meaningful activities to engage the students throughout their stay in school. This will help reduce visits outside the school.
  2. The school authorities should as much as possible provides places, equipments and facilities of interest in the school to keep their students.
  3. The school and classroom environment should be made very attractive through the provision of flowers, paintings and games equipment to promote sustained interest in the school.
  4. Parents should develop positive attitudes towards education and this has to be inculcated into their children to promote continued stay in school. 5. Too much manual labour and corporal punishment should be mitigated to discourage apathy to schooling and school activities.

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