Study Habits And Academic Achievement Among Students in Nigerian University

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Study Habits And Academic Achievement Among Students in Nigerian University


Abstract


This study was carried out on the impact of study habit on academic achievement of students. This is a descriptive study which seeks to ascertain the impact of study habit in the academic achievement of students in Nigeria. The target population for this study consists of students in Lagos state University. Random sampling technique was used in this study. The sample size determined for this study was three hundred (300) students from Lagos state university . Sixty (60) students were selected from each secondary school. Questionnaire method was used as instrument for collecting data in this study. The statistical analysis adopted was correlation. All computations requiring the use of data analysis technique were accessed by a computer statistical software package called SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). Findings from the study reveals that majority of the respondents are of the opinion that good study habit will impact on the academic achievement of students in Nigeria. According to researchers, the people’s study habits are teachable and learnable and several steps can be taken in this field. It is also recommended that the courses of correct study habits to be held for the students in the entrance to the university to gain the knowledge in this field.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Interpretation of Result

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

In the field of education & psychology, learning has been discovered all over the world to be a highly complex problem. Several researchers have tried to explain it differently and the description of each is partially true. Over the years, researches on factors that influence academic performance of students have attracted the interest of not only researchers but concern of teachers, counselors, psychologists, and school administrators as well. Study method is the knowledge and application of effective study skills or techniques by students. The term study habit refers to the way in which students’ study either systematically, efficiently or inefficiently. In line with what has been said above, we can deduce that good study habit will definitely yield positive academic achievements and achievement and also inefficient or poor study habit leads to academic failure. Students’ attitude and study habit towards any subject has been described as a function of passion coupled with their belief on that particular which has a long way to go on their academic achievements.

In Nigeria, many factors have been highlighted to influence the ability of students to cultivate effective and efficient study habit. Such factors include; state of health, motivation, anxiety and state of mind, conducive and suitable environment for studying, availability of textbooks and well equipped libraries. In a research carried out by (Nuthana&Yenagi,2009) the causes of poor academic achievement among Nigeria students were thoroughly examined. In which some of these factors identified include; low student’s intellectual ability, achievement motivation, lack of goals, low self-esteem, low socio-economic status of the family, poverty and poor study habit as a major factor.

A survey was carried out in some selected schools in Nigeria to identify some major causes of low academic achievements in students. Some of the problems identified include inadequate teachers, problem of inadequate facilities in the school, problems caused by poor parental background, unfavorable government policies and low educational sector funding (Ajilaand Olutola 2007). Likewise, Ichado (1998)also dispute environment from which the student comes from play a major role in influencing study habits which invariably affect academic achievement. The concept of study habit is broad as it combines nearly all other sub-topics under it such as study attitude, study method, and study skill. In a research conducted by Allport (1960), it was argued that attitude toward study by drafting a good study pattern can greatly contribute to students’ academic achievement. Successful learners all over the world are said to have adopted positive attitude towards study and are time conscious over what they have to do.
According to Hussain(2000) study habit refers to predispositions which students have developed towards private readings through a period of time. According to him, study habit is a gateway to successful achievement in studies.
A research was carried out by Morahan (1999), he found out that male and female have different ways of studying (study habit). In this study, he discovered that the male student took up courses that have more of logic and sciences while female student were attracted to simpler courses and such it is in line with their passion which require different study habit and might have a positive effect on academic achievement of students. Positive academic achievement and achievement depends upon the student’s ability to schedule his time, the plan of his study, the habit of concentration, note –taking, mental review, over learning, the judicious application of whole and part method massed and distributed learning and so on. In other words, positive academic achievement is a function of proper study habits and skills. Since study habits are an important factor in learning, it becomes necessary to investigate into its nature.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The problems associated with study habits might have a major effect on a student’s academic achievements, it is believed that everyone has a different study habit and it is important to find out the best personal way to study. Studying with friends has a long way to go in student’s study habits, it has a positive influence in which they discuss what have been read together but also has a negative effect in which they might not read but discuss throughout the stipulated time for reading which boils down to time wastage.

A very good and conducive environment encourages students study habit and might have positive impact of their academic achievements but students reading in an unfavorable environment might find it difficult to study which might affect their academic achievements. Students with financial constraints might also find it difficult to perform excellently well in their academics


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To examine the correlation between study habit and academic achievement
  2. To examine the effect of study environment on study habit
  3. To determine factors affecting students’ study habit and academic achievement

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the correlation between study habit and academic achievement?
  2. What is the effect of study environment on study habit?
  3. What are the factors affecting students’ study habit and academic achievement?

1.5 Hypothesis

Hypothesis 1
  • HO: There is no significant relationship between study habit and academic achievement.
  • HA: There is significant relationship between study habits and academic achievement.
Hypothesis 2
  • HO: There is no significant relationship between study environment and students’ academic achievement.
  • HA: There is significant relationship between study environment and students’ academic achievement.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The following are the significance of this study:

  1. The outcome of this study will help students in understanding the effect on study habit and study environment on their academic achievement and helps in serving as a guide for a positive result.
  2. This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.

1.7 Scope/Limitations of Study

This study on the impact of study habit on academic achievement of students will cover various approaches to study and its effect on the academic achievement of students.

Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Study:

Application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation or reflection

Habit:

An acquired behavior pattern regularly followed until it has become almost involuntary.

Performance:

The accomplishment of a given task measured against preset known standards of accuracy, completeness, cost and speed

Students:

A person formally engaged in learning, especially one enrolled in a school or college


1.10 Organizations of the Study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives


Chapter Five


Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Findings

The objective of the study was to know if study habit impacts on the academic achievement of students in Nigeria. Findings from the study reveals that majority of the respondents are of the opinion that good study habit will impact on the academic achievement of students in Nigeria.

Another finding from the study reveals that, students will become more focused in class with good study habit and environment. (See table 4)


5.2 Conclusion

Since the study habits has a significant effect on academic achievements and according to the importance of study habits on academic achievement and educational progress that finally effect on academic and career future, so it is essential to consider and planning to improve methods and study habits of students. According to researchers, the people’s study habits are teachable and learnable and several steps can be taken in this field. It is also recommended that the courses of correct study habits to be held for the students in the entrance to the university to gain the knowledge in this field.


5.3 Recommendation

The following recommendations are made from this study. Nigerian government should adopt the carve-out system so as to suit the economic system of the country, also, more awareness on the importance of implementing a global accounting standard should be made known to all to increase the level of acceptance of IFRS in Nigeria.


Study Habits And Academic Achievement Among Students in Nigerian University


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Frequently Asked Questions


Is there a relationship between study habits and academic achievement?

There was a direct and significant relationship between study habits and academic achievement. Conclusion The status of study habits was at moderate level for most students.

What is the most important factor that affects academic achievement?

Academic achievement and achieving educational goals require the existence of several factors, the most important of which is the study habits of individuals,13since the use of various and effective methods of study improves academic performance of students.

Do study habits predict academic achievement in Medical Sciences students in Kermanshah?

Study habits have been the most important predictor of academic performance and play a special role in the academic achievement of students. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of study habits and its relationship with academic achievement in medical sciences students in Kermanshah-Iran.

Do native students have better study habits?

In our view, every student, whether male or female, should be aware of study skills and habits and use them. We found that native students had significantly better study habits compared to dormitory students. 

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