Students Perception Of The Introduction Of Sex Education Into Secondary School In Ovia North East Local Government Area Of Edo State
The purpose of this study was to find out the perception of students of the introduction of sex education in some selected secondary schools in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. The research study was also aimed at ascertaining whether the attitude of students towards the teaching of sex education make the teachers to shy away from sex education or the teachers are shy to teach sex education to both boys and girls in the same classroom. In carrying out the study a questionnaire was administered to students. The data collected from students were analyzed and interpreted. Their responses were that sex education should be added to the secondary school curriculum and the attitude of teachers that teaching sex education should be moderate. And there should special teachers teaching sex education.
1.1 Background to the Study
Numerous definitions and interpretations have been advanced by all faced of human society without excavating the eliminating problems associated with it. In this chapter, the researcher intends to have an over view of the menologies associated with sex before dealing with the scope of this study. The term sex gives beyond the realm of sex organs, instructions and act of sex organs as individuals are made to believe to make a breakthrough in the life of human relation among and between sex partners.
Sex education is the instruction about sex and human sexuality. Sex is an important effect on the human life of an individual and almost everyone in the society including children wants to know about it. Traditionally, children are not supposed to receive information about sex at all. They many a time, learn about sex through their friends, books, television, pornographic films either from the magazines or internets and sex movies.
Correct and factual information should be given to teenagers about the sudden development in their bodies. During this period, the girls develop breast, menstruation starts, pelvic borne broadens these starts at the age of eleven to twelve years and in the boys between fourteen to fifteen years. The sexual organs mature the widening of the chest and enlargement of the lynx which causes breaking of the voice.
The teen periods are very crucial in the life of the individual. Many distractions may occur during this stage such as school dropout, sexual immorality juvenile delinquency to mention but a few are all problems evolving from physical, social, cognitive and mental development. However, sex education has generally being masked in giggles and silent matters.
Children should be given adequate information’s about sex. Gone are the days when sexual matters were hidden from them.
Many school pupils in Nigeria suffer from insufficient sex education in their homes because parents are inadequate in this respect, school pupils have to rely on their friend’s initiative and whatever they can learn from their friends and their school masters. Thus hey undergo a great deal of emotional stress and strain caused by a variety of reasons chief which for the 12 plus groups, may be problems of ignorant about sex.
Questions posed by the teenagers should be answered by teachers as well as parents to open a wide range of the communication because silence or lie telling may cause injury as they assume that the information gathered from the peers, books or internet are true and also the answers should be contrary to those books and peers.
Sex desire can lead to sexual immorality which can result to pregnancy i.e. the process of procreation or reproduction most teenagers are physically able to have children but few are ready and responsibilities of marriage or parent hood most unmarried teenagers who do not have babies can be carried away by their sexual feelings and emotional desires. This can cause a serious sexual malady and the psychological problems for them. It can cause an abortion, sexual transmitted disease (STDS) like HIV/AIDS and so on. Sexual intercourse between two persons who are not married to each other is considered as a taboo to be generality of the society and morally wrong among religious groups.
Sex relationship outside marriage can result in quilts feelings and other psychological problems for persons involved. It can also cause birth of unwanted child.
Therefore sex education should be given at early development stage of the child because the foundation laid in the early life of the teenagers determines the stability and propensity of marriage life of an individual in the society.
The provision of sex education is important because the norms guiding sexual act has been broken down by the increasing urbanization and the modernization of social norms. Sex education through parents, teachers or counselors and educators will not certainly be universal remedy to the social ills, but it will provide information for improving behavior, establishing personality in our society. This should be made known to teenagers of both sexes.
According to adaro (2002) the word sex and education have spectrum of concepts sex is a fundamental driving force in relationship between the biological needs to reproduce, cultural influence love and affection of human life. Education on the other hand is the process of changing the behaviour of people sex education therefore is the awareness of the aspect of social. Physiology and techniques help to accentuate the unknown sex.
Sex is an aspect of our life for the commencement of adolescent sex play a major role that earn discuss long before we need on the knowledge for it’s practical application. Eduwen (2003) defined sex education as the parenthood education population education e.t.c. As the name implies it is perceived as the provision of sex information or knowledge to people. In it’s deeper sense, sex education is a comprehensive programme of individual development right from infancy to the declining years.
In the past, many people frown at the mentioning of the word sex education, which need not to be mentioned before children. It is not just talking about sex, which was regarded as been sacred and involves a lot of immoral talks, which will pollute the children it was believed that children will grow up to discover these for themselves in adulthood.
Osunde (2007) defined sex education as the process of acquiring information and formatting relationships and intimacy. It is also about developing young people’s skills so that they, will make informed choices about their behaviour and feel confident and competent about acting on those choices. It is widely accepted that young people have right to sex education partly because it is the means by which they help to protect themselves against unintended pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and H IV/AIDS. Instruction amends at helping individuals or group towards a health and socially acceptable sexual adjustment it encompasses such subject matter like moral instrument, prevention of sex related disease, prevention of unwanted pregnancy, homosexuality and host of other consequence of sex indulgence.
Turner (2009) in his own view said sex education is an education for hygienic living with matters relating to sex.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Ignorance of sex and its associated problems is prevalent in and among secondary school students. The life of students are shattered with the passing of incorrect information among themselves, they get misled by others.
Today, the problems resulting from the lack of sex education to our youth are numerous. They are unwanted pregnancies, increase abortion, high incidence of sexually transmitted diseases and high rates of sexual promiscuity. All these have led to inability to concentrate, poor school performance, deterioration of mental health of students, high rate of school drop outs, increase in illiteracy and over population. Consequently, the educational opportunity of Nigeria youth is greatly affected and this posses a great loss to the society. Religious bodies view sex education as premature, dangerous and likely to lead to sexual promiscuity. To behavioural scientists, the introduction of sex education is proper. However, despite the increasing sexual problems, parents and schools are still not providing teenagers with proper knowledge of sex.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The research study is designed to find out the attitude of students towards the teaching of sex education in some selected schools.
1.4 Significance of the Study
It will give correct and factual information and understanding of students towards the teaching of sex education.
It will enlighten our students and prevent them from developing a sense of guilt, horror, disgust or fear of sex especially when they perform sex act of the right time for right purpose and with the right person. It will enable students to develop self-respect and self-control with due consideration. Developmental tasks of becoming responsible men and women in future.
1.5 Research Questions
The researcher has come up with the following research questions;
- What are the attitudes of students towards the teaching of sex education in some selected secondary schools in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State?
- Are the students shy to learn sex education from their teachers?
- Does sex education affect the performance of the students?
- Does students practices sex in school after teaching them sex education?
- What are the factors that makes students shy when learning sex education?
- Should boys and girls be separated when teaching sex education to them?
1.6 Scope of the Study
A study like this embraces all schools but the researcher however, cannot cover all the scope and had therefore, limited this study to some selected secondary schools in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. the res4archer had also take a sample population of students in a selected schools.
1.7 Limitation of the Study
Like every study, this study has been faced with a number of problems which are human and physical factors.
The researcher was faced with the problem of transportation to and fro places to collect data.
The problem of how and where to get information and materials. Not many people have written on this study. True factors as she has to combine both jobs, domestic activities with the writing of this project work.
1.8 Definition of Terms
Education for effective or hygienic living with understanding of human sexuality as an integral inseparable.
This is a structure (organs) which is responsible for reproduction such as penis in male and vagina in female.
This refers to individual, male or female.
This is the termination of pregnancy.
A person between the age of 11-18 years.
To discharge blood monthly from the uterus through the vagina.
The stage of having baby developing inside her, that is female
This is the breaking of male voice.
These are books or video that makes people feel sexually excited by showing naked people.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
5.1 Summary of Findings
From the data analyzed books and views from different researcher, the researcher was able to draw out the following findings that;
- The attitude of students towards the teaching of sex education in school make students become response individuals.
- The attitude of students makes teachers to shy away from sex education
- Teenagers should not acquire knowledge about sex education from magazines and television.
- All the students are not fit for the teaching of sex education.
- Teaching sex education does not cause poor academic performance of teenagers in schools and its does not make the students to be involved in early marriage.
- Boys and girls should not be teach sex education in the same class by male or female teachers.
- Students are shy to learn sex education from both male and female teachers.
- It is not the attitude of students that make them not to teach sex education in school.
- Sex education is not in the secondary school curriculum
- The boys should be taught father craft and the girls mother craft.
In line with the findings of this study on a case study of the attitude of students towards the teaching of sex education, the following recommendations are made;
- The attitude of students towards the teaching nof sex education should be moderate.
- There should be special teachers teaching sex education.
- Female teachers should teach girl’s mother craft why male teacher should teach boy’s father raft.
- Sex education should be added to secondary school curriculum
- The boys and girls should be separated when teaching sex education.
- The teacher should answer any questions concerning sex education.
- Sex education should be taught in school and not the students acquiring knowledge about sex education from magazines and television because they can easily imitate the negative part of it.
- The teachers should be sincere to tell the students the good and bad about sex.
- The teachers should ensure that the way they are teaching sex education will not make students to shy away from it.
- The students should not be discouraged from reading magazines and watching romantic movies.
The attitude of students towards the teaching of sex education is very important and cannot be over emphasized. It relies on the lives the students will ;live after school, that is, in their future lives. The teacher should make the teaching of sex education interesting by separating the boys from the girls, because if they are teaching both together the girls will be shy when it comes to teaching them about themselves. And the male teachers should not teach the girls sex education because many would stay in listen.
Sex education should be added to the secondary school curriculum. And the teachers should be moderate when teaching sex education, that is, the teachers should not go too far at the early stage that is JSS I to III.
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