Student Habits And Academic Performance In Universities In Imo State

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Student Habits And Academic Performance In Universities In Imo State


Abstract


The study examined student habits and academic performance in universities in imo state a case of Imo state University. The main purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between student habits and academic performance of students in Imo state University. To carry out this study, three research questions and three null hypotheses were raised to guide the study. The population of 266 students with a sample size of 259 respondents was from library and information science department for the study using simple random sampling technique. A structured questionnaire was used to gather data for the study, which comprises of two sections (A and B), section A comprise of 15 items while section B, comprise of 30 achievement test. The reliability coefficient of 0.91 was obtained using spearman Brown formula. Data collected was analyzed using Pearson Product Correlation Co-efficient and tested at 0.05 level of significance. However, the results revealed that there is significance relationship between note taking, students’ use of library, time allocation for study and students’ academic performance in library and information science. Based on the result of the findings, it was recommended that group guidance should be organized in schools by professional counsellors in order to create awareness on how students can develop effective student habits which could lead to good academic performance in library and information science and a functional school library should be mounted in all the departments in River state university.

Key words: Students Academic Performance and student Habits.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Reviews

Chapter Three

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Population of the Study
  • 3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques
  • 3.5 Instrument for Data Collection
  • 3.6 Validation of Instrument
  • 3.7 Reliability of Instrument
  • 3.8 Administration of Instrument
  • 3.9 Method of Data Analysis

Chapter Four

Results and Discussion

  • 4.1 Presentation of Data
  • 4.2 Summary of Findings
  • 4.3 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • 5.4 Limitations of the Study
  • 5.5 Suggestions for Further Studies
  • References
  • Appendices

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Scholars and educational institutions have long been interested in researching the relationship between student habits and student academic performance. For example, in 1994, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) performed a research to determine the association between students’ study habits and academic achievement. The study’s findings demonstrated a beneficial relationship between student habits and academic success. Similarly, Onwuegbuzie (2016, sited by Okuwi 2016) conducted a series of studies to determine the relationship between academic success and study habits and discovered a favorable correlation between the two factors.

However, studies of student success show that the majority of pupils underachieve. Adetunji and Oladeji, 2017; Dizney, 2016; Okegbile, 2017). One key explanation for kids’ underdeveloped potentials could be a lack of learning methodologies. According to Emily and Betty (2018), it is not uncommon for pupils to struggle despite spending excessive amounts of time memorizing study materials. According to them, the demands caused by the employment of relatively inefficient learning methodologies may harm the student’s personal, emotional, and social development.

Study habits are learning practices that allow pupils to work independently. Uchenna (2018) defines study habits as “the established method and manner in which a student plans his private readings after classroom learning in order to achieve mastery of the subject.” According to her, “positive study habits are beneficial assets to learners since they (habits) support students in achieving mastery in areas of specialization and, as a result, exceptional performance, whereas the contrary constitutes limitations to learning and accomplishment, leading to failure.”

Goodnews (2019) defines study habits as “the student’s method of study, whether methodical, efficient, or inefficient, and so on.” According to this concept, good study habits result in favorable academic success, whereas ineffective study habits result in academic failure.

There are numerous aspects in Nigeria that influence students’ capacity to build productive and efficient study habits. Ozmert (2015) stressed the significance of environmental influence in the development of students’ studying habits. In the same spirit, Adetunji and Oladeji (2017) argue that most children’s environments are not conducive to learning; it is in light of this that some parents want their children to attend boarding school for good discipline and to instill a better reading habit.

According to Hussain (2016), secondary school students in public schools frequently come from low-income and middle-income families. These families are dealing with a variety of issues that are causing emotional distress in their children. They have a dismal academic record. This unique element has severely harmed secondary school pupils’ achievement level.

Achievement is a pedagogical phrase that is used to determine learners’ progress in formal education and is measured by reports, examinations, research, and ratings with a variety of variables exerting effect. Essentially, the Federal Republic of Nigeria’s National Policy on Education (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2018, sited George 2018) has determined school accomplishment contents based on school topics categorised as core or elective.
Although research abound on the causal and predictive nature of elements of study habit on students’ academic achievement, all variables tend to focus on bad study habit, while the effect on the nation’s educational progress has yet to be completely accessed.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

A large body of research shows that student study habits and study attitudes are both important factors in determining students’ academic performance. Nonetheless, despite the acknowledged importance of student study habits and study attitudes to academic success, it appears that educational institutions continue to place little emphasis on studying these elements (Baquiran, 2017). Classroom observations reveal that some students perform well while others do not given the identical conditions, namely the same professor, same subject, same teaching system, same administration, same enrollment criteria, same time of day for a certain course, and same education level. The question is, what factors influence this disparity in performance, and what is the ideal approach to organize the study process of ethnic groups of college students, so that everyone learns and performs in accordance with school expectations? Under the identical conditions, such as the same lecturers, the same course, the same teaching system, the same administration, the same enrollment criteria, the same time of day for a given course, and the same education level, some students perform well while others do not. The question is, what factors impact this disparity in performance, and what is the ideal method to structure the study process of university undergraduates so that all learn and perform in accordance with school expectations?

As a result, it is thought vital to understand what habits university undergraduates have and, in the case of low-performing students, which of those behaviors need to be changed in order to enhance performance. The significance of changing habits is found in their association with attitudes, which are thought to be vital for achieving excellent academic success.

The high failure rate is a subject of concern for everyone. The need to provide solutions to these difficulties led to the decision to conduct the study “student study habits and academic performance of students in library and information science Imo state University”.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to examine the student study habits and academic performance of students in library and information science Imo state University. Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Examine the relationship between notes taking and student’s academic performance in library and information science.
  2. Examine the relationship between use of library and students’ academic performance in library and information science.
  3. Examine the relationship between time allocation to study and student’s academic performance in library and information science.

1.4 Research Questions

In this study, the following research questions were raised to guide the study.

  1. Is there any significant relationship between notes taking and student’s academic performance in library and information science?
  2. Is there any significant relationship between student’s use of library and their academic performance in library and information science?
  3. Is there any relationship between time allocation to study and student’s academic performance in library and information science?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

In this study, three null hypotheses were raised and tested at 0.05 level of significance thus:

Ho1: There is no significant relationship between notes taking and academic performance of students in library and information science.

Ho2: There is no significant relationship between students use of library and their academic performance in library and information science.

Ho3: There is no significant relationship between time allocation to study and students academic performance in library and information science.


1.6 Significance of the Study

The study when completed would be benefited to the following individual: students, lecturers, parents, ministry of education and the general public.

The result of the finding would enable students to develop good habits which could lead to good academic performance in library and information science. The study would expose student to different ways of taking note in the class and this would enable them to develop good strategies which could lead to good academic performance in library and information science, such techniques include; the use of abbreviation, paying in the class and many others.

The result of the finding would help sensitize parents on how to encourage their children to develop effective study habit through the information that would be provided in the study.

Lecturers would see the result of the finding useful especially in discharging their duties in the school. This would be achieved through the accurate information that would be provided in the study.

The study would enable the ministry of education to initiate programmes that would facilitate effective habits among students in the school. Such programmes includes: implementation of guidance and counselling services in school etc.

Finally, the result of the finding would encourage members of the public to motivate their wards to take their education very important and discourage laziness, examination malpractice and other anti-social vices among students in their communities.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study on the impact of study habit on academic performance of students will cover various approaches to study and its effect on the academic performance of students. This study will be carried out with the students of in library and information science in River state university as its audience.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Study:

Application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation or reflection

Habit:

An acquired behavior pattern regularly followed until it has become almost involuntary.

Performance:

The accomplishment of a given task measured against preset known standards of accuracy, completeness, cost and speed

Students:

A person formally engaged in learning, especially one enrolled in a school or college


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

In this study, we examined the students habits and academic performance of students in library and information science, Imo state University, as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at examining the relationship between notes taking and student’s academic performance in library and information science; examining the relationship between use of library and students’ academic performance in library and information science and finally examining the relationship between time allocation to study and student’s academic performance in library and information science.

This research is reported in five distinct yet interrelated chapters. In the chapter one we describes the study objectives clearly by stating the motive behind this study. Research hypotheses were developed for testing while the scope of this research was defined as well.

In the chapter two, a review of related and relevant literatures were carried out. The concept of study habit was reviewed in this chapter. Azikiwe (2018) describe study habit as “the adopted way and manner a student plans his private studies or reading, after classroom learning so as to attain mastery of the subject. This study was informed by the theory of Social Cognitive Theory by Albert Bandura (1960); Social cognitive theory strongly lays emphasis on one’s cognition. It suggests that the mind is an active force that constructs one’s reality selectively, encodes information, performs behavior on the basis of values and expectations and impose structure on its own actions.

Empirical works were also reviewed in the review. the study carried out by Nagaraj V. Gudaganavar, Rajashekhar B and Halayannavar (2018) examined “Effect of Study Habits on Academic Performance of Higher Primary School Students” Study habits play a very important role in the life of students. Success or failure of each student depends upon his own study habits. Adopting the survey research design, responses were obtained from students in library and information science Imo state University using the stratified random technique to select the sample size of the 260 which cut across the whole sampled school. Hypothesis was tested using the pearson correlation statistics while the results were reported in tables using mean and standard deviation and frequency counts and percentages.


5.2 Conclusion

Since the study habits has a significant effect on academic performance and according to the importance of study habits on academic performance and educational progress that finally effect on academic and career future, so it is essential to consider and planning to improve methods and study habits of students. According to researchers, the people’s study habits are teachable and learnable and several steps can be taken in this field. It is also recommended that the courses of correct study habits to be held for the students in the entrance to the university to gain the knowledge in this field.


5.3 Recommendations

The following recommendations were made based on the findings of this study:

  1. Group guidance should be organized in schools by professional counsellors in order to create awareness on how students can develop effective study habits which could lead to good academic performance in mathematics.
  2. A functional school library should be mounted in all department in River state University. By so doing, students would be motivated to utilize the library resources and thus, inculcating in them good study habits.
  3. Parents and guardians should encourage their children to set up schedules for study and they should allow give their children enough time to study at home.
  4. Qualified lecturers should be employed. If this is done, students would acquire enough knowledge’s, ideas and skills on how to tackle problems and this would improve their academic performance in this subject.
  5. The teachers should teach the student on how to take important notes during every lesson. By so doing, the students would develop good habits of note taking and this could lead to good academic performance.

5.4 Limitations of the Study

This study on the impact of study habit on academic performance of students will cover various approaches to study and its effect on the academic performance of students.

Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work


5.5 Suggestions for Further Studies

The study suggested that more studies should be carried out on:

The Influence of Study Attitudes and Study Habits on the Academic Performance of the Students in other departments

Assessment of the impact of study habit and gender on science achievement of education students


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