Strategies For Improving The Teaching And Learning Of Computer Science Students In Tertiary Institution Within Kaduna Metropolis

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science Education

Strategies For Improving The Teaching And Learning Of Computer Science Students In Tertiary Institution Within Kaduna Metropolis


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the strategies for improving the teaching and learning of computer science students in tertiary institution within Kaduna Metropolis using Kaduna State College of Education as a case study. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of students of Kaduna State College of Education. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 160 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, and mean score tables. While the hypotheses were tested using chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the factors challenging the implementation of computer education programme in Colleges of Education in Nigeria consist of lack of qualified computer educators, use of ineffective teaching method, inadequate provision of computer facilities, and poor funding and maintenance. The study also revealed that the strategies to enhance computer education in college of education include; employment of qualified (B. Sc (Ed) and B.Ed.) computer education teachers, adequate provision of latest computer resources, improving electricity supply, proper funding of schools, and maintenance of available computers. Therefore, it is recommended that administrators should ensure that computer studies educators are sponsored on retraining programmes at least twice a year through workshops, seminars and conferences to enable them learn the modern technological skills in their chosen field of endeavour. And administrators should as a matter of urgency liase with private sectors to provide computers and other instructional materials needed for teaching of computer studies in the college of education.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

One of the fundamental rights for every human being is education. Education prepares the individual for challenges in life. Consequently, Gujjar, Khan, Baig, Ramzan and Saifi (2010) opined that education does not only deliver information, but for developing complete personality of a child. In Nigeria there are three levels of education: primary, secondary and tertiary level. Secondary education is the level between primary and tertiary education. It equally prepares students to be productive members of the society (Jegede and Owolabi, 2003). In developed countries, tertiary education is seen as the gateway to providing not only an educated citizenry but also a capable workforce. According to World Bank in Etim (2006), secondary education is now being recognized as the cornerstone of educational system in the 21st century. It therefore means that quality secondary education is indispensable in creating a bright future for individuals and nations alike. In line with the above statements, Jacob and Tomoko (2001) stated that secondary education is crucial for economic growth. Jacob and Tomoko (2001) maintained that globalization, the increasing importance of ICT in the twenty-five century and rapid technological changes have made knowledge essential for competing in the world economy. Secondary education therefore provides countries with the skills and knowledge needed for economic growth, including furthering learning and training of professionals such as technicians’ scientists and entrepreneurs. Secondary education can also be decisive in fostering positive social and civic values and yields considerable private returns, offering young people the chance to acquire skills that were unlikely to be developed in the primary grades. This in turn enables youth to develop job-oriented skills, participate fully in society, take control of their own lives, and continue learning. Educational system is gradually becoming a system of technology especially in the present information driven economy. Owing to advances in science and technology which continues to revolutionize the global world, the Federal Ministry of Education introduced computer studies at all levels of education in Nigeria (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2004).
The term computer studies have been used interchangeably. In some cases it has been referred to as computer education while in other cases it is called computer literacy. In whatever way, it means the same thing. Computer education is the effort or the ability to make the generality of the people computer literate. They went further to state that computer education (literacy) means ability to tell the computer what you want it to do and understand what the computer says. Computer literacy as the ability to be able to read, write and speak the language of the computer. It can also be looked at as a process of educating the people on how to use a computer to run a program and diverse application including business, industry and commerce (Okorie, 2001). Computer studies according to Edhuze (2003) involve teaching and inculcating in the learner the basic skills required to independently manipulate the computer to achieve educational goals. He further stated that, computer studies as a subject is aimed at making students acquire skills and competencies required in this digital word of competitiveness. Such basic skills and competencies upon graduation make them conversant with term and practices embedded in the world of computer. Computer studies is therefore a subject organized to enable people understand the function, uses and limitations of the computer and to provide an opportunity for the study of the modern methods of information processing.The experience in several countries that had introduced computer literacy program, shows that the most appropriate place to start computer awareness program is at the school level and the most appropriate level is the secondary school. Therefore the decision in 1988 by the Federal Government of Nigeria to start its pilot program in the Federal Government Colleges was keeping with what had proved successful in other countries and in line with the recommendations of the committee on National Policy for Computer Education in Nigeria. This committee was mandated amongst others, to advise government on the curricular contests and procedures best suitable to the needs of the country and for the various levels of education. The degree of sophistication in numeracy through the use of computer has become very pronounced all over the world. Nigeria cannot afford to ignore the role which computer literacy plays in achieving the national goal of technological development. Hence, she has resolved to introduce computer education into primary and secondary school. This resolution called for preparation of professionally trained teachers in computer studies who will teach in primary and secondary schools. “For meaningful teaching of computer science in our primary and secondary schools, there is therefore, a need to produce professional teachers in the discipline. …there is now urgent need for the Colleges of Education to offer computer studies as a subject in the programme of professional preparation of teachers”. In view of the aforementioned, this study seek to examine the strategies for improving the teaching and learning of computer science students in tertiary institution within Kaduna Metropolis using Kaduna State College of Education as a case study.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The world is experiencing a revolution described as computer age, a period where computer literacy is necessary for individuals and organizations to survive economically. To make a child relevant in this dispensation, he must be given a sound knowledge of computer and its applications starting from the foundation levels of his educational career. Computer Science is a very vital subject for technological development, the poor performance of students in college has become a source of worry to stakeholders in education. Some scholars has attributed this ugly scenario to so many factors including poor facilities, inadequate internet resources and usage, poor quality teachers with ICT competency amongst others. As a result, this makes the morale and interest of the students in computer science low. The contemporary breakthrough in science and technology has created the need to use technological devices to do things that were manually done before. This includes the use of computer in many areas in human endevours. In the academic community, the use of computer for teaching and learning has been encouraged by many educationists. But to what extent computer has improved teaching and learning is another serious area of attention.

The use of computer has enhance teaching and learning but not without some fundamental problems. Some teachers who are not computer literate do not see the need to use computer to teach. In another vain, electricity that powers the computers are not usually present in the sense that there is low supply of electricity across the nation. This has affected the use of computer to teach in schools. The high costs of computer system and non-availability of some software packages have hindered the effective use of computer for teaching and learning in school. The poor attitude of some teachers toward the use of computer reduces the effective use of computer in teaching and learning.

Colleges of Education produce teachers that teach at the foundation levels of our education system. If students in College of Education are not well trained in computer usage and applications, they will lose confidence in themselves in the face of challenges of modern world of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Their products will not be able to compete with their counterparts in other countries on jobs demanding computer knowledge. The long-term effect is that Nigeria will not be able to catch up with the rest of the world technologically, thus ensuring a difficult future for our children and economy. Furthermore, Nigeria will not be part of the globalization process that is going on across the globe. This will no doubt affect industrialization, which has in recent times become a function of computerization. Upon this premise that this study seeks to assess the strategies for improving the teaching and learning of computer science students in tertiary institution.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to assess the strategies for improving the teaching and learning of computer science students in tertiary institution within Kaduna Metropolis using Kaduna State College of Education as a case study.

The study has the following specific objectives.

  1. To examine the suitability of computer education curriculum for the training of teachers in Colleges of science in Nigeria.
  2. To investigate the extent national policy on computer science is implemented in Colleges of Education in Nigeria.
  3. To ascertain factors challenging the implementation of computer science programme in Colleges of Education in Nigeria.
  4. To establish strategies to enhance the teaching and learning of computer science in college of education.

1.4 Research Question

The research is guided by the following questions;

  1. To what extent is computer science curriculum suitable for the training of teachers in Colleges of Education in Nigerian?
  2. What is the extent at which national policy on computer science is implemented in Colleges of Education in Nigeria?
  3. What are the factors challenging the implementation of computer education programme in Colleges of Education in Nigeria?
  4. What are the strategies to enhance the teaching and learning of computer science in college of education?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • HO1: the extent at which computer science curriculum is suitable for the training of teachers in Colleges of Education in Nigerian is low
  • HO2: there are no strategies to enhance the teaching and learning of computer science in college of education.

1.5 Significance of the Study

This work will be beneficial to the following groups and personalities: the ministry of education, students, parents, organizations, teachers, computer software manufacturers, educational researchers etc.The ministry of education will find this work relevant by accessing the findings on the effective strategies to be adopted to improve the teaching and learning of computer science. The students who are longing for improvement in their academic pursuit will find the work helpful as different strategies will be itemized on the best approach to use computer. The parents and guardians will have to key in to the modern means of teaching and learning in schools. The parents will be encouraged to buy computer system and its packages for their children to use for teaching and learning. Different organizations that are interested in sponsoring school program will find this work easy to supply computer systems to be used in school to enhance teaching and learning. Teachers will see the need to use it as the modern means of teaching to enhance teaching and learning in schools. Educational researchers will propel the best means of using computer to browse for information, teach and learn in institutions of higher learning, by encouraging students to learn more. Empirically, the study will contribute to the general body of knowledge and serve as a reference material to both scholars and student who wishes to conduct further studies in related field.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study borders on assess the strategies for improving the teaching and learning of computer science students in tertiary institution within Kaduna Metropolis using Kaduna State College of Education as a case study. The study will further discuss the suitability of computer science curriculum for the training of teachers in Colleges of Education in Nigeria, the extent national policy on computer science is implemented in Colleges of Education in Nigeria, the adequacy of resources provided for computer science in Colleges of Education in Nigeria. The study is however delimited to Kaduna State College of Education.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

This research project, like all human endeavors, had some challenges that threatened to derail the study’s completion. One of the reasons is that the time allotted for this work was so limited that the researcher did not have enough time to complete the task thoroughly. During data collection, the researcher also had to put forth extra effort to understand the respondents’ interview schedules, several of whom fell into the incomprehensible age group. Also, there were financial and transportation constraints to deal with. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, interview).


1.9 Definition of Terms

Teaching:

Teaching can be defined as engagement with learners to enable their understanding and application of knowledge, concepts and processes. It includes design, content selection, delivery, assessment and reflection.

Learning:

Learning is the process of acquiring new understanding, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, attitudes, and preferences.

Computer Studies:

Computer science is the study of computers and computing as well as their theoretical and practical applications.


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the the strategies for improving the teaching and learning of computer science students in tertiary institution within Kaduna Metropolis using Kaduna State College of Education as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the the strategies for improving the teaching and learning of computer science students in tertiary institution within Kaduna Metropolis using Kaduna State College of Education as a case study. The study is was specifically carried out to examine the suitability of computer science curriculum for the training of teachers in Colleges of Education in Nigeria, investigate the extent national policy on computer science is implemented in Colleges of Education in Nigeria, ascertain factors challenging the implementation of computer science programme in Colleges of Education in Nigeria, and establish strategies to enhance the teaching and learning of computer science in college of education.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were students of Kaduna State College of Education.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The extent to which computer science curriculum is suitable for the training of teachers in Colleges of Education is high.
  2. The extent at which national policy on computer science is implemented in Colleges of Education is high.
  3. The factors challenging the implementation of computer science programme in Colleges of Education in Nigeria consist of lack of qualified computer educators, use of ineffective teaching method, inadequate provision of computer facilities, and poor funding and maintenance.
  4. The strategies to enhance the teaching and learning of computer science in college of education include; employment of qualified (B. Sc (Ed) and B.Ed.) computer education teachers, adequate provision of latest computer resources, improving electricity supply, proper funding of schools, and maintenance of available computers.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. Administrators should ensure that computer studies educators are sponsored on retraining programmes at least twice a year through workshops, seminars and conferences to enable them learn the modern technological skills in their chosen field of endeavour.
  2. Administrators should as a matter of urgency liase with private sectors to provide computers and other instructional materials needed for teaching of computer studies in the college of education.
  3. Government should assists our college of education by donating instructional facilities like laptons, desktop computers, multimedia, generating sets, internet etc to enable students practice and acquire the skills of computing.

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