Strategies For Improving The Use Of Electronic Media In Teaching Electrical And Electronics Subjects In Technical Colleges

Project and Seminar Material For Electrical Electronics Engineering EEE

Strategies For Improving The Use Of Electronic Media In Teaching Electrical And Electronics Subjects In Technical Colleges


Abstract


The study sought to assess strategies for improving the use of electronic media in teaching electrical and electronics subjects in technical colleges of Kaduna state. Electrical and electronic is a branch of engineering concerned with the practical applications of electricity and with devices which the motion of electron and all charged particle is controlled, although electrical phenomena had attracted notice as early as 17th century, it was not until the 19th century that studies were made to develop the stand and of electricity into discipline of study electrical and electronics is one the subject that make up the technical subject in curriculum of technical education, electrical and electronics causes included electronics, digital computers, power electricity, telecommunication, control systems, radio-frequency, signal processing, instrumentation and micro electronics etc they are offered at senior secondary and technical schools level so as to prepare the recipient for education that is both practical and functional application base electrical and electronic play a vital role in the development of many nation the importance of electrical and electronics in our national development either socially economically, technologically and otherwise cannot be over emphasis, hence the teaching of these subject is paramount importance to the nation building. So many factors are combined to know the level of how electrical/electronic technicians can improve themselves. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate on the factors that determine the improvement of electrical and electronic technicians in technical colleges in Kaduna State.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Kaduna state is one of the 36 states of the Federal Republic of Nigeria including the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja. It comprise of 23 local government area that occupy almost the entire central position of the northern part of Nigeria with Kaduna as the state capital.

The state shares common boarders with Zamfara, Kastina, Kano, Bauchi, Plateau, Nasarawa, Niger academic, police and military institutions, a home for various industries.

The global location of Kaduna state lies between latitude 90 and 140 north of the equator and longitude 70 and 100 east of the Green which meridian. It occupies a landmass of about 70, 210 square kilometers in the map of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

This liberal and peaceful state is inhabited by about 5,055, 684 people with some of the following man ethnic group: Hausa, Gbagyi, Fulani, Bajju, Bakulu, Atyap, Ham, Ninzom, Kagoro, Karama and so on.

English is the official language and is widely spoken all over the state and Hausa language colloquially used (National Population Commission, 1991). The first set in Kaduna technical college started in the year 1971 at government college being temporary site and moved to the permanent site in 1973. When they were merged with students from Soba Crafts School, the two schools were running a 3 – year programme and were boarding school (National journal of professional teacher, 1993). They had the following subjects as a major courses: Wood work, metal work, building and technical drawing. And on completion of their courses, the majority would go onto employment, but an entrance examination enabled the more fortunate and moveable minority to continue onto one of the few trade schools in the worth which were located in Ilorin, Kano and Buruku where they continued their education for another three years, learning trades such as fitting and machining, carpentry and joinery, building carbonate making, etc which all based on skills actualization, and hopefully in the end passing the relevant city and guilds of London institution examination.

However, in 1974 the Soba craft school was upgraded to the status of government secondary technical school (GSTS) to start offering a five-year programme with the increase in students intake and progress in technical education, technical subjects were introduced in more secondary schools in the state.

In Soba for example, in 1978 the school started with ninety students (90) but by the year 1981, the student population rose to one thousand one hundred (1,100). As the number kept on growing on a yearly basis beyond the number that the state government could adequately cater for, it therefore, deboarded almost all the secondary schools with the exception of the two technical schools earlier on mentioned, and built another technical school at Kajuru (Agwona, 1996).

Its true that education and specifically knowledge is power. Education is even said to be life itself, by direct inference and deduction, the technological development of a nation depends on the available technical know- how, the rudiment of which is a function of quantity and quality of available technical education and training (Abdullahi, 1990).

In any technological development efforts, technical colleges and similar institutions are designed to give the much needed skills manpower in form of artisans, craftsmen and technician in the various trades. The avenue which the training of this manpower takes place can be broadly classified into non-formal and formal as illustrate below;
It’s an indisputable fact that research efforts by scientists, inventors and design engineers cannot be translated into reality without the contributions of this manpower. A proficient and well bred craftsman or technician will make difference in production process, the availability and affordability of food, road, efficient transportation and housing system, the supply of essential utilities and in general, the quality of life enjoyable by the citizen.

In further appreciation of there roles of technical colleges and inspite of the apparent apathy towards technical education by governments at the national and the state levels who have continue to maintain several technical colleges that are ill-equipped, un-staffed and badly positioned to carryout their primary assignments, there is need to address these fundamental problems. In spread all over the federation have continue to perform below expectation in terms of quality and quantity of training opportunities. In the words of Aina (2006), they are characterized by poor enrolment due to reckless neglect by responsible owners, general rot in educational system, policy inconsistency, inadequate and absolute facilities, poor staffing and collapse of several industries among other reasons. Electronic media became popular over the last few years, and it appears that their application will continue to grow exponentially. The level and degree of which teachers uses this electronic media to a large extent determine its roles in teaching and learning process. Many authors have different questions and views of instructional materials not only in teaching electrical and electronic subject but also in teaching social sciences, business studies and engineering to have an effective and desire change. These authors include Nwana (2003); Aguokogbo (2000); and Green wood (2001). It was obvious that the effort of these authors of electronic media which affect positively the behaviours of student cannot be under estimated and specifically in teaching electrical and electronic students in technical school. Among the type of electronic media; especially the interactive board, have all the necessary instructional material and other expended facility in build to facilitate teaching and learning process.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The goals of the National policy on Education (1998) cannot be fully realized without the development of appropriate skills. With the rapid and recent developments in the electrical/electronics world and information technology, the need to have more skilled electrical/electronics technicians to take care of these products for their maintenances for effectiveness in a necessity. This has to be met with the seriousness. It deserves so as to avoid future problems and this is pivoted on skill needs of the electrical/electronic technician.

A short teaching experience revealed poorly developed skills on the use of electronic media in teaching students of a technical colleges and further inquiry into the reasons revealed that either the skills were wrongly taught or not even taught at all. This boil down to either the technician does not know the skills, he does not know how to teach the skills or cannot even remember the skills to be taught. This study is aimed at determining and analyzing those factors that are directly or indirectly militating against the skill improvement need of electrical/electronics technician. It will go a long way in disclosing certain factors or problems that would have contributed or would have affected the practical skill improvement need to those electrical/electronics technician. These problem areas will be highlighted with the hope of helping the authorities concerned to set the necessary machinery in motion in a bid to arresting the ugly situation.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to assess the strategies for improving the use of electronic media in teaching electrical and electronics subjects in technical colleges in Kaduna state and specifically to:

  1. Determine the status on the use of electronic media in teaching electrical/electronic in technical college in Kaduna State.
  2. Find out how electrical/electronic technician manage their workshop.
  3. Determine the availability of electrical/electronic practical materials.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the status on the use of electronic media in teaching electrical/electronic in technical college in Kaduna State?
  2. Do electronic/electrical technicians manage their workshop properly?
  3. Do electrical/electronic technicians have practical materials in their workshop?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The findings of the study would be useful to the various levels of Government, federal, state and local including technician of electrical/electronics, public and private establishments. Technician of skills would be greatly improved specially, the expected as well as the needed skills will be imparted to the student. The students will gain from these skills and later apply this in life. The future maintenances and servicing of the products of technological development in the near future and the hanging world which requires diverse skill when they are self employed or in industries.

The industries (private establishments) where these students would later work are also in the list hence those who would be fortunate to be employed in industries would exhibit these skills thereby reducing initial losses due to lack of skill and anxiety.

The Government (Public establishments) at all levels is also in the list of beneficiaries of this study. There would be rise in Gross Domestic product (GDP) of the nation as many individuals would be well equipped to be on their own and in industry.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

There is no study undertaken by a researcher that is perfect. The imperfection of any research is always due to some factors negatively affecting a researcher in the course of carrying out research. Therefore, time constraint has shown no mercy to the research. The limited time has to be shared among many alternative uses, which includes reading, attending lectures and writing of this research, also distance and its attendant costs of travelling to obtain information which may enhance the writing of this study was a major limitation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

The research work was conducted to assess the strategies for improving the use of electronic media in teaching electrical and electronics subjects in technical colleges in Kaduna State. A population sample of 90 respondents was randomly selected across the institution. A descriptive research design of survey type was adopted for the study; three research questions were raised and answered. A well structured questionnaire was use to elicit relevant data from the sample respondents on the strategies for improving the use of electronic media in teaching electrical and electronics subjects in technical colleges in Kaduna State.

The data collected through the administered questionnaire was subjected both descriptive and inferential statistics; frequency count and simple percentage was use to analysis the demographic data of respondents, frequency and percentage table was use to answer the research question. The findings from the analysis revealed that:

  1. Status on the use of electronic media in teaching electrical and electronic in technical college in Kaduna State.
  2. An average electronic/electrical technician manages their workshop properly.
  3. To high standard electrical/electronic technicians have practical materials in their workshop

5.2 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, it is concluded that the improvement of electrical/electronic technicians in technical colleges in Kaduna, there are various factors that can aid the improvement of the technicians in technical colleges. Electrical and electronic trades are among the skilled areas studied in technical colleges. Therefore it need much improvement so as to achieve it proper standard and goals.


5.3 Recommendations

From the findings of the study, the following recommendations are made:

  1. Government and education authorities should provide conducive environment for electrical/electronic technicians
  2. Equipped ICT facilities should be provided in the colleges.
  3. Law enforcement agents, security personnel, teachers/other universities workers and all in technical colleges in Kaduna should hate and be seen to have hated all acts of inefficiencies in electronic/electrical discipline.
  4. The technicians should make sure that their workshops are properly managed.

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