Statistical Analysis Of Traffic Congestion

Project and Seminar Material for Statistics

Statistical Analysis Of Traffic Congestion


Abstract


The menace of traffic congestion in Nigeria especially in major cities has been a cause of major concern, not only has it been an eye sore, it has equally been conduit for the breeding of criminal acts and vices in Nigerian major roads. This project analyzes the current Nigerian traffic situation alongside the prevailing crime rate in Nigeria with the aim of discovering if a relationship exists between crime rate and traffic congestion in Nigerian major cities


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Traffic congestion in commercial cities in Nigeria has been a cause for concern for every well-meaning Nigerian who craves for infrastructural development and maintenance. The continuous road traffic congestion in Nigerian cities especially in Lagos which started from the 1980s immediately after Udeoji award which enhanced household income and resulted to increased desire for both private and commercial vehicle ownership is intensifying on daily basis. The daily movement of people in Nigerian cities is becoming more difficult and complex.

Lagos state being the most populated state in Nigeria according to the national population commission has been engulfed in traffic congestion this may be due to population explosion and urban migration which has increased the pressure on the available infrastructure. This is reflected in the increasing bumper-to-bumper traffic being experienced in the major cities during the morning (7:00am – 9:00am) and afternoon (3:00pm – 6:00pm) peak hours (Okpala, 1981:46). In some cases, such as in Lagos, road traffic congestion is being experienced throughout the day from 8:00am – 9:00pm which can even extend into the dead of the night on occasions.

In Lagos state especially, it is not uncommon for commuters to spend more than two hours enroute to work, school, market, hospital etc. or back home even when to and fro distance is not much. According to Okpala (1998: 23), the situation has become so common that it even appears that traffic hold-ups are becoming acceptable excuses for late attendance to work or even formal and informal meetings. This malady in most of the Nigerian cities has been causing people a lot of concern (Oyefesobi, 1981:35). It is posing formidable challenges to both state governments, Local government Councils, researchers and particularly the city residents.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The search for an enduring solution to the traffic problems will necessarily commence with thorough investigation that will unveil the factors responsible for such problems. This is what this study intends to do with particular reference to Oshodi-Apapa express way Lagos.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

This study aims at the following:

  1. To provide this missing link by way of making good attempt at identifying the factors which are responsible for traffic problems in Oshodiapapa express way.
  2. To recommend ways of easing traffic congestion in Lagos.
  3. To examine the major causes of road traffic congestion in Lagos.

1.4 Scope of the Study

This study is on statistical analysis of road traffic congestion at the Oshodi Apapa express way Lagos state.


1.5 Research Questions

  1. What are the major causes of traffic congestion
  2. What can be done to ease traffic congestion in Lagos?
  3. Is there a relationship between traffic congestion and increase in crime rate in Lagos?

1.6 Research Hypothesis

H0: There is no significant relationship between crime and traffic congestion in Oshodiapapa expressway

H1: There is a significant relationship between crime and traffic congestion in Oshodiapapa expressway


1.7 Definition of Terms

Traffic:

The movement of vehicles, ships, persons, etc., in an area, along astreet, through an air lane, over a water route, etc

Crime:

An illegal act for which someone can be punished by the government.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

The objectives of the study was to provide this missing link by way of making good attempt at identifying the factors which are responsible for traffic problems in OshodiApapa express way; to recommend ways of easing traffic congestion in Lagos; to examine the major causes of road traffic congestion in Lagos.

Findings from the study revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between crime and traffic congestion in OshodiApapa expressway Lagos.


5.2 Conclusion

The manual method of operation in most organization has proved to be highly ineffective organization that deals with the transfer of document from one department to another do not have to rely solely on the manual operation which will be very disastrous should any accident occur. It is to maintain fast, effective, reliable and accurate result with this method. All these shortcoming of the manual system are completely eradicated by the Intelligence Traffic Control System. From the above analysis, you can rightly say that the Intelligence Traffic Control System with the aids of Traffic Light which is much more better than the manual method i.e. Traffic Warden.


5.3 Recommendation

The new system and the existing system has been detected that the advantages of new system are more than the existing system. It is therefore recommended to the every user of road that the new system should be adopted so that they can have all the benefit of Traffic Light that controls traffic jam. However, from the point mention above the new system is there by recommend by the Federal Road Safety Commission


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