A Statistical Analysis On Rate Of Industrial Accidents

Project and Seminar Material for Statistics

A Statistical Analysis On Rate Of Industrial Accidents


Abstract


This study was carried out on statistical analysis on rate of industrial accidents using Emenite Limited, Enugu, Enugu State as case study. Specifically, the study was aimed at examining the various causes of industrial accidents; find out the effect of industrial accident on the victim; discover the effect of industrial accident on the manager; access the effect of industrial accident on the firm; report the industrial accident in Emenite Limited over ten years period (1995 – 2004). The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 150 responses were validated from the survey. From the responses obtained and analysed, the findings revealed that industrial accidents have different effects on the victim, the manager, and the firm. Furthermore, there aresignificant differences among various forms of industrial accident in Emenite Limited. The study recommend Manufacturing firms should endeavor to provide necessary safety measures and equipment for the safeguarding of their employees. This will motivate them to work effectively bearing in mind that they are safe. More so, Emenite Limited should take note of the various forms of industrial accidents that took place in their firm and study the recurrent ones, then put measures in place to prevent their repeatation in the firm.


Chapter One


Introduction

Accident, literally, a befalling, an event that takes place without out’s foresight or expectation; an undersigned, sudden and unexpected event, chance, contingency; character, a casualty; a mishap; as, to diesis an accident. When an event is indesigned, it means that the event happens surprising or without pre-knowledge, by chance means an “Act of God” stuff.

Accident could result to damage, to plants, products, buildings, pollution of the environment, injury to people, and death to people. There are different types of accidents such as industrial accidents, road accidents, five accidents etc. But, due to the purpose of this project, we will be interested in discussing industrial accident.

Industrial accident, are those accidents that occur in factories where human beings are working. Everyday, worldwide thousands of accidents occur in factories and happens in different ways, depending on the area it occurs in the factory. It can result from collusion with poisonous chemicals, inefficient operations of the machines, hit by a moving object or falling objects, electrical shock from a naked wire, bursa from acid, slide due to greasy floors etc. Any of the above accidents can cause deep scars or permanent disabilities depending on the degree of which it occurs.

Several costs may be involved in one or more of these causes of accidents mentioned above. But, we shall consider the cost at it affects the victim the firm and the manager.

Cost to the Victim

  1. Pain and suffering.
  2. Loss of income
  3. Social embarrassment
  4. Liability to others.

Cost to the Firm

  1. Loss of production
  2. Damage to equipment
  3. Medical expenses and compensation
  4. Loss of moral among workers.
  5. Bad corporate image.

Cost to the Manager

  1. Loss of prestige
  2. Loss of skilled worker
  3. Time loss in training a substitute.

1.1 Background of the Study

EMENITE LIMITED, a member of the Brlgian Etex group started operation in 1963 under the name ‘TURNERS ASBESTOS CEMENT COMPANY NIGERIA LIMITED’. The company was incorporated in 1961 with registration member RC2712 and the shareholding was as follows:

  • Turner and Newall ltd – 80%
  • Government of Eastern Nigeria – 20%

As a result of the indigenization decree of 1973, the shareholders of the company changed as follows:

  • Turners and Newell ltd – 60%
  • Government of Eastern Nigeria – 40%

With the name of the company changing to Turners building products (Emene) limited. Due to clumdling fortunes of the company, in March 24. 1988, Turners and Newall limited. divested its interest in the company and transferred 51% of its shareholding to Eterutremer society Anonym of Belgium (now Eterx group S.A) and the balance of 49% went to the then Anambra and Imo states, now Anambra, Enugu, Imo, Abia and Ebonyi states. As a result of the new shareholding arrangement, the company changed its name to Emenite limited as is presently known.

Progress of the Company

Emenite has made considerable progress in terms of product development and market. They operate in the roofing and ceiling market. There range of products includes.

ROOFING PRODUCTS

  • Bigsix corrugated sheets
  • Bigsix corrugated sheets
  • Standard corrugated sheets
  • Ultimate corrugated sheets
  • Prestige concrete title

CEILING PRODUCTS

  • Emceil flat sheet.
  • Duraceil decorative ceiling
  • Emlux decorative ceiling
  • Qualitite decorative ceiling.

These products are made from fibre and cement. The company new product marketed in 28th November 2001 in Enugu is the duratile concrete tile. Emenite limited was certified 150 9001 – 2000 in 2002. They are the first to obtain such international standard east of the lager. The firm has a total of 225 staffers. The health, safety and environment legislation as well as specific guidelines of Etex group require employers to prove a safe work place and minimize exposure to hazardous substances in order to protect the employee’s health. It is to assure collective protection by controlling release of the substance at the source, so that it does not get to the cumbient are and constitute health hazard. Employees have to acquire knowledge of the environment they are working in since it is importance to be safety conscious in their daily activities and in the industrial environment. The accident analysis indicate that due to ignorance of imminent dangers, cardessnes of workers, chemical defects and lack off motivation or punishment to fedaulters, we are often involved in industrial accidents. Based on these, the EMENITE limited management have put in place a booklet comprising of general information on asbestos, its hazards and precautionary measures, approved personal protective equipment (PPE) such as safety boots, Helmet, Hand gloves, ear muff, nose mask, Eye goggles, for each work area, hazardous equipment in the company, industrial accidents and prevention measures, personal prefecture equipment and correct uses, first aid fundamentals, developing the safety, protective equipment necessary for each work area, emergency action plants (EAPs) in and outside the environment etc. This is to ensure a safe, healthy, accident free and pollution free environment for the entire staff and the public. In other achieve this goal, it is expected that every employee in EMENITE limited will read the booklet carefully and abide by the contents in other to minimize causes of accidents and its painful sad consequences.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The rates of industrial accidents have caused very serious harms to many lives and property. It could lead to instant death or incapacitation or injure, it could also lead to loss of income, loss of production and damage to equipment in the industry. This may eventually cause dependents to loss their dear ones or material care. These accidents occur because most of the workers do not know the precautionary and safety measures to be taken in accident prevention.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objectives of this study is carry out a statistical analysis on rate of industrial accidents. Specifically, the study seeks to:

  1. Examine the various causes of industrial accidents.
  2. Find out the effect of industrial accident on the victim
  3. Discover the effect of industrial accident on the manager
  4. Access the effect of industrial accident on the firm
  5. Report the industrial accident in Emenite Limited over ten years period (1995 – 2004)

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions guide this study:

  1. What are the various causes of industrial accidents?
  2. What are the effect of industrial accident on the victim?
  3. What are the effect of industrial accident on the manager?
  4. What are the effect of industrial accident on the firm?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The research hypotheses that guided this study are as follows:

  • HO: There are no significant differences among various forms of industrial accident in Emenite Limited.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study will be significance to the every working organization either corporate or a manufacturing firm to know the various causes of accidents in the organization, its effect on the victim, manager and the firm.
Also, this study will help the firm and individuals to know the necessary precautions to take in order to prevent industrial accident.

Further more, this study will add to existing literature on industrial accidents and serve as a reference material to scholars, students and researchers who may carry out further researcher on this topic or related domain in the future.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study sis limited to only Emenite Limited, Enugu State. The manager and employees of the firm will be enrolled as participant for study.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Accident:

An unfortunate incident that happens unexpectedly and unintentionally, typically resulting in damage or injury.

Industrial Accident:

An industrial accident is any accident that happens to a person in the course of their work that results in an injury.


Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

In this study, our focus was to carryouta statistical analysis on rate of industrial accidents using Emenite Limited, Enugu, Enugu State as case study The study specifically was aimed at examining the various causes of industrial accidents; find out the effect of industrial accident on the victim; discover the effect of industrial accident on the manager; access the effect of industrial accident on the firm; report the industrial accident in Emenite Limited over ten years period (1995 – 2004).

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are active workers in Emenite Limited, Enugu, Enugu State.

The findings revealed that there aresignificant differences among various forms of industrial accident in Emenite Limited.


5.2 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Manufacturing firms should endeavor to provide necessary safety measures and equipment for the safeguarding of their employees. This will motivate them to work effectively bearing in mind that they are safe.
  2. Supervisor should always carryout their duties effective to avoid causing any casualty while working.
  3. Workers should make sure they abide by all the safety rules provided for by the company to secure they lives.
  4. Emenite Limited should take note of the various forms of industrial accidents that took place in their firm and study the recurrent ones, then put measures in place to prevent their repeatation in the firm.

A Statistical Analysis On Rate Of Industrial Accidents


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