Staff And Students Perception On Immoral Dressing: A Case Study Of Federal College Of Education Osiele In Abeokuta Odeda Local Government Area Of Ogun State

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Staff And Students Perception On Immoral Dressing: A Case Study Of Federal College Of Education Osiele In Abeokuta Odeda Local Government Area Of Ogun State


This study was carried out to examine the staff and students perception on immoral dressing among students of higher institutions of learning in Nigeria particularly, the female ones by examining the various forms that these dresses appear, reasons why these students dress indecently such as poor parenting, peer pressure, wrong uses of the internet, fading value as well as demonic influence among others. The negative consequences of dressing indecently were indentified to include rapper, prostitutions. Hiv/Aids and other veneral infections a well as armed robbery, lying and poor school grades recommendations put forward included that parents be good moral examplars to their children, give them attentions and mass media must promote good moral values, religious leader must preach against counsel and deliver those under demonic influence as well as the introduction of college or university uniform for students.

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the Study

Indecent appearance has come to characterize the dress pattern of many students on the campuses of higher institutions of learning in Nigeria. There is hardly any higher institution of learning in country that is not faced with this nauseating problem.

Egwinc (2010) referred to indecent dressing in a more specific term s the attitude of some one male or female that dresses to show off parts of the body such as the breasts, buttocks or even the underwear particularly those of the ladies that need to be covered

According to Gushee. D.P (2004) indecent appearance is improper and inacceptable dressing which is so provocative and offensive because it reveals the high rate of moral decadence in the society of our time.

Okoro.W (2006) Opines that indecent dressing is a social malady that cuts across many countries of the world. Indecent dressing is caused by various factors such as poor parenting peer group wrong use of internet, fading values as well as demonic influence.

World encyclopedia Beitannica (2005) indicates that some of the most basic function of dressing are to provide warmth and protection to beautifying or enhance sexual appeal and to supply information about the wearer (like age, sex, social status occupation) e.t.c but students on campuses as turn dressing to another thing.

Adediran, A. (2011) Opines that more than ever before in the most recent time the insanity manifestation in the mode of dressing (of ladies in particular) on the campuses of most tertiary institution if not all is alarming and this calls for an urgent attention.

Issacson, L. (2000) observes that provocative mode of dressing of female students on campuses has led to violence theft gang activities and the like on campuses. This view is also supported by a concerned American Christian Newspaper “The word of the lord” (August 27, 2000). It suggests that the law of the land should be made to take care of not only rapists, but also of the females that incite them, that such accomplices should also be jailed for solicitation as prostitutes or for indecent exposure.

Aramide E. (2006) says that indecent mode of dressing is a problem because it is an “Evil wind” that blows no god to the school, the community and the society at large. It therefore does more harm than good for the society.

Stella, M. (2008) explained that indecent dressing is known to be recognized hindrances to the conducive learning environment. Thus, leading the teachers and students into vices. She further explained that the beautiful ones are always properly and decently dressed, but the ugly insecure unintelligent and shapeless ones are the ones who flaunt those worn out stretched marked over sized body parts that should be left covered. She also explained that the way students on these campuses of learning particularly the female ones dress seductively leaves much to be desired. What the girls called skirts that they struggle to sit down find difficult in climbing machines cross gutter as well as picking anything from the ground. Apart from the skimpy and tight fitting nature of these dresses they are again transparent revealing certain parts of the bodies that under normal dressing patterns ought to be hidden away from the glare of people.

In the case of boys, their pattern of dress is different. It makes them to look so dirty and very unattractive with un kept hairs and dirty jeans having pocket of holes deliberately created around the knees and lower parts of the trousers allowed to flow on the ground because they go through their heals into their legs as socks. The waist of their trousers are lowered and fastened tightly at the middle of the two bottom lobes to reveal their hands particularly the left one cupping their invisible scrotum as if they will fall to the ground, many of them because of how they dressed had at one time or the other become victims of rape lured into prostitution used for ritual purpose unable to complete their education or training and also engaged in other ancillary social moral problems like cultism and lying to mention these few.

Oseni A.O (2008) opines that indecent dressing is the major causes of the various assent and sexual harassment recorded in the society over time. As a result of civilization Nigeria ladies dress half naked to occasions all in the name of “fashion” and this is contrary to the prestige placed on African woman. For instance Nigeria ladies derive pleasure in wearing cloth such as mini-skirts, bumber short, armless, e.t.c and as a result of this many innocent guys have been arrested along with armed robbers just because of the way they dressed. Indecent dressing is an habit embraced by all ages in the society. It has been inculcated by both the young and old. It is common among celebrities particularly artistes. These set of people while on stage will want to look unique and in the process turned themselves into lunatics.

They wear tattered jean with holes, tight fitting shirt some go to the extent of wearing ordinary pants while on stage an all this is the cause of juvenile delinquency most of the under age children engaged in early sex as a result of what they watch on television as well as what they saw among their older siblings.

Winner Slfc (2010) says most religions like Christianity and Islam, regard immoral dressing as a sin. He further explains that in Christianity we know from the bible in genesis 3:21 the bible made us to understand that God gave Adam and his wife clothe just to cover their unclotheness, therefore unclotheness was a sin. But today our youth especially ladies crave to show their unclad state to the public without fear while the guys dress like women forgetting the punishment attached to it, this was also supported by prophet Obadare in a congress in (2004).

The problem of immoral dressing on campus has become rampant and government and school authorities have tried to solve the problem but all efforts had been in vain.

Though people have worked hard on this topics in which some stones were left untouched hereby making such works incomplete and inadequate but in conclusion this particular research work is designed to make correction to mistakes made by the previous researcher in order to make it adequate and efficient. Hence, this research works will therefore work extensively on staff and students perception on immoral dressing without leaving any space untouched.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The rate of indecent dressing among the Nigerian institution of learning is causing a lot of concern to education stakeholders. There has been increase in dropout rate, carry over rate and outright failure rate among the students and some attempt by the Government and public to control it has yielded no fruits.

This research work intends to look into the staff and students perception on immoral dressing in federal colleges of education.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The major purpose of this study is to identify the staff and students perception on immoral dressing in higher institutions of learning and to suggest ways by which the general public and school authority curb it.

1.4 Significance of the Study

This study is very beneficial to Nigerian government who will be encouraged at efforts made in the institution of learning to ensure that the stated goals and objective of the institution are met. The institutions will enjoy non-distractive environment in their pursuit of aims and objectives of the institution. There will be hope of improving on their self image and hope for stakeholder to see well dressed students and pupils in primary and secondary institutions. They will also be glad that African culture is exhibited in the students modes of dressing and also bring them facts and steps on how to curb the wide spread of immoral or indecent dressing in other to have a better society.

1.5 Research Questions.

The research is interested in findings answer to the following research questions.

  1. What are the causes of immoral dressing on campuses?
  2. What are the implications of immoral dressing on the society?
  3. How does immoral dressing affect the performance of students in higher institution of learning?
  4. What are the consequences of immoral dressing on student?
  5. What are the possible solutions to curb immoral dressing among the students in higher institutions of learning?

1.6 Scope of the Study

The study examined the staff and students perception on immoral dressing among students in college of education. The study is restricted to seventy (70) students from five (5) schools in Federal College of Education Osiele and the five schools are: School of Education, School of Arts and Social Sciences, School of Languages, School of Sciences and School of Vocational and 30 Staff from all schools.

1.7 Definition of Terms


The officers chiefly responsible for the internal operation of an institution or business.


A learner or someone who attends an educational institution for the purpose of his/her educational achievements.


The organization identification and interception of sensory information or apprehending by means of the senses or by of the mind.

Immoral Dressing

A deliberates exposure of one’s body to the public which is offending against recognized standards of decency

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion, Recommendation and Recommendation for Further Studies

5.1 Summary of the Study

The finding of this research work is based on staff and students perception on immoral dressing in federal college of education.

From all the statistical data gathered for this study it is clearly shown that peer group influence is a cause of immoral dressing in higher institution. It is shown that our media e.g. T.V, newspaper magazines are reasons for immoral dressing.

It can also be seen from information gathered that immoral dressing is an act of indiscipline in the society. Moreover, from the information also dressing leads to rape, abortion, unwanted pregnancy and student bring lured into prostitution.

5.2 Conclusion of the Study

Most Nigerian ladies in institutions of learning dress immodestly. This dress pattern has negatives consequences that may still not know to those who dress immodestly. It is in the light of this that this paper examined the cause and effects of indecent dressing and suggested solutions that could reduce the rate of spreading this immoral act.

Also from the research personnel observation and from the reaction of the students to the questionnaire the researcher believes that indecent dressing does more harm than good to the student and in the society.

Dressing speaks more about one-selves because a proverb says “Dress the way you would like to be address” mere looking at the function of dressing in our society it is very important to put on decent dressing because of the adverse effect.

Therefore the researcher is imploring the parents, school management and the entire society to encourage their children and most especially youths in dressing properly and decently and lecturers and staff should be a good model to the students

5.3 Recommendation

The researcher would give the following recommendations to aid improvement on the staff and students perception on immoral dressing.

The researcher believes that, the suggestions would create more favourable improvement on the level of dressing of the students. However, the following recommendations are made:

5.3.1 School Management

School management should make provision for facilities such as counseling in the school these facilities will change the idea of indecent dressing of students.

Also they should recommend some polities about indecent dressing among students and any student that is found guilty should be punished severely. Government should help in bringing up some policies that will help to reduce immoral dressing in the society

5.3.2 Parents

Parents ought to inculcate into their children decency at their very tender age and make them to understand the importance of decent and proper dressing.

They should also be good role models to their children not involving in any immoral act.

5.3.3 The Society

The society entirely should not see immoral dressing as what is in vogue but society should see it as a wrong use of civilization and the society should not tolerate immoral dressing.

Society should understand that the harm of immoral dressing is greater than the good and this is not tarnishing the image of the society but religious and culturally.

5.3.4 Lecturer / Government

Lecturers also should Endeavour set a good standard in lecture room so that they will not get distracted.

Penalty for indecent dressing in higher institution should be spelt out and implemented strictly; this will prevent further flouting or the law.

A booklet containing rules and regulations guiding dressing should be made available to all students, especially higher institution.

Staff should constantly be reminded and encourage to help in implementing dressing.

Awards should be given to the selected students who conform to the stated appropriate dressing in each department in higher institution.

Conferences, seminars and workshops should be organized for both students and staff in the government universities to create public awareness on the importance of dressing.

5.3.5 Mass Media

Mass media should take caution of what they would publish and what their models wear not to inculcate bad intentions and character in the youths, students and children in the society

Celebrities, role models should set good example for the youth

5.3.6 Religious Organisation

Religious organization should also help to be good custodians and guardians for the youths.

5.4 Recommendation for Further Studies

This research work staffs and students perception on immoral dressing in federal college of education Osiele Abeokuta Area of Ogun state is only limited to staff and students in federal college of education Osiele Abeokuta Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State thereby making the information gathered to be limited to these set of people. (Staff and student)

In view of this, upcoming researchers of this work can go ahead to cover all the higher institutions in Ogun state for better and more adequate results and also to get wider range of information needed for the research work.

Therefore, the upcoming researcher can even go further to carry out research work on similar topic, using this particular research work as a reference point. Some of the higher institutions in Ogun state that the researcher can go to gather information are: Federal university of Agriculture (FUNAAB), Moshood Abiola polytechnic (MAPOLY), Olabisi Onabanjo Universities (OSU), Federal Polytechnics Ilaro (ILARO POLY), Tai Solarin University of education. (TASUED). e.t.c

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