Staff Disengagement And It’s Effect On The Morale Of Workers (A Case Study Of Federal, Radio Corporation Of Nigeria, Enugu)

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Staff Disengagement And It’s Effect On The Morale Of Workers (A Case Study Of Federal, Radio Corporation Of Nigeria, Enugu)


Abstract


The project work is a survey of the effect of disengagement on the moral of workers in federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria Enugu. It tried to ascertain the extent to which disengagement of workers affects the achievement of the corporations objectives. The methodology employed to achieve the objective of the study involved the distribution of questionnaires to both senior and junior staff of the corporation under study. More so, the researcher made use of oral interviews to get more facts from those who do not want to involve themselves in written work, and to confirm their answers. The research used descriptive statistical which are reflected in frequency tables and percentage to analyze data collected from the study. The study revealed among other things, the reasons, for disengagement, alternatives to disengagement and the consequences of the exercise to the individual and the organization both socially and economically.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The federal Radio corporation of Nigeria was formerly known as Nigeria Broad casting corporation (NBCC) and was opened in march 28, 1955 by Sir Lan Jacob K.B.E.C.B. who was then the Director General of the British Broad casting corporation. Later the name was changed from Nigeria Broad casting corporation to federal Radio corporation of Nigeria by a Degree promulgated on February 28, 1979.

The degree took retrospective effect from April 1, the degree has since been changed to an act of parliament No. 8 of 1979 in consonance with the democratic presidential system now being operated in Nigeria.

Consequent upon the provisions of this act quoted above, the federal government of Nigeria has established four zonal stations in Enugu Ibadan, Kaduna, Lagos including the voice of Nigeria (VON) which though on its own but nevertheless takes care of the external services of the corporation.

The federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria now has its head quarters at Abuja, the federal capital Territory of Nigeria. Also on 1st July, 2001 the Radio Nigeria started its own FM transmission in Nigeria.

The act which Established, the federal Radio corporation of Nigeria also stipulated that the corporation shall amongst other things to the exclusion of any other broadcasting authority in Nigeria be:-

  1. Responsible for radio broadcasting in short-ware or powerful medium wave for effective and simultaneous reception in more than one state of the federation at any one time.
  2. It shall be the duty of the corporation to provide as a public service, in the interests of Nigeria.
  3. The corporation shall ensure that the services which it provides, when considered as a whole, shall reflect the unity of Nigeria as a federation and the same time give adequate expression of the cultural characteristics and opinions of each state of the federation. A part from its legal name of federation radio corporation of Nigeria, the corporations national character is equally reflected in as –on-the-air identifications name of Radio Nigeria as appellation exclusively of Nigeria.

The structure of corporation as at present constituted, it based on zoning of the country with emphasis on broad casting in twelve Nigeria language viz Edo, Efik, fulfulda, Hausa, Igala, Igbo, Izon, Kanuri, NNPe, Tio, Urhobo and Yoruba, such as to ensure that at least 85% of the population of the country are covered by their programmes in these languages. Staff strength of about 847, 340 workers were disengaged that is about 40% of the total work force.
Subsequently, in December 31, 1995, out of about 400 staff, 95 were disengaged and in March 1999 out of 300 staff about 80 workers were disengaged.

In almost all the instance of disengagement of workrs, the major reasons have been:-

  1. Years of service: that is some workers may have reached the retiring age and service of 60 years and 35 years respectively.
  2. Inefficiency
  3. Redundancy
  4. Misconduct (French disloyalty etc)
  5. Poor health condition
  6. Over-staffing

The above reasons shall be discussed in detail in chapter 2 of this research work.

The problems of this research work will there fore be to find out of the above claimed reasons for disengagement of workers were the true reasons for the exercise or not a combination of other sets of behaviour by a worker and the criteria for selecting them.

In addition, the researcher work will also be interest in finding out the effect of this be interest I finding out the effect of this exercise on the remaining workers in the corporation that is it there has been any noticeable change in productivity and in what direction. The researchers lens will also be focused on the effect of this exercise on the external environment.

That is the people outside the organization, socially, economically and so on.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The containing economic depression which Nigeria has been passing through for some years now has compelled citizens, industrial and business establishment big and small to take for reaching measures in the struggle for survival the economic depression such as:-

  1. The difficult and stringent conditionality, which Nigeria government must, met before a IMF loan is given.
  2. Delay in passing the budget estimate in Nigeria.
  3. Delay in given subvention to parastatal.

The successive disengagement exercises currently taking place in Nigeria public service poses Economic and social problems.

According to Websters winth new collegiate dictionary (1983:1007) Retrenchment is the act of cutting down expenses live more cheaply.

While disengagement means to the (oneselt) from an engagment, to reduce amount of curtail expenses in order to elenomize, it could also be seen as the act of terminating the services of a worker, when the job ceases to exist, usually as a result of technology, political or economic changes. Disengagement, which is a recent-phenomenon in the history of public services in Nigeria started in the middle 70’s by then military Head of state as a result of economic recession during the period.

According to Adebayo (1994:113) there was a general purge (in 1975) of the public services in which though the intention was lauclable, the execution left much to be desired. The good were thrown, out with the bad. Those who survived the hole cast were told that their advice would be sought it and when need and that their main task was to carry out orders handed down to them.

It may not be an overstatement to say that most developing countries of the world including Nigeria has been going through a recession, but nevertheless the Nigeria case has been a very peculiar situation because it has resulted in many people losing their job. This could be seen in an editoral, agory of Retrenchment, by Agbese (1985:6-7) where in federal radio corporation of Nigeria Enugu zone, out of a total enable him give out his best in the achievement of the organization objectives.

This research work will therefore proceed pragmatically on the above theory Y, taking cognizance of the fact that, no one suffering from a feeling o fear and depression can be expected to be efficient at his work (Adebayo 1994:115).


1.3 Objective of the Study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain the effects of this disengagement on the morale and productivity of the workers in federal radio corporation of Nigeria Enugu
  2. To ascertain the possible social and economic consequences of disengagement
  3. To ascertain whether workers in federal radio corporation of Nigeria Enugu disengaged
  4. To ascertain the Social and economic consequences of disengagement of workers.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there are no effects of this disengagement on the morale and productivity of the workers in federal radio corporation of Nigeria Enugu
    H1: there are effects of this disengagement on the morale and productivity of the workers in federal radio corporation of Nigeria Enugu
  2. H02: there are no possible social and economic consequences of disengagement
    H2: there are possible social and economic consequences of disengagement

1.5 Significance of the Study

For quite some years now, disengagement of workers has been the order of day especially in the public service. It has reached a crises situation since the ministry takeover of government in this country. The seriousness of this exercise has made the executive of the Nigerian Labour congress (NLC) to cry out on behalf of their members to the government, both federal and state to stop further disengagement of workers, because it is subjecting members of NLC to some very hard conditions and untold hard ship. It is based on the above premise that the research is being carried out. Hoping that through the resulting of this research, the true effect of disengagement would be known. However, where disengagement is done on the basis of in efficiency, redundancy etc. this work would emphasis the fact that employers do not always disengaged just to save cost or to come out of recession but also, that efficiency dedication and hard work. On the part of employee are rewarding. Finally, it is hoped that the research paper would be of help to others who would want to explore the more.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

This study will be limited to the federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Enugu zone is a delimitation on its own since federal radio corporation of Nigeria has four zonal offices plus Abuja. The Headquarter, therefore the researcher has decided to restrict the scope of this study to the identification and making of recommendation on the problem of disengagement with emphasis on Enugu zone of the corporation located at Onitsha road, in the Northem part of the capital city of Enugu state. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Over – Staffing

This is seen as a having too large of a staff. That is having too many people to do all the work that needs to be done in an organization.

Disengagemet

This has been seen as the act of cutting down expense in order to economic in other works. It could be seen as the act of reducing the number of people or workers in an organization in order to economize.

Morale

This has been defined as the mented emotional condition of an individual or group with regard to the function or tasks at hand. Morale is a feeling somewhat related to espint due corps, enthusiasm or zeal (Olew et al 1994).

Misconduct

This term mis conduct has been defined as improper or unprofessional behaviour of a person or group of people towards a task or assignment.

Inefficiency

This is a state of being wasteful (of persons) wasting time, energy etc. in their work or duties, not producing an adequate results.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Will

This may be referred to as the power of making a reasoned choice or decision or of controlling one’s own action (Olewe et al, 1994).

Over – Staffing

This is seen as a having too large of a staff. That is having too many people to do all the work that needs to be done in an organization.

Disengagement

This has been seen as the act of cutting down expense in order to economic in other works. It could be seen as the act of reducing the number of people or workers in an organization in order to economize.

Morale

This has been defined as the mented emotional condition of an individual or group with regard to the function or tasks at hand. Morale is a feeling some what related to espint due corps, enthusiasm or zeal (Olew et al 1994).

Misconduct

This term mis conduct has been defined as improper or unprofessional behaviour of a person or group of people towards a task or assignment.

Inefficiency

This is a state of being wasteful (of persons) wasting time, energy etc. in their work or duties, not producing an adequate results.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  1. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  2. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  3. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  4. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  5. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was on staff disengagement and its effect on the morale of workers. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of staff disengagement and its effect on the morale of workers


5.2 Summary

This study was on staff disengagement and its effect on the morale of workers. Three objectives were raised which included: To ascertain the effects of this disengagement on the morale and productivity of the workers in federal radio corporation of Nigeria Enugu, to ascertain the possible social and economic consequences of disengagement, to ascertain whether workers in federal radio corporation of Nigeria Enugu disengaged, to ascertain the Social and economic consequences of disengagement of workers. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Enugu zone. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made managers, production managers, editors and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

On the basis of conceptual framework, understanding, review of the literature and results due to disengagement of the employees discussed above, it is necessary to have ideal human resource practices in every organization to overcome from such demonic characteristics of employees to make them engaged in work set up. Aristotle said “In the arena of human life, the honors and rewards fall to those who show their good qualities in action.” Albeit, it is the responsibilities of higher officials to make them engaged in their work necessary to give financial and non-financial rewards to their quality work performed in the organization and to delve into their abilities to shoulder the task prescribed to them. Management must be open to discuss the issues through proper communications


5.4 Recommendation

Since employees have negative perceptions about disengagement of workers and is likely to have a serious impact on the early stage of implementation, senior officers in charge of the exercise should be sensitive to employees perception and work on them through seminars, and public relations, take to study the perceptions with the view of changing them

Government should see to the settlement of disengaged workers with their entitlements immediately to enable them look for other means of livelihood, disengagement if not fairly done develops job insecurity and in some cases might lead to political, social or industrial unrest which may cause more damage and thus increasing cost of disengagement


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