Sources Of Information Materials In Nigerian Academic Libraries (A Case Study Of Federal University Of Technology Library, Owerri)
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This project work is dedicated to my parents Mr. and Mrs. Paul Chibueze and to all my lecturers.
When kindness be returned it should be appreciated and passed into others in view of this, I will deem it necessary to register my profound and indebted gratitude to all those who in one way or the other has been vary instrumental to my stay on planet earth and to my academics pursuits.
Firstly, my appreciation goes to my parents, Mr. and Mrs. Paul Chibueze who has been very supportive both spiritual and financially, morally and otherwise.
Also I want to register my profound gratitude to all my lectures especially Barr. Emmanuel A. Oduagwu who has in one way of the other given me an intellectual standings and integrity through lectures, advice etc.
Finally, I will not fail to thank the Almighty God for his infinite mercies that is sustaining me till this day and his banner over me is love.
Academic libraries support the teaching and research needs of institutions they serve. It is the libraries responsibility to ensure that the use of its information sources, resource and services are maximized to benefit its users, hence the necessity for proper knowledge of information collections strategy. This study examines how information are collected in Nigerian academic libraries.
There are many sources information materials are gotten and they are as followed:Library Catalogs, Article database, internet search engines, selection, Acquisition department, Bibliographic index, citation, etc. mostly the academic libraries use the library catalogs to retrieve information materials.
Table Of Contents
- Title Page
- Table Of Content
- 1.0 Introduction
- 1.1 Background To The Study
- 1.2 Brief Historical Background Of The Federal University Of Technology (Futo), Owerri.
- 1.3 Scope Of The Study
- 1.4 Research Questions
- 1.5 Objectives Of The Study
- 1.6 Statement Of The Study
- 1.7 Significance Of The Study
- 1.8 Limitation Of The Study
- 1.9 Definition Of Terms
- 2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 Concept Of Information
- 2.2 Review Of Information
- 2.3 The Attributes Of Information
- 2.4 Types Of Information
- 2.5 Information As A Resources And Commodity
- 2.6 The Attributes Of Information
- 2.7 The Various Types Of Information
- 2.8 What Constitute Sources Of Information
- 2.9 Definition Of Information Sources
- 2.10 Sources Of Information Materials
- 2.11 Information Utilization By Academic Libraries
- 3.0 Research Methodology
- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 Research Design
- 3.3 Population Of The Study
- 3.4 Date Collection Instrument
- 3.5 Method Of Data Analysis
- 4.0 Results And Discussion
- 4.1 Results And Discussion
- 5.0 Summary Of Findings, Conclusion And Recommendations
- 5.1 Summary Of Findings
- 5.2 Conclusion
- 5.3 Recommendation
1.1 Background To The Study
This research is therefore focused towards investigating the sources of information materials in Nigeria academic libraries for the satisfaction of the needs of the users.
Academic libraries help their parent institutions in teaching, research and community development. Aguolu (1989) maintains that libraries are social agencies designed to conserve knowledge, preserve cultural heritage, provide information, support education and research, and serve as fountains of recreation.
Academic libraries acquire conventional materials that have research and education value. Academic libraries are libraries found in institution of higher learning like the polytechnic, Universities, college of education, etc. academic libraries world wide may differ in size and sophiscation but they have one common objective i.e to provide information resources to facilitate teaching, learning research and community service embarked on by the parents institution.
Information is knowledge derived from study, experience or instruction knowledge of specific events or situation that has been gathered or received by communication is also collection of data of facts.
Wedfiters information dictionary of English language define information as a commodity valuation as a commodity valuation on resources which is applicable as cotton machinery materials resources, human resources and which can be wisely used to produce more goods for the consumption of the society
Barrister Oduagwu, states that the term information is often understood to mean different things, claiming that the definition of the nature of information is a scientific problem in its own right and has constantly engaged the effects of information scientist. He then stated that information could thus be defined as that grade of organization of a receiving system that is generated under certain conditions as a result of transferring a grade organization from another that is the source system.
He further said that that information is an essential resources in modern society, that helps medium professionals to embrace contemporary changes and developments in their various field of endeavour.
Sources of information material can be described to be those materials where information can be gotten from in the library.
1.2 Brief Historical Background Of Federal University Of Technology (FUTO) Owerri.
The Federal university of technology (FUTO) was founded in October 1980 while the Library started functioning in 1981. Before then the library was initially cited at Lake Nwanchere Campus while the permanent Campus was under construction in Ihiagwa. The pioneer Librarian was J.C Anafulu.
A class room block was selected and converted in the mark shift Library. It was fitted with shelve for ten thousand (10) volumes of Library materials. Other member of the Library professional staff joined in October to prepare for the opening of the Library on the October 19.
At the time of opening of the Library, approximately, 2,500 volumes of Library materials were on the shelves. The importance of journals to science and technology oriented University Community was organized at early stage and a least of about 600 titles were ordered. In the month of May 1982, the reserved collection was introduced making the total volume of books held by the Library reached six thousand. After two years of operating in class room blocks, the University Library in the first week of September 1983 moved to a permanent building.
The building which was originally designed as a Library for federal Government Girls secondary school. The Library of Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO) is now a well and standardized Library.
1.3 Scope Of The Study
The study of this research is based on the sources of information material in the library of federal University of technology (FUTO) Owerri.
The study is required in order to find out the libraries resources if information materials. This study will vigorously attempt to enumerate the sources of information material and its importance in the development of the federal university of technology Owerri in Imo state, it will also deal with the activities and roles of such sources of information material such as the articles journals, magazine and news paper directories, biographic, memo and internet which is been used mostly.
1.4 Research Questions
These research questions will assist in providing answers to the study.
- What are the source of information materials?
- What is the importance of information materials in the academic libraries in Nigeria?
- What are the sources of information materials?
- Does an academic library need information sources materials?
- How could the use of this library material be enhanced?
- What are the benefits of this sources of information materials to the academic library users?
1.5 Objectives Of The Study
- To know the sources of information materials in academic libraries.
- To know the importance of information on materials in academic libraries.
- To know the sources by which academic libraries acquire information materials.
- To know the extend academic library (FUTO) needs information materials.
- To find out how information materials enhance the usefulness of the library.
- To identify the benefits of information materials to academic library used
1.6 Statement Of The Problems
The research is mainly centered on the sources of information materials in Nigeria academic libraries.
The problems of unsatisfied information materials have become a concern. Poor sources of information materials has contributed majority to ineffective use by the academic library users. This research is targeted to discover the impediment that hinder the sources of information materials in academic libraries and recommendation to them.
1.7 Significance Of The Study
This research would be beneficial to users and librarian because when there was an adequate information material, it will help the users to get any information they need easier and faster. It also helps the librarian to attend to the need of their library clientele. It will also by easy accessible of information to library clientele.
1.8 Limitation Of The Study
There are kinds of unfavorable treatment seen by some library staff. Who little or no interest to question asked to them regards to the project work questionnaire.
Moreso, there was also short-time frame, financial difficulties and protocol before getting the right person to direct or give required information needed for the project work.
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How to nail it on the head during your project defence
You are through with writing that project. Now what?
You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.
- How am I going to start?
- I hope I will do well enough to get an A.
You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.
I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.
Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.
Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:
Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.
Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:
Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.
Speak With Authority:
Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.
Use, Your Gestures:
I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.
Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:
Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.
Make Sure You Know Your Work:
Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.
Prepare For The Questions:
Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.
These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.
The structure of a good project work
Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.
A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are
The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.
Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;
- Background of the study,
- Statement of the problem,
- Objectives or aims of the study,
- The research questions,
- Research hypothesis,
- Significance of the study,
- Scope of the study,
- Limitations of the study and
- Operational definition of terms.
2. Literature review
Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.
3. Research Methodology
This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected. This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.
4. Results & Discussion
This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question. Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported. In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.
5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations
This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner. It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.
This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.