Solving Employment Problems Through Cooperative Organization (A Case Study Of Nnewi Community In Nnewi North Local Government Area Of Anambra State)

Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management (CEM)

Solving Employment Problems Through Cooperative Organization (A Case Study Of Nnewi Community In Nnewi North Local Government Area Of Anambra State)


Abstract


This study discusses solution of employment problems through co-operatives movement in Nnewi North Local Government Area of Anambra State, which was used as the case study.

The selected co-operative societies in the four major communities that made up the Local Government Area, namely: Otolo, Uruagu, Umudim and Nnewich, were examined with a view to finding out their employment problems and perspective. Two sources of data, namely: primary and secondary data were used.

Questionnaires were used as research instruments to supplement information got from other sources such as personal observation, oral interview, books, journals, magazines etc. and the data analysis was carried out by employing simple percentage and table while the hypothesis testing was conducted using chi-square (X2).

There was review of the structure and operation of the existing open credit delivery system. Recommendations were made. It is hoped that the performances of cooperative business enterprise within the local government area and beyond, especially their employment opportunities will improve tremendously, entrepreneur and government with the Local Government Area in particular, and Nigeria in general.

Employment through cooperative societies is well improved in the rural areas of Nnewi communities than in urban area because of the development in Nnewi. The number of people that employ in the city at the end of data analysis, the researcher found that there is significant role that co-operative society in Nnewi play towards the survival of employment in the society.

Furthermore, having examined critically the problems facing this society, it therefore brings about the recommendation of employment as a survival strategy in the co-operative societies. It also brings about reduction of unemployment problems. In our community, cooperative society will establish primary and secondary societies hence bring about increase in employment in our country. Employment by cooperative societies has been able to improve employment rate in the society or through co-operative society.

Finally, the presentation and analysis of data included the analysis of reviles from the questionnaire administered on owners of selected cooperative organizations, their employees as well as the general public.

Thereafter, the summary, conclusion and recommendation followed.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Scope of the Study
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis/Questions
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Unemployment Definition
  • 2.2 Effects of Unemployment
  • 2.3 Employment Problems in Developing Countries
  • 2.4 Solving of Employment Problems

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Sampling Design
  • 3.4 Method of Data Collections
  • 3.5 Procedure for Processing Data Chi-Square

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Testing the Hypothesis
  • 4.3 Decision or Interpretation for Hypothesis

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Global unemployment causes sleepless night; several government bodies have set up institution that could find solution to the unemployment menace. At times these bodies came up with several committees that government should control population of educational system and compulsory services for graduating youths etc. as means of checking unemployment’s rate.

In Africa, particularly Nigeria, unemployment danger or menace have causes the government to come up with several employment schemes like Nation Directorate of Employment (NDE), to provide jobs on its teeming population. However, the government even carried itself reliance programmes so as to impact into its citizenry, the need to develop their initiatives and employ them.

Some states governments were not left out in trying to find solution or its teeming populace. Several employment agencies were set up like Voluntary Services Scheme (VSS) at Anambra State; it is to say that despite all these efforts, no significant results were recorded. No amount of government polices, provisions of human and material subventions training of manpower. Employment of expatriates has been able to improve employment rate.

Like a mustard seed, an ideology that Michael force with European industrial revolution of 18th century, particularly in Britain, not only survival but also was exported to some parts of the world including Nigeria.
Co-operative call of self-mutual help integration of resources to the satisfaction of all contributors’ identified need(s). Besides, “No man is an island”, a tree cannot make a forest. People from different background(s) pool their expectations together. The act of carrying out these activities is called co-operative society.

Therefore in Anambra State, Oganiru Age Grade in Nnewi North Local Government Area enhanced this research activity which was conducted as to know the level or impacts of co-operative in reducing unemployment danger.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

In view of the problems the Nigeria government at all level as well as private individual, have recently realized the importance of co-operative business enterprise as vehicle for economic development of co-operative business organization.

The reasons attributed to this situation include lack of finance or initial capital, lack of access to credit facilities among others. It is a well-known fact that in this country, many co-operative organizations only exist in names. This major reason responsible for this state of affairs is low capitalization. With this problem of finance is the mismanagement of funds rampant in most co-operative society.

The dynamic role co-operative society organizations are expected to play in our match to economic greatness and the motivation of entrepreneurs in this direction are being realized at all. This is a great dissonance to our national economy. This problems trigger of the questions;

  1. Does co-operative business enterprises have enough employment potentials for the ever growing Nigerian population from the pintails from the point of view of Oganiru Age Grade in Nnewi North Local Government Area
  2. What are the factors hindering the growth of co-operative business enterprise?
  3. Hold significant is lack of capital and infrastructural facilities in the establishment and operation of co-operative society organization a site relates to Nnewi North Local Government Area.
  4. What role does government policy play to encourage the establishment of co-operative business enterprises in Nnewi North Local Government Area?

1.3 Objective Of The Study

The general objective is to find out how the problems of unemployment could be solved through co-operative societies include:

  1. To find out whether or not cooperative societies have enough potential to generate employment opportunities for the ever-growing population of the nation from the point of view of Oganiru Age Grade.
  2. To determine the causes of unemployment in the age grade.
  3. To reveal the problems causes by unemployment to the local government area socio-economic life.
  4. To identify the types of co-operative societies that will help solve these problems and dangers.
  5. To proffer solution and recommendations as to the problem of unemployment through the cooperative societies.
  6. To study the role-played by the co-operative societies in its mandate to tackle the unemployment problem in the local government area.
  7. To determine factors militating against co-operative societies successful execution of its mandate.
  8. To find out the type of unemployment prevalent in the local government area.

1.4 Scope Of The Study

This study covers the operation and working of co-operative societies with respect to solving the problems of unemployment through Oganiru Age Grade in Nnewi North Local Government Area and also alleviating poverty.

The problems of finance to a great extent have some hindrances on the researcher’s ability to collect sufficient information needed for this research work.

Some of the official documents could not be provided for enough/sufficient data as required by the researcher. For instance, the members and staff of the co-operative societies could not give out some documents with required to their operations.


1.5 Research Hypothesis / Questions

Based on the objectives and problems of this research the following hypothesis hereby formulated viz cooperative society in:

  1. H0: Co-operative business enterprises hold no employment opportunities in Nnewi North local government Area.
    H1: Co-operative business enterprises hold employment opportunities in Nnewi North local government Area.
  2. H0: There is no positive relationship between the establishment of co-operative business enterprise and increase in employment opportunities.
    H0: There is positive relationship between the establishment of co-operative business enterprise and increase in employment opportunities.

1.6 Significance Of The Study

The menace “unemployment” has become a threat to the Nigeria society in general if the finding of this study is any thing by there would be of immeasurable value to the following:

  1. To the unemployment, it will be to know workings of the co-operative societies in the local government. This will go a long way in assisting them secure employment or got themselves employed.
  2. To the staff of the co-operative societies, this work can serve as a mirror which co-operative staff can see their objective targets, achievements and importantly, people perception of them.
  3. To the federal government, through this work, the government can use it as a yardistic to measure the effectiveness of co-operative societies.

1.7 Limitations Of The Study

The problem that is facing the researcher in this project are as follows:

Work Load:

This work look complex because of courses the researcher is facing in the school and the credit load attached to it, the researcher will be eliminating the research.

Time Contents:

Time affected this project adversely; undoubtedly, it is because the researcher is combing the projects, assignments, term paper and many other problems, the researcher would have broaded the scope of work.

Financial Expenses:

Finance affected this project, because the researcher was spending money on transportation, information required by the researcher and many other expenses make for the researcher to achieve what he want for the project.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Unemployment:

This is when people are willing to work but they could not find work to do.

Menace:

It means danger, problems. This is dangers that government have against the unemployment people in the several communities.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Summary

This study has so far evaluated the employment opportunities of cooperative societies business enterprises in Nnewi North Local Government Area of Anambra State and Nigeria in general with a study of three co-operative organizations in the Local Government Area, as earlier pointed out, the study was purely and essentially empirical and as a result, the research design adopted by the researcher was the field survey. Data were collected via questionnaires administered to the three co-operative societies studied and the general public within the local government area as well as from oral interview conducted. Also, books and journals as they relate to cooperative business enterprises contributed largely in assembling data for this work. The data collected were analysed and the study were eventually tasted.

It should however be noted that due to the relationship between the employment possibilities and their effectiveness which was highlighted earlier in this study, this study reviewed the employment opportunities and their effectiveness which was highlighted earlier in this study, this study reviewed the employment opportunities and its effectiveness as they effectiveness which was highlighted earlier in this study, this study reviewed the employment opportunities and its effectiveness as they affect co-operative business enterprises in Nnewi North Local Government in view of the prevailing.

Findings

Generally, at end of this study, the following findings were made based on empirical evidence from data analysis and the result of hypothesis tested.

  1. Co-operative business organizations hold employment potential in Nnewi North Local Government Area.
  2. There is a positive relationship between the establishment of co-operative business organizations and increase in employment opportunities in Nnewi North Local Government Area.
  3. Co-operative societies engage in all sector in Nnewi North Local Government Area especially in areas like Agriculture, commerce and industry and of course in the service sector.
  4. Industrial Co-operative organizations found in Nnewi North Local Government Area, play very crucial roles in the economic and industrial development of the local government in particular and Nigeria as a whole. They provide training ground for the development of indigenous entrepreneurship, which serves as a vehicle through which ideas for new innovation find their way to the consuming public.
  5. Each Co-operative society set up has goals and objectives, which it whishes to achieve and for which it comes into existence but how to get the employees towards achieving those goals remain a problem. However, some members of the co-operative societies studied admitted that their employees are doing well in this direction.
  6. The prevailing economic depression of the country has adversely affected the employment opportunities and consequently the efficiency and effectiveness of co-operative business organization in Nnewi North Local Government Area.
  7. There is embezzlement of fund in some cooperative societies by corrupt official and in some societies; members display high degree of apathetic attitude towards the affairs of their society. This affects employment generation negatively.
  8. Co-operative organizations suffer from low share capital as a direct consequence of low membership size and general poverty among the members coupled with non-negotiable and non-holding of multiple shares. This affects their ability to create employment opportunities adversely.
  9. Co-operative education to some of their employees and this gestures helps to improve their performances.
  10. Finally, considering the above findings and based on the empirical evidence from data analysis the employment opportunities of co-operative business organizations operating in Nnewi North Local Government Area have not been high enough to cater for the ever growing number of unemployment youths and school leavers in the local government area.

5.2 Conclusion

This study has successfully evaluated the employment opportunities of co-operative business organization in Nnewi North Local Government for employment creation and economic development area in particular and Nigeria in general.

The study has equally identified some problems militating against the success and survival of co-operative organizations in the local government area, especially as it affects employment generation with a view to finding solutions to them. The features and roles of co-operative entrepreneur generation with a view to finding solutions to them. the feature and role of co-operative enterprises in the economy were also examined.

Finally, bearing in mind, the objectives of this study, which was to appraise the employment opportunities of co-operative organizations in Nnewi North has resulted to low productively a direct consequence of the organizations generally inefficiency and ineffectiveness. The factors responsible for this state of affairs include lack of technical and managerial expertise, inadequate finance, the economic crunch prevailing in the country, illiteracy and ignorance on the part of the entrepreneurs, poor feasibility study/projects evaluation, lack of periodic evaluation, lack of periodic evaluation of employees performances and poor encouragement from government among others.

The above problems beings encounter by co-operative business enterprise in Nnewi North Local Government Area, affect their employment opportunities adversely and as long as they exist, the employment opportunities of co-operative business enterprises cannot improve.

Therefore, efforts should be intensified at either minimizing or possible eliminating the above problems completely.
Specifically, co-operative business organizations in Nnewi North Local Government Area require an integrated package of assistance comprising components of credit, training, technical and managerial assistance, technological inventions and innovations as well as market. Opportunities and increased government assistance, happily, recommendations suggested in this study are implemented by both the individuals and government at all levels the employment opportunities of Nnewi North Local Government in particular and Nigeria in general will be improved and the high rate of unemployment will reduce considerably.


5.3 Recommendations

Having appraised solving the problems of unemployment through co-operative societies in Nnewi Local Government Area, and established the constraints militating against creation in particular and overall success generally; the following are recommended as to improve co-operative activities in order to contribute its quota in reducing unemployment menace.

  1. Government should make regulations that are favourable to the operations of the co-operative societies: When there are favourable business climates, co-operative societies will be in position to harness their potentials and be in better positions to employ the over spilled labor market. There are both productive, multipurpose and auxiliary kinds of co-operative activities which require little capital base which require little capital base, which the encouragement through regulations can encourage school leavers and graduates to set up. It only require making sure that there is strictly supervision in realizing such project.
  2. Selection of clear-concise and attain able goals and objective: Co-operative business enterprises should have a clear, concise and attainable goals and objectives. This is because goals and objectives of any business organization guide actions towards accomplishing them. In short, they are measures if effectiveness.
  3. Enlightenment of Co-Operative Education: This should be the first focus when co-operative members embraced what is actually co-operatives, they will be on sound foot to face any hassle coming their way. Enlightenment should make them remove the consciousness of profiteering and be conscious of better services with consideration surplus.
  4. Corrupt officials should be brought to face their consequences, so that the objectives of the establishment shall be achieved: Strict regulations should be made available whenever necessary.
  5. Government should establish a co-operative bank with strict supervision since both specialized and development financial institutions are not living up to expectations. Even distressed banks like co-operative and commerce bank can be revitalized and made solely for co-operative activities.
  6. Government should make sure that only officials with co-operative skills were appointed as directors: This will help the co-operatives move on a faster pedestal. Again, the government should make subsidy available especially both to government agencies in charge of co-operatives and any co-operative society with a viable project that can generate employment opportunities.

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