Social Status And Economic Consideration As Yardsticks For Career Preference Nigeria Undergraduate

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Social Status And Economic Consideration As Yardsticks For Career Preference Nigeria Undergraduate


Abstract


This study was carried out on social status and economic consideration as yardsticks for career preference Nigeria Undergraduate using business education students in Augustine University, ILARA-EPE of Lagos State as a case study. The study was embarked on to specifically find out whether parents’ occupation influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate, find out whether parents’ educational status influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate, find out the extent parental social status influences the career preference of Nigeria Undergraduate, and ascertain whether income level of parents as a determinant of economic strength influences the career preferences of Nigeria Undergraduate. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of business education undergraduate in college of education in Lagos state. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 160 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, while the hypotheses were tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the extent parental social status influences the career preference of Nigeria Undergraduate is high. Furthermore, the study revealed that the income level of parents as a determinant of their economic strength influences the career preferences of Nigeria Undergraduate. Therefore, parents should cautiously avoid the tendency of pushing their children into pursuing those ‘wishful heights’ in their careers that they were unable to attain in a bid to accomplish their ‘own failings’. And school heads should collaborate with counselling unit in schools to organise career workshops for students about how to deal with the negative influence of peers on their career aspirations. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organization of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE 

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

In our society today, students face a complex and rapidly changing society. It has been reported that regardless of great effort put forth by families, government agencies and non-government agencies, many young people encounter difficulties in the transition from the world of school to that of work (Atchoarena cited in Pilot & Regis, 2012). Investigating and better understanding the myriad factors that contribute to career choice is a topic of recurring interest in our schools today. To guide students in their career decision making, diverse factors play a central role in this lifelong process (Pilot & Regis, 2012). These factors include socioeconomic status, school, career guidance program, media, peers etc. However, this study is focused more on social status and economic considerations as a significant determinant of career choice.

According to Zunker,(2006) career is the totality of work one experiences in a lifetime. It is a chosen pursuit, life work, success in one’s profession (Oladele, 2000). Career has also been seen by Okobiah and Okorodudu (2004) as a variety of work and non-work situations which usually span through the entire life of an individual. Thus, career is generally related to a pattern of decisions, transactions and adjustments which affects one’s role of work, education, family, community development and leisure. However, The choice of career is a delicate issue that requires caution and serious considerations (Salami & Salami, 2013). This is because the kind of career that young people pursue can affect their lives in many ways. Career choice can influence how much education the individual will have and also determine the amount of income the individual will earn. Students have to make due career planning and also do exhaustive career research before making a career choice so as to adjust with the evolving socio-economic conditions in society (Wattles, 2009). This implies that information is highly important in career choice. According to Salami and Salami (2013), students should be thinking about career choices in senior high school. It is therefore at this level that students develop aspirations for specific careers, while putting socioeconomic status of their families into consideration.

Furthermore, parental-socioeconomic condition has also been found as a strong determinant of young peoples’ career choice. According to Mezieobi & Opara (2017), and other scholars, socio-economic status is the economic and sociological aspect of men, combined total measure of a person work experience, the individual’s or family’s economy, and social position relative to others. It is based on income, education, and occupation of the household (Benson & Borman,2010; Durmaz & Taşdemir, 2014; and Mezieobi & Opara, 2017).Socio-economic status entails the educational, and economic standing of the parents in the society. There are three levels of socioeconomic status, which are high socioeconomic status; these are the one who are in the upper echelon of the society, middle socio-economic status are those in the middle rank of the society, while the lower socio-economic status are those in the lower echelon of the society (Musterd et al., 2015; Salami, 2016; and Chen et al., 2018). In the light of these, Kazi & A. Akhlaq (2017), identified educational level of parents, their profession, and income as factors affecting the career choice of students. According to L.O. Adegboyega (2017), factors influencing career choice can either be intrinsic or extrinsic or both. Hewitt (2010), further stated that most young adults are influenced by careers that their parental background favour; others follow the careers that their educational opportunities have opened for them. Some individuals’ career choices are also influenced by the significant others through social support from peers. Thus, from the above, this study seeks social status and economic consideration as yardsticks for career preference Nigeria Undergraduate.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Career decisions tend to pose problem for students in the contemporary society, since it determines the kind of profession that they intend to pursue in life. That is why it is not uncommon for students to get into careers that are not quite suitable to their abilities. Parental socioeconomic status on the other hand, tends to be one of the most influential factor in students career choice. More often than not, parents owing to socioeconomic level or personal idea tend to put pressure on their wards into taking up family occupations and other careers such as prestigious jobs e.g. Medicine, Engineering, Law and so on, even when they do not possess requisite abilities. As a result of these pressure from parents, the students may end up being dissatisfied, frustrated and unable to be effective on the said job that parents had chosen for them. But, an individual who has chosen career that he/she prefers may derive satisfaction and fulfillment in life and therefore contribute meaningfully towards national development.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The major purpose of this study is to examine social status and economic consideration as yardsticks for career preference Nigeria Undergraduate.

Specifically, this study seeks to:

  1. Find out whether parents’ occupation influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate.
  2. Find out whether parents’ educational status influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate.
  3. Find out the extent parental social status influences the career preference of Nigeria Undergraduate.
  4. Ascertain whether income level of parents as a determinant of economic strength influences the career preferences of Nigeria Undergraduate.

1.4 Research Question

The questions that the study will seek to be answered are;

  1. Does the nature of parental occupation influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate?
  2. Does parents’ educational status influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate?
  3. What is the extent parental social status influences the career preference of Nigeria Undergraduate?
  4. Does income level of parents as a determinant of their economic strength influences the career preferences of Nigeria Undergraduate?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Ho1: Parental social status does not influence the career preference of Nigeria Undergraduate.

Ho2: The income level of parents as a determinant of their economic strength does not influence the career preferences of Nigeria Undergraduate.


1.6 Significance of the Study

The Nigerian education system is progressively becoming more and more complex. Studies have shown, that Nigerian youths and school leavers are vocationally maladjusted. This seems to suggest faulty vocational education system as school leavers are faced with the problem of inability to relate education to employment opportunities in the world of work. This problem is as a result of inadequate career information and decision making.

Based on this, the research work contains the researcher contributions that would be of help and useful to education planners, authorities, parents, school teachers/educators, guidance counselors and students towards helping students to improve on their career choice decision.

It is expected that the result of this study will help the principals and teachers to embark on vocational guidance and counselling programme in other to prepare her students for entry into the world of work, transition from school to work or into t he wider society.

It is also hoped that this study will help the parents to always guide their children towards choosing career congruent to their intellectual abilities. It will also give students the opportunities of seeing their loopholes and knowing how to make amendments in a career decision.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The content scope of this study will cover investigation regarding social status and economic consideration as yardsticks for career preference Nigeria Undergraduate. The study will be delimited to Augustine University, ILARA-EPE.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.


1.9 Operational Definition of Terms

Career:

An occupation or profession, especially one requiring special training, followed as one’s life work.

Career Preference:

Career preference is the career field which one prefers or it is a job an individual shows more interest in.

Educational Attainment of Parents:

That refers to the qualification of the parent of an individuals.

Occupational Status:

This refers the position of the parent in terms of occupation such as civil servant and so on.


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on social status and economic consideration as yardsticks for career preference Nigeria Undergraduate using business education students in Augustine University, ILARA-EPE of Lagos State as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to social status and economic consideration as yardsticks for career preference Nigeria Undergraduate using business education students in Augustine University, ILARA-EPE of Lagos State as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at to find out whether parents’ occupation influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate, find out whether parents’ educational status influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate, find out the extent parental social status influences the career preference of Nigeria Undergraduate, and ascertain whether income level of parents as a determinant of economic strength influences the career preferences of Nigeria Undergraduate.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents were business education students of Augustine University, ILARA-EPE, Lagos State


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. Parents’ occupation influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate
  2. Parents’ educational status influences the career choice of Nigeria Undergraduate
  3. The extent parental social status influences the career preference of Nigeria Undergraduate is high.
  4. The income level of parents as a determinant of their economic strength influences the career preferences of Nigeria Undergraduate.

5.4 Recommendation

The following recommendations were proffered with respect to the findings of the study;

  1. Parents should cautiously avoid the tendency of pushing their children into pursuing those ‘wishful heights’ in their careers that they were unable to attain in a bid to accomplish their ‘own failings’.
  2. Parents should employ the assistance of professional career counsellors in helping their children to make intelligent career decisions in line with their aptitude and abilities.
  3. The place of guidance counsellors in schools should not just be theoretically recognized by the Federal Government of Nigeria, but should also be practically implemented in schools by ensuring that every Nigerian child in secondary school has access to the services of guidance counsellors for adequate career guidance. This can be achieved by establishing guidance and career centres in every local government; ensuring every school has one guidance and counselling unit with at least one qualified guidance counsellor and trainee assistants in secondary schools.

How To Get The Complete Material For Social Status And Economic Consideration As Yardsticks For Career Preference Nigeria Undergraduate


Project Material Download

5,000 - 5000

The Complete Material will be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make a Mobile Transfer or POS Payment of ₦5,000 to any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card ($20)
GHANA – Make Payment of 100 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  • Payment Details
  • Email Address 
  • Social Status And Economic Consideration As Yardsticks For Career Preference Nigeria Undergraduate

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To Your Email Address After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Social Status And Economic Consideration As Yardsticks For Career Preference Nigeria Undergraduate” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Social Status And Economic Consideration As Yardsticks For Career Preference Nigeria Undergraduate” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.