Why Small Business Enterprises Survive In A Security Challenged Environment (A Case Study Of Small Business Enterprise Within Jos And Environs)
This study was undertaken to ascertain why small business enterprise survive in a security challenged environment using Jos and environs as case study. Various attempts were made to show the impact and establish the relationship between small business enterprise and growth and development of the country as a whole. Related literatures were reviewed so as to give clear understanding of the subject under study. The hypothesis under the research shows that a security challenged environment may have an impact on small business enterprise taking cognizance of the scope as well as the limitations of the study. The use of secondary sources was adopted for data collection and analysis used in the study including the sample size. Finally, on the basis of the findings, various recommendations were made for further research study.
1.1 Background of the Study
In the past few decades, there has been a shift in approach to improvement of economic growth by every country. For instance, Nigeria for long time, so depended on its natural resources, that oil became a center of controversy. Today new trends have emerged. The most revered countries in the world are no longer those that were respected became of natural resources like oil. Countries with greatness and prospects of greatness are the ones propelled by people who use their minds. Those who trade ideas and products of ideas, people who constitute the wealthiest people in the world today like Bill Gates who started his business very small and eventually became a positive force in the economy of his country.
Therefore, there is an urgent need for managers of Nigeria’s economy to increase attention to small business enterprise and re-emphasize their importance to national economic development by improving conducive environment for the creation of new ones and furthering the strength of existing ones (Ejiofor, 2008).
There is no doubt, security challenged environment is a threat to the growth of small business. The contributions of small business to the growth of the economy cannot be re-emphasized as small business despite the security challenged environment play an important role which may include employment generation. Nevertheless, small business contributes more than what people assumed because they have through the interaction of powerful forces emerged as an important agent of economic and social transformation. (Hatak, 2006).
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The primary purpose of this research is to ascertain reasons why small business enterprise survive in a security challenged environment using small business within Jos and environs.
Some problems involvedin the study includes financial problem, lack of infrastructural facilities, government unfavorable fiscal policy and policy inconsistencies especially in a security challenged environment.
1.3 Objective of the Study
The primary objective of this study is to point out the factors and reasons why small business enterprise survives in a security challenged environment.
To encourage the citizens on embanking on small business as a way to lead to economic growth in the country.
To also recommend ways in which small business enterprise can survive in a security challenged environment.
1.4 Statement of Hypothesis
HO: A security challenged environment may not have an impact on small business enterprises.
HI: A security challenged environment may have an impact on small business enterprises.
1.5 Statement of Assumption
It is assumed that Jos Plateau State is a security challenged environment and have small business enterprises.
It is assumed that small scale business plays an important role in employment generation.
It is also assumed that Jos, Plateau State is conducive for carrying out small business enterprises.
1.6 Scope and Limitation
This study will focus on reasons why small business enterprise survive in a security challenged environment using Jos and environs as a case study.
The research will determine the hypothesis that security challenged environment may have an impact in small business enterprises.
The study will be centered on the registered small business enterprise in Jos Plateau State in other to ascertain reasons why they survive despite the security challenges.
The study will not involve other areas of the economy which small business enterprises could be positive advantage.
For the interest of this study centered on small business enterprises, it may not include business sector even though it may impact the economy in terms of trade and commerce.
1.7 Significance of the Study
The study will be hopefully significant in several ways being that the small business enterprises are seen as an instrument that can be used to generate sustainable development in the economy.
Therefore, the study will be significant to various users such as entrepreneurs, students, individuals, organizations and the society at large which will perform the following functions.
- It will broaden the knowledge of researcher and those who want to undertake research on small business enterprise in the economy.
- It will enable the researcher and those concerns to know the impact of small business enterprise as regard growth and development in the economy.
- It will enable the citizens to appreciate the activities of Plateau State Government towards developing the state.
- It will also hold entrepreneurs to know and use their capital, and potential effectively and efficiently.
- Finally, it will sever as a kind of insight to the people/persons trying to establish business despite it security challenges.
1.8 Definition of Terms
This is an important project or business especially a new one established with sole aim of making profit (Smith, 2002).
This means safety from attack, harm or damage (Dianna, 2001).
This means difficult to deal with or achieve but interesting when achieved (Scrol, 2006).
This means the place in which people live and including all physical conditions that affect them.
v. Small Business Enterprise:
This is a business that is actively manage by it owners, highly personalized, largely local in it area of operation and relatively small size within an industry largely dependent on its growth (Clifford, 1983)
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
This study is divided into five chapters with respective information contained in each chapter. Chapter one primarily deals with the general introduction about the research problem. It dealt with the background information of the study, statement of the problems, objectives of the study, hypothesis of the study including if assumptions, the scope and limitation of the study and also the definition of terms respectively.
On the review of related literatures, the most memorable were the correlation between the small business enterprise and the Plateau State economy, specifically, the research reviewed literatures on the concept of small business enterprise to economic development as well as the problems of small business enterprise in a security challenge environment in Jos Plateau State.
In chapter three, the procedures used to achieve the research objective were examined. It highlights on the methodology which primarily was the use of secondary data for sampling. The simple percentage and chi-square instruments of data analysis and test of hypothesis were also explained in the chapter. This includes the identification of small business enterprise within Jos and environs.
More so, in chapter four, all the relevant data collected from the selected business outlays were presented and analyzed. The essence of the analysis was to test the validity and reliability of the statement of the hypothesis earlier proposed in the study.
Finally, chapter five of the research consist of summary, conclusion and recommendation for further students to promote and improve on the performances of small business enterprise in accelerating the pace of economic development in Plateau State as well as (Nigeria) at large.
The aim of the study is to determine why small business enterprise survive in a security challenge environment using selected business outlay within Jos and environs which as derived from some pilot study of 95% confidence interval. The percentage of small business enterprise when derived and further tested by chi-square at the same 95% confidence interval with 0 .5 level of significance.
From the foregoing analysis, the study shows that a security challenge environment may have an impact on small enterprises.
The findings of the study were only limited to Plateau State and was based on the following assumptions.
- Jos Plateau State is a security challenge environment and has small business enterprise.
- Small business enterprises play an important role in employment generation.
- Jos, Plateau State is conducive for caring out small business enterprise.
Considering the importance of small business enterprise in economic development of Plateau State, the study has opened a field of study and will serve as a bench mark for further studies.
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