The Significance Of Effective Leadership In Achieving Organisational Goals (A Case Study Of Oriade Local Council Development Area, Lagos State)

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The Significance Of Effective Leadership In Achieving Organisational Goals


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the significance of effective leadership in achieving organizational goals using three (3) selected organizations in Eti-Osa LGA of Lagos State as case study. A total of 82 respondents were validated and used for this study. The study shows that Organization has complex system and consists of many divisions as well need a role of a leader that can handle all complexities within organization. Organization and leadership have become interrelated thing each other. Organization needs a role of a leader to direct organizational members within organization in order the achievement of organizational goals can be easy and effective, while leadership needs an organization as space for expression of self-actualization. Nevertheless, there are some interesting ways how leadership can help organization to achieve its goal. First, implementing leadership style that suits the organizational culture to make employees feel comfortable within organization. Second, organizing organizational members by coordinating all parties within organization also becomes one of ways for a leader to achieve organizational goals effectively. The last, motivating organizational members by finding factors that can demotivate members and keeping their mind to be always positive can have implication to members’ performance.


Table of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.6 Significance of the study
  • 1.7 Scope of the study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Review of concepts
  • 2.4 Theoretical Framework

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the study
  • 3.3 Sample size determination
  • 3.4 Sample size selection technique and procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of data collection
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis
  • 3.8 Validity and Reliability of the study

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Answering Research Questions

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The significance of leaders in achieving excellent organisational goal cannot be over emphasized. Adequate motivation, suitable work environment, compensation, efficient communication between managers and subordinates play an important role in promoting this goal. Planning and organisation of work is also very crucial in organisational attainment. Some researchers have argued that the most common problems affecting achieving organisational goals in Nigeria business and other institutions are poor attitude to work among workforce, inefficiency as well as ineffectiveness of leaders in most places, though others share a contrary view. This second school of thought believes that organisations in Nigeria are managed through leadership styles that are strange to typical Nigerian are managed through leadership styles that are strange to typical Nigerian culture. In the wake-up call to address this issue, management practitioners in Nigeria have embarked on series of studies in an attempt to establish the relationship between effective leadership and achieving organisational goal. Some found out that effective leadership styles are positively related to achieving organisational goal while others have a different view. Still there is no empirical evidence to show how effective leadership styles impacts on achieving organisational goal. Again given our cultural background, educational qualifications, environmental factors it is still not too clear how effective a leader can be if he must combine the three types of leadership styles to achieve high goal in Organisations (Usoro 2000). Given this scenario, this study will be important in that it tries to fill this gap. The extent (degree) to which all members of an organisation use their abilities and influences in the effective utilization of resources depends upon how well the leaders of the organisation understand and perform their jobs. Maddock and fullton 1998 in Iyang (2006) explain that leadership styles and other processes of the organisation must be such that can ensure maximum probability within all interactions and relationships with the Organisations, each member will in the light of his background, values and expectation view the expenses as supportive and one which can build and maintains his sense of personal worth and importance.

Despite the above, we should note that individuals have their needs to satisfy and that is why they offered their labours to become organisational members and the extent to which they are committed to the organisation depends on the degree of their conviction that their membership of the organisation will enable them realize their predetermined objectives. In this case, the support an organisation gets from the individuals will be based on the realization that by doing that, his personal objectives and goals will be met, otherwise his interest in the organisation will wane. Based on that, leadership effectiveness should be given adequate attention it the organisaiton intends to achieve it objectives. That is why it is a common agreement among management scholars that the success or failure of an organisation is largely a function of leadership and its styles.

Iyang on his part sees effective leadership as a unique ways and integrating employees with the organisation to achieve its vision or objectives and that to a large extent the effectiveness of a leader is largely dependent to the styles adopted by mangers which he says is central in the management of Organisations. Speaking in the same vein Edem, observes that failure or success of an organisation, which affect the subordinates, the customers and agencies within and outside the organisation. Although there is no standard method through which a leader can be effective in achieving high goals in an organisation but that what is required is the modification and the combination of the variables that make a leader effective if the goals and objectives of the organisation have to be realized (Edem 2002).


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Managing people in Organisations is parts and parcel of management Process. Therefore, managers should realize, that people are the critical elements in organisations and that they should be recognized as being synonymous with the organisation. But the problem is, to what extent do managers recognize this fact that employees are synonymous with Organisations and that they should be adequately motivated so that they can give their best to ensure the achievement of the organization’s goals. Again the leadership behaviour/style in most organisations which believe that workers could be treated anyhow as a result of unemployment situation in the country which makes job switch difficult has resulted in the hardship workers face in their places of work in Nigeria. This behaviour/style of leadership has an impact on reforming and/or creating organisational culture which in turn affects organisational performance and commitment. So given this situation, how effective can a leader be to elicit the best response from subordinates and make for the highest or best performance (Usoro, 2000). Furthermore, some researchers are of the opinion that the most common problems affecting organisational performance in Nigeria businesses and other institutions are poor attitude to work among the workforce, inefficiency and ineffectiveness of leaders in most places, others still belief that organisations in Nigeria are managed through leadership styles and behaviours that are strange to typical Nigerian culture.

In view of the above contending issues, it was necessary to look at the significance of effective leadership in achieving organizational goals in Nigeria using Eti-Osa Local Government Area, Lagos State as a case study.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The general objective of this study is to examine the significance of effective leadership in achieving organisational goals.

The specific objectives are as follows:

  1. To find out the effect of the leadership behaviour on the execution/implementation of the programmes in an organization.
  2. To examine the extent to which the management structure of an organization help in achieving organizational goals.
  3. To suggest recommendations aimed at engendering effective leadership in organizations.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the effect of the leadership behaviour on the execution/implementation of the programmes in an organization?
  2. To what extent does the management structure of an organizationhelp in achieving organizational goals?
  3. What are the possible recommendations aimed at engendering effective leadership in organizations?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The significance of any research study lies in the application of its findings for operational purpose. It is believed that this study will be of immense importance because the empirical finding will reveal how significant effective leadership impacts on achieving organisational goals.

The study among others, seek identify the weaknesses or inadequacies of various variables of effective leadership. It is the researcher’s belief that this work through its findings will change the perception of organizations leadership and other organisation’s leaders about their leadership behaviour and styles. Scholars and practitioners suggest that effective leadership behaviours can facilitate the improvement of performance when organisations face challenges (Avery 2008).

Again, leadership is viewed by some researchers as one of the driving forces for improving a firm’s performance. That is why effective leadership is seen as a potent source of management development and sustained competitive advantage for organisational performance improvement. This is because leadership helps organisations achieve their objectives more efficiently by linking job performance to valued rewards and by ensuring employees have the resources needed to get the job done.

Another theoretical significance of this study is that when organisations seek efficient ways to enable them to outperform others, a long-standing approach is to focus on the effects of leadership. This is because team leaders are believed to play a vital role in shaping collective norms, helping teams cope with their environments and coordinating collective action’. The absence of leadership is so dramatic in its effects. Without leadership, organizations move too slowly, stagnate and lose their way. If decision making is timely, complete, and correct, than things will go well, yet a decision by itself changes nothing. After a decision is made, an organisation faces the problems of implementation – how to get things done in a timely and effective way. Problems of implementation are really issues about how leaders influence behaviour, change the course of events and overcome resistance.

Leadership is crucial in implementing decision successfully. Furthermore, the result of this work will be of immense benefit to the leadership of Oriade LGA. As managers of human and material resource, this study will assist them to understand leadership, managing people and other resources, harnessing resources both human and material to achieve organisational goals and objectives and what it takes to achieve maximum performance through effective leadership.

The result of this study will also help officers in managerial positions to become conscious of their roles as the propelling force towards development. It is hoped that the research findings will assist the Federal, State and Local government Areas especially Lagos State local Governments in the state on the ways to adopt the right leadership styles that can support them so that the state secretariat will achieve its goals and objectives like any other state secretariat will achieve its goals and objective like any other state secretariat in the country.

It is also believed that the work will stimulate further interests in future researches who will be involved in research efforts in the same organisation. In addition to the above, it will add to already existing literatures on significant of effective leadership in achieving organisational goals which will serve as reference materials to scholars and researchers who may be interested in embarking on a research of this nature.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The scope of the study covers only three (3) selected organizations in Oriade LGA,Lagos State. Thus, the focus of the study is on significance of effective leadership in achievingorganisationalgoals.

However, to facilitate a sound grasp of the subject matter within the thought framework of the objectives of the study, the scope of the study covered such issues as the concept of leadership, the relationship between effective leadership and achieving organisationalgoals, leadership and motivation.

Others include motivation and job performance, leadership effectiveness and job performance and leadership styles.

It also includes organisational performance, how to measure organisational performance, leadership and communication, characteristics and qualities of good leadership and managing subordinates in organizations.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

In conducting this research project, the major limitation to research work in this part of the country is the inability of the researcher to get the necessary information which could have made the work richer were not obtained due to the unwillingness of the officials to give out rich information so the researcher resorted to getting the little to give out rich information so the researcher resorted to getting the little he could from the staff of the secretariat. Also, due to lack of culture of proper record keeping, only very limited data were gotten by the researcher for this work.
However, inspite of all these limitations and other constraints which may not be mentioned here, it does not in any way affect the reliability of the research.


Chapter Five


Summary Of Major Findings, Conclusion And Recommendations

5.1 Summary

This study was carried out to examine the significance of effective leadership in achieving organizational goals using three selected organizations is Oriade LCDA in Amuwo-Odofin local government area in Lagos State as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at ascertaining effective leadership has a significant role in ensuring achievement of organisational goals.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 82 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are active workers in the 3 selected companies in Oriade LCDA, Lagos State.

The findings revealed that leadership behaviour has effect on the execution/implementation of the programmes in an organization. The findings also revealed that management structure of an organization can help in achieving organizational goals.


5.3 Conclusion

In organization, it is necessary to have a leader as function of directing all efforts of organizational members in achieving the goals of organization. Therefore, if an organization wants be success, it should implement effective leadership to organize all parties within organization, from manager to employees. Basically, there many ways how leadership can help organization to achieve its goal. Some of them have been discussed in this essay. Implementing leadership style that suits the organizational culture can make members’ organization feel comfortable in doing organizational jobs, organizing organizational members by coordinating all parties within organization is one of ways for a leader to achieve organizational goals and motivating organizational members by finding factors that can demotivate members and keeping them to be always positive. Finally, the three ways can be used by a leader who wants to be success within organization besides other ways as well.


5.3 Recommendations

As a result of the findings of the study, the following recommendations have been made.

Since it was discovered that organizational members show high level of commitment to their work if they discover that in doing that their needs will be realized, it then means that the behaviour of the leadership towards execution and implementation organizations programmes is dependent on adequate provision of all the tools that the workers need to perform. In view of the above, if proper and adequate combination of human a material resources of the organization is put in place the organization will achieve its objectives.

Therefore, that organizations leadership in Oriade LGA, Lagos State should ensure that those behaviour and attitude to non- provision of conducive environment for workers to perform should be seriously addressed.
Also we found out that non provision of adequate funds to run the office, poor work environment and lack of office equipment to enhance the workers performance if these facilities are put in place and the office enjoys adequate funding it will pave way for employees to carryout their duties well which will inturn lead to achieving the goals of the organization.


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