The Causes Of Sexual Immorality Among Secondary School Students

Sex Education Project and Seminar Material

The Causes Of Sexual Immorality Among Secondary School Students


This study was undertaken to assess the causes of sexual immorality among secondary school students in Afijio Local Government Area and the effects of the problem among the youths. Descriptive survey was used to carry out the study which was guided by four research questions. The population of the study consists of the secondary schools in Afijio Local Government Area. The sample of the study consists of ten secondary schools. The subjects were sampled through cluster sampling techniques. A structured questionnaire designed by the researcher and validated. The data were collected and statistically analyzed using the mean and standard deviation. It was revealed from the findings of the study that sexual immorality is an immoral act, deviation from divine moral guide, caused by negative peer group influence and pornographic films and literatures which affect the individual negatively through sexually transmitted diseases, unsafe abortion and unattained education goals. Sexual immorality can be controlled through improved counseling, self discipline, proper dressing by students, and adequate/systematic moral education in schools. It was recommended that Students should by all means decide on individual’s basis not to continue with sexual immorality, sex education should be a mandatory aspect of the school’s academic activities. Churches and religious bodies should intensify their teaching against sexual immorality and guidance and counseling services should be equipped in all the school.

Table of Content

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:


  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References

Chapter One


1.1 Background to the Study

Sexual immorality is a world wide phenomenon and one of the crucial step towards mitigating this societal ill is to understand the reasons behind it. Findarticles (2012) sexual urge is predominant among the youths as compared to other age. Sometimes, sex becomes uncontrollable pleasure to students, as such without self discipline it will lead to rape and sexual misconduct, for these days boys and girls engage in pre-marital sex and a lot of sexual immoralities. The bible clearly states that we should not commit fornication adultery or any other sexual immoral act. Even with all these warning, boys and girls of this jet age involved in pre-marital sex as simple as drinking water or eating food (Barker, 2014). This societal ill has wasted a lot of youths and matured men and women today. Most young men have had their dreams shattered denied and diverted as a result of sexual immorality.

Immorality among students is a major problem in the society today. It has been very disturbing that everybody is expressing a deep concern over it considering the speed of its occurrence and the associated danger it has brought to many of those addicted. The populations that fall victims to the act are students. Sexual immorality has become the order of the day, girls no longer cherish the dignity of womanhood (Crowe, 2005 ). While boys have lost control over their emotions; it is obvious that the youths today don’t see pre-marital sex as immoral act but usual and normal life style. Concerning the activities of the flesh, it is good for a man not to touch a women nevertheless, to avoid fornication let every man have his wife and every woman have her husband (1Corin 7:1), one of the typical function of a healthy human being is a normal sexual operation and drive, however when a young man or woman has come of age they are required to find a marriage partner, settle down and begin to perform one of the most basic task of raising a family; it is a standard practice for a young man to be sexually attracted to a young woman, moreover when it deviate from positive standard to negative, is regarded as perversion.

Immorality is the violation of some moral laws, norms or standard. This study on sexual immorality, with some of the different assessment of this behavior and the effect on the people involved; will round off with some solutions to checkmate sexual immorality among secondary school students in Afijio Local Government Area. Let us examine the family; the living condition in the family due to poverty doesn’t help matters. A situation where a couple live in a room with army of grown up children and the couple have sexual intercourse in the view of their children. It will increase their sexual urge, where they learnt some immoral behaviour from the family. Poor upbringing, moral decadence of the parents without inculcating the ethical value to the children will influence them negatively. According to Dabhoiwala (2012) the evil company of some students who are into cultism, pornography film, smokers, drunkards and sexual activities will propel and initiate the adolescent into sexual immorality. Hence we discover that a good number of students do not complete their secondary school education, while the educational pursuits of some are terminated by unwanted pregnancy, some others are forced into unprepared father and motherhood many are suffering from Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STD) Human Immune Virus (HIV). Sexual immorality in secondary school students have also increase it way in raping the innocent girls in some schools (Abdullah, 2011). Sexual immorality exists everywhere in our home. It is very difficult to get a teenager who is a virgin. Our moral value has been decline badly, due to the influence of our cultural values in our society.

The way in which students understand sexuality education play a vital role to equipped the individuals for future purpose, sexual education is that aspect of healthy education that enables the students to be cognizant of this development biologically, psychological, socially and morally for maturity as a man or a woman (Decrek, 2012). Sexual education enlighten the students to be conversant with the meaning of sexuality in persons as a form of behavior and mode of interpersonal relationship such as biological, social and cultural factors are part and parcel (Omeje & Okeke, 2009) it assist the student to acquire knowledge, attitude skill in order to practice a habit that is pleasant to a healthy life toward a particular available culture of the people. Culture sometimes take our social interest, normal sexual behavior is a behavior that conforms to a group, average of people most of us do not actually know how others behave sexually. Nigerians enjoy love sex.

But the problem of some families is concern with the issues of not discussing about sex openly to the young teenager. A clear evidence is the Igbo culture where the young ones are not exposed to sex maters to avoid promiscuous among the young teenagers. Teachers in schools and parents at home feel shame to talk more about sex. This is a major problem affecting sex information to the secondary school students. The diversity of sexual behaviours across cultures are inherent natural or unnatural, normal or abnormal. Often these labels are value judgments and evaluations of what we feel is right or wrong Crowe (2005:198) to decide if a sexual behavior is natural or unnatural, we must have some standard of nature against which we compare the behavior. According to (Strong et al, 2005:81) if a behavior is labeled as natural or unnatural, we typically indicate whether the behavior conforms to our culture’s sexual norms. Our sexual norms appear naturally because we have internalized them since birth. Hence the cultural rules have become a natural part of every individual in the western culture kissing is an expression of intimacy, and passion for young and old, but in Nigerians, it is viewed as immorality, especially among the Igbos where people prefer hugging for the purpose of showing intimacy.

Adolescence is the age of many secondary school students; a gigantic percentage of the students in secondary school are mostly adolescent’s age. This stage in life, the adolescents experience numerous challenges as students (Morris, 2011). Adolescent is a period of time when the individual will not depend on his parents to take decisions henceforth; is the stage that the person is capable of rational, logically, makes abstract thinking, cognizant and ability to generalize facts, outstanding with independence decisions. It is also a period when adolescents will adjust to the conformity of societal norms value and conduct to learn the do and dos that is pre-requisite of him during adulthood to be functional and productive, beneficial in order to live a unique and happy life in the society (Mba, 2011). This learning take place in the family, church, school, peer groups and the medial; the prevailing socio-emotional environment has great influence on the adolescence.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

There are many outcries against sexual immorality in the Nigerian society today. The involvement of teenagers, adolescents, youths and students in sexual immorality has become a serious problem and concern to parents, religious leaders, school authorities, government in particular and the society in general. students in secondary schools cannot be isolated from this contagion affecting adolescents. Parents can no longer speak for or trust their daughters as not being involved. The level of sexual immorality among some students has highly increased. Schools have become a comfortable place for sexual immorality for some female students. Wearing of seductive attires has become fashionable among teenagers. At the secondary school level, the virtue of virginity is becoming unthinkable, old fashion and abominable. Virginity among students is not as common as it was in years past. Today, some students are deflowered at a very young age. Some of them have become pregnant and have eventually dropped out of school; some of them have opted for abortion and in the process have either lost their lives or have their wombs damaged. Also, some of them have contracted deadly sexually transmitted diseases. How can this scourge be reduced such that students will abide by their religious injunctions? This among others are what this study is set out to investigate towards making some suggestions for reducing the effects of the sexual scourge among students in secondary schools in Afijio Local Government Area.

1.3 Objective of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine the causes of sexual immorality among secondary school students, The specific objectives are;

  1. To examine the causes of sexual immorality among students in Afijio Local Government Area?
  2. To evaluate the effects of sexual immorality on secondary school students in Afijio Local Government Area?
  3. To suggest the remedies of sexual immorality among secondary school student in Afijio Local Government Area?

1.4 Research Questions

For valid conclusions to be drawn in this study the following research questions have been formulated to serve as guide in the conduct of the assessment are:

  1. What are the causes of sexual immorality among students in Afijio Local Government Area?
  2. What are the effects of sexual immorality on secondary school students in Afijio Local Government Area?
  3. What are the remedies of sexual immorality among secondary school student in Afijio Local Government Area?

1.5 Hypotheses of the Study

  • Ho: There is no significant difference between the views of teachers and students on possible ways of minimizing sexual immorality among students in secondary schools in Afijio Local Government Area.
  • Hi: There is a significant difference between the views of teachers and students on possible ways of minimizing sexual immorality among students in secondary schools in Afijio Local Government Area.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study would help to enlighten the female students in secondary schools on the causes and effects of sexual immorality. The idea will be used to dissuade them from such behavioural patterns.

The study would help the families to perform their roles to their children effectively, train them in the way of the Lord and make adequate provision to meet up their basic needs.

The study would help the schools not to have a loose administration where students will be free to do what they like. The schools will enforce strict discipline and engage the students with one activity or the other. When the students are engaged properly they will not have time to misbehave.

They study would help the ministries of Education to strengthen the inspectorate and monitoring unit to supervise schools and organize seminar for the students.

1.7 Scope of the Study

This research work focuses mainly on the causes and effects of sexual immorality. It concentrates on in secondary schools in Afijio Local Government Area. The study would have been carried out in all the secondary schools in Afijio Local Government Area but was restricted to senior secondary schools.

1.8 Limitation of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

1.9 Definition of Terms


This the process through which individual are charged to increase their action or performance either by internal or external factors.

Academic Performance:

This is used in the study to refers to students’ attitude to competition for excellent in their attitude toward participating in classroom activities and home work. It also used to students’ interest in learning.

1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

From the findings in table one, it is an indication that sexual immorality is caused by poverty, negative influence, pornographic film, literatures, excessive use of alcohol and too much exposure. This study is corroborated by Kirby (2000) that drastic challenge facing the adolescents for this presents generation. Adolescent at all times are confronted daily by peer group which is extremely influential in their lives. They can conform with positive or negative peer group pressure. Wall (2010) but the adolescent usually involved themselves in negative peer standard than positive such as disobedience, drunkenness, indiscipline, lawlessness and other societal vices are prevalent among the younger ones with its efficacy. Sexual immorality among the secondary school students is an enormous challenge to both society and students. The behavior like hooliganism, nepotism, truancy, cultism, drug abuse, examination malpractice violation of constituted authorities in addition to sexual promiscuous, with this evidence it is clear that most secondary school students who engage in sexual immorality, will promote detriment in their future. However students should be educated on how to avoid these risky behaviors.
From the findings in table two, it shows the noticeable effects of sexual immorality are unattained educational goals, unwanted pregnancy, STDs, death due to unsafe abortion, early marriage and makes family planning unrealistic. These challenges arise from indiscipline, some adolescents who indulge in premarital sex (sexual immoral) due to some circumstances beyond their control. Those who are into rape due to influence of alcohol or drugs while some who involved in prostitutions as a survival process then abortion will be available to avoid unwanted pregnant or early motherhood. Lahaye (2015) stressed that the actions are good indication and reflection of moral decadence in the society. Sexual indiscipline is across the whole societal.

From the findings in table three, it is therefore; indicate that sexual immorality can be corrected through improved counseling, self discipline, proper dressing and balance moral education. Efforts of the government, church, teachers and parents will also go a long way to reduce the rate of sexual immorality to the barest minimum. Kirby (2000) was of the opinion that adolescence needs discipline home environments that can assist the person to develop good qualities in order to withstand the societal ill. On the other hand when our youths are enlighten and equipped with good home background, they can effectively overcome the challenges of immorality.

5.2 Conclusion

Considering the upsurge of teenage pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV/AIDs, vindicating adolescent about sexuality require efforts of parents, counselor, teacher curriculum planners and the government. Counselor has the first stage to have the task of demystifying sexuality by providing the youngster with adequate and vital information about sexuality and reproductive health, helping the students to abstain from sex until they are ready, encourage the development of skill to help adolescents and off peers who may intimidate or lure them into wrong sexual practice.

Parents should be ready to their responsibility to teach sexuality at homes so that their children will be well prepared for family life. Teacher should also teach certain of sexuality at schools so that the adolescent will be familiar with social expectations of their future roles as wives and husbands. The sexuality education curriculum needs to be implemented in the schools in order to build the students morally. This should be a comprehensive package that should include adolescents’ reproductive health generally expect expressions for sexual feelings. Government should promote issues of family and regulate the influx of foreign films to protect our adolescents from the adverse effects of exposure to pornographic films.

5.3 Recommendations

In consideration of the findings, the following recommendations are made:

  1. Parents should try as much as possible to relate well with their children. This will eliminate the psychological problem of being oppressed by the opposite sex.
  2. Students should by all means decide on individual’s basis not to continue with sexual immorality.
  3. Sex education should be a mandatory aspect of the school’s academic activities. Churches and religious bodies should intensify their teaching against sexual immorality.
  4. Guidance and counseling services should be equipped in all the school.
  5. Parents and teachers should enforce proper dressing for students in schools and at homes.
  6. Students should go to church regularly and read their Bibles always to refrain from evil communication that corrupts good manner.
  7. Federal Government should ban the import of pornographic films literatures.
  8. Parents should take responsibility of discussing sex related issues with their children in order to give them this first hand information on the situation while the teachers and school administrators should develop a curriculum that will embrace the enlightenment on the risk of indulging in sex before and outside marriage.

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