Relationship Between School Facilities And Students Performance In Public Secondary Schools

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Relationship Between School Facilities And Students Performance In Public Secondary Schools


Abstract


The study attempted to investigate the relationship between school facilities and students performance in selected public secondary schools in Lagos State. In this study relevant related literature review was carried out under sub-headings. The research survey design was used in order to assess the opinions of the respondents with the use of the questionnaire and the sampling technique. A total of 200 respondents were sampled for the study. Two null hypotheses were formulated and tested in this study, the independent t-test for hypothesis one and three, while hypotheses was tested using the Pearson product moment coefficient statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Facility means the system which supports the operation of an organisation or an institution to carry its daily activities and to promote growth and development in such organisation or institution. Facility refers to the entire environment of the school or an organisation, it refers to both the physical and material resources available to the students and teachers in the school to facilitate the learning – teaching process. The classrooms; the libraries and the laboratories for sciences are the three main areas of facilities identified in the school system or environment (Onyeji, 2000) Yeloye (2002) states that in terms of the availability of the libraries as one of the school facilities, a great many of our secondary schools have no functional libraries, and where some libraries are found, there are no new or current books that are relevant to the current secondary school programmes. In effect there are no library facilities in most of the secondary schools in Nigeria, especially in Lagos State.

The importance and uses of the library cannot be under-rated. Libraries and books give great assistance to both the teachers and the learners. In a situation whereby our secondary school students are left with no choice to make their text books as the only source of knowledge, the danger of exposing them to obsolete knowledge in old books donated by the British Council several years ago as one normally finds in the old secondary schools should not be overlooked. According to Dada (2004), any one who is familiar with secondary school classrooms in Nigeria, especially in Lagos State, will agree that no meaningful teaching/learning activities can effectively take place in most of them, even if teachers are God-sent and the learners are celetial pack of highly intelligent personalities, the problem is that where there are classrooms, they are overcrowded to the extent that rooms originally meant for between 30 and 40 students, take between 60 and 80 students with a good number of them sitting on windows. In this situation, neither the teacher nor the students can move freely as expected in our secondary school classrooms. This is why many teachers do not give assignments to such large number of students regularly as expected. And this has affected students academic performance drastically.

On science laboraories, Olarewaju (2004) claims that only few schools have science laboratories which are well equipped to carry out scientific experiments in courses such as biology, physics, and chemistry. A good number of schools teach biology or chemistry as if they are non-science subjects without laboratory. Some other schools teach the three branches of science without laboratories in the hope that they would use other schools’ laboratories during their examinations or compel students to contribute money for purchase of science equipment through the Parent-Teachers Association (PTA). It should be noted that the greatest failure rate is in the sciences because our schools lack the essential science materials but rather, resort to the theoretical science without the use of laboratory. The contention is that the nation has been unfair not only to students in our secondary schools but also to herself. This s because no nation can develop technologically through theoretical teaching of science subjects, under poor educational facilities, no meaningful teaching and learning can take place, and the normal refrain in the educational circle is that all is well with our secondary schools.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The importance of school facilities or amenities in the development and growth of the educational sector cannot be overemphasized. Many schools in Nigeria today do not have certain school facilities that can make teaching and learning to be easier and enjoyable to both the teachers and the students. Often times, there has been a constant outcry of the inadequate provision or non-provision of the school facilities, especially, the laboratories, the classrooms (buildings) and the libraries which are the main school facilities that aid teaching and learning, for example due to lack of necessary equipment in the school, teachers in the science fields find it difficult to experiment and carryout practical teaching in the school, and the resultant effect is that most science students fail their science related subjects in the external and internal examinations.

Due to lack of provision of libraries, and sufficient classrooms in the school, year after year, the academic performance of students both in arts and science courses continue to go down. This is because the teachers are not able to utilise the instructional materials to present their teaching thoroughly for the better understanding by the students. Infact the inadequate provision or the non-availability of school facilities in our secondary schools is what prompted the investigation of this study.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The major purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between school facilities and students’ academic performance in selected secondary school in Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State. Other objectives of the study include:

  1. To find out whether there is relationship between school facilities and students’ academic performance.
  2. To find out whether there is no adequate provision of facilities in our secondary schools.
  3. To identify the causes of inadequate provision of school facilities in our secondary schools.
  4. To proffer solutions to the problems of inadequate provision of facilities in the secondary schools.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: There will be no significant relationship between facilities and students academic performance in the schools.
    H1: There will be significant relationship between facilities and students academic performance in the schools.
  2. H02: There will be no significant difference between the academic performance of students who attended schools where there are facilities and those who schools do not have facilities.
    H2: There will be significant difference between the academic performance of students who attended schools where there are facilities and those who schools do not have facilities.

1.6 Significant of the Study

This study will be beneficial to the following people:

  1. It is hoped that students will benefit from this study because they would be able to have proper insight and understanding that non provision of infrastructures in the secondary schools will adversely affect their academic performance.
  2. Teachers it is hoped would, through the study come to terms with the fact that the provision of adequate infrastructures will help both students and teachers to facilitate the teaching and learning processes.
  3. The school authorities would utilize the findings and recommendations of this study to find solution to the problem of inadequate provision of infrastructures in our secondary schools. They would through this study understand better the effect of inadequate provision of infrastructures in our schools, on the teachers work performance and the academic performance of students.
  4. It would be of benefit to parents because it will enable them to understand the effect of inadequate infrastructures on academic and work performance of both students and teachers. With the finding and recommendations of this study parents would help the school authorities to find lasting solutions to the problem of inadequate provision of infrastructures in our schools.
  5. The society will benefit from the study because when there is adequate provision of infrastructure in the schools teachers would work better to produce better crop of students for the society.

1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study will cover the relationship between school facilities and students academic performance in Mushin Local Government area of Lagos State. Sourcing of good materials for literature review and other information collection posed a hindrance to the study. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Relationship:

The way in which two or more people or things are connected, or the state of being connected.

Facility:

A place, amenity, or piece of equipment provided for a particular purpose.

School Performance:

Academic achievement or (academic) performance is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long-term educational goals.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain relationship between school facilities and students performance in public secondary schools

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of relationship between school facilities and students performance in public secondary schools


5.2 Summary

This study was on relationship between school facilities and students performance in public secondary schools. Four objectives were raised which included: To find out whether there is relationship between school facilities and students’ academic performance, to find out whether there is no adequate provision of facilities in our secondary schools, to identify the causes of inadequate provision of school facilities in our secondary schools, to proffer solutions to the problems of inadequate provision of facilities in the secondary schools. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in mishun local government of Lagos state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up principals, vice principals administration, senior staff and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

On the basis of the findings, the study concluded that:

  1. Most of the schools did not have sufficient teaching facilities, but the available ones have great impact on the students‘ academic performance such as flips chart, videos CD players, and models
  2. Learning facilities have been described as an effective tool for educational development in general, had a positive impact on the students‘ academic performance. Study also identified that it is the government that shows negative attitudes on the adequate provision of learning facilities. Schools managers’ play their parts only when there is adequate provision of these facilities
  3. Health facilities such as sick bay, toiletries, and first aid had positive impact on the students‘academic performance. It was revealed that some of these facilities are not adequate
  4. There was inadequate sport facilities but the ones available such as football field, basketball court, and table tennis have impact on the students‘ academic performance; and
  5. Recreational facilities such as gardens, parks, common room, and art galleries among others had impact on the students‘ academic performances inadequately provided and used.

5.4 Recommendation

On the basis of findings and conclusions, the following recommendations are made:

  1. School administrators and government urgently need to upgrade teaching facilities to meet up with modern demands of secondary school education. Digital facilities should be provided in schools. While the schools managers on their part should also try to maintain and manage flip chart, models, public address system, slide picture and projector facilities provided in the school
  2. Effort should be made my alumni to support the school with some learning facilities such as laboratory, workshop, and furniture among others
  3. In order to promote higher productivity in schools, good and adequate sick bay, treated bed nets refuse disposal first aid box should be provided to the school. While regular school inspection and a good maintenance programme are recommended to protect the existing school facilities
  4. In order to enhance higher productivity of staff and students fitness in schools, good and adequate sport facilities such as basketball court, volley ball court, table tennis and hand ball facilities should be provided to the school

Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 120 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Relationship Between School Facilities And Students Performance In Public Secondary Schools

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.