Rural Housing Problems In Imo State (A Case Study Of Ikeduru L.G.A)

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Project and Seminar Material for Office Technology and Management OTM

Project and Seminar Material for Office Technology and Management OTM


This work is dedicated to God Almighty for his wondrous love, mercy and kindness to me all through my staying as a Higher National Diploma (HND) student of this great institution.

Also, am using this medium to say thank you to my great parents Mr./Mrs. Samuel U. Akpan for their caring and mostly on financial support.


I express my sincere gratitude to all who assisted me in making me a successful student of this great institution. It is in this regard that I will express my profound gratitude to my supervisor Mr. C.C Uzoigwe whose directions and effective supervision contributed much to the writing of this project.

I cherish the great help given to me by my other lecturers and the HOD, A.O Anwar, I thank you sir for your fatherly care and support.

Lastly, I am deeply indebted to my parents who have given me both the moral and financial support to make my schooling reality.


Housing is considered and known worldwide as goods of necessity. Every individual is consciously or unconsciously involved in housing. This research work examined the problems of rural housing in Imo state, particularly in Ikeduru. Data was generated through primary and secondary means.

The writer found out among others that the problems of rural housing in IKeduru is due to inadequate building materials, provision and availability of infrastructural, and further recommended that in order to minimize rural housing problems, there should be a provision for setting up of rural housing and habitant development corporation among others.

Table Of Contents

  • Title page i
  • Approval page ii
  • Dedication iii
  • Acknowledgement iv
  • Abstract v
  • Table of content vi

Chapter One

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 The aim and objective of the study
  • 1.4 Relevance of the study
  • 1.5 Research hypothesis
  • 1.6 Scope of the study

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Review of literature
  • 2.1 How inadequate building materials affecting building
  • 2.1.1 Subsoil and foundation inadequacies
  • 2.1.2 Dimension Instability
  • 2.1.3 Material decay
  • 2.1.4 Lack of continuity or togetherness
  • 2.1.5 Alternation and misuse
  • 2.1.6 Overall instability
  • 2.1.7 Structural failure from roofing
  • 2.1.8 Building issues with poor framing
  • 2.2 The problem of rural housing with respect of Imo state (a case study of Ikeduru L.G. A)
  • 2.3 The problem of rural housing with respect to Nigeria
  • 2.3.0 Setting up of rural building centre:
  • 2.3.1 Setting up of rural housing And habitat Development Corporation:
  • 2.3.2 National mission for rural housing

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 Research methodology
  • 3.1 Data sources
  • 3.2 Method/techniques of data collection.
  • 3.3 Method of data analysis
  • 3.4 Hypothesis testing
  • 3.5 Problems statement and hypothesis

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Presentation and data analysis
  • 4.1 Houses types classification with age
  • 4.2 Local building materials of construction and technology
  • 4.3 Problems of construction
  • 4.4 Types of building foundation
  • 4.5 Maintenance frequency by house types
  • 4.7. Source of housing finance

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation
  • 5.1 Recommendations
  • References
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One

1.1 Background Of Study

Housing is one of the three (3) most significant in the sustainability of human existence with considerable economic, social, culture and personal important area.

Housing is need by every individual living in both developed and undeveloped countries of the world.
Government at every level have made it a priority in its policy formulation to check rural urban draft
According, rural development in all its ramification can be used to reverse the trend. Housing is among the participated infrastructural provision in any rural planning policy; many rural area are assuming suburban status due to the basic arrangement that are being provide as well as housing.

For example, 75% of the population in imo state have their own housing accommodation, some of which are of modern building, block of flats, bungalow, self-contained storey building and of old fashioned building-mud houses with thatch roofs. (Imo state housing cooperation (2011).

Imo is a developing state with abundant human and material resources; hence, the quest for rapid development has given rise to act for blunder by successive government with respect to development plans, budget allocation and misplacement of priorities.

The production of housing has influenced largely policies, innovation and the ability to sustain the environment, therefore, good rural housing contribute very significantly in developing the environment.

Housing is one of the economic activities that operate strictly on the law demand and supply.

All these negative development are direct responses to the nation housing shortage and problem.

Rural housing is characterized by numerous problems which can broadly be classified as follows:

A. Socio-Economic Problem:

This leads to high rate of unemployment, high ratio of low wages earners, poverty, high cost of production and increase in cost of building materials etc.

B. Land Tenure System:

This has become a general problem which hinders any meaningful development. It was in a bid to solve this problem that the federal government ventured into the establishment of land use Act 1978, whereby simple land owners are resisted from any vital development, including housing estate that will boost stocks/economy. This is as a result of the change of land ownership, whereby the governments are the legal owners of the land, while the owners are the tenants, struggling to acquire the right of occupancy in order to use the land.

C. Political Problems:

Rural housing problems in Imo state is a much talk about phenomenon, worthy of an academic investigation, hence the case study of Ikeduru local government area, most of the houses are quite in deplorable condition, made up of rural shambles and other make-shift dwellings, which are recognizably unfit for human habitation.

The rural housing has become handicapped by poor environmental quality, inadequate planning and lack of qualified builders with knowledge of appropriate construction techniques.

Dwelling units are not maintained, there are no good access roads to houses, plastering needed for floors in most case are not made available.

The rural housing is virtually devoid of basic social amenities and infrastructural like convenient sources of pipe borne water, sewage and garbage disposal system, other facilities such as market, health centers, social and cultural area for education, recreational areas and community participation management are very important.
The most conspicuous hardship rural housing is facing is a new housing construction, their maintenance, upgrading and rehabilitation of the environment.

Apart from financial returns from agricultural sector a high interest rates, repayment period from commercial bank constitute an enormous problems to housing production.
This situation is even worsened by the rejection of rural houses as collateral or security and others discriminatory activities of the banks.

Therefore, the researcher will aim at examining the local techniques/technology employed in rural housing construction and maintenance or investigating the level of provisions of local materials in relative to high cost of foreign building materials.

1.2 Statement Of Problem

This research work intends to address the problems of rural housing in Ikeduru with regards to socio-economic problem, political problem and problems constituted by land tenure system.

1.3 Aim And Objectives Of The Study

The aim of this research work is to examine the problems of rural housing in Ikeduru.


To achieve the above stated aim, the following objectives will be pursed.

  1. Examine the level of provision of building materials with respect to their cost
  2. To examine the techniques employed in rural housing construction and maintenance
  3. To examine the provision of infrastructure in the study area.
  4. Examine the effect of the problem inadequate housing delivery
  5. Examine the sanitary condition and availability of electric pipe – borne water, and roads that exist in the rural areas

1.4 Relevance Of The Study

The essence of this study is to unveil the problems encountered by the inhabitations of rural houses in rural area, particularly those in Ikeduru L.G.A with a view of drawing the attention of government on the negligence of its duties towards rural houses in rural area. If the finding of this research are given consideration by the appropriate authority, there will be lot of components concerning the problems of rural housing that are being faced today by rural inhabitants in the rural area of Imo state.

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Hypothesis is a set of ideas or thought that is concerned in the mind requiring proof, through experiment and confirmation.

The hypothesis chosen for this research is thus:

  1. H1: Rural housing construction is mainly made up local materials.
  2. H2 Techniques employed in construction are poor and in this case does not confirm to the modern in style which enhanced security and good health.

Rural housing is mainly shelter or residence only and lack healthy environmental and basic infrastructures.

1.6 Scope Of The Study

This research is restricted to selected communities in Ikeduru local government area of Imo state among which are;

  1. Eziama
  2. Owu Amakohia
  3. Ngugu (Ngo)
  4. Amatta
  5. Amaimo
  6. Umudim
  7. Avuvu
  8. Iho (the head quarter)
  9. Ideme

I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic

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How to nail it on the head during your project defence

You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.

Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.

Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.

Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.

Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.

Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.

Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.

Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.

These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.



Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials. A musician as well as a developer with the interest of Nigeria students at heart. If you need a professional website, contact him via WhatsApp or phone call @ 08143831497 to get the best.

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