The Role Of Social Media On Democratic Governance In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Akwa Ibom State)

Project and Seminar Material for Political Science

The Role Of Social Media On Democratic Governance In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Akwa Ibom State)

Table of Content

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:


  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the Study

The media and democracy can be likened to Siamese siblings due to their symbiotic relationship, whereby the state of the former influences the condition of the latter. In essence, the relationship is symbiotic: a robust press fosters a robust democracy (Oso, 2018; Voltmer, 2020 & Dahlgren 2023). Scholars and media professionals have additionally argued that the viability of democracy in heterogeneous and diverse communities such as Nigeria, where issues of diversity threaten the harmonious coexistence of the various people in the country, is largely dependent on the virile media. As a result, a deliberative democratic tradition can be quite useful in coordinating the participation of citizens with differing expectations and interests so that they can construct a consensus regarding the administration of a nation that benefits all, irrespective of their leanings or preferences (Olorunyomi, 2021).

The influential media are instrumental in facilitating consensus formation in the Nigerian democratic system. Olorunyomi is an author. “From independence to the return of democracy following decades of military regimes to the formation of consensus following the civil war, the history of democracy in our country can be traced back to the vigorous advocacy of the media.” The country’s mass media have been performing this very important function since the establishment of first newspaper, Iwe Irohin, by Rev. Henry Townsend in Abeokuta in the year 1859 (Santas &Ogoshi, 2019). The subsequent media outlets, which were established in response to missionary activities, were utilised to advance the nation’s pursuit of self-governance and constitutional democracy. Early nationalists and newspaper titles that utilised the press to incite political unrest included the nation’s first president, Dr. Nnamdi Azikwe, an African aviator; Herbert Macaulay, an employee of the Lagos Daily News; and Chief Abiola, an employee of The National Concord. An additional newspaper is the Nigerian Pioneer, which was founded by Ajitoye Ajayi, and was founded by Chief Awolowo (Santas & Ogoshi, 2019).

The recognition of the media as effective instruments for political manipulation and propaganda in Nigeria was not limited to nationalists; the colonial powers also utilised the press for similar objectives. Initially designed for missionary purposes, Iwe Irohin subsequently underwent a transformation into a tool employed for political propaganda and astute manipulation to secure power in Egbaland (Omu, 1974, as cited in Oso, 2018).

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